ページの画像
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

with such minute and unsparing in- he was a foreigner, who had passed dustry: to throw do flowers over bis the greatest part of his life out of unhappy remains, and leave all his England. The author of such a work, Faults in the glare of their nakedness! said the French gentleman, ought to The moral lesson might have been have been remuneraied by the English better consulted by a contrary course. government with a handsome pension. His fame cannot expire as long as the I answered that I had never heard of page of English History lasts : his his having had any other remuneravices, being private, might, but for tion in England iban what he had de this exposure, have been forgotten ! rived from the sale of his book, which

This severe commentator seems certainly deserved a pension. A conwilling enough to allow the full credit versation took place in regard to the to Sheridan's Dramatic talents. To best writings on the theory of civil that praise there are none amung his government. One of the party strongpolitical competitors who make pre- ly recommended a treatise * on this tensions; yet this perhaps is in truth subject by Professor Noodt, of Legthe weakest of his claims. I suspect den, who had in a very masterly that much of the attraction of The manner deduced, from the inmulable School for Scandal lies in stage arti- principles of reason and justice, the fice and management. When he is. mutual rights and obligations of go. called the first Poet of the day in veroors and people. I asked him if right of two or three pretty songs,

he had ever read Locke on Civil and a few pleasing and classical elegiac Government: he answered that be couplets, which scarce even reach be- was acquainted with Locke only as yond an elegant and harmonious po- a metaphysician: to which I replied, jish, it excites a smile at the ill- “Give me leave to recommend him to placed extravagance of panegyrick ! your acquaintance as a political philo

Much more might have been said sopher: in his celebrated Treatise on on this subject if the compass of a Government he appears to ine to have letter would have permitted it. developed the genuine principles of

civil society, and to bave fixed the

rights of man opon their true basis ; Tour through various Parts of FLAN- insomuch that I scruple pot to apply

DERS, GERMANY, and HOLLAND, in to Locke, compared with all other the year 1815.

writers on that subject, mutatis mu. (Continued from p. 8.)

tandis, the praise thus la vished by the

Duke of Buckingham upon Homer: VIE

* Read Homer once, and then you'll read at Lille, spending an evening with

no more,

[poor, a very agreeable mixed party of For all buuks else appear so mean, so French and English. Our conversa- Verse will seem prose ;-but still persist tion turned a good deal upon the to read,

[need.' British constitution, compared with And Homer will be all the books you the olher furnis of goveroment in

“ Yes, Sir,”subjoined a warm-hearted Europe, and especially with that

Englishman, who had been bred in which France had obtained since tlie

the school of Old Whiggism, addressrestoration of the Bourbons. The result was, an unanimous acknow.

ing himself to the Frenchman, “ the ledgment of the decided superiority of nish the best antidote against the tu

political writings of Mr. Locke sure the English government. i.concurred

multuous anarchy of a democracy, with the French gentleman who was introduced at the close of iny last •

and the opposite, bul but less dan. Jetter, in bis eulogy on Montesquieu

gerous extreme of an arbitrary moand De Loime, who had so ably

sarchy. The principles of civil asso

ciation which have been established sketched the outlines of our constitu. tion both in theory and practice.

by that inmortal writer are the only

I bad always considered the Spirit of sive theories of your pure Republi

effectual safeguard against the delir Laws as a chef-d'æuvre of philosophie

cáns (as 'they call themselves) on the cal jurisprudence, and the Constitu

one hand, and the slavish maximus of tion of England, by De Lelme, as a work reflecting the highest credit * A Translation of tbis Treatise into upon the author, muore especially as English was published by Dinly, in 1781.

your

[ocr errors]

.

[ocr errors]

your pure Royalists on the other ; was asked which of our writers had who, like the Hobbeses and the Fil- giren the best detail of the practice of mers of a former age in England, la- our constitution. I replied without bour to establish

hesitation Blackstone, whose cele•The right divine of kings to govern

brated Commentaries op. the Laws of wrong.'

