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And the shadow that he cast
Leaped the cataract underneath.

Reyhan the Arab held his breath 80 While this vision of life and death Passed above him. “Allahu !” Cried he. “In all Koordistan Lives there not so brave a man As this Robber Kurroglou !”

HELPS TO STUDY

Notes and Questions What does the first stanza tell? | State in your own words the

The second? thought in the eleventh stanza. What is the purpose of the fifth In next to the last stanza give the stanza? meaning of the last three lines.

What comparison is found in the What lesson of heroism does this seventh stanza In the eightho poem give you? In the ninth 3 Whom should you call the hero of What do we mean by “figure of this tale? speech?’” Illustrate. Who is Allah? Where is Koor. - distan?

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THE CHARGE OF THE LIGHT BRIGADE AT BALAKLAVA ALFRED, LORD TENNYSON

HALF a league, half a league,
Half a league onward,

All in the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.

5 “Forward, the Light Brigade'

Charge for the guns !” he said:

Into the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.

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The Charge of the Light Brigade at Balaklava 23

“Forward, the Light Brigade l’”
Was there a man dismay’d?
Not tho’ the soldier knew
Some one had blunder'd:
Theirs not to make reply,
Theirs not to reason why,
Theirs but to do and die:
Into the valley of Death
Rode the six hundred.

Cannon to right of them,
Cannon to left of them,
Cannon in front of them
Volley’d and thunder'd;
Storm'd at with shot and shell,
Boldly they rode and well,
Into the jaws of Death,
Into the mouth of Hell
Rode the six hundred.
Flash'd all their sabres bare,
Flash'd as they turn’d in air
Sabring the gunners there,
Charging an army, while
All the world wonder'd;
Plunged in the battery-smoke
Right thro’ the line they broke;
Cossack and Russian
Reel'd from the sabre-stroke
Shatter’d and sunder’d.
Then they rode back, but not,
Not the six hundred.

Cannon to right of them,
Cannon to left of them,
Cannon behind them
Wolley’d and thunder'd;
Stormed at with shot and shell,
While horse and hero fell,

45 They that had fought so well
- Came through the jaws of Death
Back from the mouth of Hell,
All that was left of them,
Left of six hundred.

50 When can their glory fadel
Oh the wild charge they made 1
All the world wondered.
Honor the charge they made 1
Honor the Light Brigade,
55 Noble six hundred

HELPS TO STUDY

Biographical and Historical: Alfred Tennyson was born in that memorable birth year, 1809, which brought into the world a company of the greatest men of the century, including Darwin, Gladstone, Lincoln, Poe, Chopin, and Mendelssohn. He was one of twelve children who lived together a healthful life of study and sport. Gathering the other children about him he held them captive with his stories of knightly deeds—tales drawn partly from his reading and partly from his fertile fancy. They lived again the thrilling life of joust and tournament. Past the house in the village of Somersby, in Lincolnshire, where his father was rector, flowed a brook, in all probability the brook that came “from haunts of coot and hern . . . to bicker down a valley.” He was a student at Cambridge, where he met and became deeply attached to Arthur Henry Hallam, whose death not long afterward inspired the poem “In Memoriam.” In 1850, upon Wordsworth’s death, Tennyson was made poet laureate and the poem commemorating the heroic charge at Balaklava in 1854, “The Charge of the Light Brigade,” shows how he adorned this office. In 1884 the queen raised him to the peerage, and from that time he was known as Lord Tennyson. He lived as much in retirement as was possible, part of the time making his home in the Isle of Wight. He died in 1892 and was buried in the Poets’ Corner in Westminster Abbey.

The event which this poem describes occurred at Balaklava in the Crimea, October 25th, 1854. Of six hundred seven men only about one hundred fifty survived. The order to charge, bearing the signature of Lord Lucan, was delivered by Captain Nolan to the Earl of Cardigan, who was in command of the “Light Brigade.” Nolan was killed in the charge while Cardigan survived. The death of Nolan made it impossible to determine whether the signature to the order was genuine or forged.

It was in this war that Florence Nightingale rendered such noble

service as hospital nurse. charge.

She arrived at Balaklava ten days after this

Notes and Questions

On your map find Balaklava on the
Black Sea.

What nation attacked the Rus-
sians?

What is meant by “charging an army’’?

Who had “blundered ''?

What lines tell you that obedience

What was the significance of is the first duty of the soldier? Sevastopol? What line tells you how vain and

What is a brigade? A light bri- hopeless was this charge? gade? How does the poem impress you?

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5 John Gilpin's spouse said to her dear,
“Though wedded we have been
These twice ten tedious years, yet we
No holiday have seen.

“Tomorrow is our wedding day,
10 And we will then repair
Unto the Bell at Edmonton,
All in a chaise and pair.

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