« 前へ次へ »
SKETCH OF BOERHAAVE.
For the Christian Disciple.
Ir comes within the scope of at his school. His father left your design, I believe, to insert him but little property, but with in your work biographies of lit., a resolution equal to his abili. erary, scientific, and pious per- ties, and an unshaken spirit he sons. - And, in my opinion, no determined to supply by diliinstruction is comparable with gence, the want of fortune. At that of teaching lessons of vir- the university his genius and in tue and piety by example. lo dustry met with patronage and aid of your praise-worthy plan applause. Young Boerhaave I have abridged the life of a made great advances in all the distinguished physician, written sciences; he studied mathematby Dr. Johnson, and who died ises for pleasure and from a in the last century.
conviction of their necessity; Dr. Herman Boerhaave was but regulated his studies with born 1668, at Voorhout, near a view to divinity. At the age Leyden. His father was minis- of 22, having uncommon repu. ter of Voorhout, and a learned tation for piety and erudition, man. His mother was a trades. he took his degree in philosoman's daughter, and had obtain. phy. He read the scriptures ed a knowledge of physic not in their original languages, and common in female students. was struck with veneration of
Boerhaave was always de- the purity of the doctrine of the signed by his father for the early writers and the holiness ministry. At the age of eleven, of their lives. Having exhausthe had made great proficiency ed his fortune in the pursuit of in grammatical learning and the his studies and having an un. elements of languages. To common knowledge of the mathrecreate bis mind and strengthen ematics, he read lectures in his constitution, be employed those sciences, for a support. himself in agriculture, which he His propension to the study continued through life, to the of physic induced him to devote benefit of his mind and body. considerable time to medical His studies were interrupted at writers, although he intended the age of 12 by a malignant it only for diversion. He read ulcer, upon his left thigh, which the ancient physicians through for near five years afflicted hiin all the Greek and Latin writers; severely, and defeated the art he engaged in the practice of of his physicians. Then it was chymistry and botany with great his own pain taught him to eagerness. He intended, after compassionate others, and incit- taking the degree of doctor in ed him to attempt the dissovery physic, which he obtained at of other methods more certain the age of 25, to carry into efthan those used for hiin. At fect his pious design of underthe age of 14 he lost his father. iaking ihe ministry. But a At this early age he was vieto- malicious report having been rious in every contest for prizes industriously spread of his be Vol. VI..No. 1.
ing an Atheist, he thought it In his last illness, which was neither necessary nor prudent to the last degree lingering and to struggle with the torrent of painful, his firmness did not popular prejudice, and deter- forsake him. He neither intermined to devote himself to a mitted the necessary cares of profession which must claim life, nor forgot the proper prethe second place among those parations for death. He said wbich are of the greatest benefit his long sickness had afforded to mankind.
him opportunities of contemBoerhaave began to visit pa- plating the wonderful and inextients, but without much encour: plicable union of soul and body; agement. His time was wholly that his soul was always master taken up in visiting the sick, of itself, and always resigned studying, making chymical ex- to the pleasure of its Maker. periments, teaching mathemat. He lamented any impatienee ics, and reading the scriptures. under suffering, saying, he that At the age of 33 he was elected loves God. ought to think nothto a professorship of physic in ing desirable but what is most the university, and read lectures pleasing to the Supreme Goodwith great applause, He redu- ness. As death approached he eed the science of chymistry to was more cheerful under his certain principles. He contin- torments. He died in the 70th ued advancing in reputation at year of his age. home and abroad, and foreign Thus died Boerhaave, a man societies elected him to mem- formed by nature for great deberships. He had the gout so signs, and guided by religion in severely that he was confined the exertion of his abilities. to his bed five months, and he He was of a robust and athletic declared, that when he lay constitution of body, so hardenwhole days and nights without ed by early severities and wholsleep, he found no method so some fatigues, that he was indiverting as meditations upon sensible to inelemencies of his studies--reviewing those weather. He was. cheerful, stores of knowledge which he forbearing, and forgiving, and had reposited in his memory. was an admirable example of His patience. was founded on temperance, fortitude, humility religion, not vanity, pot on vain and devotion. His piety and a reasonings, but on confidence in religious sense of his dependGod.
