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18 Oh, how suddenly do they consume : perish, and come to a fearful end !
19 Yea, even like as a dream when one | 19. So shalt Thou, awaketh : so shalt Thou make their image
&c. ; rather, so shalt
Thou, when Thou to vanish out of the city.
awakest, despise their 20 Thus my heart was grieved : and it image. Out of the went even through my reins.
city is a mistransla
tion, from the simi. 21 So foolish was I, and ignorant : even larity of the word in as it were a beast before Thee.
the Hebrew with that 22 Nevertheless, I am alway by Thee :
| for when Thou awak
est. for Thou hast holden me by my right hand.
21. A beast ; Heb. 23 Thou shalt guide me with Thy coun- Behemoth [one of the] sel : and after that receive me with glory..
animals ; so called an
from being dumb. 24 Whom have I in heaven but Thee :| 23. With sto] glory. and there is none upon earth that I desire “The glory is not of in comparison of Thee.
necessity glory ever
lasting, but it is hard25 My flesh and my heart faileth : but
ly necessary to obGod is the strength of my heart, and my serve that such a portion for ever.
sense of the word suits
the context better than 26 For lo, they that forsake Thee shall
any lower interpretaperish : Thou hast destroyed all them that |tion of it.”—Bishop commit fornication against Thee.
BROWNE on the Art.,
p. 202. 27 But it is good for me to hold me fast " 27. * In the go by God, to put my trust in the LORD God : &c. These words are and to speak of all Thy works in the gates
not in our Hebrew
version, but are added of the daughter of Sion.
from the Septuagint.
PSALM 74. Ut quid, Deus ?
[This Psalm is ascribed in the title to Asaph, but
its contents point to a much later date than the
scendant of Asaph.] O God, wherefore art Thou absent from us 1. The sheep of Thy so long : why is Thy wrath so hot against Thy wrath so hot asinet | pasture. This is to be
noticed as a favourite the sheep of Thy pasture?
image in this group 2 O think upon Thy congregation : whom of Psalms. Thou hast purchased, and redeemed of old. 3 Think upon the tribe of Thine inheri- 3. Tribe; lit. rod, nce : and mount Sion, wherein Thou hast | sceptre : hence the dwelt.
nation ruled over by
God. 4 Lift up Thy feet, that Thou mayest
4. Translate, Lift utterly destroy every enemy : which hath up Thy steps untodone evil in Thy sanctuary.
i.e., hasten to behold 5 Thine adversaries roar in the midst of
-the perpetual deso
lations, all that the Thy congregations : and set up their banners enemy hath done for tokens.
wickedly in the sanc6 He that hewed timber afore out of the
5. Their banners, thick trees : was known to bring it to an &c.; lit. THEIR signs excellent work.
for signs—i.e., they
brought their banners 7 But now they break down all the
into the Temple. carved work thereof : with axes and ham 6. Rather, each mers.
man was seen [in the
Temple) as if flourish8 They have set fire upon Thy holy
| ing aloft axes in a places : and have defiled the dwelling-place thicket - i. e., purof Thy Name, even unto the ground.
suing the work of de
struction. 9 Yea, they said in their hearts, Let us
7. But; rather, and. make havock of them altogether : thus have
9. They have burnt they burnt up all the houses of God in the up all the houses of
God. What these land.
houses were is uncer10 We see not our tokens, there is not tain; the word means one prophet more : no, not one is there assemblies. Words
worth understands among us, that understandeth any more.
the phrase to mean, 11 O God, how long shall the adversary "they abolished the do this dishonour : how long shall the enemy
10. Tokens — i. e., blaspheme Thy Name, for ever ?
the signs of our na12 Why withdrawest Thou Thy hand : tional religion. Any why pluckest Thou not Thy right hand out
more ; rather, how
long the destruction of Thy bosom to consume the enemy?
will last. 13 For God is my King of old : the help 12, 13. An appeal that is done upon earth He doeth it Him to the noble works
which God did in the
days of their fathers ; 14 Thou didst divide the sea through they, however, in Thy power : Thou brakest the heads of the their day had been de
spondent-e.g., Giddragons in the waters.
eon, “If the Lord be with us, why then is all this befallen us? and where be all His miracles ?” -Judges vi. 13.
14. Dragons ; lit. sea-monsters. The expression is applied to Pharaoh, " Art Thou not it that hath cut Rahab, and wounded the dragon ?" Isa. li. 9.
15 Thou smotest the heads of Leviathan 15. Leviathan; anin pieces : and gavest him to be meat for
other great sea-mon
ster; its description the people in the wilderness.
best answers to that 16 Thou broughtest out fountains and of the whale (LEE], waters out of the hard rocks : Thou driedst
Job xli. Others make
it a crocodile. It up mighty waters.
symbolises any great 17 The day is Thine, and the night is power antagonistic to Thine : Thou hast prepared the light and
17. The light ; the sun.
rather, the luminary, 18 Thou hast set all the borders of the the heavenly bodies, earth : Thou hast made summer and winter.
of which the sun is
mentioned as chief. 19 Remember this, O LORD, how the "
18. Borders — i.e., enemy hath rebuked : and how the foolish boundaries. people hath blasphemed Thy Name.
19. The foolish peo20 O deliver not the soul of Thy turtle
ple - i.e., the Chal
dæan or other indove unto the multitude of the enemies : vaders. and forget not the congregation of the poor
20. Thy turtle-dove
-i.e., Israel. “Durfor ever.
ing the early period 21 Look upon the covenant : for all the of Jewish history, earth is full of darkness, and cruel habita
there is no evidence
of any other bird, extions.
cept the pigeon, hav22 O let not the simple go away ashamed : | ing been domesticatbut let the poor and needy give praise unto
21. For all the earth, Thy Name.
&c.; Heb. the dark 23 Arise, O God, maintain Thine own cause : remember how the foolish man blas
are full of habitations
of violence. phemeth Thee daily.
