with the divines. As regards my oth Year-according to Russian account er subjects I should much like to as- the 4th of January, semble them this winter in order to The above letter has been translated have this book read to ihem. This is by a friend from the Appendix, to the however, because of the rough season, last Annual Report of the Russian Biimpossible, but since the most eminent ble Society, of my people make a pilgrimage to a holy feast between the 8th and 15th

LETTER FROM INDIA. of the month of May, and assemble to- Extract of a letter from Rev. Gordon gether for prayer, I will at that time Hall, Missionary in India, to his have this book read before the whole friend in ihe State of Connecticut, devout assembly ; and thus seek to dated Bombay, July 7th, 1817. comply with your command. I will THOUGH we have more than 200 nathen by God's grace as in duty bound, tive boys in our school, we have no report the result thereof to you, and heathen children in our families. The pray to our God that he may regard schools under native teachers have me in mercy.

succeeded beyond our expectation, In relation to the two men, Gottfried and since the Board have furnished us Schill, and Christian Hubner, who are with more means, we hope to extend learning the Mongolian language, I the plan much farther. We cannot have already assisted them according yet say the plan of taking heathen to their own wishes, and have asi ocia- children to be brought up in our famited to them a learned man conversant lies has not succeeded ; because hithwith our doctrine and writings as an erto we have not made the attempt, Instructer with whom they now study nor have we had the means of doing it. the doctrine of our Gods in the books Since our last remittances and comcalled Bodihn Mor Arwan, Chojor munications from the Board, and Sokohl and Alheni Gerrel, and shall from private friends, we have felt enalso not fail in future to interest my- couraged, but have not yet had time self about them according to your to act. command. And now, our highly ex- We have mentioned the plan here alted Emperor's Minister, enlightened, to several persons ; they speak of it wise, long famed in the whole compass in the highest terms of approbation, of the whole Russian Empire, most aud think that we shall find no diffiexalted and noble Lord and Prince, culty in obtaining as many children as you have rejoiced me unexpected- we wish. Perhaps this is too sanguine ; : ly and greatly by your gracious com- but we shall make trial. Some of the mand, I ardently wish to be also in fu- children of the lowest and poorest of ture honoured by your communica- the Roman Catholics ought to be intions, for which bending one knee, I cluded under the denomination of now entreat you, noble Sir! if you heathen children, for they are every will have the goodness to satisfy this way as destitute and needy, and probmy wish, I beg you to enclose the let. ably could be more easily obtained. ter to me, to I. Kaporsky, Postmaster Scarce any thing has given me more at Astracan. He takes charge of de- delight than to see the late publicalivering all letters for me immediately, tions on the subject of war. Since since I send an express almost every God has ceased to give positive comPost day to Astracan to bring my let- mands, direct from Heaven, to make ters.- I live now in a massive house war, as he did to the Jews, and since on an Island of mine in the Wolga, Christ has left us his precepts on this called Schambay, 72 Wersts above subject, wherever a person is to be Astracan on the river. Ever wishing found who does not utterly condemn your welfare I recommend myseli, war in every shape, are we not obligbending one knee, (Signed) ed to consider that person as ignorant TUMEN DSCHIR-GALANG, and inconsistent a Christian as the

With the impress of my seal. man who advocates the slave trade ? Written in my massive dwelling, Such have long been my sentiments situated on Schambay, the 1st of the upon this subject, and in my opinion last Tiger month in the Fire Mouse the subject ought to be brough&for



ward in every association, consocia- sition, but in a short time he secretly tion, and meeting of ministers, and obtained a Bible ; read it with much each one called upon to declare upon attention, and the more he read the which side he stands. I cannot but more his understanding became enthink that every true minister of Christ, lightened and his mind satisfied. This after some consideration and prayer, was a short period previous to the enwould shudder at the thought of not trance of the French army into Russiding against war. And if all would sia, When the account of that event thus decide and act accordingly, how reached Petersburgh, the_Russian mighty would be the effect! How Court were in great alarm. Every one glorious! The Lord grant it for Christ's appeared to carry terror in his countesake. G. HALL.

