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CILAN LES JAMES FOX.

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Character of the late C. J. For.

[Aug. 1, tvhich it is capable, and avoid all thehave set the seal of approbation on his evil, seems best calculated to accomplish virtues and opinions, all that I can do is the ends of goverument, provided it be to present you with another sketch of the sufficiently restrained from exercising character of your friend, which you oppression. In the English constitution may insert in a future edition of your it is kept in check by a single magistrate work if it shall be deemed worthy a place on the one hand, and by a popular as- in that curious collection. This delineasembly on the others and makes up in tion was drawn up, not long after the dignity what it wants in consequence. deinise of Mr. Fox, and formed part of To the king the whole executive is en- a tract which was intended to exhibit a trusted, and all subordinate agents are of view of the country at that eventful jis appointineilt. Ilé cando no usong, crisis, but for some reasons which I am and so guilt tan iso imputed to him; not at liberty to mention, the piece, bit no act od bis contrary to the good of though printer, was not published: the people is valid. Judiciary power is The autbor of the pamphlet after in tlie panie of the king, but exercised giving some general observations upon indepeuclently of liim; and the checks political parties, and their efforts in proupon these trio branches with form the ducing the dismemberinent of the British security of Live people, reside in the les empire, proceeds in the following mangislative pwer of the commons, and their privileges of granting the supplies. “America is indebted for lier sorereiguty

neither to her own exertions, though For inc Na Uonthly Magazine.

directed by the energy and wisdom of SKETCH (f the character of the late Washington, por to the interference of

France, with the auxiliary aids of Spain In a LETTER addressed to PILILOPATRIS

aud Holland. She owes it primarily to VANVICENSIS.

the English opposition, headed by a man

of mischievously splendid talents, who Irregular speech hath commonly divers more advantages for it, and fewer checks upon regulating the affairs of a kingdom. He

was more capable of ruining than of it, than other bad practice hath. - BARROW, Could intuse a tone and rigour into the SIR,

most feeble party, and lead on bis warTO adinit that the perusal of your motley riors in debate, with extraordinary effect, tolumes purporting to be a mouement His versatile abilities were always ready of friendshiw ind patriotism, commemo- to catch at those points which, by his rative of the splendid talenis and private ingenuity, he knew how to turn to his virtues of mr. Fox, affordel me some advantage, by fixing upon them the amusement, is wo more than ubat is due general attention; and with the magic of to the insportance of the subject, and to words at his command, poured forth the abilities displayer in the illustration a stream of cloquence, which volled with oftlıc character. But I could not help such rapidity, ihat liis hearers were at: wisting that the work had been inore least confounded, if they were pot conmatured, and that the learned compiler vinced, and this passed with the inuleiImad waited some time longer for the fucie, as the triumph of truth, when it purpose of marking, by the stire test of was nothing more than the influence of experience, the claim of his hero to the art over the passions. Knowing well title of a s.und politician, and an en- how tv captivate the understanding by lightened statesman. It was generally the power of othory, lie cast a broad known, that this great man had ha- glare of colour around the objects which zarded mans bald opinions respecting lie was sensible were most likely to arrest the French Revolution, and that, in fact, the obscruation of those wbom he wanted he stood at the beari ota pisty radically to dereive; while, witis equal dexterity, hostile to the war, on the ground that it he coutrived to throw into sharle, or was injurious to the cause of liberty, and made ruļiculous and contemptible, the. the rights of mankind. Considering facts and principles which in their proper what extraordinary changes have taken position and a fair lights would bave explace, it were to have been wishedd; with posed his errors, and (lestroyed the delusubmission to Providence, that Mr. More solicitous to distress bis adFox las lived to see ihe counter-revolu- versary than 10 elicit truth, or to proWoa wiichi bras been brought about on mote utility, he was always devising ihe contient, and to have told his fol methods to perplex government, and to Tower's what jupressiuus thiese ondertul distress the public tranquillity. Scenes bad maile on his aind. Dat as “ With litile aplicne for business, and this megtei is now unavailing, and as you too indolent, as well as dissipated, to

SID.

