« 前へ次へ »
To vernal airs attunes her varied strains ;
To him the spousal honour is decreed, And Itylus sounds warbling o'er the plains : Who through the rings directs the feather'd reed. Young Itylus, his parents' darling joy !
Torn from these walls (where long the kinder Whom chance misled the mother to destroy ;
[hours!) Now doom'd a wakeful bird to wail the beauteous With pomp and joy have wing'd my youthful So in nocturnal solitude forlorn,
[boy. On this poor breast no dawn of bliss shall beam ; A sad variety of woes I mourn !
The pleasure past supplies a copious theme My mind, reflective, in a thorny maze
For many a dreary thought, and many a doleful Devious from care to care incessant strays.
dream." Now, wavering doubt succeeds to long despair ! Propose the sportive lot" (the chief replies) Shall I my virgin nuptial vow revere ;
“ Nor dread to naine yourself the bowyer's prize: And, joining to my son's my menial train,
Ulysses will surprise th' unfinish'd game Paitake his councils, and assist his reign !
Avow'd, and falsify the suitors' claim.” Or, since, mature in manhood, he deplores To whom, with grace serene,
queen rejoin'd: His dome dishonour'd, and exhausted stores ; “ In all thy speech, what pleasing force 1 find! Shall I, reluctant, to his will accord ;
O'er my suspended woe thy words prevail,
But Heaven, that knows what all terrestrials need,
Grateful vicissitude! yet me withdrawn, Illustrate, if you know, the shadow'd fate : Wakeful to weep and watch the tardy dawn
* A team of twenty çes se (a snow-white train!) Establish'd use enjoins; to rest and joy Fed near the limpid lake with golden grain, Estrang’d, since dear Ulysses sail'd to Troy! Amuse my pensive hours. The bird of Jore Meantiine instructed is the menial tribe Fierce from his mountain eyrie downward drove: Your conch to fashion as yourself prescribe." Each favourite fowl he pounc'd with deathful sway, Thus affable, her bower the queen ascends; Anıl back triumphant wing'd his airy way.
The sovereign step a beauteous train attends ; My pitying eyes effus'd a plenteous stream, There imag'd to her soul (lysses rose; To view their death thus imag'd in a dream: Down her pale cheek new streaming sorrow flows: With tender sympathy to soothe my soul,
Till soft oblivious shade Minerva spread,
And o'er her eyes ambrosial slumber shed.
While Ulysses lies in the vestibule of the palace, Fast by the limpid lake my swanlike train
he is witness to the disorders of the women. I found, insatiate of the golden grain."
Minerva comforts him, and casts him asleep. “ 'The vision self-explain'd” (the chief replies)
At his waking he desires a favourable sign from " Sincere reveals the sanction of the skies :
Jupiter, which is granted. The feast of Apollo is Ulysses speaks his own return decreed;
celebrated by the people, and the suitors banquet And by his sword the suitors sure to bleed."
in the palace. Telemachus exerts his authority . “ Hard is the task, and rare," the queen re.
amongst them, notwithstanding wbich, Ulysses “ Impending destinies in dreams to find : [join'd,
is insulted by Ctesippus, and the rest continue Immur'd within the silent boier of sleep,
in their excesses. Strange prodigies are seen by Two portals firm the various phantoms kecp :
Theoclymenus the augur, who explains them to Of ivory one; whence Ait, to mock the brain,
the destruction of the wooers.
An ample hide divine Ulysses spread,
And form’d of fleecy skins his humble bed Not to this troop, I fear, that phantom soar'd,
(The remnants of the spoil the suitor crowd Which spoke Ulysses to his realm restor'd :
In festival devour'd, and victims vo: 'l). Delusire semblance !-but my remnant life
Then o'er the chief, Eurynome the chaste, Heaven shall determine in a gameful strife:
With duteous care, a downy carpet cast : With that fam'd bow Ulysses taught to bend,
With dire revenge his thoughtfui bosom glows, For ine the rival archers shall contend.
