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treat which he is making with his rear-stimulated by the preser
sians on b
- (Signed) Prince of Neufchatel, Maj.-Gen.
Smolensko, 2d (14) Nov.
A true account of the manner in which the Prince of Eckmuhl executed the orders of the Emperor Napoleon, transmitted to him in the dispatch to the Prince of Neufchatel:
Published by R. BAGS
Before Marshal Davoust left Smolensko, tho he in fact executed the orders he had re- Cor ceived, but only in such manner as charac-nu terizes a flying enemy. He caused the "! mines to be sprung; set fire to 800 powder chests; and in his own person set. the example to the incendiaries, who, notwithstanding the endeavours of Marshal Ney to prevent it, were spreading the flames into all parts of the city. After this proof o his valour, Marshal Davoust marched wit his corps in such disorder as would ha reflected disgrace on conscripts, and th proceeded on Krasnoi, where, although was supported by several corps of the! perial guards, who formed the remai of the 4th corps d'armee; and alth
and caused so many fathers and mothers to be flogged, for the transgressions of e their children. We might then hear, with our own ears, the reasons of the comat, mon people for lamenting that the privilege he of being commissioned officers in the army nat and navy is no longer confined exclusively ld to the Aristocracy; we might then hear e, the farmer's reasons for lamenting that he he is no longer called upon for a tenth-part of to his produce; we might hear why it is that All the people of Brittany sigh for the return is of that order of things, when the little of Seigneurs left them not even their new
married wives to call their own, and when, of under the title of droit de baisé de mariées, m they exacted from each bridegroom a fine, in the way of composition for abstaining ent from the first possession of his bride. be We might, I say, hear with our own ears, they the reasons of the people of France for lace as menting the loss of the old government; acere and, therefore, if these accusers of the gonder- vernment of Buonaparté were sincere in ly in their accusations, they would wish for nothings thing so ardently as peace.The Times ally at-news-paper, which, some few weeks ago, d to the abused the whole French nation, now calls believe, for a DECLARATION on our part of our view be prein the war. Very good. Let us have that a revolu- declaration; we shall then know for what sh to sup- the war is to be continued; and the people s in Eng- of France and of all the world will know to wish for it too. There is nothing that I should like it system of better than to see such a Declaration just he truth is, at this time; because, if our views were cere. They moderate; if we had no wild scheme about of what they deliverance, if we spoke in the language of government; peace, I have no doubt that peace we ves believe that should have.- -But, if our language were ubject. If they high; if we insisted upon the restoration at to wish for a of Holland, Hanover, and the like, the night go, and Declaration would assuredly do harm.nvince themselves In short, it appears to me, that we may, ow rests on bare as- if we will, now have peace upon safe and h Napoleon has so honourable terms; and, if we miss this uld enable us to go, opportunity, we may never have another. of the miseries which The ministers have now the means of puthave brought on their ting down their rivals for many years to ge in their government. come, and, amongst the advantages of think, would be worth peace, that, perhaps, would not be the ly to effect this purpose. least; for, of all the factions that I ever d come back loaded with heard of, that of the present Whigs is cerI now rests upon the bare tainly the worst; the most corrupt, the us dealers in falsehood. most greedy, and the most hostile to the ish in detail the fatal con- people's rights. e abolition of Tithes and he corvée, the gabelle, and ch two latter sent so eople to the galleys,
PRICE OF PORTER.- -The general complaint of things being dear, and especially the complaints of the rise in the price
we have been told the like twenty times during the last twenty years. In every instance, however, we have been told falsehoods, and so, I am convinced, we are now.
-The fate of Napoleon, and of continental Europe, depends upon the French people; and I am very glad that he is compelled to confess this. While they remain attached to him, he has little to fear. The resources which he finds in their soil, their industry, and, above all, in their love of glory, are greater than all the other powers of the continent possess. While the French people remain, as they now appear to be, animated with his soul, he has nothing to fear his ambition may receive checks; he may meet with difficulties and mortification; but, he will lose very little of the power that he now possesses.- -Nevertheless, he must now, one would suppose, be in a state that would induce him to listen to moderate terms of peace; an advantage to us, resulting from his reverses, which our hired writers never even allude to; nay, the fairer that the occasion for offering terms of peace become, the farther do they seem to be from wishing for such offers to be made. They represent him as humbled in the dust; as trembling for the daily existence of his power; as reduced to the utmost extremity; and, instead of recommending this as the moment to offer terms of peace, they cry out for war, war, war, until peace can be attained by marching over his corpse." In short, their view of the matter is this: that peace ought never to be sought for, till what they call "the legitimate sovereigns of Europe are "restored;" or, in other words, till Holland be in the hands of the Stadtholder; Hanover in those of its former Elector; Naples in those of its former King; the States of the Church and the rest of Italy in those of the Pope and its former King, Duke, and Princes; Spain in those of Fer-wise-acres contemplate, of what use would dinand; and France itself in those of the it be to us? To make France weaker? Bourbons. This is their view of the ques- Better tell her so. It is not, however, netion of peace. Without such a counter-cessary, for there is not a man in France revolution, they think, or, at least, they who does not know, that it is with that say, that England cannot make peace with view that her enemies wish for a countersafely.To entertain such an idea, really revolution.This is the real object wishseems to argue a state of mind that calls, ed, but there is also another, which is that raves aloud for a straight waistcoat. now-and-then avowed; namely, to put a But, these fils, or, more politely speaking, total stop to the progress of revolutionary paroxysms, or, still more politely speaking, principles; to extinguish for ever the hopes "exacerbations," have visited this coun- of those who are charged with wishing for ty for the last twenty years, upon every a change in England.Now, how false occasion when the French have met with a must be the hearts of those men who wish reverse in the war. The most remarkable for the fall of Napoleon upon this ground!