Prince Galitzin alone seemed calm and composed. This circum

stance caused universal surprize. From the Religious Remembrancer. Knowing the sincere attachment which

MR. SCOTT-Believing that the fol- subsisted between the Emperor and lowing communication will be interest- himself, the former had noticed it, and ing, not only to yourself, but all who could hardly suppose that any person admire the character of the Emperor could be thus tranquil under circumof Russia, I beg leave to request a stances which seemed to threaten ruplace for it in your interesting “Re- in to the Russian nation. Neither membrancer." It was communica- would he believe his friend was a traited by the Rev. Mr. Patterson, to a tor, or insensible to the present diffipreacher belonging to the society of culties. The Emperor one day called Friends in London, and by him rela- on the Prince, and asked him how it ted to the person from whose letter I was that he was so composed while now copy the intelligence. A. M. M. every one else was in dismay ? To

For many years a great friendship which he replied, that he had of late subsisted between the Emperor of Rus- read the Scriptures, and that they had sia and Prince Galitzin. It is said fortified his mind against every danthey had been unbelievers. It is how- ger, and given him a firm trust in diever beyond a doubt, that they were vine help and protection. The Bible both opposed to thc influence of vital lying on the table, he urged the Emreligion, as may be observed from the peror's perusal of it, believing if he did, following relation.

it would have the same calming influ" The office of Minister of Reli- ence on his mind. At these remarks gion,” being vacant, the Emperor was the Emperor appeared displeased, and, desirous of disposing of it to an indi- with some violence, pushed the Bible vidual whom he esteemed, but under from him ; it fell open on the floor. standing that he was from principle at- The Prince took it up, and entreated tached to the BIBLE, he altered his the Emperor to let him read the part. intention, and, with some difficulty,

which was then open. At length he prevailed upon the Prince to accept consented. It was the 91st Psalm. the situation. The Prince very early The Emperor was much struck with felt himself in an awkward predica- its appropriate and consoling language. ment, not knowing how to discharge, "When the Russian army was awith propriety, the duties which now bout to depart from Petersburgh to devolved on him, he therefore applied meet Bonaparte, the Emperor and ofto the bishop of the diocese, and ask. ficers went to Church, as is the usual ed his advice how he should proceed in custom, previous to an army's going his arduous undertaking. The bish- on an expedition. The Emperor was op referred him to a certain book greatly astonished when that part of where he said he would find every ne

the service of the Greek Church was cessary instruction, and which he en- read (which was a portion of the treated him to study, observing, “ if Scriptures) which contained the 91st. he faithfully did so, he would find no Psalm. He apprehended that Prince difficulty in rightly proceeding in his Galitzin (who was with him) had denew situation." This book was the sired this, and, on questioning him, he BIBLE. To this he made come oppc- declared that he had not seen the

person who had read the service, nor will give 12,000 daily, 72,000 each had he directly or indirectly any com- week, and more than three millions, munication with him, since the con- five hundred thousand in a year! versation they had together about the 66 469 blacks were arrested and imScriptures.”

prisoned in Charleston, S. C. on the “The Emperor now became, in 28th of Dec. They had purchased a some measure, sensible of the value of lot and erected a building for divine the Scriptures, and while in the camp worship ; but were complained of as with his army, he sent for a chaplain a nuisance !”—Thus the Slave holdof one of the regiments to read to him. ers are treasuring up wrath against a His surprise may be readily imagined day of wrath. when the chaplain commenced read- It is stated in the Delaware Gazette ing the same Psalm. He immediate- that a ship lately arrived at New-Casly asked him " who told him to read tle with Dutch passengers, and that of that particular Pealm ?" To which he eleven hundred, five hundred had died replied, “God ;" for being informed on the passage from Amsterdam to on what account the Emperor had this country. sent for him, he had most earnestly implored divine direction in selecting

OBITUARY such a portion as would benefit the Died—Oct. 15, in Switzerland, GenEmperor ; and that it was from a di- eral Kosciusko. vine impulse he had selected that part. Nov. 6, in London, Princess CharThe Emperor now became more and lotte. more delighted with the Bible, and his Jan. 15, in Cambridge, Hon. Oliver subsequent conduct proves the influ- Wendell, aged 84. ènce its sacred truths had on his . In · Watertown, Hon. Marshall mind."

Spring, aged 77.

In Medford, Mrs. Hannah, wife of

Rev. Dr. Osgood, aged 70. Ir appears from an official statement In Concord, Dea. John Kimball, athat the city of Moscow now contains ged 79. a population of 312,000—that 8688 In Boston, Hon. Samuel Fales, of dwelling houses, 348 churches and Taunton. places for divine worship, and 5549 shops and booths, have been rebuilt CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. since the destruction of this ancient Mr. Thomas Tracy, Cambridge. capital of the Empire of Russia.

