ページの画像
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]

If the year 1780 be assumed, and the population of France at that time be taken at 24,800,000, and that of England at 12,500,000, there will remain, by a proximate calculation, the following results.

France.

Great Britain. Animate force

34,583,016 27,126,572 Watermills and windmills

1,209,560 1,054,460 Wind and navigation .

3,000,000 3,000,000

Total 38,792,576 31,181,032 By comparing the two years it will be,

France.

Great Britain. 1826

48,814,390 60,206,311 1780

38,792,576 31,181,032 Increase in 46 years

10,021,814 29,025,279 Mean annual increase 217,865

630,984 Hence it appears that the mean annual increase of effective force in Great Britain, for the last forty-six years, has been three times as great in England as in France.

er

of

XXVI. SOVEREIGN POWERS OF EUROPE.

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

AUSTRIA.
Francis I., Archduke of Austria, born 12 Feb., 1768; king of Hungary
and Bohemia, 1 March, 1792; emperor of Austria, 11 Aug., 1804.
Charlotte-Augusta, princess of Bavaria, empress, born 8 Feb., 1792.

BAVARIA.
Louis-Charles-Augustus, born 25 Aug., 1756; king of Bavaria 13 Oct.,
1825; married 12 Oct., 1810, to Theresa-Charlotte-Louisa-Fred.-Amelia of
Saxe-Hildburghausen, born 8 July, 1792.

DENMARK.
Frederic VI., king of Denmark 13 March, 1808 ; born 28 Jan., 1768 ;
married 31 July, 1790, to Maria-Sophia-Frederic of Hesse-Cassel, queen of
Denmark; born 28 Oct., 1767.

FRANCE.
Charles X., born at Versailles, 9 Oct., 1757; king of France and Na.
varre, 16 Sept., 1824.

Louis-Anthony of France (dauphin), born at Versailles 16 Aug., 1775; married 10 June, 1799, to Maria-Theresa-Charlotte of France (dauphiness), daughter of Louis XVI.; born at Versailles 19 Dec., 1778.

GREAT BRITAIN.
George IV., born 12 Aug., 1762; king of the United Kingdom of Great
Britain and Ireland, and of Hanover, 29 Jan., 1820.

[ocr errors]

NETHERLANDS. William-Frederic, born 24 Aug., 1772; king of the Netherlands 16 March, 1815; married 1 Oct., 1791, to Frederica-Wilhelmina-Louisa, of Prussia, born 18 Nov., 1774.

William-Frederic-George-Louis, prince of Orange; born 6 Dec., 1792; married 21 Feb., 1816, to the Grand Duchess Anne Polowna, sister to the emperor of Russia.

POLAND.
Nicholas Paulowitz, emperor of Russia ; king of Poland 1 Dec. 1825.

PORTUGAL.
Don Miguel, born 26 Oct., 1802.

PRUSSIA. Frederic-William III., born 3 Aug., 1770; king of Prussia 16 Nov., 1797.

Frederic-William, prince royal, born 15 Oct., 1795; married 29 Nov., 1823, to Elizabeth-Louisa, princess of Bavaria, born 12 Nov., 1801.

RUSSIA. Nicholas Paulowitz, emperor of all the Russias, born 6 July, 1796; married 13 July, 1817, to the Grand Duchess Alexandrina-Wilhelmina of Prussia, born 13 July, 1796.

SARDINIA. Charles-Felix of Savoy, born 6 April, 1765 ; king of Sardinia 13 March, 1821 ; married 7 March, 1807, to Maria. Christina-Amelia-Theresa, daughter to the king of the Two Sicilies, born 17 Jan., 1779.

Saxony. Frederic-Augustus, born 23 Dec., 1750; king of Saxony in Dec., 1806 ; married 29 Jan., 1769, to Maria-Amelia-Augusta, sister to the king of Bavaria, queen of Saxony, born 11 May, 1750. Maria-Augusta-Antoinette, princess royal of Saxony, born 21 June, 1782.1

SPAIN. Ferdinand VII., born 14 Oct., 1784; king of Spain and the Indies, 19 March, 1808.

SWEDEN AND NORWAY. Charles-John, born 26 Jan., 1764; king of Sweden and Norway, 5 Feb. 1818.

Joseph-Francis-Oscar, prince royal of Sweden, born 6 July, 1799 ; married 19 June, 1823, to Josephine-Maximilienne-Eugenia of Bavaria, born 14 March, 1807.

SWITZERLAND. M. De Wiss, burgomaster of the city and republic of Zurich, president of the Federal Directory.

THE Two SICILIES. Francis I., born 19 Aug., 1777; king of the Two Sicilies 4 Jan., 1825 ; married to Maria-Isabella, sister to the king of Spain, born 5 July, 1789.

TURKEY.
Mahmoud II., born in 1784; proclaimed emperor 11 Aug., 1808.

WURTEMBERG.
William, king of Wurtemburg, 30 Oct., 1816; born 27 Sept., 1781.

Paulina-Theresa-Louisa of Wurtemburg, queen of Wurtemburg, born 11 Sept., 1800.

Charles-Frederic-Alexander, prince royal of Wurtemburg, born 6 March, 1823.

XXVII. MISCELLANEOUS STATISTICS CONCERNING GREAT

BRITAIN.

1. SUMMARY and COMPARATIVE STATEMENT of the ENUMERATION of

the POPULATION of GREAT BRITAIN in the YEARS 1801, 1811, and 1821.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

2. GENERAL SUMMARY of HOUSES, FAMILIES, and PERSONS in GREAT

BRITAIN.

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]

Houses, Inhabited . 1,951,973 136,183 341,474 2,429,630 " By how many Fam

‘ilies occupied 2,346,717 146,706 447,960 2,941,383 “ Building 18,289 985 2,405

21,679 “ Uninhabited 66,055 3,652 12,657

82,364 Families chiefly employed in Agriculture 773,732 74,225 130,699

978,656 6 in Trade, Manufac

ture, or Handicraft 1,118,295] 41,680 190,264 1,350,239
all other Families
not comprised in
the Two preceding
Classes
454,690 30,801 126,997|

612,488 Persons, Males 5,483,679 350,487 983,552 319,300 7,137,018 Females 5,777,758 366,951 1,109,904

7,254,613 Total of Persons (11,261,437)717,438 2,093,456 319,30014,391,631

[ocr errors]

3. TABLE of POPULATION throughout the last CENTURY.

England and Wales.
In the Year
Population. In the Year

Population. 1700 5,475,000 1760

6,736,000 1710 5,240,000 1770

7,428,000 1720 5,565,000 1780

7,953,000 1730 5,796,000 1790

8,675,000 1740 6,064,000 1801

9,168,000 1750

6,467,000

4. ACRES OF LAND IN GREAT BRITAIN. General Statement of the Cultivated, Uncultivated, and Unprofitable Land of the

United Kingdom.

[blocks in formation]

5. Canals. — In 1823, the total length of Canals in Great Britain, excluding those under five miles, was 2,589 miles.

6. TURNPIKE Roads. — In 1823, the total extent of Turnpike Roads in Great Britain was 24,531 miles. — Annual income, £1,214,716. - Debt, £5,200,000.

XXVIII. POPULATION OF FRANCE.

The total population of France is estimated at 31,600,000. The following table contains a summary of the births, marriages, and deaths in France from 1817 to 1825.

Increase

of
Year.
Births. Marriages.

Deaths. Population. Total for 1817 944,125 205,244 748,223 195,902 1818

913,855 212,979 751,907 161,948 1819

987,918 215,088 788,055 199,863 1820 958,933

208,893

770,706 188,227 1821 963,358

221,868 751,214 212,144 1822 972,796

247,495 774.162 198,634 1823 964,021 262,020 742,735 221,286 1824 984,152 231,680 763,606 220,546 1825 973,986 243,674 798,012 175,974

[ocr errors]

66

XXIX. BOOKS PUBLISHED IN FRANCE.

SINCE the year 1814 very accurate accounts have been rendered of the annual productions of the French press. Compared with the increase of population, and the effective force of the nation, the multiplication of books has been remarkable. The following table, drawn up by M. Charles Dupin, exhibits the numbers of sheets published in France during a period of twelve years, and the principal divisions of literature and science to which they respectively appertained.

1814.
1820.

1826. Theology

4,974,798 7,867,609 23,268,420 Legislation

1,371,568 6,326,652 18,605,495 Sciences

2,546,270 5,327,174 12,160,381 Philosophy

753,185 1,185,429 3,032,191 Social Economy 1,634,485 1,744,246 2,097,390 Military

441,510 1,026,027 1,445,982 Fine Arts.

773,099 1,202,599 1,999,560 Belles Lettres

13,352,920 20,436,803 27,704,971 History, Travels, &c.

16,226,566 33,149,157 46,545,727 Miscellaneous

3,600,648 2,121,251 7,699,977 Total

45,675,039 80,921,302 144,561,094 It appears, that the subjects upon which there has been the greatest increase are theology, legislation, the sciences, philosophy, history, and travels. The highest ratio of increase is in legislation.

From the invention of printing to the year 1814, a space of 375 years, the press had obtained the power of producing annually 45,675,039 sheets. From 1814 to 1826, a period of 12 years, the increase was 98,886,055 sheets. That is, in these twelve years the increase of publications was more than double what it had been during the three hundred and seventyfive years preceding.

In the year 1825 the number of volumes .printed was 13,767,723, allowing ten sheets and a half on an average to a volume. This was a little more than a volume to each reader in France, as it is estimated that there were at that time twelve millions of persons who could read.

The above table and calculations do not embrace the results of the periodical press either in journals or newspapers. The estimate of these are, for 1820

28,509,533 sheets. 1826

26,420,520

2,089,013

« 前へ次へ »