these men will never be forth-coming; and, | exacerbation, before this, was that which seized the country a few months before the battle of Marengo; but, though it has not yet broken out so authentically as it did then, I think that the present exacerbation is full as strong.- -That the notions, and writings, of which I have been speaking, do proceed from real mental malady, and that the parties entertaining or uttering them are bona fide mad, or, more politely speaking, affected with mental delirium, is, I think, pretty well proved by the fact, that the malady here, as in the cases of individuals, unhappily afflicted with high delirium, are to be quieted only by coercive means, vulgarly called beating. The high delirium of 1792 and 1793 was totally cured the next years by the campaigns of the French in Flanders, Holland, and Germany. The Helder war operated as a great composer; and, the battle of Marengo actually effected cure, which, though temporary, was, at least, a proof of the truth of the position for which I am contending: that this species of delirium is, like that of individuals, quieted by beating.To effect the counter-revolution obviously contemplated by these writers, the human mind must travel backwards three centuries; and, they may be assured, that, great as may be the merit of the old dynasties, the human mind is going to perform no such movement. France, and, indeed, the greater part of Europe, is in the hands of new possessors; fame, power, property, respect, reverence, have changed owners. The change, too, has been from the feeble to the vigorously minded; and, do the silly inen, who live by selling their columns of lies and trash in London, imagine, that there is to be a change back again, because those who purchase those lies and that trash shake in their shoes lest the same change should come hither?- -But, suppose it possible to effect such a change as these
in the war.
They call him tyrant, despot, monster; and caused so many fathers and mothers they say he has established a military des- to be flogged, for the transgressions of potism in France; they assert, that the their children. people of France lament the change from with our own ears, the reasons of the comWe might then hear, the sway of the Bourbons; they swear, that, mon people for lamenting that the privilege from one end to the other of France, the of being commissioned officers in the army name of Napoleon is execrated; and, that and navy is no longer confined exclusively were it not for the army, his power would to the Aristocracy; we might then hear not last a day. Now, if this be true, the farmer's reasons for lamenting that he what has the Government, what has the is no longer called upon for a tenth-part of established order of things in England to his produce; we might hear why it is that fear from the example of France? If all the people of Brittany sigh for the return this be true; if it be all notorious, as it is of that order of things, when the little assumed to be; or, if it be capable of Seigneurs left them not even their newproof, what danger is there, that the peo- married wives to call their own, and when, ple of England, and especially the lovers of under the title of droit de baisé de mariées, liberty, will receive encouragement from they exacted from each bridegroom a fine, the example of France? If these accusations against Napoleon and his government from the first possession of his bride. in the way of composition for abstaining he well-founded; or, if the accusers be We might, I say, hear with our own ears, sincere in their accusations, what can they the reasons of the people of France for ladesire better than the example of France as menting the loss of the old government; a warning to England? If they be sincere and, therefore, if these accusers of the goin their accusations, nothing but a wonder- vernment of Buonaparté were sincere in ful stretch of philanthropy can possibly in- their accusations, they would wish for noduce them to wish for any change of things thing so ardently as peace. in France; for, if revolution be really at- news-paper, which, some few weeks ago, tended with all the horrors ascribed to the abused the whole French nation, now calls government of Napoleon, who can believe, for a DECLARATION on our part of our view that the people of England are to be vailed upon to enter upon such a revolu- declaration; we shall then know for what Very good. Let us have that tion? Those, therefore, who wish to sup- the war is to be continued; and the people port the present system of things in Eng- of France and of all the world will know land, ought, one would think, to wish for it too. There is nothing that I should like the prolongation of the present system of better than to see such a Declaration just things in France. But, the truth is, at this time; because, if our views were that these writers are not sincere. They moderate; if we had no wild scheme about produce no proof of the truth of what they deliverance, if we spoke in the language of say respecting Napoleon's government; peace, I have no doubt that peace we and they do not themselves believe that should have.which they assert on the subject. If they high; if we insisted upon the restoration -But, if our language were were sincere, they ought to wish for a of Holland, Hanover, and the like, the peace, that Englishmen might go, and Declaration would assuredly do harm. with their own eyes, convince themselves In short, it appears to me, that we may, of the truth of what now rests on bare as- if we will, now have peace upon safe, and sertion. Peace (which Napoleon has so honourable terms; and, if we miss this often tendered us) would enable us to go, opportunity, we may never have another. and satisfy ourselves of the miseries which The ministers have now the means of putthe French people have brought on their ting down their rivals for many years to country by the change in their government. come, and, amongst the advantages of Peace, one would think, would be worth peace, that, perhaps, would not be the making, were it only to effect this purpose. least; for, of all the factions that I ever We might go, and come back loaded with heard of, that of the present Whigs is certhe proofs of what now rests upon the bare tainly the worst; the most corrupt, the word of notorious dealers in falsehood. most greedy, and the most hostile to the We might publish in detail the fatal con- people's rights. sequences of the abolition of Tithes and feudal rights, of the corvée, the gabelle, and the game-laws, which two latter sent so many thousands of people to the galleys,
