ページの画像
PDF
ePub

Royal Highness the Prince Regent was re- Regulations of a foreign State, as the sole quired, in the name and on the behalf of equivalent for the exercise of a right His Majesty, secretly to abandon what the which she has felt to be essential to the former Overture had proposed to him pub- support of her maritime power. If licly to concede. This most offensive Anerica, by demanding this preliminary proposition was also rejected, being ac- concession, intends to deny the validity companied, as the former had been, by of that right, in that denial Great Britain other demands of the most , exceptionable cannot acquiesce ; nor will she give counnature, and especially of indemnity for all tenance to such a pretension, by acceding American vessels deiained and condemned to its suspension, much less to its abanunder the Orders in Council, or under what donment, as a basis on which to treat. were termed illegal blockades—a com- If the American Governinent has devised, pliance with which demands, exclusive of for conceives it can devise, regulations, all other objections, would have amounted which inay safely be accepted by Great to an absolute surrender of the rights on Britain, as a substitute for the exercise which those Orders and Blockades were of the right in question, it is for them to founded.-Had the American Government bring forward such a plan for considerabeen sincere in representing the Orders in tion. The British Government has never Council, as the only subject of difference attempted to exclude this question from between Great Britain and the United amongst those on which the tivo Staie; States, calculated to lead to hostilities; it might have to negotiate : It bas, on the conmight have been expected, so soon as the trary, uniformly professed its readiness io revocation of those Orders had been offi- receive and discuss any proposition on this cially made known to them, that they would subject, coming from the American Gohave spontaneously recalled their “ letters vernment: It has never asserted any exclu

of marque," and manifested a disposition sive right as to the impressment of British immediately to restore the relations of peace seamen from American vessels, which it and amity between the two Powers.- was not prepared to acknowledge as apperBut the conduct of the Government of the taining equally to the Government of the United States by no means corresponded United States, with respect to American with such 'reasonable expectations.- seamen when found board British The Order in Council of the 23d of June merchant ships :- But it cannot, by acceding being officially communicated in America, to such a basis in the first instance, either The Government of the United States, assume, or admit that to be practicable, saw nothing in the repeal of the Orders in which, when attempted on former occaCouncil, which should of itself restore sions, has always been found to be attended Peace, unless Great Britain were pre- with great difficulties; such difficulties pared, in the first instance, substantially to as the British Commissioners in 1806, relinquish the right of iinpressing her own expressly declared, after an attentive conseamen when found on board American sideration of the suggestions brought formerchant ships.---The proposal of an ward by the Commissioners on the part of Armistice, and of a simultaneous Repeal America, they were unable to surmount. of the restrictive measures on both sides, Whilst this proposition, transmitted tlirough subsequently made by the commanding the British Admiral, was pending in Ameofficer of His Majesty's naval forces on the rica, another communication on the subject American coast, were received in the same of an armistice was unofficially made to the hostile spirit by the Government of the British Government in this country. The United States. The suspension of the Agent, froin who.n this proposition was practice of impressment was insisted upon received, acknowledged that he did not in the Correspondence which passed on consider that he had any authority himself that occasion, as a necessary preliminary to sign an agreement on the part of his Goto'a cessation of hostilities :-Negocia- vernment, It was obvious that any stipution, it was siated, might take place lations entered into, in consequence of this without any suspension of the exercise of overture, would have been binding on the this right, and also without any Armistice British Government, whilst the Governbeing concluded; but Great Britain was ment of the United States would have been required previously to agree, without any free to refuse or accept them, according to knowledge of the 'adequacy of the system the circumstances of the moment: this prowhich could be substituted, to negociate position was therefore necessarily declined. upon the basis of accepting the Legislative After this exposition of the circuin

on

stances which preceded, and which have vious, that to abandon this ancient right of followed the Declaration of War by the Great Britain, and to admit these novel United States, His Royal Highness the pretensions of the United States, would be Prince Regent, acting in the name and on to expose to danger' the very foundation of the behalf of His Majesty, feels himself our maritime strength.-- -Without entercalled upon to declare the leading principles iug minutely into the other topics, which by which the conduct of Great Britain has have been brought forward by the Governbeen regulated in the transactions connect- ment of the United States, it may be proed with these discussions. -His Royal per to remark, that whatever the Declara. Highness can never acknowledge any block-tion of the United States may have asserted, ade whatsoever to be illegal, which has Great Britain never did demand that they been duly notified, and is supported by an should force British manufactures into adequate force, merely upon the ground of | France; and she formally declared her its extent, or because the ports, or coasts willingness entirely to forego, or modify, in blockaded, are not at the same time invest concert with the United States, the system ed by land.His Royal Highness can by which a commercial intercourse with the never admit that neutral trade with Great enemy had been allowed, under the proBritain can be constituted a public crime, tection of licenses ; provided the United the commission of which can expose the States would act towards her, and towards ships of any power whatever to be dena- France, with real impartiality. --The Gotionalized. -His Royal Highness can ne- vernment of America, if the differences bever admit that Great Britain can be debarred tween States are not interminable, has as of its right of just and necessary retaliation, little right to notice the affair of the Chesathrough the fear of eventually affecting the peak. The aggression in this instance, on interest of a neutral.- -His Royal High- the part of a British officer, was acknowness can never admit, that in the exercise ledged, his conduct was disapproved, aud of the undoubted and hitherto undisputed a reparation was regularly tendered by Mr. right of searching neutral merchant vessels Foster on the part of His Majesty, and acin time of war, the impressment of British cepted by the Government of the United seamen, when found therein, can be deem- States. It is not less unwarranted in iis ed

