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A Genealogical Account of Scot, Earl of Doncaster: THE noble peer who now enjoys of his majesty's forces, lord lieute
1 the title of earl of Doncaster, nant of the East riding of Yorkshire, is the great-grandson of James duke governor of the town and citadel of of Mormouth and Buccleuch, and Hull, and chief justice in eyre of all earl of Doncaster, natural son of his majelly's forests and chaces south king Charles II. by Mrs. Lucy Wal- of Trent; and in 1672 he was conters, daughter of Richard Walters, ficuted, lord, high chamberlain, of Esq. The duke of Monmouth was Scotland... born in Holland, on the ninth, of The same year he commanded the April 1649, and went by the name fix thousand Englih and Scots who of James Croft, till his majesty's re- joined the French army on the fronstoration. In the year 1662, the tiers of Holland, and was made lieu. king fent for him over into England, tenant-general of the forces of and an apartment was assigned him Lewis XIV. He was at the taking at Whitehall. The next year his of Rhineburgh, Daelburgh, and majesty created him baron of Tin- Zutphen, and at the reduciion of dale, earl of Doncaster, and duke of Utrecht, where the French king Monmouth, and made him a knight kept his court for some time. In of the most noble order of the gar- the year 1673 he was at the siege of ter. The same year he married the Maestricht, and commanded at the lady Anne, only daughter and heir attack of the counterscarp.. The of Francis earl of Buccleuch, one of town being taken, 'the duke, with the largest fortunes in Great Britain, the Britim forces withdrew, it noe Upon his marriage with this lady he, being thought confiftent with the afumed the name of Scot, and they interest of England, to afist ihe were created duke and duchess of French in making an entire conquest Buccleuch in Scotland. He was ap- of the United, Provinces. ..., pointed master of the horse to his The duke was elected chancellor majesty in 1665, and captain of the of the university of Cambridge in life-guards in 1668. On the death 1674, and, as he had formerly of his grace the duke of Albernarle commanded the forces sent to the in 1669, he was constituted general attillance of the French against the April, 1764.
Dd Dutch, Dutch, he made a campaign under rung the bells, made bonfires, as the prince of Orange, in the year if they had received the news of 1678, against the French, and was some great victory; but the duke, at the attack of the Abby of St. having left Flanders without the Denis.
king's leave, did not think it proThe field-conventiclers in Scot- per to attend the court : and soon Jand breaking out into rebellion in after his friends in London, Shaftsthe year 1679, and having assembled bury, Russel, and several other pera very formidable force, the duke of sons of distinction, presented the Monmouth was sent down to sup- duke of York as a recusant, which press them; and giving the insur- made that prince their professed gents battle at Bothwell-bridge on enemy. The king calling the next the twenty-second of June, totally parliament to meet at Oxford, the defeated them, taking a great num- duke of Monmouth, the earl of ber of prisoners, among whom were Effex, and several other lords, peseveral of the murderers of the titioned his majesty that the parlia. bishop of St. Andrew ; and, return. ment might not fit at Oxford, where ing to court in triumph, appeared they suggested the houses could not at that time very high in the king's act with freedom; but that he would favour. Nor was he less in the fa- be pleased to order them to fit at vour of the people, on his appearing Weltminster, the usual place, where at the head of what was called the they might consult and act with protestant party, and shewing an safety. uncommon zeal against those who The king frowned on the petiti. were accused of the popish plot ; oners, and gave them no answer; and but the king falling sick, and the the parliament accordingly met at ,duke of York being sent for over Oxford on the twenty-first of March from the Netherlands, and finding 1680-1, where a bill was brought in the duke of Monmouth had render- for excluding the duke of York from ed himself exceeding popular, was the crown, and securing the nation apprehensive of his having an eye against a popish succession. When upon the crown : he procured him this bill was ordered to be read a fetherefore to be dismissed from all cond time, the king came to the his places, and sent abroad; but house, and made a speech, wherein the king recovering from his illness, he observed, That their beginnings thought it convenient that the duke were such, that he could expect no of York should return to Flanders good success from their debates, and before the meeting of the parlia. therefore dissolved them; and a ment. Accordingly the duke of plot, called the Ryehouse plot, beYork resided at Brussels, and the ing discovered at this time, the earls duke of Monmouth at Utrecht. of Shaftsbury and Effex, lord Russel, But the latter on a sudden returned col. Sydney, and several others, from Holland without the king's were taken into custody as conspira leave, and arriving in London on tors, and soon after the duke of the 27th of November, about mid. Monmouth ; but the king being fanight, the watch gave notice of it tisfied that he was not concerned in to the several wards. The people the Ryehouse plot, granted a pardon immediately illuminated their houses, to his grace, who thereupon went
over to Holland, where he remained 1685. His whole force, including till the death of king Charles II. officers, did not exceed two hundred which happened on the sixth of men ; but, having brought arms February, 1684-5.
for five thoufand more, and great The duke of Monmouth being numbers of the country people join. strongly poffefied with an opinion ing him, his forces foon became very that his mother was married to king formidable, the militia constantly Charles Il. and that he had conse- flying before him. quently an undoubted right to the The duke marched from Lime British crown, advised with the earl a-cross the country to Taunton-dean of Argyle, and the rest of his friends in Somersetshire, where he caused in Holland, on the probability of himself to be proclaimed king, and making a successful descent on the set a price upon the head of James II. coast of England, and asserting his as the latter had done upon that of right to that throne. They were the former, and also attainted him pretty unanimous as to the probą. of high treason in the parliament bility of success, the duke being so then fitting. This being known to exceeding popular, and the nation the duke, he ftiled the parliament a in general jealous of the king's de- seditious assembly in the declaration sign to introduce popery: but part he published. After staying a little of his friends were of opinion that time at Taunton-dean, he advanced tbiogs were not yet ripe; that it would to Bridgwater, and continued his be better to wait till the king had march towards Bath and Bristol; made some advances towards the al. bot, receiving advice that a body of teration of religion, and the people's regular troops was in full march for: fears of popery were heightened. the west, he thought proper to reOthers, on the contrary, insisted, turn to Bridgwater, and soon after that they were more likely to fuc- the king's forces arrived within four ceed if they made the attempt before or five miles of that town, commandthe king was well settled in the ed by the earl of Feversham and throne, and while the duke's interest lord Churchill, afterwards duke of was so considerable in England. Marlborough, and encamped on This debate was at last terminated Sedgmore. The duke of Monmouth in favour of an immediate descent; being informed of their arrival, and and the earl of Argyle immediately also that the officers spent their embarked in order to make a di- nights in drinking, and that their version in Scotland to favour the outguards were very negligent in duke's descent, Every thing being their duty, he formed a delign for thus agreed, the duke hired a frigate surprising the camp of the royalists of thirty-two guns, and three small in the night-time; but his guides, tenders, one of which was detained either through ignorance or treain Holland by the application of the chery, led the duke's forces so far English minister to the states. The round about, that it was broad dayduke, however, proceeded in his light before they reached the camp voyage with the frigate and two of the royalists, whom they found tenders; and after a tedious and drawn up ready to receive them, stormy passage, reached. Lime in The duke's foot, however, fought Dorsethire on the eleventh of June, very gallan:ly, and bid fair for vic