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The PRE FACE. obliged to repeat the same Words he hath spoken, and to tread in the Steps he hath trodden before : So the Writer of such an annual Preface as this, after above Twenty Years Travel, finds it equally difficult and perplexing to strike out any Thing new in so beaten a Path. However, let us take up again the preceding Allusion, and try what we can do with it. APOLLO, or the Sun, in a Mythological View, is the God of Wit. As such he is our Patron; as such we pay him Homage and Daily Adoration. The Twelve Months are the twelve immortal Priests who wait around his Throne in varied Vestments, presenting to his Hands the Hecatombs of Wit, which we twelve Times a Year select, a grateful Offering to the Muses, who compose his Court ; and who in Return for this agreeable Present, implore their Patron to inspire our Friends with every useful Art, with every Grace and Elegance of Composition, and with the truest Taste and Judgment to direct their Choice in this COLLECTION. Such a friendly Correspondence as this being fettled with the Court of APOLLO, where can the Publick expect to find so polite, so learned, so elegant, so various an Entertainment as in the LONDON MAGAZINE?

EXPLANATION of the FRONTISPIECE.

URIOSITY, guided by PRUDENCE, inspecting C the

the LONDON MAGAZINE, placed on the Back of TIME, wherein HISTORY is recording the most remarkable Events.

The LONDON MAGAZINE:

Or, GENTLEMAN's Monthly Intelligencer.

For JANUARY, 1753

To be continued. (Price Six Veace each Moutn.) Containing, (Greater Variety, and more in Quantity, ihan any Monthly Book of the fame Price.) 1. A remarkable Latin SPEECH of Q ELIE XVI. Modeity and Aturance, a Fable.

ZARETH, with an English Tranilation, XVII. Address of the Merchants, Traders II. The Life of Sir Francis Bacon.

and Citizens of Dublin. III. The Life of Archbishop Tillotson. XVIII. Solution of a Mathematical Question IV. A Description of WIST MORILAND. objected to. V. Copy of the Pruffian Memorial.

XIX. A Remark on Mr. Freke's Treatise. VI. The Life and Character of the famous XX. Observations on Oaths, and the horrid Chriftina, Queen of Sweden.

Crime of Perjury.
VII. The JOURNAL of a Learned and Poli XXI, The Countryman's Complaint against

tical CLUB, &c. continued : Containing the Game Laws.
the SPLECHES of Servilius Prifcus, Pom XXII. Alterations in the Liit of Parlia-
ponius Atticus, and Quintus Mucius, in ment,
the DEBATE on the Subsidy Treaty with XXIII. Account of Sir Hans Sloane, Bart.

the King of Poland, Elector of Saxony. XXIV. POETRY: The Spectres ; Ode for VIIl. Observations on the Time for keep New-Year's. Day ; a Pastoral Dialogue ; ing Christmas.

lanthe and Iphis, a Song new set to MuIX. Two Letters of the famous Madam de fick; Epitaplı, &c. Maintenon.

XXV. The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER : X. Account of a new Paper, called The Sellions at the Old Bailey ; remarkable WORLD.

Accidents ; Ceneral Court of the S. S. XI. Affecting Story of Conftantia.

Company ; Dublin Yearly Bill of MortaXIL. Subftance of his Majetty's Speech.

lity, &c. &c. &c, XIII. The Lords Addreis, with the King's XXVI. Promotions; Marriages and Births ; Answer.

Deaths ; Bankrupts. XIV. The Commons Address, with the XXVII. Prices of Stocks for each Day. King's Answer.

XXVIII. Monthly Bill of Mortality. XV. Curious Cbservacions on Cold and XXIX. FOREIGN AFFAIRS. Silver Lace.

XXX. Catalogue of Books. With a new and correct Map of WESTMORELAND, and the Heans of Sir FRANCIS BACON and Archbishop TILLOTSON, both beautifully engraved by eminent Hands.

MULTUMIN PARV 0. LONDON: Prioted for R. BALDWIN, jun. at the Role in Pater-Noiter-Row. Of whom may be had, compleat Sets fion the Beginning to this Tiine, neaily Bound, or

Stitch'd, or any single Month to compleat Sets.

the treaty

38

12

38

C ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.
A Melizabeth in Latine peelthenolich

and lecturer of St. Lawrence Jewan
Elizabeth in answer to the Polish

ibid.
ambasador's, with an English translati-

made dean of Canterbury ibid.

01), and proper remarks

3, 4

the affair between him and lord

Copy of the memorial presented by the Ruffel

ibid. G, & 33
Prussian minister, concerning the Silesia

made dean of St. Paul's, and

loan

4-6 archbishop of Canterbury

33

Obfervations on the time for keeping

his death and private charities 34

Christmas

Objections to a solution of a mathemati-

Some account of the late Sir Hans Sloane, cal question

ibid.