PRICE OF PORTER.- -The general complaint of things being dear, and especially the complaints of the rise in the price of
Porter, require some observation. This | 9s. a week, and now he has 15s. He is, beverage was sold not a great many years indeed, paid in paper; but, then, the ago, and, indeed, until the war against wheat is purchased in paper also.—In the Republicans of France, at three-pence short, all goes on together rising in price, half-penny the pol: it is now to be sixpence and nobody visibly suffers from the rise, the pot. The rise has been called unrea- except persons of fixed incomes. The sonable; some have called it extortion. fixed annuitant, whether his annuity arise The latter it cannot be, because no man is from the funds or from any other source, compelled to purchase it; no man is com- suffers most lamentably. If his annuity pelled to give his money for it.But as was granted before the French war, he to its being unreasonable, how can it be does not now receive much more than half so called, when the brewer's expenses are as much as was intended. And, here, I more than three times what they formerly would beg to remind parents, who prowere, while the price, even at sixpence, vide annuities for their children in the way does not amount to the double of what it of Insurance, what a losing, nay, what a formerly was. The average price of Bar- perilous, game they play. Suppose, ley before the French war was not more for instance, a father, in 1792, laid out a than three, shillings the Bushel. The ave sum sufficient to secure his daughter £300 rage price for years past has been seven a year in 1813, and thereafter for her life; shillings the Bushel. Hops have kept on she, in fact, will receive now only £200 rising in the same way, and the duty both of money of the same quality that he laidon malt and beer have kept pace with the out for her; and, which is still worse, if other expenses. Rent, labour, utensils, the paper continue to depreciate, she will, have all tripled. How, then, is it pos- in another ten years, receive not £100 a sible to make beer as cheap as before the year. The thing will appear more clear, war? There is only one way, in which it if we suppose the payment of the annuity can be done, and that is, by making the to take place in wheat instead of money. pump keep pace with the Barley, Hops, &c. This has, of course, been done; but, things are now come to that pass, that, if the pump is to be resorted to for the purpose of protecting the Brewer, those who drink must be content with something very little stronger than water itself. It is very certain that sixpence is nearly the double of three-pence halfpenny; but, then, it must be in money of the same quality; whereas, our money has changed its nature. It was, before the French war, gold and silver it is now paper; and six-ciates the better it is for them. They pence in this money is not worth more can never be wrong. They are sure to than four-pence in the money which we gain. They must always pay in a money had before the war. Wheat is said to be inferior in value to that which they redear; and so it is; but, it is not so dear ceive as the consideration for the annuity. as it appears to be at first sight. It sells for £30 a load, or more; but the sale is for paper; and, I state it as a fact which I know to be true, that, only a few weeks ago, wheat was sold at £22 a load, at Christ-church market, for hard cash. This is a high price; but it is one-third less than the price seems to be; for the average price of the market, on that day, was £32 a load in paper. Here is, at once, a ficient cause for the rise in the price of porter.It should be borne in mind, too, that the wages of men rise in the same proportion as the wheat. I can remember when wheat was thought dear at £12 a load; but, then the labouring man had
-When he lodged the money which was to secure the annuity to his daughter, wheat, we will say, was £20 a load, and, of course, the annuity, when it came to be paid, would have brought her 15 loads of wheat; but, it will now, if she be paid in wheat, bring her only 10 loads; and, in all human probability, if paid in wheat ten years hence, the annuity would not bring her 5 loads.- -The insurance offices, on the contrary, drive a most profitable trade. The more the paper depre
-When, therefore, a father is making this sort of provision for his children, he should reflect upon the uncertainty of what he is doing. If he be a true blue Antijacobin, he will, perhaps, impute my opinions to disloyally; but, he should not, because he hates the jacobins, expose his own children to starvation.He may depend upon it, that a depreciated suf-paper-money, like the human frame, is doomed to inevitable extinction. It can no more be brought back to its original value, than an old woman can be made young, though my Lord Lauderdale professes to know how to do it.Wheat will, I dare say, be £200 or £300 a load; but,