England contained all that need be

known upon that subject; and who " Oh, Sir," replied the Frenchman, ever wished to become acquainted “I wish our Constituent Assembly at with our municipal institutions, should the coinmencement of the Revolution be told to dedicate his days aud vights. had been wise enough to form their to Blackstone, nocturna versate manu, plas exactly upou the model of the versate diurna.” We had a couver. English goveriment." To which the sation on the erection of the new Englishman replied, and I think with kingdom of the Netherlands, an event great justice, that " such an attempt which I said had given me great satis. would have proved completely abor- faction. It was observed by one of tive, uuless the French nation had the French_gentlemen, that he be been previously cast in an English lieved the Belgians would much ra. mould. The Constitution of England ther have been incorporated with has been the result of a fortunate con- I'rance than Holland : and represent currence of many happy events, which ed the Dutch and Belgians as bitterly must be transferred into other coun. haling each other. I expressed my tries before they can ever expect to hopes that the union of the two transplaot our noble form of govern- countries would ere poog be pro.. ment with all its peculiar advantager, ductive of such political and commer-a form of government which, in its cial benefits to both, as to remove the grand distinguishing features, had prejudices which he represented as presented itself to the sagacious eye subsisting between Ibew al present. of Cicero as the perfection of political Prejudices full as strong, I believed, wisdon, and which Tacitus, the if not stronger, had existed between prince of Philosophical Historians, the English and Scots at the period of considered as more casily to be ad- their Union, which kept gradually mired than reduced to practice.” subsiding till at length they happily * You cannot, Sir," rejoined the vanislied. I added, moreover, tbat Frenchman, "be more enthusiastic I hoped I should not offend his na. in the admiration of your excellent tional pride, if I expressed a wish political systein than I ain ; and I for the anvexation of French Flanenvy you the rare felicity of living in ders to the new kingdom of the Nea country where, to borrow the words therlands, and for the re-union of all of Tacitus, sentire quæ velis, et quæ the Low Countries under one head, as seuties dicere licet.' There is notbing, they had been at the death of Charles Sir," added he, which I so much ad- the Bold, the last Prince of the mire in your happy constitution, as House of Burgundy. “You know, your equal and impartial administra- Sir,” said he, “ that Charles had detion of justice. When, fired with the signed his only daughter, the heiress ardour which the writings of Mon- of those fine Provinces, to be given in tesquieu and De Lolme had excited, I marriage to the Dauphin of France, first visited England, I cannot express which scheme was counteracted by to you the emotions I felt in aliend. the folly and caprice of his father iog your Courts of justice ; and upon Louis XI.;' and the Netherlands, by those occasions I often said to myself, the marriage of Mary of Burgundy This is the favoured region where with the Emperor Maximilian, de Astrea bath taken up her abcde, for volved to the House of Austria ; here I find that the person and pro- whereas, if she had been married to perty of the meanest subject are the Dauphin, they would in all proequally sacred as those of the highest bability have been for ever united to Jórd in the realm.” “True, Sir, said France, and many bloody wars been a blunt honest Englishman, " and thereby prevented. But you inay ours, I believe, is the only country in resť assured, Sir, that Präoce will Europe where å Nobloman dare not never hear of giving up her acquisis shake his fist with impuoly at the tions in Flanders, of which she has humblest menial in bis service.” I remained in full possession for so long

a pe

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

I vow

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

a period of time:" to which he sub- rison and the inhabitants with heroic joined, in a warın tone, “ The annex and persevering bravery. The woation of French Flanders to the new men, with Amazonian courage and kingdom of the Netherlands ! We fortitude, were foremost in every danmight as well talk to the English Go- ger; they were always at hand to vernment of the aduexation of the nurse and soothe the wounded;" aod Hebrides to Norway!". I alluded to shewed their conteinpt of danger by the injustice by which Louis XIV. had danciog upon the batteries in the very made hinself master of that coun

face of the enemy.

The bombarda try. “As to that," he replied, “if ment, which lasted eight days, proved all the acquisitions made by conquest very destructive to the town; and were to be weighed in the balance of seldom, ! believe, has a besiegios justice, with what face could England army on its retreat been more genepretend to cast a stone at France ?" rally followed by the execrations of Perceiving I had touched upon a sorė the inhabitants than were the Auspoint, and wishing to avoid alterca- trians on retiring from Lille. tion, I gave a turu to the conversa- take any leave of Lille ; from whence tion, and we began to talk about Lille. I set out in the diligence for Tournay, I was asked by a sipart French lady, in company with the English party who was fond of reading, whether I whom i mentioned in my last letter.. had read the Memoirs of the Baron de After travelling a few miles over a Pollnitz. 1 said I recollected having rich and beautiful country, we got to read the book inany years ago, and the extremity of French Flanders ; thought it an entertaining collection and upon our arrival at the very point of travels, history, and biography; where Terminus had fixed his station, " And you might have added,” said we were given to understand that she, « of love adventures, and of our baggage must undergo a search court pursuits and amusements. I before we could set foot on the terris think it a delightful melange. The tory of the King of the Netherlands, Baron was

a volunteer under the However, upon a significant biut Doke of Marlborough at the siege of froin the conducteur of the diligence, Lille in 1708, of which he gives an we each of us slipped a douceur into interesting account in his Memoirs; his hands, as a testimony of our sensg and if you can pick him up in the of the politeness of the douanier, to course of your tonr, you will find him whom we begged hiin to present our a very agreeable companion in a post- très bons complimens.

We passed chaise." In consequence of the lady's through a delightful and well-cultirecommendation, I have sincere- vated country until we came to the newed my acquaintance with the city of Tournay, with which I was Baron, whom I feel no inclination to highly gratified. Tournay is a large recommend to the acquaintance of my and elegant town, pleasantly situated fair countrywomen.

upon the Scheldi. It abounds with The following couplet of Pope is churches, several of which are very the best commentary upon the Me- splendid, particularly the Cathedral, a moirs of De Pollnitz:

truly- magnificent edifice. I recol. “Adieu to Virtue, if you're once a slave:

lected that Cardinal Wolsey had been Send her to court, you send her to ber Bishop of this See during the time that grave."