And, ruminating wrath, he scerns repose. As on the listed field he us'd to place
As thus pavilion’d in the porch he lay Six beams, oppos'd to fix in equal space :
Scenes of lewd loves his wakeful eyes survey; Elanc'd afar by his unerring art,
Whilst to nocturnal joys impure repair, Sure through six circlets fiew the whizzing dart.
With wanton glee, the prostituted fair. 80, when the Sun restores the purple day,
His heart with rage this new dishonour stung, Their strength and skill the suitors shall assay:
Wavering his thought in dubious balance bung!
Os, instant should he quench the guilty flame Imperial Juno to their youth assign'd
With shapely growth Diana grac'd the bloom;
The registers of fate expanded lie ;) “Poor suilering heart!” he cried, “support the pain Wing'i harpies snatch'd th' unguarded charge Of wounded honour, and thy rage restrain. And to the Furies bore a greatful préy. (away, Not fiercer woes tl:y fortitude could foil,
Be such my lot! Or thou, Diana, speed
Thus anchor'd safe on reason's peaceful coast When woes the waking sense alone assail ;
Of other wretches' care the torture ends;
The night renews the day distracting theme,
And airy terrours sable every dream. Ulysses so, from side to side derolv'd,
The last alone a kind illusion wrought,
And to my bed my lor'd Ulysses brought
“O thou, of mortals most inur'd to woes! Thus, whilst Aurora mounts her purple throne, Why roll those eyes unfriended of repose ?
In audible laments she breathes her moan; Beneath thy palace-roof forget thy care ;
The sounds assault Ulysses' wakeful ear: Bless'd in thy queen! bless'd in thy blooming heir ! Misjudging of the cause, a sudden fear Whom, to the gods when suppliant fathers bow, Of his arrival known, the chief alarms; They name the standard of their dearest vow.” He thinks the queen is rushing to his arms.
“ Just is thy kied reproach,” (the chief rejoin'd); Upspringing from his couch, with active haste “ Deeds full of fate distract my various inind The fleece and carpet in the dome he plac'd In conteinplation wrapp'd. This hostile crew (The hide, without, imbib'd the morning air ;) What single arm hath prowess to subdue ?
And thus the gods invok'd with ardent prayer: Or if, by Jove's and thy auxiliar aid,
“ Jove, and ethereal thrones! with Heaven to They're doom'd to bloed; Oh! say celestial maid:
friend, Where shall Ulysses shun, or how sustain, If the long series of my woes shall end, Nations embattled to revenge the slain ?”
Of human race now rising from repose “Oh, impotence of faith !” Minerva cries, Let one a blissful omen here disclose: “ If man on frail unknowing man relies,
And, to confirm my faith, propitious Jove, Doubt you the gods? Lo' Pallas' self descends, Vouchsafe the sanction of a sign above!” Inspires thy counsels, and thy toils attends.
Whilst lowly thus the chief adoring bows, In me affianc'd, fortify thy breast,
The pitying god his guardian aid avows. 'Though myriads leagued thy rightful claim con- Loud from a sapphire sky his thunder sounds: test:
With springing hope the hero's heart resounds. My sure divinity shall bear the shield,
Soon, with consummate joy to crown his prayer, And edge thy sword to reap the glorious field. An omen'd voice invades his ravish'd ear. Now pay the debt to craving nature due,
Beneath a pile, that close the dome adjoin'd, Her faded powers with balmy rest renew."
Twelve female slaves the gift of Ceres grind ; She ceas'd. Ambrosial slumbers seal bis eyes; Task'd for the royal board to bolt the bran His care dissolves in visionary joys :
From the pure flour (the growth and strength of The goddess, pleas'd, regains her natal skies. Discharging to the day the labour due, (man),
Not so the queen: the downy bands of sleep Now early to repose the rest withdrew; By grief relax’d, she wak'd again to weep : One maid, unequal to the task assign'd, A gloomy pause ensued of dumb despair:
Still turn'd the toilsome mill with anxious mind; Then thus her fate invok'd, with fervent prayer: And thus in bitterness of soul divin'd : “ Diana! speed thy deathful ebon dart,
“ Father of gods and men, whose thunders roll And cure the pangs of this convnlsive heart. O'er the cerulean vault, and shake the pole; Snatch me, ye whirlwinds ! far from human race, Whoe'er from Heaven has gain'd this rare ostent Toss'd through the void illimitable space :
(Of granted vow's a certain signal sent) Or, if dismounted from the rapid cloud,
in this blest moment of accepted prayer, Me with his whelming wave let Ocean shroud! Piteous, regard a wretch consum'd with care! So, Pandarus, thy hopes, three orphan fair, Instant, O Jore! confound the suitor train, Were doom'd to wander through the devious air ; For whom o'ertoil'd I grind the golden grain : Thyself untimely and thy consort dy'd,
Far from this dome the lewd devourers cast, But four celestials both your cares supply'd. And be this festival decreed their last !" Venus in tender delicacy rears
Big with their doom denounc'd in Earth and sky, With honey, milk, and wine, their infant years : l'Ulysses' heart dilates with secret jay.
