Mechanics for Practical Men: Containing Explanations of the Principles of Mechanics, the Steam Engine, with Its Various Proportions, Parallel Motion, the Principles of which are Fully and Clearly Investigated, with Practical Rules, Adapted to the Commonest Capacity, Tables of Safety-valve Levers, Tables of Parallel Motions, Tables of the Weight of Cast Iron Pipes, Tables of Various Kinds, on Cast and Wrought Iron, for the Use of Founders, Smiths, &c., Strength and Stress of Materials, Centres of Gravity, Gyration, & C., Central Forces, with Their Application to the Theory of Fly Wheels, &c., Hydrostatics, and Hydraulics ; with a Short Dissertation on Rail-roads, & C
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accelerating acquired acting action angle applied axis axle base beam body breadth carriage centre of gravity circumference considered crank cube cubic cylinder depth descend described diameter difference direction distance divided draw effect engine equal equilibrium Example experiments fall feet fluid foot force formula friction fulcrum give given greater half Hence horizon horse hour inclined plane increased iron length lever leverage load matter mean miles minute motion move multiplied nearly perpendicular piston plane pounds practical pressure proportional quantity quotient radius rod represent resistance roll rope rule seconds side sine space specific gravity square inch steam strength stroke supported suppose surface sustain taken thickness tion tons triangle turn uniform valve velocity weight wheels whole whole weight
156 ページ - As the weight lost in water is to the whole, or absolute weight ; so is the specific gravity of water ' " to "the specific gravity 'of the body . 2.
186 ページ - Engine, &c. do not exceed five tons, then the gross weight to be drawn need not exceed fifteen tons, and in that proportion for Machines of still smaller weight, provided that the Engine, &c. shall still be on six wheels, unless the weight (as above) be reduced to four tons and a half or under, in which case the Boiler, &c.
158 ページ - As the tabular specific gravity of the body, Is to its weight in avoirdupois ounces, So is one cubic foot^ or 1728 cubic inches, To its content in feet, or inches, respectively.
11 ページ - MECHANICAL POWERS are certain simple instruments employed in raising greater weights, or overcoming greater resistance than could be effected by the direct application of natural strength. They are usually accounted six in number; viz. the Lever, the Wheel and Axle, the Pulley, the Inclined Plane, the Wedge, and the Screw.
46 ページ - The centres of gravity of the surface of a cylinder, of a cone, and of a conic frustrum, are respectively at the same distances from the origin as are the centres of gravity, of the parallelogram, triangle, and trapezoid, which are vertical sections of the respective solids.
186 ページ - Feet. 5th. -The weight of the Machine, with its complement of water in the Boiler, must, at most, not exceed Six Tons; and a Machine of less weight will be preferred if it draw after it a proportionate weight; and if the weight of the Engine, &c.
21 ページ - ... the power, multiplied by its distance from the fulcrum, is equal to the weight, multiplied by its distance from the same point. Prom this, simple rules may be deduced for calculation. To know the power to be applied, at a certain distance from the fulcrum...
188 ページ - ... boiler shall be cold, and there shall be no fuel in the fire-place. As much fuel shall be weighed, and as much water shall be measured and delivered into the tender-carriage as the owner of the engine may consider sufficient for the supply of the engine for a journey of thirtyfive miles. The fire in the boiler shall then be lighted, and the quantity of fuel consumed for getting up the steam shall be determined, and the time noted. " The tender-carriage, with the fuel and water, shall be considered...
188 ページ - The time of performing every trip shall be accurately noted, as well as the time occupied in getting ready to set out on the second journey. Should the engine not be enabled to take along with it sufficient fuel and water for the journey of ten trips, the time occupied in taking in a fresh supply of fuel and water shall be considered and taken as a part of the time in performing the journey. JU Rastrick, Esq., Stourbridge, CE Nicholas Wood, Esq., Killingworth, CE John Kennedy, Esq., Manchester. Liverpool,...
156 ページ - ... so that the mass compounded of the two may sink together. Weigh the denser body and the compound mass, separately, both in water and out of it ; then find how much each loses in water, by subtracting its weight in water from its weight in air ; and subtract the less of these remainders from the greater. Then...