« 前へ次へ »
45 - I murmur under moon and stars
And out again I curve and flow 50 To join the brimming river, For men may come and men may go, But I go on forever.
HELPS TO STUDY
These stanzas are part of a longer poem called “The Brook.” In this poem Tennyson personifies the brook. Why? In what lines do the words and the rhythm suggest the sound of the brook? Which lines do this most successfully? Point out words that seem to you especially appropriate in giving the thought. Where in the poem do we find a meaning for the following lines: “‘Oh! of all the songs sung No songs are so sweet As the songs with refrains Which repeat and repeat.”
How does the repetition of “chatter” influence the melody of the first line in the sixth stanza? How does it affect the thought? Find another place in the poem where an expression is repeated. Was this done for the sake of the rhythm, or the thought, or for both? Alliteration is the repetition of the same letter or sound at the beginning of two or more words in close succession. Find lines in which alliteration is used e. g. ‘‘sudden sally,” “field and fallow,” etc. What does this add to the poem:
Indicate the rhythm of the first four lines by placing them in these curves:
OUT of the hills of Habersham,
All down the hills of Habersham,
* From “Poems of Sidney Lanier”; copyright 1884, 1891, by Mary D. Lanier; published by Charles Scribner's Sons.
The ferns and the fondling grass said, “Stay,”
The dewberry dipped for to work delay,
And the little reeds sighed, “Abide, abide,”
High o'er the hills of Habersham,
And oft in the hills of Habersham,
But oh! not the hills of Habersham,
HELPs To study
What is the peculiarity of the eighth line of the first stanza? Find lines in the other stanzas which contain rhymes. Notice the last word in each of these lines. What two things have you found out? Lanier believed that poetry is a kind of music. Does the rhythm in this poem sustain this definition? Point out lines that are especially musical and pleasing. Habersham ) Counties in Hall | ern Georgia.
Biographical and Historical: dious singers, Poe and Lanier.
The South has given us two most meloWhen only nineteen Sidney Lanier en
listed in the Confederate army, and the close of the war found him broken in health, with little else in the world than a brave wife and a
When his health permitted he played the flute in an orches-
his poetry all show him the passionate lover of music that he was. Among his prose writings, “The Boy's Froissart” and “The Boy's King Arthur’’ are of especial interest to young readers.
Notes and Questions
Find the Chattahoochee river on
Words and Phrases for Discussion
“laving laurel” “‘lordly main''
“leap the fall”
“‘run the rapid’’
“veiling the valleys.” “flickering meaning” ‘‘the mills are to turn'” “I am fain for to water the plain.”
THE CATARACT OF LODORE
“How does the water
From its sources, which well