alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man. He seemed to have no greater joy, than to see men walking in truth, and to aid them in a holy course. He had his own conversation in heaven, and was studious to raise that of others to the same sacred height. If then the treasure determines where the heart is; if the fruit designates the quality of the tree; if the stream demonstrates the nature of the fountain ; we have just ground to conclude, that he had a holy temper; that a sanctified heart was the vital principle of his religion; that he was born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.

This conclusion is justified by the holiness of his life: In the performance of the duties of piety he was uniformly exemplary. As his heart was engaged, so his life was occupied, about his Father's business. The honour of God and of his Son Jesus Christ, and the ad. vancement of the Christian cause, were objects dear to his soul; and to the promotion of them he was zealously devoted.

In the performance of moral and relative duties, he was upright and faithful. His benevolence to mankind was habitually shown, by his tender sympathy in their distresses; by his readiness to relieve their temporal or spiritual wants ; by his generous hospitality; and especially by his unabating desire and aim to bring all men, who were within the reach of his influence, to the knowledge of the truth, that they might be saved. His religion, derived from the fountain of purity, was pure and undefiled in its nature, extensive and sublime in its infuence. It inspired him with a philanthropy, which counterfeit virtue can never feign. It prompted him, to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with his God; to visit the fatherless and widows, in their affliction ; and to keep himself unspotted from the world.

His mental powers, and his literary attainments, accompanied and sanctified by such eminent virtue and piety, signally qualified him for those high stations, which were assigned to him by the great Head of the church. His mind was distinguished for its vigour and activity. It was much employed in deep contemplation ; and was fertile in thoughts, at once original and entertaining, solid and refined, practical and useful. While he thought for himself, he was respectfully and delicately attentive to the sentiments of those, with whom he conversed. His unaffected modesty, which never forsook him, rendered him swift to hear, slow to speak.

He acquired his choicest learning in the school of that divine Teacher, who was meek and lowly in heart. There he imbibed the spirit of his Master. To those great sentiments, which he firmly believed, and ably vindicated, he never authoritatively demanded the assent of others. If a subject were of small importance, he made the most generous allowance for that diversity of opinion, which, among imperfect beings, of different dispositions, education, and habits, seems inevitable. His candour was, accordingly, equal to his humility. In disputation he was neither virulent, nor captious. Disregarding what affected not the merits of the question, he fastened his attention on those great points, by which the question must plainly be decided. Here he displayed ingenuity of address, manliness of thought, and cogency of argument. Open and generous,


appeared honestly to contend, not for victory, but for truth.

With such an understanding and heart, united to the propitious opportunities and means of improvement, which he enjoyed at the university while a student, and


in his subsequent intercourse with literary men, he made high attainments in useful knowledge, especially in theology. To this sacred science his own pious dispositions, in connection with the profession to which he early devoted himself, naturally pointed his primary attention, and assiduous study.

After having served God in the gospel of his Son with all good fidelity eighteen years, among a people, who were affectionately attached to his person, and fondly delighted, as well as instructively edified, by his ministry; he was called forth to a higher and more extensive sphere of action. The rare assemblage of virtues and talents, which he possessed, and the celebrity of character, as a theologian, which he had now acquired, attracted the attention of Harvard University ; and by the legislature of this Seminary he was chosen its Professor of Divinity.

More than ten years, he statedly performed the arduous duties of this very important office. With what ability and fidelity he discharged them, it were difficult for me to recite, and superfluous for you to hear. My voice can add nothing to his eulogium. His praise is in all the churches. Within the University he has left a memorial of his worth, more durable and more honorary than the monumental marble. Let it simply be remarked, that he was singularly diligent and laborious in the composition of his theological Lectures; that these Discourses embraced the entire body of divinity ; that the order of them was natural and lucid ; that the manner of their composure was a happy union of the argumentative and persuasive ; that, together with convincing demonstrations of truth, they contained judicious refutations of error ; that both their matter and form were discreetly adapted to the youthful and inquisitive auditory, to which they were addressed ; that they were pronounced with a seriousness and energy, which evinced the sincerity of the speaker ; and that they were admirably calculated to form enlightened divines, and practical Christians.

As a preacher, his talents and character are too well known, to require elucidation. I cannot forbear however from remarking, that his discourses in the pulpit were uniformly such, as became a Christian minister. They were evangelical discourses, not moral essays. The great truths, which they contained, were derived, not from the philosophy of Plato, of Epictetus, or of Seneca, nor from the boasted oracle of human reason; but from the deep fountains of that grace and truth, which came by Jesus Christ. He taught the depravation of the heart; the necessity of its renovation by the Spirit of God; together with the utility and importance of the instituted means of religion. He greatly insisted on the divine character and mission, on the death and mediation, on the atonement and intercession, of Jesus Christ the Saviour. He often inculcated the duties of faith in Christ, repentance for sin, and a holy life, as essential to salvation. While he addressed religious truth to the understanding, he closely applied it to the conscience. The disguises of the heart he skilfully detected; its latent foldings he admirably penetrated. He reduced the sinner to such dilemmas; he so glaringly exposed the treachery of the false professor of religion, and the inconstancy of the true believer; that it was difficult for either to suppress the consciousness of guilt, and the confusion of shame. On retiring from this temple, after attending his ministrations, the address of Louis XIV. to the eloquent bishop of Clermont, after hearing him preach at Versailles, has often occurred to me : “ Father, I have heard many great orators in this chapel; I have been highly pleased with them; but for you, whenever I hear you, I go away displeased with myself; for I see more of my own character."

While he thus alarmed conscious guilt, and confounded hypocrisy and impiety; he with wonderful facility encouraged the sincere, though feeble, tendencies to virtue, and poured the balm of comfort into the contrite heart. In conformity to the example of his great Master, a bruised reed did he not break; and the smoaking flax did he not quench. He took peculiar delight in preaching good tidings to the meek; in binding up the broken hearted; in proclaiming liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them who are bound. He was a Barnabas, a son of consolation.

While his public ministrations were uniformly interesting and impressive; his devotional exercises and discourses, on special occasions, were truly admirable. He intuitively discerned, and promptly seized, what would create in his auditory the deepest interest, and give to his discourse the liveliest impression ; and employed the imagination and the senses, as handmaids to devotion and virtue. The weight and importance of his doctrines; the fertility and justness of his thoughts ; the pertinency and beauty of his metaphors; the vigour and elegance of his style ; the simplicity and pathos of his elocution; commanded the profound attention of his auditors. But he possessed one advantage, incomparably superior to all these combined excellencies, an advantage, which rendered his discourses irresistibly commanding and persuasive; He was a good


With such rare qualifications for the ministry, and with a heart filled with philanthropy, and animated with zeal to do good, it was natural for ministers, and for churches, in their aflictions or exigencies, to solicit his

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