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· N. . · The Gospel according to the Nazarenes. See above concerning the Gospel according to the Hebrews.
1. The Acts of Paul and Thecla. Tertull. de Baptism. 6. 17. Hieron, Catal. Script. Eccl. in Luc. Gelaf. in Decret.
2. The Acts of Paul. Orig. de Princip. l. 1. 6. 2. Es lib. 21. in yoan. Tom. 2. p. 298. Eufeb. Hift. Eccl. l. 3. c. 3. & 25. Philaftr. Hares. 87. . 3. The Preaching of Paul (and Peter.) Lactant. de Ver. Sap. l. 4. C. 21. Script. anonym. ad calcem Opp. Cypr. and, according to some, Clem. Alex. Strom. I. 6. p. 636.
4. A Book under the name of Paul. Cyprian. Epift, 27.
5. The Revelation of Paul. Epiphan. Hæref. 38. §. 2. Auguft. Tract. a8. in Joann. in fin. Gelas. in Decret.
1. The Acts of Peter. Eufeb. Hift. Eccl. l. 3. c. 3. Athanas. in Synopf. S. Scriptur. §. 16. Philastr. Hæref. 87. Hieron. Catal. Script. Eccl. in Petr. Epiphan. Hæref. 30. $. 15.', .
2. The Doctrine of Peter. Orig. Procem. in libr. de
3. The Gospel of Peter. Serap. lib. de Evang. Petri apud Eufeb. Hift. Eccl. 1. 6. C. 12. Tertull. adv. Marc. l. 4. c. 5. Orig. Comment. in Matt. xiii. 55, 56. Tom. I. p. 223. Eufeb. Hift. Eccl. l. 3. c. 3. & 25. Hieron. Catal. Script. Ecclef. in Petr.
4. The Judgment of Peter. Rufin. Expofit, in Symbol. Apoftol. §. 36. Hieron. Catal. Script. Ecclef. in Petr.
5. The Preaching of Peter. Heracl. apud Orig. l. 14. in Joan. Clem. Alex. Strom. I. 1. p. 357. 1. 2. p. 390. l. 6. p. 635; 636, & 678. ' Theodot. Byzant. in Excerpt. p. 809. ad calc. Opp. Clem. Alex. "Lactant. de Ver'. Sap. I. 4.c.21. Eufeb. Hift. Ecclef. l. 3. c. 3. et Hieron. Catal. Script. Ecclef. in Petr. .
6. The Revelation of Peter. Clem. Alex. lib. Hypotypos. apud Eufeb. Hift. Eccl. 1. 6. C. 14. Theodot. Byzant. in
Excerpt. p. 806, 807. ad calc. Opp. Clem. Alex. Eufeb. Hift. Eccl. l. 3. c. 3. & 25. Hieron. Catal. Script. Eccl. in Petr.
7. Books under the name of Peter. Innocent. I. Epift. 3. ad Exuper. Tholof. Episc. §. 7.
J. The Acts of Philip. Gelaf. in Decret.
S. The Gospel of Scythianus. Cyrill. Catech. VI. §. 22. & Epiphan. Hæref. 66. g. 2.
The Acts of the Apostles by Seleucus. Hieron. Epift. ad Chromat. Es Heliodar.
The Revelation of Stephen. Gelaf. in Decret.
The Gospel of Tatian. Eufeb. Hift. Eccl. l. 4. 6. 29.
The Catholick Epistle of Themison. Apollon. lib. cont. Cataphryg. apud Eufeb. Hift. Eccl. l. 5. 6. 18.
The Gospel of Truth. Iren. adv. Hæref. l. 3. 6. II.
1. The Acts of Thomas. Epiphan. Hæref. 47. g. 1. & 61. §. 1. Athanaf. in Synopf. S. Script. $. 76. & Gelaf, in Decret.
2. The Gospel of Thomas. Orig. in Luc. i. 1. Eufeb. Hift. Eccl. l. 3. c. 25. Cyrill. Catech. IV.S. 36. et Catech. VI. $. 31. Ambrof. in Luc. i. 1. Athan. in Synops. S. Script. $. 76. Hieron. Præf. in Comment, in Matth. Gelas, in Decret.
3. The Revelation of Thomas. Gelaf. in Decret.
4. Books under the name of Thomas. Innocent. I. Epif. 3. ad Exuper. Tholof. Epifc. §. 7.
The Gospel of Valentinus. Tertull. de Præfcript, adv. Hæret. 6. 49.
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SETTLING THE CANON
C H A P. I. The Design of the Second Part. Some general Observations
premised. That several Titles were given formerly to one Book. That several of the Apocryphal Books were made out.. of our present Canonical Books. That no Apocryphal Books have been ever appealed to by the Christians as of Authority.
L AVING, in the preceding Part of this volume, endea11 voured to make a complete enumeration of all the loft Apocryphal books of the New Testament, and laid down several Propositions, by which they may be distinguished from those, which are truly Canonical; I proceed in this part to make a particular and critical enquiry into each of these books, and, by an application of the abovementioned rules, to demonstrate, that no one of them ever was, or ought to be, reputed of the
Canonis faid concerning to after Christ.
I think it neceflary ve
PART II. Canon ; withal producing every fragment, and every thing else that is said concerning them by any Christian writer, or writers of the first four centuries after Christ.
But, before I enter upon this work, I think it necessary to premise a few Observations, which may be serviceable to give light to the whole; viz.
OBSERV. I. That several of the different Titles in the preceding Catalogue of
lof Books, belonged to one and the Same Book. So it frequently happened, that many of those pieces which appear either to have been entirely the same, or very little different, passed under two, or three, or more different denominations. Thus the Gospel according to the Hebrews, the Gofpel according to the Nazarenes, the Gospel of the Ebionites, the Gospel according to the Twelve Apostles, the Gospel of Cerinthus, the Gospel of Bartholomew, seem to have been the different names of the fame Hebrew Gospel of St. Matthew, in some places perhaps altered and interpolated. So also the Aets under the titles of Leucius, Lentitius, Leontius, Leuthon, Seleucus, the Acts of the Apostles made use of by the Manichees, and several other titles, denoted only one (purious book, which was the forgery of Leucius Charinus. In like manner, the Revelation and Anabaticon of Paul were one book; the Preaching of Peter and Paul one book, and the same with the Doctrine of Peter and several others.
Nor can it be thought strange, that this variety of denominations should have happened to those books ; since we find the very same thing to have happened to some of those books, which are now received into the Canon of the New Testament. The Gospel, for instance, which now goes under the name of Mark, was formerly ascribed to Peter, and called his, as we are informed both by Tertulliana and Jerome b. And
!Evangelium quod Marcus edi. dit, Petri affirmatur. Adv. Marcion. 1. 4. c.5, 16 Evangelium juxta Marcum,
qui auditor Petri et interpres fuit, hujus dicitur. Catal. Script. Ecclel. in Petr. See below, chap. xxxi. N'. L.