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XXXIV. Colonial Statistics

177 Public Debt

207

1. Population of the American Col-

Bank of the United States

208

onies in 1701

177 Commerce

2. Population of the Colonies in

1. Domestic Exports

209

1749

178

2. Foreign Exports .

210

3. Population of the principal Cities 178 3. Imports

212

4. Commerce of the British Ameri-

4. Commerce of each State and

can Colonies

178

Territory

213

5. Average Value of Imports and

5. Tonnage

214

Exports

180 Public Lands

214

6. British Governors at the Begin-

Indians

214

ning of the Revolution . 180

1. Names and Numbers of the

7. Dates of the First Settlement of

Tribes now remaining with-

the Several Colonies

181

in the limits of the several

XXXV. Statistics of the Revolution 181

States and Territories, and

1. Expense of the Revolutionary

the Quantity of Land claim-

War

ed by them respectively 215

2. Emissions of Continental Money 182 2. Abstract of Indian Treaties 216

3. Loans and Grants of Money in

3. Annuities payable by the

France

183

United States to Indian

4. Presidents of the Old Congress 183

Tribes

217

5. Signers of the Declaration of

Post Office

217

Independence

184

1. Number of Post Offices, a-

6. Adoption of the first State Con-

mount of Postage, Net Rev.

stitutions

185

enue, and Extent of Miles,

7. Troops employed during the

from 1789 to 1828

217

Revolution

185

2. Rates of Postage

218

XXXVI. Statistical and other particu-

Coinage

218

lars respecting the United

Patents

218

States

188

1. Number issued from 1790 to

Adoption of the Constitution by

1814

219

the Several States

188 . 2. Number issued from 1815 to

Elections of Presidents and Vice-

1828 to Persons residing in

Presidents of the United States 189

each State

219

List of the Civil Officers of the

Military Posts

220

United States since the Adop-

Vessels of War

22

tion of the Constitution

190

Navy Yards

221

Supreme Court of the United

Militia

222

States

192 Internal Improvements

223

Ministers from the United States

1. Canals

223

to Foreign countries, since the

2. Money expended by the Unit-

Beginning of the Government 193

ed States upon Works of

Plinisters from Foreign Nations

Internal Improvement, from

now in the United States

197

the Adoption of the Federal

Cabinet and Heads of Depart-

Constitution

224

ments

197 Population

225

Judiciary of the United States

197 1. Population in the different

Tabular View of the Number of

States and Territories, and

the Representatives in Congress

the Number of Square miles 225

from the Beginning of the Gov-

2. Relative Increase of the White

ernment

200

and Colored Classes

225

Receipts and Expenditures 200 Colleges in the United States 226

1. Receipts for the Year 1827 200 Theological Seminaries

2. Expenditures for the Year

Religious Denominations

228

1827

201 Newspapers and Periodical Jour-

3. Receipts for the Year 1828 201

nals

229

4. Expenditures for the Year

Meteorology

229

1828

202 XXXVII. Statistical and other Infor-

5. Items of Expenditure for the

mation respecting Indivi-

First Three Quarters of

dual States

231.

1828

202 MAINE

231

6. Receipts from other sources

Recipts and Expenditures for 1828 231

than Customs and Public

County Receipts and Expenditures 232

Lands, during the Year 1828 206 State Debt

232

7. Receipts and Appropriations

Banks

233

from 1815 to 1827

207 Academies

234

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Common Schools

235 Academies

268

Gardiner Lyceum

235 Common Schools

268

Officers and their salaries

236 1. Condition of the Common

Cumberland and Oxford Canal 236

Schools

268

State Prison at Thomaston .

236

2. .Estimates and Expenditures

NEW HAMPSHIRE

238

of the School Money 269

Receipts and Expenditures 238

3. Comparative View of the Re-

Officers and their Salaries

239

turns of Common Schools,

Schools

239

from 1816 to 1828

270

Newspapers

240 PENNSYLVANIA

270

Banks

240 Salaries of Officers

270

State l'rison

241 Receipts and Expenditures 271

Militia

241 State Funds and Debts

271

VERMONT

241

Banks

Officers and their Salaries

241 Canals and Roads

272

Receipts and Expenditures

242 Schuylkill Navigation

274

Valuation for Tax List

243 Coal Trade

275

Common Schools

244 Prices of Flour

275

State Prison

245 Schools

276

Banks

246 List of Governors

276

Internal Improvements

248 DELAWARE.

277

MASSACHUSETTS

248

Chesapeake and Delaware Canal 277

Officers and their Salaries

248 MARYLAND

278

Receipts and Expenditures

249 Officers and their Salaries

278

Schools

249 Receipts and Expenditures

278

Medical School in Boston

250 Banks

280

Militia

Schools

280

Banks

251 NORTH CAROLINA

280

State Prison

251

Officers and their Salaries

280

Rhode Island

252 Receipts and Expenditures

281

Receipts and expenditures 252 Taxes received for the Year 1827 282

Banks

253 State Funds

282

Officers and their Salaries

254 Literary and Agricultural Funds 282

Schools

254 Banks

283

CONNECTICUT

254 GEORGIA

284

Officers and their Salaries

254 Officers and their Salaries

284

School Fund

255 Receipts and Expenditures

284

Banks

256 Banks

286

Receipts and Expenditures 258 OHIO

287

State Fund

258 Officers and their Salaries

287

State Prison

258 Land and Taxes

287

Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb at MISSOURI

289

Hartford

259 Officers and their Salarios

289

NEW YORK

260 Receipts and Expenditures . 289

Officers and their Salaries

260

290

Receipts and Expenditures

CHRONICLE OF EVENTS in 1829

261

State Funds

264 APPENDIX

301

Revenue of Canals

265 Table of Distances between the

Canal Debt

266

Sun and Moon

301

Progress of Vegetation

266 Jewish Calendar

307

Banks

267 Mahometan Calendar

307

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The main object of this work is utility. It has been the aim of its conductors to collect within the smallest compass the greatest amount of useful and practical information on those topics, in which the community is generally interested. The work is divided into Five Parts, and its plan and purposes will best be seen by a brief analysis of each of these.