Jonathan P. Dabney, do. Several States of Germany have re

Samuel Gilman, do. cently acceded to the Holy Alliance, Thomas Savage.

do. at the solicitation of the Emperor of P. Osgood,

do. Austria.

Alvan Lamson.

do. According to the last census the pre- James Walker, sent population of France is 29,045,099 F. W. P. Greenwood, 'do. inhabitants.

Andrew Bigelow, do. There are in the State of New York John Graham Palfrey, do. 8 Newspapers published daily, 9 semi

E. Q. Sewall, Concordo weckly, 79 weekly-total 96. Estimating the average editions at 500, it



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No. 3.

MARCH, 1818.

Vol. VI.

REVIEW of " Memoirs of the Life of Anthony Benezet. By

Robert Vaux. Philadelphia. James P. Parke.” Too long have « all the world a course of barbarity and miswondered after the beast," chief, as the surest way of obwhich makes desolate or fills taining the admirations of a dethe earth with crime and wo. luded world. Those who shall The incendiary who to im- be instrumental of dispelling mortalize his name, set fire to this fatal mist, and of causing the magnificent temple of Dia. mankind to make proper disna, was far less deserving of tinctions between the destroythe censure and reprobation of er and the benefactor, the conmankind, than those conquer- queror and the philanthropist, ors—or would be conquerors, will be entitled to the respect who have sought for glory and of all future generations. immortality by spreading have The time approaches, and oc, ruin and horror among their the day, we hope, has begun own species. Yet the pages to dawn, when the heroism of of history, the charms of poetry, a host of worthies, who have, and the powers of rhetoric, or shall have employed their have all been employed to give days and their powers in humcelebrity to military madmen, ble endeavours to diminish the who were more deserving of crimes and miseries of manthe halter, than of the applause kind, to prevent vice and ruin, of their fellow-beings. So to diffuse the light and warmth powerful has been this

of christianity, and to swell the dering after the beast," that tide of human happiness, shall the eyes of men have not been attain such an ascendency in capable of distinguishing their public opinion that the herobest friends from their worst ism of desolating conquerors foes; and too commonly the will be remembered only to be latter have, in public estima. lamented and abhorred. tion, occupied the place which Among the benevolent hereason and justice assign to roes of our country, Anthony the former. Hence multitudes Benezet is entitled to a high have been encouraged to adopt rank. His heart, his time, his Vol. VI.- Ne. 3. 9



tongue, his pen, his property, it altogether worthy of the his all, were consecrated to character of Anthony Benezet. the work of correcting the er- But although only thirty two rors, reforming the vices, and years have elapsed since his preventing or relieving the death, no traces are discernible miseries of his fellow beings. of the mass of important and His benevolence extended to interesting documents, which men of every complexion and must have accumulated during every country. To him, as an more than fifty of the last years instrument in the hand of God, of his life-devoted as he was thousands of the African race to the most benevolent labours, have been indebted for instruc- in relation to many of which tion, for liberty, for comfort he maintained an epistolary and even for life. The Indian correspondence with men of tribes were also regarded by celebrity, in America and Euhim as his brethren.

Nor was

rope. If access could have he less the friend of white men, been had to the stock of origthan of the black or the red. inal papers, which were The children of distress and doubt preserved by him, they want were the particular ob- would have minutely and reg. jects of his attention ; but he ularly unfolded the history of was the friend of ALL-the his numerous and various friend of God, and the friend transactions. Instead, thereof man.

fore, of a finished portraiture In a former volume of this of the life of this excellent work a short sketch of his man, the Author regrets, that character was given, from such from the relics which have esscanty materials as were then caped an oblivion so unaccountin our possession. We rejoice able, he is only enabled to that his biography has been furnish a sketch of some of its written by an intelligent and features. He trusts, however, respectable gentleman of the that enough is developed in Society of Friends, and of the the subsequent pages, justly to city where he was best known. entitle the subject of them, to The volume is small, when be considered as having been considered in relation to the an illustrious benefactor of the importance of the character human race." delineated, and the magnitude In the last remark, we beand variety of benevolent ob- lieve, the reader of the Mejects which were pursued by moirs will cheerfully acqui. this christian philanthropist. esce ; and we hope they will But this brevity is accounted be read by many, and particu: for by the Author of the Me. larly by young persons who moirs, in his “ Introductory may desire to form a character Remarks :".

which will bear exa:nination in 66 When this work was about a more improved state of soto be undertaken, the writer ciety, when religion, humanity presumed that ample materials and benevolence shall be held might be procured, to render in higher estimation, than folly,

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