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JUDICIARY. The Judges of the SUPREME COURT, which is a court for the determination of questions of law, and petitions, and other matters not triable by jury, and has general chancery powers and jurisdiction, are five in number, and are chosen annually by the Legislature. Including an allowance of $125 per annum to each Judge, for preparing reports of the decisions of the Supreme Csurt, to be published by the State, the salaries of the judges are $1,175 each.
Richard Skinner, Chief Justice.
Ephraim Paddock, The Legislature appoints annually two assistant judges in each county, who, with one judge of the Supreme Court, compose the County Court. The County Court has original exclusive jurisdiction in cases triable by jury, where the matter or thing in question exceeds the value of one hundred dollars; and in some cases where smaller damages are claimed. The assistant judges of this court have no salaries, and their fees vary probably from $50 to $250 per annum, according to the business done in the respective County Courts. There are thirteen counties.
LEGISLATURÉ. The Counsellors and Representatives are paid $1.50 a day, and six cents, going and coming, for travel. The Speaker of the House receives $2.50 a day, and the same allowance for travel.
Receipts and Expenditures.
The revenue of the Staté is derived chiefly from direct taxation. The auditor's report for the year ending Sept. 30th, 1829, contains the following results.
RECEIPTS. Balance in the Treasury at last settlement
$8,314 66 Interest on arrearages
644 72 Cash received of the several State's Attorneys *
1,887 34 On Bonds given Commissioners of Deaf and Dumb
105 00 Agents of Foreign Insurance Companies
201 72 of Clerk of Windsor County, balance of County Court Fees 172 26 On Dividends of the several Banks
* This item is made up chiefly of fines, and forfeited recognisances for the appearance of criminals.
$ 799 23 4,330 28
289 75 215 43
827 30 39,942 46
$ 59,492 05 EXPENDITURES. Cash paid Debentures of last General Assembly, and the Salaries of the Judges of the Supreme Court *
$ 14,302 00 Several State's Attorneys +
1,619 72 Supreme Court Orders
15,987 14 Auditor's † do.
3,725 93 Wolf Certificates §
260 10 Commissioners of Deaf and Dumb
2,400 00 Superintendent of the State Prison ||
2,205 40 On Special Acts
569 08 Electors of President and Vice-President
78 36 Salaries of the Secretary of State, Clerk of the House, Secre
tary of Governor and Council, Auditor of Accounts, Engrossing Clerk, Governor, and Commissioners of School Fund
2,475 30 Cash applied to School Fund
8,060 00 Balance in the Treasury
Valuation for Tax List.
The Grand List, as it is called, for assigning the ratio of taxation, is made as follows. The polls of all males, except students of colleges, and persons properly equipped and doing military duty, between the ages of 21 and 60, are set in the list at $10; improved land, at 6 per cent. upon its value as ascer
* The judges of the Supreme Court, when sitting with the assistant judges of the County Court for County Court business, receive the same fees as the assistant judges ; but they account with the treasurer for the money thus received, as part of their salaries.
The Supreme and County Courts, by their clerks, draw orders on the State Treasury for the expenses of conveying convicts to the State Prison, the fees of witnesses, and services and expenditures in those criminal cases where the penalty (if a fine may be imposed) goes to the State, and for the fees of State's attorneys, grand jurors, and clerks of the courts.
The auditor of accounts against the State is empowered to audit, examine, allow, and draw orders for the payment of accounts between the State and persons acting under its authority, in all cases not required to be examined by the courts, or referred to some particular board by special enactment; a sort of appeal from the decision of the auditor may be taken to the General Assembly.
The bounty on each wolf is twenty dollars. T The disbursements of the State Prison exceeded the income received from it, by the sum of $652:08. The superintendent in his report gives the State credit for $168.67 received for admission of visitors.
tained by appraisers ; houses and lots appurtenant at 4 per cent. ; mills, stores, distilleries, &c. at 6 per cent.; oxen at $2; cows and other cattle of three years old, at $1.25; cattle of two years old, at 75 cents; horses and mules of three years old, and of the value of $25 or less, at $1; horses and mules worth more than $25, and less than $75, at $3; horses and mules worth more than $75, at $6; horses and mules of two years old, at $2; do. of one year old, at $1.25; jack-asses at $40; sheep at 10 cents per head; carriages at 6 per cent. upon their appraised value ; brass clocks and timepieces at $3; gold watches at $4; other watches at $1. Money on hand and debts due to (deducting debts due from) persons assessed, at 6 per cent.; bank and insurance stock (within the State) at 3 per cent. ; attorneys, physicians, and surgeons, mechanics and manufacturers, and merchants and traders, in addition to their property, at such sum as the listers [assessors) think fit, (generally from $10 to $200.) Upon the list so made up, all taxes, school, state, town, district, and those for highways and bridges, are assessed.