ence on God, was the basis of So far was this great master all his virtues, and the princifrom presumptive confidence in ple of his whole conduct. He his abilities, that, in his exam- ascribed nothing to himself, did inations of the siek, he was re- not conceive' he could subdue markably circumstantial; and passion or withstand temptation he well knew that life is not to by his own power ; but attributbe saerificed, either to an affec- ed every good thought, and tation of quick discernment, or every landable aetion, to the of crowded practice, but may be Father of Goodness. He avowrequired, if trifled away, at the ed that he had attained to a hand of the physieian.
mastery over a resentful temper
by daily prayer and meditation. Subject of his conversation. He Throughout his life the first asserted on all occasions the hour, after rising in the morn- divine authority and sacred effi- . ing, he retired to private prayer cacy of the holy scriptures, and and meditation, and told his maintained that they alone friends it gave bim spirit and taught the way of salvation, vigour in the business of the and that they only could give day. He therefore commended peace of mind. Such were the it as the best rule of life, for sentiments of Boerhaave. May nothing, he knew, could sup- his example extend its influence port the soul but a confidence to his admirers and followers ! in God, nor can a steady and May those who study his writrational magnanimity flow from ings imitate his life! And those any other source than a con- who endeavour after his knowlsciousness of the divine favour. edge aspire to his piety! MITT The excellence of the chris
S. Asor tian religion was the frequent
MORAL AND RELIGIOUS NARRATIVES.
For the Christian Disciple. No. I.
tion, then, my dear," said he, The Family Bible.
and assure you that I am in "SHALL we send off our new earnest. Nothing but the disfamily bible with the other fur- tress of our circumstances could niture p” said Mr. Olney to his compel me to suggest the prowife, when they were packing posal.” Mrs. Olney said noth. ap several household articles, ing, but taking a small pair of which their reduced circumstan- golden pendants from her ears, ces compelled them to dispose which were set with brilliant of at public auction. . Mrs. pearl, and had adorned her betOlney started with some alarm ter days, she went to her husat the question—her cheek red band, smiled, and put her only dened-her eye moistened—and remaining jewels into his hand. she looked at her husband with She then carried away io trithat expression of mingled doubt umph the bible, which she placand confidence, which we feel ed, after kissing it, with semewhen a friend whom we love thing like an air of affection, lets fall a careless yet eutting into a trunk, among a few indis. remark. “ Did I not know, pensable articles which she was Mr. Olney," she replied, " that about to reserve. however gay and elastic your Their course of life henceforspirits usually are, you never ward became changed from what are in the habit of jesting on it formerly had been. They serious subjects, I should sus- experienced a total pect you now, not only of tri. There were some friends, it is Aing with my feelings, but also true, who were, if possible, of really sporting with sacred drawn still closer to them by things. “I repeat the ques- this new bond of adversity
But the farger portion of their brightest days, religion had acquaintance gradually avoided never been swallowed up by and forgot them. They never “the deceitfulness of life." Its thought of complaining at this light had only served to mellow conduct, and, as we think, they and subdue the brillianey which bad no right to complain. It glistered from the sunshine of was impossible for them to reci- the world. Now that that sunprocate attentions according to shine had gone down, there still the established forms of society, beamed within their hearts the so that the visits and notice of same religion like the evening more prosperous persons could star which only seems to glow only have laid upon them a more intensely, from the comburden, which it was not in parative darkness around it. their power to discharge. Mur. Their days were now passed murings have been too frequent in labour. Instead of those beagainst the hard heartedness of nevolent projects, those charithe world in this respect. Un- table visits, those festive assemdoubtedly we can find too many blies, and that idly busy routine, instances for the honour of huo with which their time was for: man nature of proud and haugh- merly measured and filled up, tý prosperity--but do we, on the they were constantly employed other band, find too many ex. in manual industry. But they amples of meek and resigned were as happy as they were inadversity? And besides, we dustrious. *One evening, when might perháps discover, if we they were conversing on the Jooked into the breasts of the many resources which even the rich, that it is often rather a humbleness of tbeir present sitdelicacy of mind than a triumph uation allowed them for happiof imagined superiority, which ness, Mr. Olney exclaimed, induces them to avoid their for- 66 But for the best and richest mer friends when sunk into of all our comforts, Mrs. 0. wc poverty. They may imagine are indebted to your care and That notice, under such circum. providence.