Meantime the menial train with unctuous wood Two grooms assistant bore the victims bound;
Here, vagrant, still? offensive to iny lords! And on his foot the golden sandal shone.
Blows have more energy than airy words; His steps impetuous to the portal press'd;
These arguments I'll use: nor conscious shame, And Euryclea thus he there address'd :
Nor threats, thy bold intrusion will reclaim. “ Say tbou, to whom my youth its nurture owes, On this high feast the meanest vulgar boast Was care for due refeation and repose
A plenteous board! Hence! seek another host!” Bestow'd the stranger guest? Or waits he griev'd, Rejoinder to the churl the king disdain'd ; His age not honour'd, nor bis wants reliev'd ? But shook his head, and rising wrath restraiu'd. Promiscuous grace on all the queen confers
From Cephalenia cross the surgy main (In woes bewilder'd, oft the wisest errs).
Philætius late arriv'd, a faithful swain. The wordy vagrant to the dole aspires,
A steer ungrateful to the bull's embrace, And modest worth with noble scorn retires." And goats he brought, the pride of all their races She thus: “Oh! cease that ever honour'd Imported in a shallop not his own:
The dome re-echoed to their mingled moan. To blemish now; it ill deserves your blame: Straight to the guardian of the bristly kind A bowl of generous wine suffic'd the guest : He thus began, benevolent of mind : In vain the queen the night-refection press'd; " What guest is he, of such majestic air? Nor would he court repose in downy state,
His lineage and paternal clime declare: Unbless'd, abandon'd to the rage of fate !
Dim through thị eclipse of fate, the rays divine A hide beneath the portico was spread,
Of sovereign state with faded splendour shine. And fleecy skins compos'd an humble bed : If monarchs by the gods are plung'd in woe, A downy carpet, cast with duteous care,
To what abyss are we foredoom'd to go!" Secur'd him from the keen nocturnal air."
Then affable he thus the chief address'd, His cornel javelin pois'd with regal port,
Whilst with pathetic warmth his hand he To the sage Greeks conven'd in Themis court,
press'd: Forth issuing from the dome the prince repair'd: " Stranger; may fate a milder aspect show, Two dogs of chase, a lion-hearted guard,
And spin thy future with a whiter clue! Behind him sourly stalk'd. Without delay O Jove, for ever deaf to human cries; The dame divides the labour of the day;
The tyrant, not the father of the skies ; Thus urging to the toil the menial train,
Unpiteous of the race thy will began! " What marks of luxury the marble stain! The fool of fate, thy manufacture, man, Its wonted lustre let the floor regain!
With penury, contempt, repulse, and care, The seats with purple clothe in order due; The galling load of life is doom'd to bear. And let th' abstersive sponge the board renew: Ulysses from his state a wanderer still, Let some refresh the vase's sullied mould;
Upbraids thy power, thy wisdom, or thy will, Some bid the goblets boast their native gold : O monarch ever dear!-- O man of woe!Some to the spring, with each a jar, repair, Fresh flow my tears, and shall for ever Aow! And copious waters pure for bathing bear: Like thee, poor stranger-guest, denied his homes Dispatch ! for soon the suitors will assay
Like thee, in rags obscene, decreed to roam! The lunar feast-rites to the god of day."