1814.]
Character of the late C. J. Fox.

13 make himself master of that information spondent state by unreasonable fears. which is essential to qualify a man for what was said of the anarch of old, too an office of bigh duty in tlie state, or to well comported with his losty pretensions criticize justly those who are employed and continual hostility: in the discharge of that duty; he had yet

He seem'd sufficient quickness of discernment, and for dignity compos’d, and high exploit, knowledge of mankind, to see where the But all was false and hollow: though his charge of a fault or weakness could be

tongue fastened with the greatest chance of pro-. Dropt manna, and could make the worse ducing an extensive effect. Having an

appear enconmon flow of language, with an

The better reasun, to perplex and dash equal felicity of invention, he made all Maturest counsels. subjects by his management, appear for- “ You may ask, perhaps, how it was cible and persuasive, though the premises possible for a man with so little sterling were often absurd, the reasoning vague, merit in liis public character, oś real and the conclusions dangerous. It was virtue in his private life, to have sucone of his prominent and worst failings, ceeded as he did in obtaining numerous that a be fiule regarded the solidity of admire!'s, and collecting a train of fola the principles ghich he advocated, so he lowers? The answer is by 'no means difwas utterly careless of the consequences ficult. lle had all that suavity of manto which they led, or of the practical, pers which is a thousand times more application that wicked and designing likely to please mankind than the ineu might be disposed to make of strongest sense, the most inflexible inthem. He seemed, indeed, to have but tegrity, and the vastest compass of menone object in his public capacity as tal acquirements. He had the liappy art the directur of a party, and that was to of endearing himself, alike to his equals wound the feelings of those whom he and inferiors, while those in the highest wished to displace; and this disposition stations were delighted with his address, he manifested by constantly opposing and fascinated by bis conversation. His all their scheines, and by attempting to very vices were forgotten in his urbanity, defeat every purpose, without either and the sweetness of his private deknowing or caring whether the saine was meanour made the inpst rigid observer of good or bad.

his moral and political obliquities relax "Like most men of eccentric genius, from the severity of censure. This "boše minds are not under the guidance charm, like the wand of Calypso, enof moral discipline, and trained to the chanced all who were drawn within the exercise of serious inquiry, he was an en- circle of his familiarity; so tbat the viothusiast upon topics where the imagina- lence of his conduct, and the intempetion bxd 'inore room for play than the rance of his speeches, seened to be conjudgment. In other words, he had that sidered as inere trivial defects in a chaihetorie at his cominand which enabled racter otherwise deserving to be held in hiin to wielu the fierce deinocracies at general estimation. The lower classes liis will, to electrify popular assemblies idolized hiin, because he flattered their Ly the bardihood of assertion, clothed prejudices, and m. nistered to their diswith the graces of attraction, or armed contents, by in fatning their minds against with the terrors of denunciation, cover- the constituted anthorities, for as llooker ing the dcformity of error by the ampli- observes, “ He that goeth about to pertude of description, and the poverty of suade a people that they are not so well sense by variety of illustration. But governed as they ought to be, shall never with all this address and confidence, want attentive and firourable hearers, though supported by a widely extended because they know the manifold defects reputation, he was after all a mere whereunto every kind of regiment is theorist in the importaut branches of subject ; but the secret letts and diffipolitical science, where deep research culties which in public proceedings are and matured experience are neediul to inevitable, they have not ordinarily the give any sue to a mali's opinions, or to judgment to consid-r." Those resiless stamp authority, upon bis reasonings. spirits who were for pursuing innovation This powerful declaimer could, indeed, to the utmost, interpreted the ardent zeal diffuse a specious elegance over the most of Mr. Fox and his intense love of popu. pestilential sophisins; but while he ese larity into an approbation of designs, fected to be țhe champion of the people, which, though he might sincerely ablor; he contributed more than any man to he was twtimid co disavow. Such ininjure them, by raising in their ininds deed is the invariable condition of those false topes, or sinking them into a de- men who set themselves up forleaders of 14

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Character of the late C. J. For.

