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or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God
and mammon, &c, Matthew vi, 24-34 . . . . . . 268
SERMON XLVI.- The Wilderness State. Ye now have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh from you, John xvi, 22 i . . : : 408
Sermon XLVII.-Headiness through manifold Temptations. Now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations, 1 Peter i, 6 . . . . .
. . . . . 4 . SERMON XLVIII.—Self Denial. And he said to them all, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me, Luke ix, 23 . . . 426
Sermon XLIX.-The Cure of Evil Speaking. If thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee
and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother, &c, Mat. · thew xviii, 15-17 . . . . . . . . . . . 9
SERMON L.—The Use of Money. I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteous
ness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations, Luke xvi, 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . 440
SERMON LI.-The Good Steward. Give an account of thy stewardship; for thou mayest be no longer steward, Luke xvi, 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 448
SERMON LII.-The Reformation of Manners. Who will rise up with me against the wicked ? Psalm xciv, 16 . . 457
SERMON LIII.-On the Death of the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield. Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my last end be like his, Numbers xxiii, 10
. . . . . . . . . . . . 470
SERMON LIV.-On Free Grace. He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not
with him also freely give us all things ? Romans viii, 32 . . . 482 SERMON LV.-On Laying the Foundation of the New Chapel, near the City
Road, London. According to this time it shall be said,-What hath God wrought ? Numbers xxiii, 23 . . . . . . . . . . . . 491
SERMON LVI.-Some Account of the late work of God in North America. The appearance was, -as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel, Ezekiel i, 16 · · · · · · · · · · · · · 498
SERMON LVII.--The Cause and Cure of Earthquakes. Oh come hither, and behold the works of the Lord : what destruction he hath brought upon the earth, Psalm xlvi, 8 . . . . . . 506
Sermon LVIII.--National Sins and Miseries. Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly: but these sheep, what have they done ? 2 Samuel xxiv, 17 .
. . . . 515 SERMON *LVIII.- Preached on occasion of the Death of Mr. Fletcher, Vicar of
Madeley, Shropshire. Mark tho perfect man, and behold the upright: for the end of that man is peace,
Psalm xxxvii, 37 . . .
SERMONS ON SEVERAL OCCASIONS.
SERMON I. Salvation by Faith.
“By grace are ye saved, through faith,” Eph. ii, 18.
1. ALL the blessings which God hath bestowed upon man, are of his mere grace, bounty, or favour; his free, undeserved favour; favour altogether undeserved ; man having no claim to the least of his mer. cies. It was free grace that “ formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into him a living soul," and stamped on that soul the image of God, and 6 put all things under his feet.” The same free grace continues to us, at this day, life and breath, and all things. For there is nothing we are, or have, or do, which can deserve the least thing at God's hand. “All our works, thou, oh God! hast wrought in us." These, therefore, are so many more instances of free mercy: and, whatever righteousness may be found in man, this is also the gift of God.
2. Wherewithal then shall a sinful man atone for any, the least of his sins ? With his own works? No. Were they ever so many or holy, they are not his own, but God's. But indeed they are all unholy and sinful themselves, so that every one of them needs a fresh atone. ment. Only corrupt fruit grows on a corrupt tree. And his heart is altogether corrupt and abominable; being " come short of the glory of God,” the glorious righteousness at first impressed on his soul, after the image of his great Creator. Therefore having nothing, neither right. eousness nor works to plead, his mouth is utterly stopped before God.
3. If then sinful men find favour with God, it is “grace upon grace!" If God vouchsafe still to pour fresh blessings upon us, yea, the great. est of all blessings, salvation; what can we say to these things, but, 66 Thanks bė unto God for his unspeakable gift!” And thus it is. Herein “God commendeth his love towards us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died” to save us. “By grace, then, are ye saved, through faith.” Grace is the source, faith the condition, of salvation.
Now, that we fall not short of the grace of God, it concerns us carefully to inquire,
I. What Faith it is through which we are saved ?
Now God requireth of a heathen to believe, “ That God is ; that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him ;” and that he is to be sought by glorifying him as God, by giving him thanks for all things, and by a careful practice of moral virtue, of justice, mercy and truth towards their fellow creatures. A Greek or Roman, therefore, yea, a Scythian or Indian, was without excuse if he did not believe thus much: The being and attributes of God, a future state of reward and punishment, and the obligatory nature of moral virtųe. For this is barely the faith of a heathen.
2. Nor, secondly. Is it the faith of a devil, though he goes much farther than that of a heathen. For the devil believes, not only that there is a wise and powerful God, gracious to reward, and just to pun. ish; but also that Jesus is the Son of God, the Christ, the Saviour of the world. So we find him declaring in express terms, Luke iv, 34, “ I know thee, who thou art; the Holy One of God.” Nor can we doubt but that unhappy spirit believes all those words which came out of the mouth of the Holy One; yea, and whatsoever else was written by those holy men of old, of two of whom he was compelled to give that glorious testimony, “These men are the servants of the Most High God, who show unto you the way of salvation.” Thus much, then, the great enemy of God and man believes, and trembles in believing, that God was made manifest in the flesh; that he will “tread all enemies under his feet;" and that “all Scripture was given by in spiration of God.” Thus far goeth the faith of a devil.
3. Thirdly. The faith through which we are saved, in that sense of the word which will hereafter be explained, is not barely that which the apostles themselves had while Christ was yet upon earth; though they so believed on him as to “ leave all and follow him ;" although they had then power to work miracles, to “heal all manner of sick. ness, and all manner of disease;" yea, they had then “power and authority over all devils ;” and, which is beyond all this, were sent by their Master to preach the kingdom of God.”
4. What faith is it then through which we are saved ? It may be answered, first, in general, it is a faith in Christ; Christ, and God through Christ, are the proper objects of it. Herein, therefore, it is sufficiently, absolutely distinguished from the faith, either of ancient or modern heathens. And from the faith of a devil, it is fully distin. guished by this, it is not barely a speculative, rational thing, a cold, lifeless assent, a train of ideas in the head; but also a disposition of the heart. For thus saith the Scripture, “With the heart man believeth unto righteousness.” And, “If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe with thy heart, that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved."
5. And herein does it differ from that faith which the apostles themselves had while our Lord was on earth, that it acknowledges the necessity and merit of his death, and the power of his resurrection. It acknowledges his death as the only sufficient means of redeeming man from death eternal, and his resurrection as the restoration of us all to life and immortality; inasmuch as he “ was delivered for our sins, and rose again for our justification.” Christian faith is then, not only an assent to the whole Gospel of Christ, but also a full reliance on the blood of Christ; a trust in the merits of his life, death, and re. surrection; a recumbency upon him as our atonement and our life, as given for us, and living in us. It is a sure confidence which a man hath in God, that through the merits of Christ, his sins are forgiven, and he reconciled to the favour of God: and, in consequence hereof,