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BOOK IV.
Morning Prayer.

Psalms XC. TO CVI.
PSALM 90. Domine, refugium.

DAY 18. [The Fourth Book commences with "A Prayer of The second of the

Moses, the man of God,” the most ancient of two Psalms appointed all the Psalms. It is styled by Isaac Taylor in the Order for the perhaps the most sublime of human composi- | Burial of the Dead. tions." The Psalm recalls the language of the

Pentateuch, especially Deut. xxxii. ] LORD, Thou hast been our refuge : from one 1. LORD—Adonai, generation to another.

| i.e., ruler, not JE2 Before the mountains were brought | 2. Thou art God,

HOVAH. forth, or ever the earth and the world were &c. ; Heb. even from made : Thou art God from everlasting, and everlasting to ever

| lasting Thou art God. world without end.

3. Cf. Eccles. i. 4, 3 Thou turnest man to destruction : again “One generation pasThou sayest, Come again, ye children of

seth away, and an

other generation commen.

4 For a thousand years in Thy sight are 4. Rather, are but but as yesterday : seeing that is past as a

as yesterday when it

is past, and as a watch in the night.

watch (i.e., one of the 5 As soon as Thou scatterest them they three watches) in the are even as a sleep : and fade away suddenly

night.

5. Men are swept like the grass.

away as with a flood, 6 In the morning it is green, and grow they vanish as dreams, eth up : but in the evening it is cut down,

they are "as the

flower of the grass,” dried up, and withered.

S. James i. 10. 7 For we consume away in Thy dis 6. “The sun is no pleasure : and are afraid at Thy wrathful

sooner risen with a

burning heat, but it indignation.

withereth the grass, 8 Thou hast set our misdeeds before and the flower thereof Thee : and our secret sins in the light of

falleth, and the grace

of the fashion of it Thy countenance.

perisheth,” S. James. 9 For when Thou art angry all our days

8. Light. In Heare gone : we bring our years to an end, as brew it is the same it were a tale that is told.

word as that used of

| the sun by Moses in Gen. i. The revealing illuminating light of God's countenance.

9. A tale that is told ; Heh, like a meditation, a thought. “A transitory murmur." Gone like a dream.

10 The days of our age are threescore 10. Age ; Heb. years and ten; and though men be so strong

years. Cf. Jacob be

fore Pharaoh, “The that they come to fourscore years : yet is

days of the years of their strength then but labour and sorrow; my pilgrimage,” Gen. so soon passeth it away, and we are gone.

xlvii. 9.

11. For even there. 11 But who regardeth the power of Thy

after, &c. ; either, wrath : for even thereafter as a man feareth, | “For as Thy indignaso is Thy displeasure.

tion, should be the

fear of Thee"-BEN12 O teach us to number our days : that

ISCH; or, “In all we may apply our hearts unto wisdom. Thy awfulness, Thy 13 Turn Thee again, O LORD, at the last :

indignation "-KAY.

13. Turn Thee aand be gracious unto Thy servants.

gain ; lit. return(i.c., 14 0 satisfy us with Thy mercy, and from Thy wrath] o that soon : so shall we rejoice and be glad | LORD, how long? Cf.

“My soul is also sore all the days of our life.

vexed; but Thou, O 15 Comfort us again now after the time LORD, how long ? Ps. that Thou hast plagued us : and for the

vi. 3.

14. That soon ; Heb. years wherein we have suffered adversity. Lin the morning_ine..

16 Shew Thy servants Thy work : and grant us joy in the their children Thy glory.

morning, after the

night of heaviness. — 17 And the glorious Majesty of the LORD

Ps. xxx. 5. our God be upon us : prosper Thou the | 15. This language work of our hands upon us, 0 prosper Thou

well suits the years of

wandering in the wil. our handy-work.

derness.

17. Glorious Ma

jesty ; rather, grace PSALM 91. Qui habitat.

or favour. [This Psalm, inculcating a thorough reliance on God,

has no inscription or author assigned to it. Dr
Kay inclines to the tradition of the old rabbis
that it was written by Moses, as many of the
expressions are found in Deuteronomy. Verses
11 and 12 were quoted by Satan in the “Temp-

tation.”] Whoso dwelleth under the defence of the 1. Defence; lit. most High : shall abide under the shadow secret hiding-place. of the Almighty.

2 I will say unto the LORD, Thou art my hope, and my strong hold : my God, in Him will I trust. 3 For He shall deliver thee from the 3. Noisome; hurtsnare of the hunter : and from the noisome | ful, derived from the pestilence.

| verb ‘noy' (ennuyer), 4 He shall defend thee under His wings, ance. &c. : Heb. the

noxious, hence nuisand thou shalt be safe under His feathers : | destroying pestilence. His faithfulness and truth shall be thy

4. This islustration

from the eagle recalls shield and buckler.

Deut. xxxii. 11, “As 5 Thou shalt not be afraid for any terror an eagle . . . flutterby night : nor for the arrow that flieth by

eth over her young,

spreadeth abroad her day;

wings, taketh them, 6 For the pestilence that walketh in beareth them on her darkness : nor for the sickness that destroy

wings.