(Aug. 1, parties; since horrever bold and vehe- posed sovereignty of the people. This ment they may appear against public bastard doctrine, wbich is subversive of measures and the corruptions of govern- nature in all her relations, was gendered ment, no tools of admioistration can be during a bloody and successful rebellion, more under the restraint of prescription but when that contest ended, as all such and influence than they are under that of violations of order do, in usurpation and caprice and ambition,

tyranny, the monster sunk in obscurity, Themselves not free, but to themselves where it rernáined till it was drawn forih enthralled.

10 serve the vile purposes of factious “ By the circle of rank and fashion in ambition. which this e:ninent person mored, he " It was left, to the disgrace of our was regarded as a luminary of the first times, to stamp a sort of character upmagnitude, and as peculiarly fitted to on what has no analogy in the unwerse: conted with the illustrious statesman but which, if suffered to gain a settlethien at the head of affairs, and who nei- ment among us, will, and that at no very ther courted the support of the aris- distant period, destroy all the respect tocracy, nor stooped io gain the applaus bitherto paid to distinctions and esta. ses of the multitude.

blishinents, which give lustre to virtue " It may at first sight appear very ex. and strength to the laws. traordinary, that tlie sane man who "In adopting the revolutionary principle affected to be the leader of the democra- of the origin of government, the leaders. cy, should at the saine time stand so of political associations were actuated closely connected with a domineering by no other motive than that of gaining oligarchy, as to be entirely dependent power by popularity; but they strangely upon the party, and to become eren a overlooked the direct tendency of the pensioner on them for bis support. argument, that if the doctrine be true

“ But the wonder will cease when we and the people should ever take it into consider that the former character was their lieads to act on the alleged right, necessary to the furtherance of the ob- government must inevitably fall beneath jects entrusted to his management as the the sivay of the sovereign mub. The prime minister of opposition. I scruple danger of abstract propositions and monot to tix this apellation upon him, be. taphysical súbileties in politics, was cause he uniformly acted as the organ of never more apparent than in this very a combined force, made up of the prin. instance: for what the original broachers jpal great families, who considered perhaps considered merely in a philosothemselres as having an hereditary right phical point of view, their disciples, little to rake the lead in the government of used to the refinecients of logical explithe country. To strengthen their inte. cation, take in the plain and gross seuse rest, the influence of an association, with as a rulc fur practice and a plea for re• an old but popular vame tacked to it, sistance. was called in; and thus the concerns of " It is painful to dwell so much upon the country were to be managed by a this topic, and the only excuse that can club; but when the doctrines professed be offered for it is this; that the emiand circulated by this society'obtained rent person whose political career is a dreadful clucidation in the revolution here sketched, gare a new tura to the which spread ruin and death over half spirit of party, by directing its operations the civilized world, the justitution sunk in a channel the most dangerous to the into contenipt. But how the head of foundations of social order and national the Wlrig Club deported himself during safety. Securities, the accumulation of the progress of that awful portent, which, ages, and the result of deliberative vis. Like a comet burn'd,

dom, have been wantonly hazarded by That fires the length of Ophiuchus huge appeals to those who may be fitted to In the arctic sky, and from its horrid hair destroy the best, but who have neither Shakes pesijlence and war,

the virtue to appreciate the value of the needs neither detail nor comment, llis best constitution in the world, nor wisexample, indeed, throughout that frigbt. dom sufficient lo meud the worst. Noful storm, inay properly serve as a bea. thing, indeed, can be inore repugnant con to future patriots and politicians, to common sense, than the supposition warning them of the danger attending that mixed assenıblies and associations the propagation of rights without duties, are competent to judge of the intricacies and of the evil of that principle, that which unavoidably occur in directing the whatever may be the merits or claims of affairs of every great state. government, respect is due to the supo “Nothing can be more injurious to the

