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Notes and Questions
In what part of the castle does this conversation take place? What tells you? Where are Marmion’s followers during this time? Where are Douglas’s soldiers and servants? What lines tell you? Notice how simply Marmion reminds Douglas of the claim he had upon hospitality, while in Scotland. Lines 9 to 12. Note the claims that have always been allowed the stranger: “And stranger is a holy name, Guidance and rest and food and fire, In vain he never must require.” What part of Marmion’s claim does Douglas recognize? Which lines show this? What claim does Marmion make for one “who does England's
Words and Phrases for Discussion,
message”? What do we call one ‘‘who does England's message” at Washington? Is this Marmion’s personal pride or pride of country (patriotism); Read the lines in which Marmion’s personal pride shows itself in resentment of Douglas's insults. What does Douglas forget when he threatens Marmion? Line 69. Which man appears to greater advantage in this scene? ‘‘train ''—procession. ‘‘ ‘plain’’—complain. “Tantal'lon”—Douglas's castle. ‘‘warder”—guard. ‘‘peer’’—equal. ‘‘peer’’—a nobleman. “Saint Bride”—a saint belong ing to the house of Douglas. “rowel”—wheel of a spur.
FOR A’ THAT AND A” THAT
Is THERE, for honest poverty,
The coward-slave, we pass him by ;
That man to man, the warld o'er 40 Shall brothers be for a that.
HELPS TO STUDY
Biographical: Robert Burns was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, in 1759. His life was short and full of poverty and privation; but he saw poetry in all the commonplace occurrences of every-day life. His sympathy went out to all human kind and, as the above selection shows, he had a high regard for the real worth of man.
THE quality of mercy is not strained;
It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes.
HELPS TO STUDY
Biographical and Historical: William Shakespeare, the greatest of English poets, indeed one of the greatest of the world’s poets, was born in 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon. As a young man of twenty-two, after his marriage with Anne Hathaway, he went up to London, where he became connected with theaters, first, tradition says, by holding horses at the doors. The next twenty years he spent in London as an actor, and in writing poems and plays, later becoming a shareholder as well as an actor. The last ten years of his life were spent at Stratford, where he died at the age of fifty-two. This was the time of Queen Elizabeth and is known as the Elizabethan Age. It was the age richest in genius of all kinds, but especially in the creation of dramatic literature.
In the foregoing selection, Portia, disguised as a lawyer, makes this famous speech in pleading the cause of Antonio against Shylock.
2. THE SEVEN AGES OF MAN
ALL the world’s a stage,
And all the men and women merely players:
Sans teeth, sans eyes, Sans taste, Sans everything.