ple; as Mordecai had charged her ; for Esther did the commandment of Mordecai, like as when she was, brought up with him.


It is thought that Ahasuerus had a great affection for his queen, and would have restored her to favour, but that the decrees of the Persians were irreversible. It was four years before he made choice of another con. sott. Though Mordecai was zealously attached to the God of his fathers, he had, for prudential reasons, con tealed his religion from the knowledge of the Persians, and enjoyed a place under their government. He is supposed to have been one of those, who went up to Je. rusalem with the first to obtain a settlement; and that he staid till the building of the Temple was stopped, and then went to Babylon and the Persian court, in hopes of doing the Jews some service there. • Mordecai had the interest of his brethren at heart, when he laid a scheme to get Esther to be queen, and she was actuated by the same motives to coincide with him. The sequel will shew, that her exaltation was, productive of great benefit to the Jews. tk

It is very remarkable that a poor orphan captive should be raised to a throne.



From Esther, Chap. ii, iii..



In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, $wo of the king's chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, of those which kept the door, were wroth, and sought to lay, hand on the king Ahasuerus.

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And on

. And the thing was known to Mordecai, who told it

ünto Esther the queen': and Esther certified the king "thereof in Mordecai's name. . . .

And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was found out: therefore they were both hanged on a tree. And it was written in the book of the chronicles before the king.

After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.

And all the king's servants that were in the king's gate bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bored bot, nor did him reverence,

Then the king's servants which were in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king's commandment?

Now it came to pass, when they spake daily unto him and he hearkened not unto them, that they told Haman to see whether Mordecai's matters would stands for he had told them that he was a Jew.

And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed 'nots nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath,

And he thought scorn to lay lands on Mordecai alone; for they had shewed him the people of Mordecai: wherefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews that were throughout the whole kingdom of Aha. suerus, even the people of Mordecai. . . . .

In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is the lot, before Haman, from day to day, and from month to month; to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar. .



And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad, and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them.

If it please the king let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries. .

And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite the Jews enemy: . · And the king said unto Haman, The silver is given to thee, the people also, to do with them as it seeme:h gond to thee. : Then were the king's scribes called on the thirteenth day of the first month, and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors that were over every pro vince, and to the rulers of every people of every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language; in the name of king Alasuerus was it written, and sealed with the king's ring. 7. And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon tae thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey,

The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published unto all people, that they should be ready against that day. The posts went out, being hastened by the king's

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commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink, but the city Shushan was perplexed.

ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS. The service which Mordecai rendered to the king and government, was a very important one: what a happy circumstance was it for this monarch, that Esther had been honoured with his royal preference! The reason that Mordecai would not bow to Haman was, that he knew him to be an Amalekite, one of those . people who bore constant hatred to the God of Israel, Haman certainly must have been a very wicked as well as proud man, or he would not have taken such cruel revenge for a personal affront. Not content with desiring the death of the offender, he wished to exterminate the whole nation to which he belonged....!.!

In the Apocrypha there is the following letter, said to be a copy of that sent by king Ahasuerus, whe'is there called Artaxerxes.

The great'king Artarerres writeth those thing to the princes and governors, that are under him from Iridia unto Ethiopia, in an hundred and seren ard tücity prorinces. After that I became "ford oter many nations and had euminion over the whole world, wot-life-up with presumption of my authority, but carrying vigself akrays. with equity and mildness, I purposed to setite mga subjects continually in a quiet -life, and making my tango dom i pèaccable and spens for a passage to the homost coasts, to renew"peace, which is desired of alieno Now when I asked my counselors' how this mitybos brought to pass, Haman, that-éréelled in tistimicronig: 65, and was approved for his constant goud will, and


$edfust fidclity, and had the honour of the second place in the kingdom, declared unto us that in all nations throughout the world there was scattered a certain mali. cious people that had laws contrary to all nations, and continually despised the commandments; of kings, so as the uniting of our kingdonis, honourably intended by us Gannot go forwurdo Seeing then we understand that this people alone, is continually in opposition into all men, differing in the strange monner of their laws, and evil. affected to our state, working all the mischief they can, that our kingdommay not be firnily established: There.. fore have we commanded, that all they that are signified in writing unto you, by Haman (who is orduined over the affairs, and is next unto us) shall all with their wires and children, le utterly destroyed by the sword of their enemies, wilhout all mercy, and pity, the fourteenth day of the twelfth month; Ader of this present year: that they who are old, and now also are malicious, may. eing pre-day with violence go into the grave and so eter hereafter cause our affaigs to be well settled, and without: trouble.

^ Siderats 979.

Haw -unjust was Ahasuerus to consent that a set of people, who were under his protection, should be, bar, barously massacred without any enquiry into thein conti duct, only because his favourite had represented them, As, enemies to the state. To drown reflexion, he had recourse te that intoxicating, liquor that had once bens fore,husried him into an act of severity, which, lisi cæpler judgment condemned..

was er wille luz t. No wonder that the city of Shushan: should be perme. plexeds,for, it must neeợs, grieve, every person, of. , logo alty, and humanity to see the king sg abused, and the innocent condemned .ce-Suffer...wirew* 01119JIĆ

.'wong tonto. 2 izbora l's within 1

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