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I am,

1814.] On the Art of Healing by Divination. peace and welfare of the meu so prac- Dieu;" which consists in justifying that tised upon and deluded, than the call practice in themselves which chey most which is made upon them by the factious scverely condemn in others : and in and ambitious, in interfere in the con- adopting with aggravating circumstances, cerns of govertinent. What requires the very measures against whiclı, when deliberate counsel anil patient investi- out of place, they inost bitterly inveighgation, an enlarged knowledge of the ed, as being founded in wickeri motives, world, and an irtinate acquaintance and replete with nothing but nischief with human nature in its various rela. and ruin to the community.”. iwns, is most preposterously recom- Such is the picture which this anonymended to the prompt decision of men, mous writer has drawn of the distine drawu trgetler buy artifice, misled by guished statesman, for whose memory falselnud, and influenced by noisy ora- you cherish a tender esteem, and to tors to a state of passion. By such cultivate whisc merits you have condemcans as these, a new schwol of politics scended to glean panegyricks from newshas been forined in this country; the papers and inagazines, public speeches, founder of wisich institution was never and tuneral sermons.

I wish your more in bis element, than when he was learning and eloquence had been more engaged in addressing groups of willing vorthily einployeil, and that instead of disciples, whose pluuisits he secured by devoting your powers to the praise of a Latcering their vanity, and whose in- doubtful character, you bad spent the temperagire he excited by inisrepresenta- fragment of lif in illu-tration of tious. When these men were wrong the more important cause of religion, and violent, lie justified their honest and in the real service of your king and teal; and proceedings which approach- country.

&c. ed very near to sedition, found in biin

PHILANAX ANGLICUS.* and buis coadjutors ardent apologists, if ut downright advocates.

For the New Monthly Magazine. * It is very observable, that neither any

On the ANCIENT Art of Healing by change of circumstances, wor the fullest

VISIONARY DIVINATION. refetation of his bold predictions, ever drew írurn the lips of this singular man doubtedly ranks anong the most ancient.

Of all buman sciences, medicine unan ingenuous retractation of his errors, In the early ages of the world, when or a manly subrvission to the convictull of truth. lle seemed to think him earthly career, he had no need of medi

simplicity was the characteristic of man's self placed in a situation which privical aids; but when his nature degeneleged liin above the ordinary forms and rated, and vice and luxury corrupted his reulations of political warfare; and to habits of innocence and temperance, bare tiuwught, that as he had once taken diseases sprung up, which those aids his side as the leader of a party, he alone could assuage or eradicate. The every thing. It was this, probably, that knowledge of the could not fail at first induced him to adop: a ineasure which to be einpirical and precarious. The in other days would have brought down sick were placed in the highways, that a heayy judyinent upon his head. I

passers-by might assist them with their allude to his sending a confidential

counsel; and, at length, the priesthood

agent e a foreign court, for the purpose of appropriated this office exclusively to thwarting the designs of his own govern- dotal,dignity which rendered thein ob

themselves. It was not merely the sacerfortunate for the reputation of Mr. Fox, jects of awe and reverence to the illiteThe had been called off in the full rate multitude; they were regarded as Uitze of his popularity; but Providence

the depositories of learning and science; permitted bin, for better purposes, to and they proved themselves as skil form another coalition, and to enjoy that ing their influence by those arts, which

ful, as they were successtul, in cementment of power which had been for so many years the object of his anbition, The rest of his remarkable story may a respectable correspondent, in giving the

The Editor complies with the request of De zold by those who have learned the above sketch a place in this number, but At of reconciling political contradic without offering any opinion of his own on Tons; who are, lo short, profoundly, the truth or propriety of the delineation, conversant in that branch of knowledge, which is open to the examination and corbe which a French writer acutely gives rection of every intelligent and dispassionate the run of "l'art de chieaner avec person,

