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Rosa's

Summer Wanderings.

REPRINTED (WITH ADDITIONS) FROM THE

CHURCHMAN'S COMPANION.

first Series

BY THE AUTHORESS OF
“FLOREAT ECCLESIA,” “THE QUEEN'S ISLE,” ETC.

LONDON:
JOSEPH MASTERS, ALDERSGATE STREET,

AND NEW BOND STREET.

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LONDON: PRINTED BY JOSEPH MASTERS AND CO.,'

ALDERSGATE STREET.

HOMMINA
NUSITI
ILLUMEA

PRE FACE.

WHEN I first began to write these Summer Wanderings, soon after my return from the Lake country in 1850, I merely intended to arrange some half-dozen chapters, briefly describing the most striking points in the journey, for the perusal of young people. As soon as the first chapter was completed, I sent it to the Churchman's Companion for insertion : its appearance in the pages of that periodical in the early part of 1851, encouraged me to proceed: as I went on, the historical and biographical associations connected with the localities I had traversed came crowding, like spirits of the past, around me on every side; and speedily began to swell the number of my chapters far beyond the original intention; raising also the tone of my musings upwards towards the level of maturer intellects than the more youthful classes whom only I had at first expected to enlist as readers.

I explain this, to account for the perceptible development of character in the book; and also to

excuse the lighter strain of desultory allusion occasionally pervading some of the earlier portions.

The publication of the chapters in the Churchmans Companion progressed sometimes briskly, sometimes tardily at long intervals: I will candidly acknowledge the delays were usually the fault of the authoress, in allowing months sometimes to pass on without preparing the next chapter in succession: thus the appearance at intervals of the Wanderings extended over the pages of the magazine from February, 1851, to August, 1856. That summer (1856) I had been travelling in Scotland ; and during the homeward route I was happy in the opportunity of visiting Buttermere and Crummock, S. Bees and Furness Abbey; and thus qualifying myself to add a personal record of these westerly localities to my previous compilations gleaned from the accounts of other tourists : for in the tour of 1850, I had not explored beyond Ullswater, Derwentwater, Windermere, and the many varied belongings of those lakes and their adjacent moun. tains.

A sad and sorrowful bereavement (which the last pages in this volume will sufficiently explain) untuned my pen for literary occupation during many subsequent months. When a favourite pursuit has been too long interrupted, we all know how difficult it is to resume the strain! Therefore instead of writing on and on indefinitely, (for the subjects of Summer Wanderings might be made to extend interminably) I have resolved to throw myself on the indulgence of the public, and to produce these chapters in a volume as far as they extend ; leaving the remainder of my pencillings regarding the Lake scenery to appear subsequently in the Churchman's Companion, until the whole shall have been described, preparatory to publication in a second series, comprising delineations of Windermere, Grasmere, and the remainder of the Lake districts, together with biographical sketches of Wordsworth, Wilberforce, Dr. Arnold, &c. ; and forming a sequel to the present volume.

In the revision of this work during its progress through the press, I have inserted a few additions and improvements, together with such facts of interest as may have more recently occurred, or may have come within my knowledge since the original drawing up. A short memoir of Southey (which I have compiled chiefly from the “Life and Correspondence," and other sources, acknowledged where the quotations occur,) is also introduced in connection with Keswick and Derwentwater.

In recording historic facts, and descriptions of points which I had not the opportunity of visiting, (for the journey was not undertaken with any intention of publishing its details) I have frequently had occasion to borrow from the pages of other writers ; especially from an old valuable work in many volumes, entitled “ Beauties of England and Wales.” In most instances I trust I have duly acknowledged this at the foot of the

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