22. Simple ; Heb. 24 Forget not the voice of Thine enemies : crushed, dejected, af. the presumption of them that hate Thee in- / flicted...
23. The foolish man ; creaseth ever more and more.
| Heb. Nabal, the fool, who said in his heart, there is no God.
24. The presumption ; rather, the tumult of those that rise up against Thee ascendeth continually-e.g., " Their wickedness is come up before me,” Jonah i. 2.
[A song of deliverance by Asaph.]
2 Thy Name also is so nigh : and that 2. The name of do Thy wondrous works declare.
God signifies the pres
ence of God. 3 When I receive the congregation : I
3. Congregation. shall judge according unto right.
The Hebrew word 4 The earth is weak, and all the inhabi
which is translated
“houses of God” in ters thereof : I bear up the pillars of it.
the last Psalm means 5 I said unto the fools, Deal not so strictly a set time, then madly : and to the ungodly, Set not up
the time, then the
place, of assembly; your horn.
hence it is better ren6 Set not up your horn on high : and dered here, “When I speak not with a stiff neck.
shall take a set-the
right-time.” 7 For promotion cometh neither from
4. This verse conthe east, nor from the west : nor yet from trasts the instability the south.
and fear of the world,
and the eternal power 8 And why? God is the Judge : He
of God. putteth down one, and setteth up another. [ SELAH. ] 9 For in the hand of the LORD there is
5. The horn is the
symbol of strength a cup, and the wine is red : it is full mixed, and He poureth out of the same.
from bulls and other 10 As for the dregs thereof : all the
“Mine horn is exungodly of the earth shall drink them, and
alted in the Lord,” suck them out.
Hannah's Song, 1 11 But I will talk of the God of Jacob :
Sam. ii. 1.
7. Promotion ; Heb. and praise Him for ever.
lifting up, deliver12 All the horns of the ungodly also will ance. The invading I break : and the horns of the righteous army of Sennacherib
coming from the shall be exalted.
north, help is sought for in vain from east, west, or south.
9. Cf. “Thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me : Take the wine-cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it. And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad,” Jer. xxv. 15, 16.
12. Horns—i.e. power, as in verse 5.
PSALM 76. Notus in Judæa. [A Psalm, wrongly ascribed to Asaph, celebrating
the destruction of the army of Sennacherib. ] In Jewry is God known : His Name is great 1-3. The scene of in Israel.
the great deliverance
is Judah, Salem [Jer2 At Salem is His tabernacle : and His usalem), Zion. dwelling in Sion.
2. The word trans
lated “tabernacle" 3 There brake He the arrows of the bow :
also means thicket, the shield, the sword, and the battle.
and “dwelling” is 4 Thou art of more honour and might :
the lair of wild beasts. than the hills of the robbers.
Hence it is suggested
that indirect reference 5 The proud are robbed, they have slept may be intended to their sleep : and all the men whose hands
the Lion of the tribe
of Judah, in whose were mighty have found nothing.
dominions the victory 6 At Thy rebuke, O God of Jacob : both took place. the chariot and horse are fallen.
3. The battle-i.e., 7 Thou, even Thou art to be feared : and
the instruments of
war, as in Hosea ii. who may stand in Thy sight when Thou 18,'" I will break the art angry?
bow and the sword
and the battle out of 8 Thou didst cause Thy judgment to be
| the earth.” heard from heaven : the earth trembled, and [ SELAH. ] was still,
4. Either, Thou
coming from the 9 When God arose to judgment : and to
mountains of prey help all the meek upon earth.
art glorious; or, THOU 10 The fierceness of man shall turn to on little Zion art
mightier than lofty Thy praise : and the fierceness of them shalt
mountains frequented Thou refrain.
by beasts of prey. 11 Promise unto the LORD your God,
5. Their sleep –
i.e., their last sleep. and keep it, all ye that are round about
All the men, &c. ; Him : bring presents unto Him that ought Heb. “None of the to be feared.
men of might have
found their hands." 12 He shall refrain the spirit of princes :
6. Fallen — i. e., and is wonderful among the kings of the into a dead slumber; earth.
lit. are stupefied; as
in Jeremiah li. 39, “I will make them—the Babylonians—sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD.”
9. (SELAH.] 10. The fierceness of them, &c. ; Heb.“ With the remainder of wrath Thou shalt gird Thyself.” The verse points to the wrath of man being made the minister of God's will.
12. Refrain; Heb. cut off, like one pruning vines. ... Wonderful ; rather, terrible, awful.