Tournay was possessed by the English The last memorable event that took in the reign of Henry VIII. Through place in the military history of Lille , the intrigues of Wolsey Tournay was was the siege upder the comniand of restored to France ir 1519; soon after Duke Albert of Saxe Teschen, in which, it was taken by the Spaniards, the autumn of 1792, which was raised in whose hands it remained near a by the approach of Dumourier's century and a half, when it was conarmy, after the discomfiture of the guered by Louis XIV. who was told Duke of Brunswick. The people of big a famous political Ecclesiastic, Lille will tell you that the siege was namely, the Cardinal Polignac, that carried on in a wanner that reflected he must regard Lille and Tournay as but little credit apon the Austrians on the two eyes of France. In 1709 the score of huinanity. However Tournay, after a long siege, surren, that might be, there is no doubt that dered to the Duke of Marlboroagh, the city was defended both by the gar- in the face of a grand army under the

32 of

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

com

The papers.

*

command of the celebrated Villars. respecting Mr. Warner's papers, a The Duke, on taking possession of the few years ago, but I do not recollect city, ordered a pompous inscription on

with what view the inquiries were one of the balf-moons, declariug it to made. I am now, however, enabled be impregnable, to be effaced. By to stale to you, Mr. Urban, that the the peace of Utrecht, in 1713, Tournay Translation from Plautus, and the was secured to the Dutch as one of Glossary, are in the bands of a lady, their barrier towns ; but the sove- to whose husband they were beqeathreignty reinained with the House of ed by Mr. Warner, and who is deAustria; nor could the Siales-Gene- sirous they should not be lost to the ral have had a more important bar- publick.

T. R. rier in that quarter, ibasmuch as it

*** The Editor of the Cont. Mag. is commanded the Scheldi, and covered evabled to answer any, particular inOudenard and Ghent. The French quiries that may be made respecting have always coveted this place as the key of Flanders, and when Louis XV. had set his heart on the entire con- Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 17.

THE sent Count Saxe, at the head of near which you gave of the Iristory 80,000 men, in the spring of 1745, to' of Richmond, in Yorkshire, induces attack Tournay. Louis was so bent me to inform you that a second Edion the acquisition of ihis fortress, tion of that book is in great forwardthat he appeared in persou during the ness, anil will soon be published, in siege, accompanied by his only son,

8vo. The rapid sale of the first the Dauphin. The allied anny, un

edition has given the Editor an opporder the command of the Duke of tunity of making some alterations, Cumberlaud, though inferior in num

and enlarging his plan by extending ber to the French by no less than the subjects alır:ost under every head, 23,000 men, made the bold attempt of

which in the first edition had been raising the siege of Tournay, wbichi abbreviated, in order to suit the duoJed to the fatal battle of Fontenoy,

decimo size in which it was published. fatal, not through any want of skill or Lists of the Archdeacons of Rich. valour on the part of the English, who mond, Members of Parliament, Rec. had never covered themselves with tors, &c. will be introduced ; likewise more glory than in this batile, but it wili be further enriched wiih sume through the bad conduct of our more etchings, engravings, and an exallies, and more especially through cellent plan of the town. Though the base treachery and cowardice of Dr. Whitaker's grand plan of Yorkthe Dutch. I reserve further partishire quite overpowers so small a culars of Tournay, and my visit to the publication, yet, from the talent and plains of Fontenoy till my next letter. industry of the Author of the History CLERICUS LEICESTRIENSIS.

of Richmond, we may expect a very

excellent account of that part of the Mr. URBAN,

Aug. 14. County, and a work which will be a IN N Lysons's Environs of London great addition to the library of

every there is an account of Richard lover of Topography. Warner, Esq. who resided at Wood- Yours, &c.

RICHMONDIENSIS. ford-row, in an old house called Hearls, said to be not the property

INDEX INDICATORIUS. of Jervoise Clerk Jervoise, Esq. who

W. W. requests particulars relative to married Mr. Warner's niece. Mr.

the family of that upright Citizen and

able Senator, Sir John BARNARD; bis Warner planted a Botanical garden at Woodford, and founded an exhibition place of birth, whether he left any

issue, &c. &c. for a Botanical Student, at Wadham

An authentic Memoir of the late Duke College, Oxford. He translated the

of Dorset, which came to hand too late Comedies of Plautus, and made col- for insertion this month, shall appear in lections for a Glossary to the Plays of our next; with Illustrations of the Cha. Shakespeare, and for an edition of racter of George Wither, &c. &c. his Works, bul desisled from his in- We are under the necessity of posttention of publishing it on the ap- poning the promised memoirs of Bishop pearance of Mr. Steevens's Proposals. Watson, and Mr. ALEXANDER, and parti

I remember to have seen soide in- culars respecting Mrs. Viss, till our next. quiries in the Gentlegiao's Magazine * Gent. Mag. vol. LXXXV. p. 233.

Mr.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]
« 前へ次へ »