Or, haply perish'd on some distant coast, She said: with duteous haste a bevy fair
In Stygian gloom he glides a pensive ghost ! Of twenty virgins to the spring repair :
Oh! grateful for the good his bounty gave, With varied toil the rest adorn the dome.
I'll grieve, till sorrow sink me to the grave! Magnificent, and blithe, the suitors come.
His kind protecting hand my youth preferr'd, Some wield the sounding axe: the dodder'd oaks The regent of his Cephalenian herd : Divide, obedient to the forceful strokes.
With vast increase beneath my care it spreads, Soon from the fount, with each a brimming urn, A stately breed! and blackens far the meads, (Eumæus in their train) the maids return.
Constrain'd, the choicest beeves ! thence import Three porkers for the feast, all brawny-chind, To cram these cormorants that crowd his court; He brought; the choicest of the tusky kind : Who in partition seek his realm to share; In lodgeinents first secure his care he view'd, Nor human right, nor wrath divine revere. Then to the king his friendly speech renew'd: Since here resolvd oppressive these reside, * Now say sincere, my guest! the suitor-train Contending doubts my anxious heart divide : Still treat they worth with lordly dull disdain ; Now to some foreign clime inclin'l to fly, Or speaks their deed a bounteous mind humane?” And with the royal herd protection buy :
" Some pitying god” (Ulysses sad reply'd) Then happier thoughts return the nodding scale, “ With collied vengeance blast their towering Light mounts despair, alternate hopes prevail: pride!
In opening prospects of ideal joy, No conscious blush, no sense of right, restrains My king returns; the proud usurpers die.” The tides of lust that swell their boiling veins: To whom the chief." In thy capacious mind From vice to vice their appetites are tost,
Since daring zeal with cool debate is join'd; All cheaply sated at another's cost !"
Attend a deed already ripe in fate; Wbile thus the chief his woes indignant told, Attest, O Jove, the truth I now relate! Melanthius, master of the bearded fold,
This sacred truth attest each genial power, The goolliest goats of all the royal berd
Who bless the board, and guard this friendly Spontancons to the suitor's feast preferr'd:
bower! VOL XIX
Before thou qnit the dome (nor long delay) (Ctesippus nam'd); this lord Ulysses ey'd,
Since due regard must wait the prince's friend, And to the shades devote the suitor-train."
Let each a token of esteem bestow; “ O Jove supreme!” the raptur'd swain replies, This gift acquits the dear respect I ove; “ With deed consummate soon the prounis'd joys! With which he nobly may discharge his seat, These aged nerves, with new-born vigour strung, And pay the menials for the master's treat:” In that blest cause should emulate the young”- He said: and of the steer before himn placid, Assents Eumæns to the prayer addrest :
That sineny fragment at Ulysses cast, And equal ardours fire liis loyal breast.
Where to the pastern-bone, by nerves combin'd, Meantime the suitors urge the prince's fate, The well-horn'd foot indissolubly join'd; And deathful arts employ the dire debate:
Which whizzing high the wall unseemly sign'd. Wher, in his airy tour, the bird of Juve
The chief indignant guins a ghastly sinile; Truss'd with his sinewy pounce a trembling dore : Revenge and scorn within his bosom boils Sinister to their hope! This omen ey'd
When thus the prince with pious rage infiam'd: Amphinomus, who thus presaging cry'd:
“ Had not th' inglorious wound thy malice aim'd “The gods from force and fraud the prince Pall’n guiltless of the mark, my certain spear defendl;
Had made thee huy the brutal triumph dear: O peers ! the sanguinary scheme suspend : Nor should thy sire, a queen his daughter boast; Your future thought let sable fate employ ; The suitor, now, had vanish'd in a ghost : And give the present hour to genial joy."
No more, ye leud compcers, with lawless power From council straight th’assenting peerage ceas'd, Invade my doine, my herds and focks devour : And in the dome prepar'd the genial fcast.