An act was passed in 1827 to provide for the support of common schools. The 4th section of the act was repealed in 1828, and in lieu of its provisions it was enacted, that the superintending committees should recommend instead of direct) suitable class-books to be used in the schools; that the committee should not be required to visit each school more than twice during the term (generally three or four months), and that teachers may, at the request of any particular district, be licensed, though not possessing the qualifications specified in the first section. Very few town committees made the report prescribed by the act, the last year, and the number of schools or scholars cannot be ascertained, with any tolerable degree of accuracy. The money raised by the general law for the support of schools, at 3 per cent. on the Grand List, would amount to $51,119.42. Perhaps as much more. is raised by district taxes, and a considerable sum is paid for the support of private schools.
In 1825 an act was passed, imposing upon all the banks in the State a tax of 6 per cent. upon their annual profits and appropriating the money thus received, together with that derived from pedlars' licenses, and the remaining property of the old Vermont State Bank, to the creation of a fund for the
support of common schools. This fund is to be profitably invested under the direction of the Treasurer of the State, and is to accumulate until the income derived from it shall be sufficient to support a common free school in every district in the State, for two months in each year.
The report of the Treasurer of the School Fund was as follows, Sept. 30th, 1829. To Amount loaned the year past as per receipt of Auditor, in the Treasury Department
$8,060 00 To Balance in Treasury applicable to this object :
$8,324 39 Cr. By Balance in the Treasury last year By Cash received appropriated to this object, as per report of
$215 43 Auditor, in Treasury Department this day
$8,324 39 The operations and increase of the School Fund will be more distinctly seen by the following statement. By the Report of the Auditor last year, it appears that there was then on Loan the sum of
$15,993 07 Principal paid since that Report
Amount loaned the past year
$ 15,703 32
Amount now on loan
$23,763 32 There are about twenty incorporated academies in the State, where young men may be fitted for college. No returns have been made, but the number of students will probably average about forty at each.
The State Prison at Windsor was established by an act of the Legislature in 1808. Confinement at hard labor in this prison is the punishment for almost all of that class of offences which are called mala in se. Murder,' high treason, perjury, in those cases where the life of another is taken away by false swearing, and arson, where death or serious injury to the person ensues, are the only crimes punishable by death. In all cases not capital, the courts may impose a fine; but this is rarely done, except for the breach of positive statutes, and for assault and battery, riot, or resisting the execution of the laws, From the last report of the superintendent it appears, that the number of convicts in the prison on the 1st of October, 1828,
was 123. On the 1st of October, 1827, the number was 134. The convicts are chiefly employed in weaving cotton goods by hand looms; and 180,000 yards were woven the last year.
State of the Banks, according to the Report of the Inspector, dated
April 1st, 1828.
BANK OF BURLINGTON owes Specie, current bills, Stock paid in
and deposites 100,358 74 Bills in circulation
134,042 77 Deposites and dividends
$235,135 02 due
BANK OF RUTLAND owes $ 250,958 30 Stock paid in
Bills in circulation 207,357 00 Funds and Property on Hand. Deposites and dividends Discounted notes $103,485 59 due
5,727 62 Stock in other Banks 3,200 00 Real estate at cost 10,450 50
$263,084 62 Specie, current bills, and deposites in other Banks 161,153 63
Funds and Property on Hand.
Discounted notes $119,514 52 $278,289 72 Due on book
426 90 Real estate at cost
1,747 66 BANK OF WINDSOR owes
Specie, current Bills, Stock paid in
$ 60,000 00
and deposites 147,050 04 Bills in circulation 107,366 00 Deposites 5,639 10
$268,739 12 $173,005 10 BANK OF MONTPELIER owes-Funds and Property on Hand.
Stock paid in
Bills in circulation 147,560 00 Discounted notes $ 148,322 77 Deposites
11,654 43 Due from depositors and on book 8,988 93
$189,214 43 Real estate at cost
2,006 12 Specie, current bills, and
Funds and Property on Hand. deposites
28,465 00 Discounted notes $ 85,904 00 Due on book
7,287 00 $187,782 82 Real estate at cost
2,047 19 BANK OF BRATTLEBOROUGH owes
Specie, current bills, and
98,761 87 Stock paid in
$50,000 00 Bills in circulation 155,818 00
$194,000 06 Deposites
BANK OF CALEDONIA owes$229,748 28 Stock paid in
$30,000 00 Funds and Property on Hand.
Bills in circulation 85,702 00
4,041 09 Discounted notes
$132,367 44 Real estate at cost 2,408 84