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The thirty-fifth meeting of the British Association was held at Birmingham in September. A list of the papers read before the Section of “Economic Science and Statistics" will be found in the Journal for December. The Section was presided over by Lord Stanley, whose opening address has been printed in the Journal. Of the papers read upon the same occasion, the Council bave selected several for publication in extenso; three were printed in the last number of the Journal, and the two others will forın part of the next.

In the Society's obituary for the last year, the names of three Fellows occur, whose services at an early period of our progress, the Council feel they cannot allow to pass unnoticed. Mr. Woronzow Greig was one of the first Honorary Secretaries of the Society, and continued to act in that capacity for some years. He rendered valuable assistance when assistance was most needed; and, though it is now some time since he took an active part in our proceedings, he continued to be a fellow up to the period of his decease.

Lord Monteagle bore a part, with many distinguished persons, in the formation of the Society, and always interested himself in its proceedings. In 1845, he was chosen President, and filled the chair during that and the following session.

The Society have sustained a more recent loss in the person of Dr. Whewell, the Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, a Member of the Council for the year just concluded, and one of the founders of the Society, and a man of eminence in many departments of science.

The figures given at the beginning of this report show that tk losses sustained by the Society have been more than made good by fresh candidates for admission; and that the receipts of the year have been amply sufficient to meet all ordinary demands.

Since the auditors made their report upon the accounts of the past year, the Council have purchased in the names of the Trustees, sool. new 3 per cent. By this transaction the funded property of the Society has been raised to 1,100l.

The Council congratulate the Society on the Report which they are enabled to present.

The President moved the adoption of the Report, together with the Abstract of Receipts and Payments, and the Auditors' Report.

The Resolution having been seconded, was carried unanimously.

A Ballot was then taken for the election of a President, Council, and Officers, for the ensuing twelvemonths, and the following was declared to be the list, viz.:

COUNCIL AND OFFICERS FOR 1866-67.

President.
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE LORD HOUGHTON.

Council. Major-General Balfour, C.B.

Frederick Hendriks
Right Hon. Lord Belper

James Heywood, M.A., F.R.S.
A. J. Beresford Beresford-Hope, M.P. William Barwick Hodge
Sir John P. Boileau, Bart., F.R.S. Charles Jellicoe
William John Bovill

Professor W. S. Jevons, M.A.
Samuel Brown

Francis Jourdan William Camps, M.D.

Professor Leone Levi, F.S.A. Edwin Chadwick, C.B.

William Golden Lumley, LL.M. David Chadwick

Matthew Henry Marsh, M.P. Leonard Henry Courtney

George Moffat, M.P.
William Ewart, M.P.

William Newmarch, F.R.S.
William Farr, M.D., D.C.L., F.R.S. Frederick Purdy
Right Hon. Earl Fortescue

Professor J. E. Thorold Rogers, M.A. William Augustus Guy, M.B.

Colonel W. H. Sykes, M.P., F.R.S.
James Thomas Hammick

John Walter
The names of the New Members of the Council are printed in Italics.

Treasurer.
William Farr, M.D., D.C.L., F.R.S.

Honorary Socretaries.
William Augustus Guy, M.B. 1 William Golden Lumley, LL.M.

Frederick Purdy.

Mr. Tayler moved a vote of thanks to the President, Council, and Officers, for their services during the past year, which was carried unanimously.

A vote of thanks to the Chair brought the proceedings to a close.

The Auditors made the following Report:

“ STATISTICAL SOCIETY,
« 12, ST. JAMES' SQUARE,

“ London, 31st January, 1866.

" The Auditors appointed to examine the Accounts for the year 1865

“ REPORT :

“ That they have carefully compared the Entries in the Books, with the Vouchers for the same, from the 1st January to the 31st December, 1865, and find them correct. The Receipts (including a Balance from 1864, of 1751. 38. 10d.) have been 1,0961. 6s. 7d., and the Payments 7941. 128. -d., leaving a Balance in favour of the Society of 3011. 14s. 7d.

“ They have also examined the statement of Assets and Liabilities prepared by the Council; the former amount to 1,9781. 198. 2d., and the latter to 1041. 148. -d., leaving a Balance in favour of the Society of 1,8741. 5s. 2d.

“ They also find that at the end of the year 1864, the number of Fellows was 365, of whom 11 Died, 7 Resigned, and 6 are Defaulters; and that 26 new Fellows were elected during the year, leaving 367 as the number on the list, 31st December, 1865.

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The statement of Receipts and Payments, and Assets and Liabilities, is as follows:

(I.)-RECEIPTS and PAYMENTS of the STATISTICAL SOCIETY for the Year 1865.

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Balance in Bank, 31st £167 3

December, 1865......5 Balance in hands of Assis- 2 18 4

tant Secretary .......s Balance of Advertisement).

Cash in hands of Assis. 5 2 6 tant Secretary .......)

- -

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1865. Dividends on Consols ......... Subscriptions, viz. :

Arrears-6 at £2 28... £12 12 271 for 1865 , 2 28... 569 2 1 for 1866-7-8-9 2 28... 8 8

--4 Compositions at £21.