Bart.

ibid. A remark on Mr. Freke's Treatise on the

A defcription of Westmoreland 7, 8 Nature and Property of Fire ibid. D

The JOURNAL of a learned and political Observations on gold and filve lace 35

Clue, &c. continued

9--19 The several sorts of filver ore ibid. E, and

DEBATE on a new subsidy treaty with the

36

king of Poland, elector of Saxony Obfervations on oaths and the horrid

ibid. crime of perjury

36

SPEICH of Servilius Prifcus in favour of Portry. Ianthe and Iphis, a song new

9

set to musick

37

SPIŁch of Pomponius Atticus against the A new country dance

treaty, but in favour of the motion for TranNation of a poem in the Musa Angli-

a subsidy

cane, intitled, Dantur Specira, by Mr.

Dispute between the electors and the Hackett

princes of the empire upon the question, A pastoral dialogue

39

who shall judge of the necessity of elect Ode for new year's day, by Colley Ciba

ing a king of the Romans

13, 14

ber, Erq;

40

Speick of Quintus Mucius in favour of Hey for the forcerer !

ibid.

the treaty

15 Epitaph on Mrs. Colquhoun of Luís ibid,

Danger of the empire's being without a The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER 41

head

16 Account of an engagement between the

Lite and character of Christina, queen of Twigtwees and French Indians in Ame.

Sweden

19, 20

rica

ibid.

A letter of Madam de Maintenon to lier Address of tlie merchants, traders and

brother

citizens of Dublin

ibid.

Another letter of hers, giving an account Dublin yearly bill of mortality 41

of the last sickness and death of Lewis Opening of the presont setion of parlia.

XIV.

ibid,

The life of Sir Francis Bacon

23-26 Remarkable accidents

ibid.

Account of a new paper, called The Oath of the scavengers, questmen, &c.

WORLD

26 dispensed with

ibid.

Modesty and Afsurance, a fable

Sessions at the Old Bailey

ibid.

Substance of his majesty's speech at the Westminster election begun and finished

opening of the fetiion

28

42, 43

The lords address, with the king's answer General court of the S. S. company 43

Marriages and births

ibid,

The commons address, with his majesty's Deaths, particularly of Sir Hans Sloane

answer

29

43, 44

Affecting story of Constantia ibid. F. &c. Ecclesiastical preferments

45

The countryman's complaint against the Promotions civil and military ibid.

Alterations in the list of parliament ibid,

The life of Dr. John Tillotson, archbishop Persons declared bankrupts

ibid.

of Canterbury

31-34 Prices of stocks and grain ; wind, wea-

bred up amongst the difienters, ther

46

but conforms to the church at the re Monthly bill of mortality

ibid

storation

32

FOREIGN AFAIRS

47

chosen preacher at Lincoln's- Inn, A catalogue of books
The Proposal for making an effectual Provision for the Poor : By Henry Fielding Elp; pall
be considered in our next.Our Poetical and ober Correspondents are defired to send their Pines
as early in the Month as poffitle, in order to obeir being inserted in Time.

In January was Publipoed,
N APPENDIX to the LONDON MAGAZINE for 1752, with

a Beautiful FRONTISPIECE, a Genera! TITLE curiously engraved,

Compleat INDEXES, and several other Things, neceliary to be bound up with the

Volume,

48

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Upom Occasion of the present Dispute with

guam eleftionis, atque etiam novitèr ele&tus, Prussia, the following Anecdote from the

non tam benè percipiat quid inter reges convenit, History of Queen ELIZABETH muft, we

quam majores fui nobiscum observarunt, & alii think, be agreeable to our Readers.

fartaje deinceps observabunt. Quod ad te at

tiner, videris multos libros perlegille, libros URING the war tamen principum non attigife, neque intelligere carried on by that quid inter reges convenit. Cum vero jus nawise and glori. A iure, & gentium commemoras ; hoc jcito ele

ous queen against jus nature & gentium, vt cum bellum inier D

Spain, several of reges intercedar, liceat alteri alterius undique the Swedish and allara prafidia insercipere, et ne in damnum Dantzick ships had suum convertantur, prævidere: Hoc fciro eje been seized by our

jus naturæ

gentium ;

ubi iridem donium ships of war, on Auftriæ narras (quam jam tanti facis) nor

account of their te lateat ex eadem domo non defuiffe qui rege being loaded with contraband goods for num Polonia regi tuo intercipere voluissenx. Spain, and probably some excesses had B De reliquis, quæ cum multa funt & fingularina then likewise been committed, as there deliberanda, non funt bujus loci ac ion pris, always are upon such occafions.

accipies quad a quibusdam confiliariis buic rei Upon this Sigisinund, King of Poland defignaris deliberandur fuerit. Interim calias and Sweden, sent Paulus de Jaline, his & quiefcas. ambassador, to queen Elizabeth, to demand satisfaction, which at his first au

This answer runs in English thrus: dience he began to do in Latin, the only How much am I deceived ! I expefied language then used upon such occasions ; C an envoy, but thou hast brought me a but he did it in such a high tone and challenge. By thy credential letters, I haughty manner, that the queen cut bim took thee to be an ambalador, but I find Thort with the following extempore an.

thou art a herald. In all my life I never (wer in Latin.

heard such a speech. I am surprised, I Heu quam decipta fui! Expektavi nur. am really amazed at so great and lo uncium : tis verò querelai wibi adduxifli; per usual impudence in puhlick ; nor do I literas te accepi ejje legatum, te verò beraldum think that thy matter, had nie been here invenio. Nunquam in vita talem orarionem himself, would have made use of any such audivi. Miror, sanè miror, tantam et tam

D

language. But, if there be any such injilitam in publico audaciam; neque puro, fi thing in his instructions to thee, as le is rex tuus adeffet, ralia verba protulle: Sin a young king, not by bereditary right, aliquid tale tibi in mandatis commilit (quod but by election, and even but lately cle&iquidem valdè dulito) tribuerdum, quòd cum cd, I must impute it to luis beinz unuc. itx fit juvenis, & non tom juro fanguinis quained with that language which is January, 1753.