For genuine worth of age mature to know Disrob’d their vests apart in order lay,
My grape shall reilden, and my harvest grow. Then all with speed succinct the victims slay : Or, if each other's wrongs ye still support, With sheep and shaggy goats the porkers bled, With rapes and riot to prophane my court ; And the proud steer was on the inarble spread. What single arın with numbers can contend? With fire prepar'd, they deal the morsels round, On me let all your lifted swords descend, Wine rosy-bright the brimming goblets crown'd, And with my life such vile dishonours end." By sage Eumæus borne : the purple tide
A long cessation of discourse ensued, Melanthius from an ample jar supplied ;
By gentler Agelaus thus renew'd: High canisters of bread Philætius plac'd ;
A just reproof, ye peers! your rage restraia And eager all devour the rich repast.
From the protected guest, and menial train : Dispos'd apart, Ulysses shares the treat!
And, prince ! to stop the source of future ill, A trivet-table, and ignobler seat,
Assent yourself, and gain the royal will, The prince appoints; but to his sire assigns Whilst bope prevail'd to see your sire restorid, The tasteful inwards, and nectareous wines. Of right the queen refus'd a second lord. “ Partake, my guest,” he cry'd, "without control | But who so vain of faith, so blind to fate, T'he social feast, and drain the cheering bowl : To think he still survives to claim the state ? Dread not the railer's laugh, nor ruffian's rage; Now press the sovereign dame with warm desire No vulgar roof protects thy honour'd age; To well, as wealth or worth her choice inspire : This dome a refuge to thy wrongs shall be, The lord selected to the nuptial joys, From my great sire too soon derolv'd to me! Far hence will lead the long-coutested prize; Your violence and scorn, ye suitors, cease, Whilst in paternal pomp, with plenty bless'd, Lest arms avenge the violated peace.” [young, You reign, of this imperial dome possessid.”
Aw'd by the prince, so haughty, brave, and Sage and serene Telemachus replies: Rage gnaw'd the lip, amazement chain'd the By him at whose behest the thunder Ries, tongue.
And by the name on Earth I most revere, “ Be patient, peers !” at length Antinous cries; By great llysses and his woes, I swear, “ The threats of vain imperious youth despise : (Who never must revicw his dear domain ; Would Jove permit the meditated blow,
Inroll’d, perhaps, in Pluto's dreary train!) That stroam of eloquence should cease to flow." W'bene'er her choice the royal dame arows,
Without reply vouchsafd, Antinous ceas'd : My bridal gifts shall load the future spouse : Meanwhile the pomp of festival increas'd :
But from this dome my parent queen to chase ! By heralds rank'd, in marshall'd order move From me, ye gods! avert such dire disgrace." The city-tribes, to pleas'd Apollo's grove:
But Pallas clouds with intellectual gloom Reneath the verdure of which awful shade,
The suitors' souls, insensate of their dooin ! 'The lunar hecatomb they grateful laid;
A mirthful phrenzy seiz'd the fated crowd ; Partook the sacred feast, and ritual honours paid. The roofs resound with causeless laughter loud : But the rich banquet in the dome prepard, Floating in gore, portentous to survey ! (An humble side-board set) Ulysses shar'd. In each discolour'd vase the viands lay: Obscrvant of the prince's high behest,
Then down each chcek the tears spontaneous flow, His menial train attend the stranger-guest : And sudden sighs precede approaching woe. Whom Pallas with unpardoning fury fir'd,
In vision rapt; the Hyperesian seer By lordly pride and keen reproach inspird. Uproge, and thus divin'd the vengeance near : A Samian peer, more studious than the rest
" Oh race to death devote! with Stygian shade Of vice, who teem'd with many a dead-born jest ; Each destiu'd peer impending fates invade : And urg'd, for title to a consort queen, Unnumber'd acres arable and green
With tears your wan distorted cheeks are drown'd; gives a sign to Telemachus, who stands ready
And Pallas now, to raise the rival fires,
With her own art Penelope inspires : Yet warn’d in vain, with laughter loud elate
Who now can bend Ulysses' bow, and wing The
peers reproach the sure divine of fate; The well-aim'd arrow through the distant ring, And thus Eurymachus : “The dotard's mind Shall end the strite, and win th' imperial dame; To every sense is lost, to reason blind :
But discord and black death await the game! Swift from the dome conduct the slave away ;
The prudent queen the lofty stair ascends, Let him in open air behold the day.”