any violation of a neutral dag. Neither allusion to the mission of Mr. Henry; a can he admit, that the taking such seamen mission undertaken without the authority, from on board such vessel, can be consi- or even knowledge of His Majesty's Godered by any Neutral State, as a hostile vernment, and which Mr. Foster was aumeasure, or a justifiable cause of war. thorized formally and officially to disavow. There is no right more clearly established, -The charge of exciting the Indians to than the right which a Sovereign has to the offensive measures against the United States, allegiance of his subjects, more especially is equally void of foundation. Before the in time of war. Their allegiance is no op: war began, a pelicy the most opposite had tional duty, which they can declive, and been uniformly pursued, and proof of this resuine at pleasure. It is a call which they was tendered by Mr. Foster to the Ameri. are bound to obey: it began with their can Government.- -Such are the causes birth, and can only terminate with their of war which have been put forward by the existence. -If a similarity of language Government of the United States. But the and manners may make the exercise of this real origin of the present contest will be right more liable to partial mistakes, and found in that spirit, which has long unhapoccasional abuse, when practised towards pily actuated the Councils of the United vessels of the United States, the same cir- States; their marked partiality in palliating cumstances make it also a right, with the ex. and assisting 'the aggressive. tyranny of ercise of which, in regard to such vessels, it France ; their systematic endeavours to inis more difficult to dispense. But if, to the fame their people against the defensive practice of the United States, to harbour measures of Great Britain; their ungeneBritish seamen, be added their assumed rous conduct towards Spain, the intimate right to transfer the allegiance of British ally of Great Britain ; and their unworthy subjects, and thus to cancel the jurisdiction desertion of the cause of other neutral naof their legitimate sovereign, by acts of na- tions. It is thirough the prevalence of such turalization and certificates of citizenship, councils that America has been associated in which they pretend to be as valid out of policy with France ; and committed in war their own territory, as within it, it is ob- against Great Britain. And under what

conduct on the part of France has the Go- RUSSIAN BULLETINS. vernment of the United States thus lent it. self to the enemy? The contemptuous vio- Report from General Count Wittgenstein lo lation of the Commercial Treaty of the year

His Imperial Majesty, dated Berisow,

Nov. 28, 1800 between France and the United States; the treacherous seizure of all Ame-,

Continued from page 64.) rican vessels and cargoes in every harbour feet. The loss on our side is not great. I subject to the control of the French arms ; am to-day going to attack Napoleon at the the tyrannical principles of the Berlin and town of Studentzy. Admiral TschitschaMilan Decrees, and the confiscations under gow and Count Platow will attack him on them; the subsequent condemnations under the other side of the river Berisena. the Rambouillet Decree, antedated or con

The same General reports, under date of cealed to render it the more effectual; the 12th (24th) November, from the village of French commercial regulations, which ren-Tschvuga, as follows:der the traffic of the United States with