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On the Art of Healing by Divination. [Aug. 1, were best calculated to inflame the pre- dreams, which were regarded as an imjudices of the vulgar in their favour. It mediate gift from the gods. Indeed the is the work of ages only to wcan men celestial origin of dreams was universally and nations from popular illasions, and admitted by the nations of antiquity, the deep-rooted opinions transmitted and thence also their efficacy as oracles. from sire to son: it cannot, therefore, Nothing could be more natural than surprise us, that even when the intellec- such an idea. From the crude and intund energy of Greece was signalizing perfect notions which lung prevailed in itself by efforts which have commanded respect to the soul, it was scarcely priso the admiration of after ages, it should sible for them to ascribe the impressions still remain a popular doyma in medi- which their memory retained of the crecine, “ that persons labouring under lu- ation of their fancy during their sumdily infirmity, might be thrown into a bers, to the instrumentality of their owi state of charined törpor, in which, though conceits; they could not fail, therefore, destitute of any previous medical know. to impule them to the interposition of ledge, they would be enabled to ascer- some foreign agent. To wbom could tain the nature of their malady, as well they refer them more naturally than tv a as well as of the diseases of others, and divinity? When awake they joragineri devise the means of their cure." Upon themselves always attended by the govis this doyma was founded the mystery of in person, and ascribed every thoug!: incubations, or the art of heuling by and resolve, every appearance or accivisionary divination.

dent which deviated from the common Whether man be capable or not of course of nature, to the immediate acdivination, is a point which, if it were tion of the gods. It was on this idea not unnecessary to our present purpose that so inany nations originally rested toʻ enlarge upon, it would be at least their belief in divinatory dreams. The superfluous to discuss in these days. Such records of antiquity, therefore, abound a power was assigned to him, iint only in instances (for the greater part of an by the vulgar, but by most of the poi- early date) where the actions of men losophical sects of antiquity; and it does have been the results of a dream, whose appear to savour a little of temerity, that conceit was entirely at variance with Epicurus and the cynics should have the real state of their affairs. It was ventured to reject a belief so universally not long before the diversity of dreams and strenuously inaintained, and resting awakened their attention ; some were on an infinity of traditions and accounts connected and simple; others were obof prophets, in whom Greece bad abound- scure, and made up of curious fancies, ed froin lier earliest times, and of whose though not incapable of being resolved divine gift of prophecy the firmest con- by the windings and turnings of allegory. viction was currently entertained. Æs- It was no unnatural transition from chylus, Plutarch, Apuleius, and other the received belief in dreams, to the Greek authors, bear ample testimony to idea that they might become the medium che popularity of this persuasion, and of seeking instruction from the gods: tell us, that by uncommon and irregular hence the institution of oracles, whose motions of the body, intoxicating va- responses were given in dreams; and the pours, or certain holy ejaculations, men addition of sleeping chambers to many might be thrown into an enchanted temples,—such as those in Epidaurus trauce; in which, being in a state be- and at Oropos. Here it was, that, after tween waking and sleeping, they were pious ceremonies and prayers, men laid unsusceptible of external impressions, themselves down in expectation of aud, obiaining a glimpse of futurity, were dreams; when this expectation was reagitted with the power of prophecy. Here lized, though the dream proved ever so their allusion, however, only concerns confused or intricate, the dreamer althe celebrated divinations of the Pythia. ways succeeded in reconciling it to his We inust, therefore, probe somewhat circumstances :

his own belief, and deeper, in order to illustrate that species priestly wiles, readily effected the solus of divination which was the result of tion. The conceit of dreams, accordan, dreams, and a source of information on to the votary's wishes, was so powerfully the nature of diseases and their renie- promoted by the preparatory initiation dies. This superstition was in no less he had undergone, that it would bave acceptation than the former among the been somewbat extraordinary had he ancients, whose temples were constantly been altogether disappointed. He was crowded with the sick, and reverberated generally anxious to increase the fame of with their supplications for divinatory the divinity by his dream, and possessed

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