Education: Intellectual, Moral, and Physical

D. Appleton, 1864 - 283 ページ

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153 ページ - We believe that on examination they will be found not only to progress from the simple to the complex, from the concrete to the abstract...
90 ページ - The great deeds of philosophers have been less the frnit of their intellect than of the direction of that intellect by an eminently religious tone of mind. Truth has yielded herself rather to their patience, their love, their single-heartedness, and their self-denial, than to their logical acumen.
30 ページ - How to live ? — that is the essential question for us. Not how to live in the mere material sense only, but in the widest sense. The general problem which comprehends every special problem is — the right ruling of conduct in all directions under all circumstances.
124 ページ - Children should be led to make their own investigations, and to draw their own inferences. They should be told as little as possible, and induced to discover as much as possible.
222 ページ - As remarks a suggestive writer, the first requisite to success in life is " to be a good animal ; " and to be a nation of good animals is the first condition to national prosperity.
214 ページ - ... is the father of the independent English man ; and you cannot have the last without the first. German teachers say that they had rather manage a dozen German boys than one English one. Shall we, therefore, wish that our boys had the manageableness of the German ones, and with it the submissivenesa and political serfdom of adult Germans?
62 ページ - What with perceptions unnaturally dulled by early thwarting, and a coerced attention to books — what with the mental confusion produced by teaching subjects before they can be understood, and in each of them giving generalizations before the facts of which they are the generalizations — what with making the pupil a mere passive recipient of others...
iv ページ - PERSONAL MORALS. — The principles of private conduct— physical, intellectual, moral and religious — that follow from the conditions to complete individual life : or, what is the same thing— those modes of private action which must result from the eventual equilibration of internal desires and external needs.
v ページ - Comprehending all modes of conduct, dictated by active sympathy, which imply pleasure in giving pleasure— modes of conduct that social adaptation has induced and must render ever more general ; and which, in becoming universal, must fill to the full the possible measure of human happiness...
32 ページ - They may be arranged into: 1. Those activities which directly minister to self-preservation; 2. Those activities which, by securing the necessaries of life, indirectly minister to self-preservation; 3. Those activities which have for their end the rearing and discipline of offspring; 4. Those activities which are involved in the maintenance of proper social and political relations; 5. Those miscellaneous activities which make up the leisure part of life, devoted to the gratification of the tastes...

著者について (1864)

Herbert Spencer, an English philosopher-scientist, was---with the anthropologists Edward Burnett Tylor and Lewis Henry Morgan---one of the three great cultural evolutionists of the nineteenth century. A contemporary of Charles Darwin (see Vol. 5), he rejected special creation and espoused organic evolution at about the same time. He did not, however, discover, as did Darwin, that the mechanism for evolution is natural selection. He was immensely popular as a writer in England, and his The Study of Sociology (1873) became the first sociology textbook ever used in the United States. With the recent revival of interest in evolution, Spencer may receive more attention than he has had for many decades.