“ Explain your stances, is oppression ; that self, Mr. Olney," said she. condescension is insult ; that Why," replied lie, “ have we, intercourse is intolerable, be- or can we have a greater pleascause it is not equal; and in- ure on earth than we derive deed, if we may judge by what from our daily and punctual we have sometimes seen, their task of perusing a portion of sopposition would not be ar the holy scriptures ? When enfrom the right. But we are gaged over that sacreol page, forgetting that our immediate what a contrast does tbe embusiness is narrative, and not ployment present to our occudiscussion.
pations abroad? There, all is In proportion as Mr. and tumult, hurry, noise. Here, all Mrs. Olney became abstracted is peace, calmness, joy. In the from the rich and fashionable world, we see many examples world, they were compelled to of folly and wickedness, by the seek for resources of felicity influence of which we are conwithin themselves. In their stantly liable to be corrupted.,
In the bible, we
see treasures anger or regret. It had bith. of heavenly wisdom, which so erto been her custom to reward far froin disgusting or making the virtues of her young family us degenerate, impart both to by allowing them to amuse them our intellects and hearts a de- selves over the plates in the liglitful charm, and resist, as I family bible. The girl just hope, the contaminating influ- mentioned was therefore pun. ences to which we are exposed. ished for her misdemeapour by How many times bave i been an exclusion from the amuseable to subdue a temptation, by ment during that day. She rethe recollection of some forcible ceived the punishment with sorprecept which I had read in the row, rather because it was an morning How often have I expression of her mother's disbeen cheered and sustained in pleasure, than for the sake of the my weary toil, by the thought trifling disappointment which of the single bour which I should she had incurred For that pass in the evening, either in very reason, however, so long reading that holy book, or pur- as the exclusion lasted, so long suing those silent meditations, she felt unhappy; and while or joining with you in that sweet her brothers and sisters were converse, which its sublime engaged in admiring some new truths and doctrines suggested! picture which they had never Did I go then too far, in pro- happened to see before, or in nouncing you to be the immedi. tracing the bistory of another, ate author of our most valuable or eagerly pointing out beauties blessings? The eyes of Mrs. in another, perhaps for the Olney dropped, as she heard hundredth time-our little culthis. sincere and well-merited prit could no longer endure her praise. Her heart throbbed state of condenination, but going with so much pleasure at listen- with tears in her eyes to les ing to commendations from one, mother, said, “I remember, whom she had every reason to mamma, that you told papa what cherish and respect, that she excellent command yout began to grow alarmed at her thought that one was, which he almost exuiting self complacen- read this morning. Let not the ey. which she checked immedi- go dowu upon thy wrath. ately by the following reply: And when I asked you what * Rather, Mr. Olney, let us look wrath was, you said it was anup to a leigher source for what, ger, and told me always to obever comforts and blessings we serve the command Now,mani. are at present enjoying.". They ma, I will confess I was a little kneeled, and joined in their angry, though I had no right to evening devotions.
be, for not being permitted to On the next day, when her look over the pietures in the husband had departed for the bible ; but I forgot it all a gond scene of his daily employments, while ago, because you told me she was compelled, for some I must obey the command. reason or other, to chide a fine Now do, dear mamma, do the little daughter, who seldom in- same as I have done, and for
her parents eause of give me before the sun goes