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of their brethren in Babylon ; and preserved them from the repeated molestation which they had reason to expect from different quarters, if they remained defenceless in Judea. By this captivity was fully completed the desolation of the land, no more of its former inhabitants being now left in it, and all the numerous prophecies concerning it were amply fulfilled.
PROPHECY OF JEREMIAH AND EZEKIEL CONCERNING
From Jer. Chap. xlix.- Ezek. Chap. xxv.
Behold, the days come saith the Lord, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in Rabbah of the Ammonites : and it shall be a desolate heap, and her daughters shall be burned with fire : then shall Israel be heir unto them that were his heirs, saith the LORD
Howl, O Heshbon ; for Ai is spoiled: cry, ye daughters of Rabbal, gird you with sackcloth, lament, and run to and fro by the hedges : for their king shall go into captivity, and his princes together. .
Wherefore gloriest thou in the vallies, thy flowing vallies, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come unto me?
Behold, I will bring a fear upon thee, saith the Lord God of hosts, from all those that be about thee: and ye shall be driven out every man right forth, and none shall gather up him that wandereth.
And afterward I will bring again the captivity of the children of Ammon saith the LORD.
And the Lord said unto Ezekiel, say unto the Am. monites, Hear the word of the LORD GOD; Thus saith
of te lary,
the LORD God; because thou saidst, Aha, against my sanctuary, when it was profaned ; and against the land of Israel, when it was desolate : and against the house of Judah, when they went into captivity.
Behold, therefore I will deliver thee to the men of the east for a possession, and they shall set their palaces in thee, and make their dwellings in thee: they shall eat thy fruit, and they shall drink thy milk.
And I will make Rabbah a stable for camels, and the Ammonites a couching-place for flocks : and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
For thus saith the LORD God; because thou hast clapped thine hands, and stamped with the feet, and rejoiced in heart with all thy despite against the land of Israel; · Behold, therefore I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and will deliver thee for a spoil to the heathen; and I will cut thee off from the people, and I will cause thee to perish out of the countries: I will destroy thee; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.
ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS.
These prophecies were remarkably fulfilled, for when Nebuzar-adan liad completed the desolation of Judea, he marched against the Ammonites, and having destroyed Rabbah, their royal city, and made great desolation by fire and sword in that country, he carried their king, princes, and most of the inhabitants into captivity. This was done by the Babylonish general, to revenge the part they had taken in the murder of Gedaliah ; who at the same time that he punished the Ammonites for this crime in particular, inflicted those judgments which the prophets had foretold would fall on them for their idolatry and wickedness.
PROPHECIES AGAINST MOAB, EDOM, &c.
From Jer. Chap. xlviii. xlix. We have heard of the pride of Moab; he is very proud: even of his haughtiness, and his pride and his wrath : but his lies shall not be so.
Therefore shall Moab howl for Moab, every one shall howl: for the foundations of Kir-hareseth shall ye mourn, surely they are stricken.
For the fields of Heshbon languish and the vine of Sibmah: the lords of the heathen have broken down the principal plants thercof, they are come even unto Jazer, they wandered through the wilderness; her branches are stretched out, they are gone over the sea.
Against Moab thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel; Woe unto Nebo! for it is spoiled: Kiriathaim is confounded and taken ; Misgab is confounded and dismayed.
There shall be no more praise of Moab: in Heshbon they have devised evil against it: come, and let us cut it off from being a nation. Also thou shalt be cut down, O Madmen: the sword shall pursue thee.
A voice of crying shall be from Horonaim, spoiling and great destruction.
Moab is destroyed; her little ones have caused a cry to be heard.
For in the going up of Luhith continual weeping shall go up : for in the going down of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction.
Flee, save your lives, and be like the heath in the wilderness,
For because thou hast trusted in thy works and in thy treasures, thou shalt also be taken: and Chemosh shall go forth into captivity wlth his priests and his princes together.
And the spoiler shall come in every city, and no city shall escape: the valley also shall perish, and the plain shall be destroyed, as the Lord hath spoken.
Give wings unto Moab, that it may flee and get away: for the cities thereof shall be desolate, without any to dwell therein. · The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken saith the Lord.
Make ye him drunken ; for he magnified himself against the Lord. Moab also shall wallow in his vomit, and he also shall be in derision..
For was not Israel a derision unto thee; was he found among thieves ? for since thou spakest of him, thou skippedst for joy.
Oye that dwell in Moab, leave the cities, and dwell in the rock, and be like the dove that maketh her nest in the sides of the hole's mout!).
We have heard the pride of Moab, he is exceeding proud : his loftiness and his arrogancy, and his pride and the haughtiness of his heart.
I know his wrath, saith the Lord: but it shall not be so; his lies shall not so effect it.
Moreover, I will cause to cease in Moab, saith the Lorr, him that offereth in the high places, and him that burneth incense to his gods.
For every head shall be bald, and every beard clipped: upon all the hands shall be cuttings, and upon the loins sackcloth.
There shall be lamentation generally upon all the house tops of Moab, and in the streets thereof: for I
have broken Moab like a vessel wherein is no pleasáre, saith the Loud.,
And Moab shall be destroyed from being a people, because he hath magnified himself against the LORD.
Fear and the pit, and the snare, shall be upon thee, O inhabitant of Moab, saith the Lord.
He that fleeth from the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that getteth up out of the pit shall be taken in the snare; for I will bring upon it, even upon Moab, the year of their visitation saith the LORD.
They that fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon, because of the force; but a fire shall come forth out of Heshbon, and a flame from the midst of Sion, and shall devour the corner of Moab, and the crown of the head of the tumultuous ones.
Woe be unto thee, O Moab! the people of Chemosh perisheth; for thy sons are taken captives, and thy daughters captives.
Yet will I bring again the captivity of Moab in the latter days saith the LORD. Thus far is the judgment of Moab.
Concerning Edom, thus saith the Lord of hosts; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished ? Flee ye, turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitant of Dedan; for I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time that I will visit him.
If grape-gatherers come to thee, would they not leave soine gleaning grapes? if thieves by night, they will destroy till they have enough.
But I have made Esau bare, and he shall not be able to hide himself: his seed is spoiled, and his brethren and his neighbours, and he is not.
Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.