Admiral Tschitschagow arrived on the France almost illusory; the burning of their 22d at Berisow, from whence the General merchant ships at sea, long after the al- of infantry, Langeron, reports to me in leged repeal of the French Decreesmall iwo letters of the 10th (22d) instant, that these acts of violence on the part of France, Adjutant-General Count Lambert took posproduce from the Goveroment of the United session of Berisow on the 9th (21st) and States, only such complaints as end in ac- there defeated the whole of Dombrowski's quiescence and submission, or are accompa- corps, taking six cannon and two stands of nied by suggestions for enabling France to colours, and making 3,000 prisoners ; the give the semblance of a legal form to her remainder of this beaten corps marched off usurpations, by converting them into muni- on the road to Orscha.--Count Lambert cipal regulations. This disposition of the also took two pieces of artillery at Kaidenow, Government of the United States—this com- and made about 3,000 prisoners, and had plete subserviency to the Ruler of France- in all, in the course of eight days, made this hostile temper towards Great Britain about 11,000 prisoners, including the sick are evident in almost every page of the offi- 1 that were found in the hospitals at Minsk, cial correspondence of the American with and taken 24 cannon Victor and Oudithe French Government-*Against this not are retreating before me towards Bericourse of conduct, the real cause of the pre- sow. I am in pursuit of them, and yes- . sent war, the Prince Regent solemnly pro-terday took upwards of 800 prisoners and tests. Whilst contending against France, a number of baggage waggous. The Gein defence ifot only of the liberties of Great neral of cavalry, Count Platow, is already Britain, but of the world, His Royal High: in pursuit of the enemy's grand army toness was entitled to look for a far different wards Totoschin. Your Imperial Majesresalt. From their common origin--from ty will please to perceive by this statetheir common interest - from their professed ment, that we are compressing the enemy principles of freedom and independence, the on three sides. General Count

Platow purUnited States were the last power in which sues them on the rear; I act on their flank; Great Britain could have expected to find a and Admiral Tschitschagow will receive willing instrument, and abestor of French him at Berisow.Pelersburgh Gazette, tyranny. -Disappointed in this bis justDec. 1. expectation, the Prince. Regent will still

The same Paper contains a dispatch from pursue the policy which the British Govern- Prince Kutusow, dated Lanniku, 230 Noment has so long, and invariably maintain-vember, stating that Napoleon left Orscha ed, in repelling injustice, and in support on the 20th November, and detailing the ing the general rights of nations ; and, un

means he had adopted for pursuing him. der the favour of Providence, relying on the justice of his cause, and the tried loyalty and firmness of the British nation, His

Petersburgh, Dec. 1. Royal Highness confidently looks forward to a successful issue to the contest, in which Inlercepled Letter from the Prince of Neuf

chalel 10 Marshal Davousl, Prince of he has thus been compelled most reluctant

Eckmuhl. ly to engage.

It is the wish of the Emperor, that you Westminster, Jan. 9, 1813.

support the Duke of Elchingen in the retreat which he is making with his rear-stimulated by the presence of Napoleon, he guard, while the Viceroy, to-morrow the was totally defeated on the 5th (17th of 27th, will march to take post at Krasnoi.

this month. He himself escaped with You will, therefore, take care to occupy the great difficulty ; le lost his artillery, his post which you shall judge advisable, and baggage, his staff of command, all his equiwhich the Viceroy shall evacuate. The in- pages, and even a part of those belonging tention of the Emperor is, that you, with to the Emperor his master. Thus the Maryour corps, and that of the Duke of Elchin- shal's staff

, wirich Louis Nicholas Davoust gen's, retire from Krasnoi, and make this received on the 29th Floreal, and the year. movement on the 28th and 29th. General 12, is added to the number of victories, Charpentier, with his garrison, consisting which will serve as a testimony to posterity of three-third Polish baitalions, and a regi- of the mclancholy fate which has befallera ment of cavalry, will leave the iown at the this vanquished army, which dared to same time with the rear. Before you make an irruption into the Russian empire, march out you will blow up the ramparts in a manner worthy of the Vandals, Marwhich surround Smolensko, as the wines shal Davoust being by this defeat cut off are ready, and only need to be set fire to. froin the corps of Marshal Ney, was so far You will take care that the ammunition, from being able to support hit, that it was powder-chests, and every thing that cannot not even in his power to give hinu iuformabe carried away, be destroyed and burnt, tion of the destruction of his own corps. as also the muskets; the cannon should be Marshal Ney experienced the same fate on buried. Generals Chasseloup and Loulos- the next day, the 6th (13th) ditto. He siere will take care, each in his department, cook the same road, and after a battle, to carry these orders into proper execution which was decided on both sides by the

-You will take care to send out patrols, naked sword, 12,000 men laid down their that no marauders remain behind; and you arms. In one word, Marshal Ney's corps, will also leave as few persons as possible in and the whole garrison of Sinolensko were the hospitals.

made prisoners to a man. The number of (Signed) Prince of Neufchatel, Maj.-Gen. cannon that fell into the hands of the Rus ALEXANDER.

sians on both those days amounts to upSmolensko, 2d (14) Nov.

wards of 190. Marshal Ney has fed through the woods, where our yagers are

searching for hiin.-St. Petersburg'i, 19th A true account of the manner in which the Nov. (ıst Dec.) Prince of Eckmuhl executed the orders