5. Terror by night. eth in the noon-day.

“Every man hath 7 A thousand shall fall beside thee, and his sword upon his ten thousand at thy right hand : but it shall

thigh because of fear

in the night,” Sol. not come nigh thee.

omon's Song, iii. 8. 8 Yea, with thine eyes shalt thou behold : and see the reward of the ungodly.

9 For Thou, LORD, art my hope : Thou 9. Rather translate, hast set Thine house of defence very high. “For Thou, LORD,

art my refuge ; the 10 There shall no evil happen unto thee : 1 most Éigh hast Thou neither shall any plague come nighthy dwelling.

tion." 11 For He shall give His angels charge 11. In all thy ways. over thee : to keep thee in all thy ways.

Satan (to suit his pur

pose] omitted these 12 They shall bear thee in their hands :

words when quoting that thou hurt not thy foot against a stone. the passage to our 13 Thou shalt go upon the lion and

| Lord.

13. The lion and adder : the young lion and the dragon shalt

| serpent typify open thou tread under thy feet.

violence and secret 14 Because he hath set his love upon | cunning

14. The Psalm conMe, therefore will I deliver him : I will set

| cludes with the assurhim up, because he hath known My Name. ance of God to the 15 He shall call upon Me, and I will man who thus puts

his trust in Him. hear him : yea, I am with him in trouble ; I will deliver him, and bring him to honour. 16 With long life will I satisfy him :

16. A long life and shew him My salvation.

spent in the service

of God, and continued in eternity, is the blessing of God. Cf. the aged Symeon, “Lord, now lettest Thou Thy servant depart in peace, ... for mine eyes have seen Thy salvation.”

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PSALM 92. Bonum est confiteri. [This Psalm, "for the Sabbath-day," was used in A song for the Sab

the Temple service for that day. The name bath-day.
JEHOVAH occurs seven times, the Sabbatical

number, in the Psalm.]
It is a good thing to give thanks unto the
LORD : and to sing praises unto Thy Name,
O most Highest;

2 To tell of Thy loving-kindness early 2. The Morning in the morning : and of Thy truth in the

and Evening Sacrifice

seems here alluded night-season;

3 Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the lute : upon a loud instrument, and upon the harp.

4 For Thou, LORD, hast made me glad 4. Works ; here through Thy works : and I will rejoice in

Providential dispen

sations, as distingiving praise for the operations of Thy |

guished from definite hands.

acts. 5 O Lord, how glorious are Thy works : ! 5. Thoughtsi. e., Thy thoughts are very deep.

counsels, purposes. - 6 An unwise man doth not well consider this : and a fool doth not understand it.

7 When the ungodly are green as the grass, and when all the workers of wickedness do flourish : then shall they be destroyed for ever; but Thou, LORD, art the most Highest for evermore.

8 For lo, Thine enemies, O LORD, lo, Thine enemies shall perish : and all the workers of wickedness shall be destroyed. 9 But mine horn shall be exalted like

9. UNICORN. This the horn of an unicorn : for I am anointed | is the rendering in with fresh oil.

our version of the He

brew REÊM, taken from the LXX. It occurs seven times in the 0.T. The two tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh are likened to the horns of the Reêm.- Deut. xxxiii. 17. The Reêm has great strength, as mentioned by Balaam, Num. xxiii. 22; it is savage and untamable, Job xxxix. 9-11; it is playful when young, Ps. xxix. 6; and the Reêmim are counted among the animals fit for sacrificial purposes by Isaiah, chap. xxxiv. 7. Their characteristics, therefore, seem to point out the BUFFALO as intended by Reêm.

10 Mine eye also shall see his lust of 10. The word demine enemies : and mine ear shall hear his

sire is to be omitted,

as in Ps. liv. 17. Thé desire of the wicked that arise up against

Psalmist, strengthenme.

ed by God, can view 11 The righteous shall flourish like a his enemies calmly.

11. The palm and palm-tree : and shall spread abroad like a cedar have each a cedar in Libanus.

spiritual significance. 12 Such as are planted in the house of | They were used in

| the construction of the LORD : shall flourish in the courts of

the Temple. The the house of our God.

righteous flourish as 13 They also shall bring forth more

palms and cedars,

while the wicked perfruit in their age : and shall be fat and ish like grass. well-liking.

13. Well - liking ; 14 That they may shew how true the

| Heb. fresh ; the same

word as is applied to LORD my strength is : and that there is no

oil in ver. 9. unrighteousness in Him.

Evening Prayer.
Psalm 93. Dominus regnavit.
[This Psalm is closely connected with the former,

and by some is supposed to form one Psalm
with it. It celebrates the unapproachable ma-
jesty of the LORD, whatever may take place on
earth. In spite of enemies or angry elements,
the LORD is the most Highest for evermore. -

Ps. xcii. 7.] THE LORD is King, and hath put on glorious 1. Hath put on, &c.; apparel : the LORD hath put on His ap

| Heb. is clothed with

majesty ; is clothed ! parel, and girded Himself with strength. 2 He hath made the round world so

3. Seat ; rather, sure : that it cannot be moved.

royal throne. The 3 Ever since the world began hath Thy

derivation of the He

brew word points to seat been prepared : Thou art from ever its being covered with lasting.

a canopy. 4 The floods are risen, O LORD, the floods

4. Are risen ; Heb.

| have lift up; the same have lift up their voice : the floods lift up verb as in the two their waves.

following sentences.

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