The First Part is devoted to the Calendar, embracing, in addition to the particulars usually inserted in Almanacs, a large mass of important facts in relation to the celestial movements, and tables for nautical and astronomical purposes. The Eclipses and Occultations have been calculated with extraordinary care, and much valuable information will be found connected with the subject of Tides. The Tide Table is followed by a table of the Latitude and Longitude of the principal places in the United States. To suit the calendar pages to every part of the Union, the rising and setting of the Sun and Moon have been calculated for some of the chief cities in different parts. A column in each month is also devoted to useful remarks, and another to remarkable events. Further explanations of this part of the work will be found prefixed to the Calendar.

The Second Part contains information, communicated in a simple and intelligible form, respecting the celestial changes and most common astronomical appearances. An account of Almanacs is followed by an explanation of the division of time into Days, Weeks, Months, and Years; the Holydays of the Church; the variety of the Seasons; the Signs of the Zodiac; Astrology; the Moon's Phases, and Eclipses ; Tides ; Spots on the Sun; the Rotation of the Planets; the Orbits of the Planets; and much information on other kindred topics, designed to elucidate and adapt them to the understanding of persons of all degrees of knowledge.

In Part Third are contained miscellaneous articles and directions of general usefulness; a selection from Washington's Agricultural Notes and Journal; Franklin's Poor Richard

Revived; advice on the Use of Fruit; an Essay on the advantages of Fresh Air in promoting health and comfort; another on Clothing; and Facts concerning Interperance.

The Fourth Part'embraces a selection of statistical matters relating to foreign countries, and particularly a curious and full table of the Statistics of the World. In compiling this part, as well as the others, regard has been had not only to the temporary but permanent value of the facts selected. There will be found tables of the Population, Families, Houses, Land, Canals, and Roads of Great Britain; an essay on the Increase of the Inhabitants of Europe ; on the comparative force of France and England ; the number of books printed in France; the value of money in different countries in Europe, reduced to American currency; the Revenues, Expenditures, Trade, Finance, Commerce, Currency, and Manufactures of Great Britain. All these statements are brought down to the latest dates.

The Fifth Part occupies a much larger portion of the work, than any of the others, and has the same design in regard to the United States, which the fourth part has in reference to foreign countries. As introductory to the main subjects, a short view is taken of the Colonial Statistics, which is followed by a selection of particulars illustrating the Statistics of the Revolution, such as the Expense of the War, amount of Continental Money issued, Loans in France, Troops employed, Presidents of the Old Congress, Adoption of the State Constitutions, and Signers of the Declaration of Independence. Then follow statistical tables and statements respecting the United States since the foundation of the government, and at present; such as a record of the elections of Presidents ; lists of civil officers, Heads of Departments, American Ministers abroad, Foreign Ministers in this country, Judges, Representatives ; also the Receipts and Expenditures of the Government, the Public Debt, the Bank of the United States, Commerce, Public Lands, Indians, Post Office, Coinage, Patents, Military Posts, Vessels of War, Navy Yards, Militia, Internal Improvements, Population, Colleges, Religious Denominations, Meteorology. After this come the statistics of each State, as far as the facts could be collected, comprising an account of the public revenues, banks, schools, civil officers and their salaries, internal improvements, militia, modes of taxation, prisons, and whatever else relates to the practical administration of government, the organization of local communities, and the moral and physical progress of society. At the close is a Chronicle of the Events of the past year.

Such is the outline of our plan, as executed in the present attempt. We confess that our wishes have been but partially realized, especially in regard to the individual states. As little paias are taken in several of the states to collect statistical facts, and less to arrange and present them to the public in a tangible form, it is extremely difficult to carry this head to any degree of completeness. Our enterprise was undertaken, also, at too late a period in the year to enable us to procure intelligence from remote states. In some instances, however, the deficiency must be ascribed rather to the remissness of our correspondents, than to any want of effort on our part. What we have published, will be enough to indicate the extent of our plan, and the manner in which it may be filled out. It is presumed, that the states, for their own convenience, will gradually adopt regulations for collecting and embodying particulars of this sort, and then the task of condensing and combining them into a single work will be comparatively easy.

Should the success of the present volume warrant the continuance of an annual series, we may venture to promise essential improvements as we proceed. It will be seen, that a great deal of matter in this volume is of a permanent character, suited for reference at any future day, as well as for use in the passing year. Facts are unchangeable in their nature, and, when once recorded, their value is never lost. The method of tabular views, for communicating certain kinds of knowledge, has immense advantages over any other, in presenting, at a single glance of the eye, a mass of information, that would be expanded over many pages if exhibited in any other form. In every part of the volume, our chief aim has been to condense the information into as small a space as possible, and at the same time to convey it in so methodical and clear a manner, that it might be easily received by all classes of readers.

The purpose of this work will allow the admission of many facts besides those of a strictly statistical character. The permanent features of geography may be here exhibited from time to time in tabular and compressed forms; such as the extent of different territories and divisions of the earth, the length of rivers, height of mountains, magnitude of seas, lakes, and islands, and all other particulars naturally embraced in comparative geography. The same may be said of chronological records, not merely as denoting the order of a series of events, but as grouping those of a similar kind under particular heads. In this way may be presented the dates at which the sovereigns

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