Twer, Nov. 20.–Our brave troops in of the Emperor Napoleon, transmitted to pursuit of the enemy continue incessantly him in the dispatch to the Prince of Neuf- to gain victories. Every day French prichatel :

soners are brought in by hundreds and by Before Marshal Davoust left Smolensko, thousands, which have been sent by the he in fact executed the orders he had re- corps of Count Wittgenstein. A great ceived, but only in such inanner as charac- number of cannon have likewise been taken. terizes a fying enemy. He caused the The roads to Dorogobush are covered for mines to be sprung; sei fire lo 800 powder the distance of several wersts with the dead chests, and in his own person set the ex- bodies of the enemy, and the rivers on ample to the incendiaries, who, notwith- those roads are entirely filled with their standing the endeavours of Marshal Ney to bodies and with their dead horses. "prevent it, were spreading the flames into

Tula, Nov. 10.-On the 13th inst. 1,200 all parts of the city. After this proof of French prisoners were taken through this his valour, Marshal Davoust marched with city, on the Kasar road; they are dreadhis corps in such disorder as would have fully exhausted and covered with rags.reflected disgrace on conscripts, and thus (Sume Paper.) proceeded on Krasnoi, where, although he From the Berlin Gazette of Dec. 3. was supported by several corps of the Im

Vienna, Nov. 24.-The report that neperial guards, who formed the remainder gociations towards a general Peace will of the 4th corps d'armee; and although

(To be continued.)

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.

LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Tleet-street.

COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.

Vol. XXIII, No. 4.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 23, 1813. [Price 1s.

97]

(98 If we do, what ground liave we for joy SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

thereat ? Would he, if he had completely NORTHERN WAR. --We have, at last, conquered Russia, have made the lot of the information, on which we may safely rely people worse than it was before? Would as to this war. It is now become evident, he have made thein less free? Would lie that the losses of the French Emperor have have deprived them of any privilege; any been immense, since his departure from the means of ensuring their safety and happiplace where Moscow once stood; that his ness? If we answer these questions ; if we, army in the North is fearfully reduced both with sincerity, can answer these questions in men and horses, as well as in all the in the affirmative; then, indeed, have we stores and implements necessary in war; cause for joy at the failure of his enterprise; that, that part of his army which has made but, if we cannot, we have not, as pliilangood its retreat, is in great want of every thropists, any cause for joy at that failure. thing to inspirit it, except its own native As Englishmen have we any cause for soul; but, at the same time, it is to be ob- joy? Does his failure at such an immense served, that, in no part of this army has distance from us, make us more secure disaffection appeared, and that its fidelity against his power? Does it remove any of to its Chief does not betray any of those the causes of alarm to us, which before exsymptoms, that would naturally be expect- isted ?--I am of opinion; an opinion ed, if, as we are incessantly told, the which I sincerely entertain, and wish disFrench people were so discontented with tinctly to express and to put upon record ; the laws of conscription. With the al- if the power of Napoleon be dangerous to lies of the Emperor, however, the case is, us, the wider his forces are extended upon as was to be expected, totally different. the continent, in a direction away from us, They have not only discovered disaffection the better. The expedition to Egypt, if we towards him, but have, in one case, as will had not followed the French thither, was be seen from the Official documents, actu- what every Englishman ought to have ally deserted him; and, in fact, gone over wished for; and, the force and talents reto the enemy.-The French report to the quisite for establishing and maintaining a Senate ascribes this defection to the in- new division of territory and power on the trigues and corruption of England; but, if other side of the Vistula, would certainly Napoleon had not been obliged to retreat ; have left us in a greater degree of security. if he had not met with reverses that so ma- Suppose, that, as the consequence of terially enfeebled his army, “ the intrigues the late events in Russia, Prussia should " and corruption of England” would have openly declare against Napoleon? What had no effect at all.- The exultation of then? Has he not tried Prussia as an our hireling prints, upon this occasion, is, enemy? Has he not had to fight Prussian of course, without bounds. They predict, armies before? And, if he be not able to from the defection of the Prussian army maintain himself on points so distant as flor, I have no doubt that it will extend to those which he has now reached, does it the whole army), nothing short of the total follow, that he will be unable to give us as overthrow of Napoleon and of the French much annoyance as he has hitherto given empire. If they were to predict, as a con- us ?- Where, then, is the ground for all sequence of it, an addition of in or 15 this boisterous exultation ? Where the millions annually to our taxes, and a pro- cause for all this frantic joy ?---Our hirelongation of the war for four or five years, ling prints consider Napoleon as ruined, they would, I am afraid, be nearer the because he has failed in a war against the mark. What ground ; 'what solid elements; for, after all, to the elements ground, is there for these exultations ? alone he owes his failure. Ruined! RuinDo we view the bafiling of Napoleon's ed, shen he can call out an additional views on Russia merely as philanthropists ? force of 300,000 men! We are told, that

D

« 前へ次へ »