А

proper

4

A remarkable SPEECH of Queen ELIZABETH. Jan. proper among sovereigns, and which bis legation of his majesty the king of Prulancestors have always observed towards fia, is obliged to remind your excellency us, and his fucceitors from henceforth of the preiling follicitations employed by probably will. As to what relates to himself and predecessor, at several times, thyrell, thou seemeft to have read many for obtaining from the equity, and thro' books, but never to have looked into the the justice of the ministry of this court, book of princes, nor to understand what the fatisfaction which the Pruffian meris decent mong sovereigns. But tince A chants have demanded, of being indem thou talkent of the law of nature and niacd for the violences and depredations nations, know, that when war breaketh they have fustained from some of the out between two kings, they are, each English privateers, during the last war. of then, warranted by the law of na Your excellency will remember, that ture and nations, to intercept all supplies these merchants had some their thips brought to the ccher, let them come from taken from them, some their effects forced whence they will, and to take care that no away, others had them detained ; and such fupplies may be made use of again.it altho' it was evidently made appear, that themielves. K: ow this to be the law of B none of them dealt in contraband trade, nature and of nations. Where again thou they have not hitherto been able to obtalkest of the houte of Austria, which tain any redress, neither from the English thou now buildeit so much on, thou art · tribunals to whom they applied, nor from not ignorant, that there was not wanting the government, before which they laid of that house, one who designed to in their complaints : And that, by a singutercept from thy king the kingdom of Jarly Itrange contradiction, when even Poland As to the ren, being nume thote tribunals found no specious pretext rous and such as must be particularly C for confifcating their ships and effe&s, considered, they are not proper for this and consequently discovered the injustice time oi place : The refolutions of the of the prize, they nevertheless did not commiffioners appointed for this purpose fail to condemn the proprietors in costs, thail he cominunicated to thee. In the to the behoof of the privateers, and lemean time fare thee well, and be quiet, viable upon the capture. Thus did that great princess answer a

The laws of equity ought incontestably powerful king, who only talked in a

to be the same for all nations ; and an manner which she thought insolent; and

Englishman ought to expect the finding a

D it is remarkable, that this fpirited answer

sanctuary at Berlin, in the justice of its was made by dier when the was old ; when

tribunais, against the violence of their the was involved in a war with Spain,

subjects, the same as a Pruflian ought to then the most potent monarchy in Eu

find it at London, against any illegal prosope ; when the had been deserted by

codure of theirs. It is upon this princiher ally, Henry IV. of France, who had

ple, that good faith and mutual commade a separate peace with Spain ; and

mcrce ftand established between nation when there was a dangerous rebellion in

and nation : It is also upon this very Ireland, headed by the famous Ter-Owen, E principle, that the merchants of Europe and supported by Spain.

trathck with their neighbours, and that And speed, who gives us this anecdote,

the English nation carries on so advantells us, that having ended her oration,

tageous a commerce. All countries look The lion die rising, daunted the malaperi

on these ties of equity as sacred and inorator no lefs with her lately port and

violable, and they respect them at home, majestick departure, than with the cart

that they may receive the benefit of them niets of her princely checks : And turning

abroad, whenever the neceility comes to to the train of her attendants, faid, f

exiit of their having recourse to them. « God's death, my lords, I have been

His majesty believed, that, with a na

tion so full of noble sentiments, fo gene. forced this day to four up my old Latin that hath long lain rusty.”

vous as the English, it would be no diri.

culty to obtain for his subjects the ratif. In our Magazine for lal Year, p. 603, we faction that was due to them ; and your cave ibe Subfiunce of what ibe King of

excellency will remember, that, in case Pruffi cails an Exposition of his Mo

of a refutal, the intimation was not omittives for detaining Pur! of the Silesia

ted, that his majesty, the king of Bruin Itar, fy Il’ay of Comperfation for ike Do G 11a, would find himself obliged (tho' with mage dere 20 bis Suljuč75 in the Lif War by

resret) 10 seize the capital funds for or Pria'alders. Med ricery we. JH..!! cive which the dutchy of Siieria food mort. Cenafike Memorial printed by his linda

gaged to the Engliin, especially as his fer bere upon obat Subjeći, as follemos, viz.

majefty had no other means of indeinniTis by order of the king his master, fying his subjects,

The * The arch duke Moxirilian of Gujria, brciber :be omperer Nixdesi II. bod diszled !cc critun wib Sisiwand

2

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