... Journal Sales in account of 1864, per

publisher ......................) Journal Sales in account)

of 1865, per publisher £115 - 7

and Assistant Secretary) Advertisements in the

32 14 Journal ............]

PAYMENTS.

£ 6. d. Rent........................... 75 Salaries ........................ 186 - Printing Journal ...... £346 16 Making Index to Journal 4 4

351 - . Advertising Journal and Meeting ... 31 6 6 Ordinary Meetings, viz.

Refreshments ......... £7 9 5.
Attendants........... 6 8 -
Diagrams ............ 10 19 6
Other Expenses ...... 9 12 -

34 811 Library (books and bookbinding) ... 13 12 1 Stationery and Miscellaneous Printing 34 8 6 Postage (Letters, Journals, &c.) .... 20 15 Fire and Light .......

10 10 5 Furniture and Repairs ............ 15 7 9 Other Incidental Expenses ......... 23 2 11 Balance in Bank, 31st December, 1865 296 18 4 Balance of Petty Cash

in hands of Assistant £- - 3

Secretary .......... Balance of Advertise

ment Cash in hands of 4 16 Assistant Secretary ..)

4 16 3

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£1,096 16 7

(II.)–Balance Sheet of Assets and LIABILITIES on 31st DECEMBER, 1865.

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LIABILITIES.

£ s. d. £ s. d. Printing Journal for Dec., 90 -

(say) ................ Preparing Index .......... 4 4

94 4 Books .................

4 17 6 Stationery and Miscel 5 126 laneous Printing ......s

- 10 10 Balance in favour of Society .... 1,874 5 2

Cash Balance ........ £296 18 4 Petty Cash Balance ... - - 3 Advertisement Cash 4 16 Balance .........s

-Investments :3 per Cent. Consols 4300 -

(3281. 15s. 4d.).. } * New 3 per Cents. Era (6711. 14s. 8d.)..}

•} 657 4.7

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On the STATISTICAL PROGRESS of the KINGDOM of Italy.

By SAMUEL BROWN, V.P.S.S.

[Read before the Statistical Society, 20th March, 1866.]

.

192

202

CONTENTS:
PAGE

PAGE 1-General Description of the King.

APPENDIX. dom of Italy ..............

I_Territory of Italy IL- Weights and Measures ....... 199

I.-- Population of the Kingdom of Italy III.-Statistical Department of the

according to the Census, Ist Kingdom of Italy ..................

200

January, 1862 ........ IV.-Territory ..............

201 III.-Finance and Public Debt of the

Kingdom of Italy, Budgets for V. - Population ..............................

1864, 1865, and 1866 ............ 228 VI.- Registry of Population. 201 IV -Ordinary National Roads

228 V.-Italian Railroads in 1863..

229 VII.-Movement of the Population ......

204

VI.--State Railroads in 1862 compared VIII.-Army

with 1861.

VII.- Telegraphs of Italy, France, SuitzerIX-Nary...

207

land, and Belgium compared ...... X-Finance and Public Debts ......... 208 VIIL-Societies for Mutual Aid (Friend y

Societies), 1862 ...... X-Means of Communication

910

IX-Friendly Societies. Rates of Mor. XII.-Railroads

211

tality and Sickness in Fifty-eight

Societies in 1862 ... XIII.- Telegraphs ........

919

X-Commercial, Industrial, and Credit XIV.-Post Office .....

Companies, 1865.....

XI.-Commerce of Italy. Total Value of XV.-Societies for Mutual Aid (Friendly

Imports and Exports in 1858, or
Societies)

Nearest Date of Returns previous XVI.-Education

to the Union ......

236 XVII.-Coiomercial, Industrin., and Credit

XII.-Commerce of Italy. Imports and

Exports in 1861........... .............. 233 Companies ...

XIII.-Commerce of Great Britain with XVIII.--Natural Products of the Soil ...... 215

Italy. Trade and Navigation XIX.-Commerce

Accounts of the United Kingdom .................................. 218

for the Year ending 31st DecemXX-Conclasion ...

223

ber, 1865....

Exports of Italy:

XIII.

......... 234

I.- General Description of the Kingdom of Ilaly. ITALY, if taken in its fullest extent, as claimed by recent Italian writers, may be considered to comprise the whole of the Peninsula, which lies between the Mediterranean and the Adriatic, bounded on the north by the immense semicircle of the Alps, as well as the different islands which surround it and naturally belong to it by locality and population.

The length of the Peninsula from Mont Blanc to Cape Spartivento is 1,240 kilometres = 771 English miles.

The Kingdom of Italy now includes the greater part of this territory. In the statistical tables the similar facts relating to the Venetian and Roman provinces as well as to the other parts of Italy under foreign dominion, are generally given for comparison.

The geographical position of Italy affords it singular advantages, lying between 47° and 36°; its northern provinces yield the same class of products as the central parts of France, whilst in the south,

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