A Grammar of Natural and Experimental Philosophy ...: With One Hundred Engravings on Wood

O. D. Cooke & Company, 1826 - 214 ページ

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107 ページ - On the tops of mountains of sufficient height, at the altitude where clouds can seldom reach to shelter them from the direct rays of the sun, we always find regions of ice and snow. Now, if the solar rays themselves conveyed all the heat we find on this globe, it ought to be hottest where their course is the least interrupted. Again, our aeronauts all confirm the coldness of the upper regions of the atmosphere...
67 ページ - All the parallel rays of the sun which pass through the glass, are collected together in the focus; and, consequently, the heat at the focus is to the common heat of the sun, as the area of the glass is to the area of the focus. Thus, if a lens, four inches in diameter, collect the sun's rays into a focus, at the distance of twelve inches, the image will not be more than one tenth of an inch in diameter ; the surface of this little circle is 1600 times less than the surface of the lens, and, consequently,...
167 ページ - When pieces of charcoal about an inch long and onesixth of an inch in diameter, were brought near each other (within the thirtieth or fortieth part of an inch) a bright spark was produced, and more than half the volume of 'the charcoal became ignited to whiteness, and by withdrawing the points from each other a constant discharge took place through the heated air, in a...
131 ページ - If the orbit of the earth and that of the moon were both in the same plane, there would be an eclipse of the sun at every new moon, and an eclipse of the moon at every full moon.
106 ページ - Hence he concludes, that the sun has a very extensive atmosphere, which consists of elastic fluids that are more or less lucid and transparent ; and of which the lucid ones furnish us with light. This atmosphere, he...
48 ページ - If a thin glass vessel, whose aperture is closed, be placed under the receiver of an air-pump, and the air exhausted from the receiver, the vessel will be broken by the pressure of air within.
98 ページ - The Azimuth of a heavenly body, is the arc of the horizon intercepted between...
40 ページ - Steam is thus supplied' from a large boiler, which, in forcing up the piston, instantly opens a valve, through which cold water rushes, on the principle of the common pump. Other steam is then introduced above the piston, which forces it down again, and drives the water out of the pipe with immense force.
167 ページ - It consists of two hundred instruments, connected together in regular order, each composed of ten double plates arranged in cells of porcelain, and containing in each plate thirtytwo square inches ; so that the whole number of double plates is 2000, and the whole surface 128,000 square inches.