At distance due a virgin-traja attends; “Tax not” (the Heaven-illumiu'd seer rejoin'd) A brazen key she held, the handle turn'd, "Of rage, or folly, my prophetic mind.
With steel and polish'd clephant adorn'd: No clouds of errour dim th' ethereal rays,
Swift to the inmost room she bent her way, Her equal power each faithful sense obeys.
Where safe repos'd the royal treasures lay; Unguided hence my trembling steps I bend,
There shone high-heap'd the labour'd brass and ore, Far hence, before yon hovering deaths descend ;
And there the bow which great Ulysses bore ; Lest, the ripe harvest of revenge begun,
And there the quiver, where now guiltless slept I share the doom ye suitors cannot shun.”
Those winged deaths that many a matron wept. This said, to sage Piræus sped the seer,
This gift, long since when Sparta's shores he trod, His honour'd host, a welcome inmate there. On young ülysses Iphitus bestow'd : O'er the protracted feast the suitors sit,
Beneath Orsilochus's roof they met; And aim to wound the prince with pointless wit;
One loss was private, one a public debt; Cries one, with scornful leer and mimic voice,
Messena's state from Ithaca detains " Thy charity we praise, but not thy choice ;
Three hundred sheep, and all the shepherd-swains; Why such profusion of indulgence shown
And to the youthful prince to urge the laws, To this poor, timorous, toil-detesting drone ?
The king and elders trust their common cause. That other feeds on planetary schemes,
But Iphitus, employ'd on other cares, And pays his host with hideous nuon-day dreams. Search'd the wide country for his wandering mares, But, prince! for once, at least, believe a friend, And mules, the strongest of the labouring kind; To some Sicilian mart these courtiers send, Hapless to search! more hapless still to find! Where, if they yield their freight across the main, For journeying on to Hercules, at length Dear sell the slaves! demand no greater gain.”
That lawless wretch, that man of brutal strength, Thus jovial they: but nought the prince replies; Deaf to Heaven's voice, the social rite transgressid; Full on his sire he rollid his ardent eyes ;
And for the beauteous mares destroy'd his guest : Impatient straight to flesh his virgin sword,
He gave the bow! and on Ulysses' part From the wise chief he waits the deathful word. Recciv'd a pointed sword and missile dart: Nigh in her bright alcove, the pensive queen
Of luckless friendship on a foreign shore To see the circlet sate, of all unseen.
Their first, last pledges; for they met no more ! Sated at length they rise, and bid prepare
The bow, bequeath'd by this unhappy hand, An eve-repast, with equal cost and care:
Ulysses bore not from his native land; Put vengeful Pallas, with preventing speed,
Nor in the front of battle taught to bend,
By many an easy step, the matron went;
(With polish'd oak the level pavements shine) THE ODYSSEY.
The folding gates a dazzling light display'd,
The bars fall back, the flying valves resound;
Loud as a bull makes hill and valley ring,
So roard the lock when it releas'd the spring. TAB BENDING OF ULYSSES'S BOW.
She moves majestic through the wealtby room, PENELOPE, to put an end to the solicitation of the Where treasur'd garments cast a rich perfume ;
suitors, proposes to marry the person who shall | There from the column where aloft it hung, first bend the bow of Ulysses, and shoot through Reach'd, in its splendid case, the bow unstrung; the ringlets After their attempts have Across her knees she laid the well-known bow, proved ineffectual, Ulysses, taking Eumæus And pensive sate, and tears began to flow, and Philætius apart, discovers himself to them: To full satiety of grief she mourns, then returning, desires leare to try his strength Then silent to the joyous hall returns, at the bow, which, though refused with indig. To the proud suitors bears in pensive state nation by the suitors, Penelope and Telemachus Th' unbended bow, and arrows wing'd with fate. cause it to be delivered to his hands. He bends Behind, her train the polish'd coffer brings, it immediately, and shoots through all the which held th' alternate brass and silver rings, rings. Jupiter in the same instant thunders Full in the portal the chaste queen appears, from Heaven ; Ulysses accepts the omep, and And with her veil conceals the coming tears: