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No. 4. The Navy Yard at Philadelphia is situated on the west side of the river Delaware, within the District of Southwark, adjoining the city of Philadelphia, in the state of Pennsylvania, contains eleven acres, to low water ipark, and cost 37,000 dollars.

No. 5, The Navy Yard at Washington, in the District of Columbia, is situated on the eastern branch of the river Potomac, contains thirty-seven acres, and cost 4,000 dollars.

No. 6. The Navy Yard at Gosport is situated on the south branch of Elizabeth River, adjoining the town of Portsmouth, in the state of Virginia, contains sixteen acres, and cost 12,000 dollars.

No, 7. The Navy Yard at Pensacola, in Florida.

22. MILITIA.

Table showing the aggregate Number of the Militia of the United States

in the Years

1811. 1813. 1816. 1822. 1824.

1826.

1827.

States, &c.

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.

Maine

37,042 38,221 New Hampshire 24,805 24,495 24,902 29,211 29,705 Massachusetts

70,710 70,530 69,175 52,708 53,842 Rhode Island

4,200 4,211 8,255 8,941 10,812 Connecticut

20,384 21,666 18,309 22,671 26,298 Vermont

20,439 20,273 20,259 | 23,976 25,581 New York.

95,324 98,606 95,026 138,961 146,719 New Jersey 33,740 33,891 36,966 39,568 42,283 Pennsylvania 94,074 99,414 99,414 143,923 159,512 Delaware

8,316 7,451 7,448 7,451 7,451 Maryland 33,410 32,189 32,189 32,189 32,189 Virginia

79,429 | 75,780 33,817 94,552 96,709 North Carolina 50,177 50,992 43,217 | 41,873 58,453 South Carolina 32,958 33,729 32,202 33,729 28,220 Georgia

25,243 25,729 27,480 29,661 29,651 Alabama

11,281 Mississippi. 2,151 5,291

5,291 Louisiana

5,945

9,768 10,189 10,189 Tennessee.

16,822 | 29,183 29,193 36,146 42,685 Kentucky 40,599 44,442 49,719 61,313 68,013 Ohio.

28,099 35,275 40,832 86,021 94,896 Indiana

2,067 4,160 5,010 | 14,990 15,818 Illinois

2,031 8,310 Missouri

2,812 | 12,030 3,521 Michigan 1,028

1,707 1,503 Arkansas Dist. of Colum. 2,245 2,252 2,252

38,364
29,135
55,255

9,956
25,764
25,581
149,409

42,283 158,512

7,451 40,091 100,206 60,976 36,429 29,651 21,061

5,291 10,642 42,685 63,503 110,188 37,787 8,310 3,929 1,503 2,029 2,317

40,209 30,159 54,935 25,581

9,460 25,731 150,027

42,283 167,775

7,451 40,091 100,662 60,660 36,429 39,056 23,000 12,274

5,291 42,685 70,266 110,364 37,787 8,310 3,824 1,503 2,028 2,317

.

.

.

.

.

.

2,600

Total

1694,735 1719,449 1748,566 (977,458 1,047,743 1,119,307 | 1,150,159

23. INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS.

1. CANALS.

The following list, which was drawn up for the “Yeoman's Gazette,” gives a summary view of the principal canals, now finished, in progress, or in immediate contemplation in the United States.

1. Middlesex Canal. - This has been finished and in operation for several years; its length is 29.4 miles; it has 136 feet lockage. It runs from Boston harbour to Chelmsford, in Massachusetts.

2. Blackstone Canal. — This has been in operation between one and two years. Its length is 45 miles, from Worcester, Massachusetts, to Providence, Rhode Island.

3. Farmington Canal. This is unfinished. Length 37 miles, from Northampton, Mass., to New Haven, Connecticut.

4. Hudson and Erie Canal. - This is in operation. Length 360 miles, from Albany to Buffalo, N. York.

5. Champlain Canal. — Completed ; length 63 miles, from Albany to White Hall.

6. Oswego Canal. Completed ; length 38 miles, from Salina to Oswego, connecting the Hudson and Erie canal with Lake Ontario.

7. Seneca Canal. - Completed; its length 20 miles, connecting the Seneca and Cayuga lakes with Hudson and Erie canal.

8. Delaware and Hudson Canal. Length 65 miles, from Delaware, in Orange county, to the Hudsen, near Kingston.

9. Morris Canal. - This is in progress; its length 86 miles, from Easton to Newark, N. Jersey.

10. Chesapeake and Delaware Canal. Completed ; length 14 miles, from Delaware river to Chesapeake bay.

11. Port Deposite Canal. - Completed ; length 10 miles, from Port Deposite, on the Susquehannah, to the Maryland line.

12 Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. — This was begun on the 4th of July, 1828, when ground was broken by the President of the United States. Length 360 miles, from Georgetown, District of Columbia, to near Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.

13. Ohio State Canal. - Unfinished; length 306 miles, from Cleveland, on Lake Erie, to the Ohio, at the mouth of the Sciota.

14. Miami Canal.. Unfinished; length 265 miles, from Cincinnati to the Maumee, near the head of Lake Erie.

15. Lehigh Canal. Unfinished; length 46 miles, from Stoddartsville, on the Lehigh, to Easton, on the Delaware.

16. Little Schuylkill Canal. — Its length 25 miles from the mouth of Little Schuylkill river to the coal mines.

17. Conestogo Canal. - Length 18 miles, from Lancaster to the mouth of Conestogo creek.

18. Schuylkill Canal. — Finished ; length 108 miles, from Philadelphia to Mount Carbon.

19. Union Canal. - Finished ; length 79 miles, from Reading to Middletown.

20. Pennsylvania Canal. - In progress, it having been commenced at both extremities; length 296 miles, from Middletown to Pittsburg.

The three last mentioned canals forin a line from Philadelphia to the Ohio, at Pittsburg, and may be considered parts of the same great enterprise.

21. Ohio and Erie Canal. - Its length 213 miles, from Pittsburg to Erie, on Lake Erie.

22. Delaware Canal. - This will run from Philadelphia to meet the Delaware and Hudson Canal. It has already been begun.

2. AMOUNT of Money expended in each State and TERRITORY, by the

UNITED STATES, upon Works of INTERNAL IMPROVEMENT from the ADOPTION of the FEDERAL CONSTITUTION to the 1st day of October, 1828.

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Maine
$ 11,724 22 Tennessee

$4,200 00 Massachusetts 104,042 46 Ohio

390,159 03 Connecticut 2,069 97 Indiana

108,623 88 Rhode Island 195 19 Mississippi

49,385 52 New York 68,138 45 Illinois

8,000 00 Pennsylvania 39,728 32 Alabama

81,762 78 Delaware 307,104 01 Missouri

22,702 24 Maryland 10,000 00 Arkansas

44,690 00 Virginia 150,000 00 Michigan

48,607 95 North Carolina 1,000 00 Florida

799,002 01 Kentucky 90,000 00

Total $2,341,136 03 Road from Cumberland to the Ohio

$1,662,246 75 Continuation of the Cumberland Road

-153,547 86 Repairs of the Cumberland Road

55,510 00 Road from Nashville to Natchez

8,000 00 Road from Wheeling to the Mississippi river

10,000 00 Road from Missouri to New Mexico

30,000 00 Road from Mississippi to the State of Ohio

5,539 35 Road from Georgia to New Orleans

5,500 00 Roads in Tennessee, Louisiana, and Georgia

15,000 00 Road from Nashville to New Orleans

7,920 00 Surveys of Roads and Canals

166,681 49 Surveys of Maps and Charts of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers

4,185 24 Improving the Navigation of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers 103,409 72 Military Roads Surveys of the water courses of the Mississippi river

10,218 43

11,122 04 Road through the Creek Nation

3,621 01 Opening the old Natchez road

5,000 00 Breakwater at the niouth of Delaware Bay

5,000 00

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24. POPULATION.

1. Table showing the amount of Population in the different States and

Territories, according to four enumerations, and the Number of Square Miles in each.

Extent States and Territories. in

Sq. Miles.

1790.

1800.

1810.

1820

Maine,

32,000 96,540 151,719 228,705 298,335 New Hampshire, 9,280 141,885 183,858 | 214,460 244,161 Massachusetts, 7,800 378,787 422,375 472,040 523,287 Rhode Island,

1,360

68,825 69,122 76,931 83,959 Vermont,

10,212

85,539 154,465 277,895 235,764 Connecticut, 4,674 237,946 251,002 261,942 273,248 New York,

46,000 340,120 586,058 959,049 1,372,812 New Jersey, 6,900 184,139 211,149 245,562 277,575 Delaware,

2,068 59,094 64,273 76,672 72,749 Pennsylvania, 43,950 434,373 602,548 810,091 1,049,449 Maryland,

10,800 319,728 349,692 380,546 407,350 Virginia,

64,000 747,620 886,149 | 974,622 | 1,065,366 North Carolina, 43,800 393,951 478,103 555,500 638,829 South Carolina,

30,080 249,073 345,591 415,115 502,741 Georgia,

58.200

82,548 162,686 252,4:33 340,989 Kentucky,

39,000

73,677 220,959 406,511 564,317 Tennessee, 40,000

105,602 | 261,727 422,613 Ohio, 39,000

230,760

581,434 Louisiana, 48,220

20,845 153,407 Indiana, 36,250

5,641 24,520 147,178 Mississippi, 45,350

8,850 40,352 75,448 N. W. Territory,

45,365 Orleans

76,555 Illinois, 59,000

12,282 55,211 Alabama, 50,800

127,901 Missouri, 60,300

66,586 Western Territories

33,691 Michigan Territory, 54,000

4,762 8,896 Arkansas 121,000

14,246 Florida

45,090 Dist. of Columbia, 100

14,093 24.023 33,039

66

66

Total

3,929,326 5,319,762 17,239,904

9,637,999

2. Relative Increase of the White and Colored Classes.

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Proportion of

Slaves to
Free

177
1000

167 1000

160 1000

159 1000

25. COLLEGES IN THE UNITED STATES.

[This table and the following are taken from the Journal of the American Education Society.]

12

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Table containing the proper title of each college; the place where it is situated ; the time when founded; the name of the
President or Provost; the number of academic instructers; the number of graduates in 1828; the number of undergraduates in the
respective classes in 1828 -9; the number of volumes in the college libraries, and in the social libraries of the students.

No. aca-Gradu

Vols. in Vols. in
When

Under.
Name.
Place.

President or Provost.

demic ates in

Students

College
founded

1828 -9.
Inst'ers.
1828.

Libraries. Libraries.
Waterville Waterville, Maine 1820 Rev. Jeremiah Chaplin, D. D.

5

1,700 500 Bowdoin Brunswick, Maine 1794 Rev. William Allen, D.D.

20 107 8,000 4,300 Dartmouth Hanover, N. H. 1769 Rev. Nathan Lord, D.D.

41 128 3,500 8,000 Middlebury Middlebury, Vt. 1800 Rev. Joshua Bates, D. D.

18 81 1,646 2,322 Vermont Univ. Burlington, Vt. 1791 Rev. James Marsh

4 33 1,500 1,000 Williams Williamstown, Mass. 1793 Rev. E. D. Griffin, D. D.

18 92 2,100 1,660 Amherst Amherst, Mass. 1821 Rev. Heman Humphrey, D.D.

211 2,300 3,140 Harvard Univ. Cambridge, Mass. 1638 Hon. Josiah Quincy, LL. D.

15

254 30,000 4,600 Brown Univ. Providence, R. I. 1764 Rev. Francis Wayland, D. D.

6 25 98

6,000 5,750 Washington Hartford, Ct. 1826 Rt. Rev. Thomas C. Brownell, D. D.

15 74 5,000 1,200 Yale New Haven, Ct. 1700 Rev. J. Day, D.D. LL. D.

16 82 324 8,500 6,500
Columbia

New York City 1754 Rev. William Harris, D. D.
Union
Schenectady, N. Y. 1794 Rev. E. Nott, D. D. LL. D.

69 223 5,000 8,000
Hamilton
Clinton, N. Y. 1812 Rev. H. Davis, D.D.

14
Geneva
Geneva, N. Y.
1825

5

20 390 580 Rutgers New Brunswick, N.J. 1770 Rev. P. Milledoller, D.D.

6 20 63 Nassau Hall Princeton, N. J. 1746 Rev. J. Carnahan, D. D.

26 43 8,000 4,000

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