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pointed for laying down their well as an illustrious monument of arms; the soldiers exclaiming, our national power and renown. with tears in their eyes, that As the season for naval action " they surrendered them to God began to open, great threats were alone;" and at the fame time held out, of the mighty effects to seeming to derive great consola- be produced by a combination of tion from the opinion, that the the whole naval force of France, victors could not boast of their Spain, and Holland; whose upita conquest in taking an hospital. ed fleets, it was said, to the amount This circumstance of the indig- of more than sixty ships of the nation and grief expressed by the line, would sweep the coasts of British troops on laying down their Europe, from the Straits of Gibarms, was mentioned in terms of raltar to the extremities of Noradmiration, and of the highest ho- way, and spread desolation and nour to the garrison, in the Spa- ruin along the coasts of Great nilh accounts which were publith- Britain and Ireland, in their pared of this transaction.
sage to and froin the northern The generous sympathy shewn ocean. Unequal as our home force by the enemy upon this occasion, was to withitand this formidable and their nuble humanity after, comtination, it becanıe an object was no less highly to their honour, of the first importance to letren It has been afsured, by an autho- the effect by preventing the enrity not be questioned, that fe- tire completion of the union, which veral of the common soldiers of was only to be done by keeping both armies, were so moved by the such a watch upon the Dutch wretched conditior, of the garri- feet as would disable them from fon, that involuntary, tears drop- penetrating the Channel, in their ped from them as they paired. The way to join our more southern subsequent humanity, kindness, enemies at Breit, which was the and tenderness, Thewn by the Duke appointed place of rendezvous. de Crillon, the Count of the fame. Neccilary and important, howname and family, and the Baron ever, as the attention to this obde Falkinbayn, who commanded ject was, it could not but greatly the French troops, in their conti- restrain and weaken our exertions pued supply of all necessaries to on the coasts of France and Spain, the fick, and their unremitted at- and particularly increase that fetention to their recovery, was be- curity to their convoys, which, yond all praise. Such acts “fof- through their successes in the war, si ten the rugged' front of war,” and general superiority at sea, were and tend to wear away all traces of now far more frequent and nume, rational enmity.
rous than they ever had been beSuch was the fate of the island fore in any contest with this counof Minorca, near sourscore years try. Under the pressure of this after its reduction by English arms double neceffity, of equally proand valour to the dominion of this viding with an inferior force for country; and after being long all the services and contingencies Cúnfidered as one of the splendid which might occur on either side jewels of the British crown, as of the Channel, from the Naze of
Norway to the bottom of the Bay Jarvis, in the Foudroyant, so far of Biscay, it required the most con. outstripped all the rest, that when fummate judginent in the new ad might came on, with hazy and miralty, then just formed, as well very blowing weather, he soon as all the naval ability, by which lost them entirely; but he kept a our home commanders were at full view of the enemy, and purthat time so highly diftinguished, fued them with unremitting vito mete out their attention and gour. itrergth to either object with fo The chaced fleet consisted of fready a hand and so nice a ba- 18 fail, laden with stores, prolance, that no loss inight be fuf- visions, ammunition, and contained, or poffible advantage veying a confiderable number of mited, on the one side, through troops for the supply and reinany error or excess in the portion forcement of the French fleet and of either allotted to the other. forces in the East Indies; being
This plan of operation, though particularly designed to supply the principally defensive, by no means loss of that convoy which had been excluded the design of seizing taken by Admiral Kempenfeldt in every favourable opportunity of the preceding winter. They had active service and adventure which failed from Brest only the day might come in the wav; birt fo as before, and were under the pronot to lose fight of the main ob- tection of the Protecteur and Pejeéts.
gafé, of 74 guns each, L'ActionIt indeed commenced with ex. aire, of 64 guns, but armed ex ertion. While the rest of the fute, and a frigate.. home fleet was in a state of more The Foudroyant gaining so fast
or less preparation, upon the chace, that it became April 13th, Admiral
th, Admiral Barrington evident they could not get off 702 failed from Ports- without an engagement, the conmouth for the Bay, with 12 fajl voy was dispersed by signal, and of the line; and having arrived the two French 74 gun fhips have fomething less than a day's failing consulted, it was determined to the fouth-west of Umant, Capt. that as the Protecteur had a large Macbride, in the Artois frigate, quantity of money on board, the made a fignal of discovering an fhould make the best of her way; enemy's fieet. The Arlois was and that, if fighting was ineso far a-head, that although it vitable, the Pegate Tould abide was about noon, it was with the the consequences. This deterutmost difficulty the admiral could mination afforded an opportunity diftinguish the colour of the fag for one of the most signal actions which she hoisted. The fignal of the present war, and for plac
w for a general chace being ing the professional skill and gal20 immediately thrown out, Tantry of Captain Jarvis in the the enemy began to be visible most conspicuous point of view. about three o'clock fromthe The two thips were well matchmait-head; and the admiral's ed in point of force and condition. thip, the Britannia, was foon left Both were fresh from port; and far behind by several of the if a superiority in number of fix prime failers. Of thelé, Capt. guns, in such' high rates, could
be be thought any great matter of could put an officer and 80 men advantage on the side of the Fou- on board the French fhip, and droyant, it was probably fully bring off about 40 of the prisoners.
compensated by the weight of Thele circumstances, along with · metal on the other. A little be- the Bhattered condition of the
fore one in the morning, Captain prize, and the difficulty of keepJarvis came up with, and closely ing together, began to render her engaged, the Pegafé, commanded situation, in more respects than by the Chevalier de Sillans. The one, critical; but the Queen man action was extremely fierce while of war coming in light foon after it lasted; but within less than an day-light, took upon her the hour from its coinmencement, charge of the disabled thip; which Capt, Jarvis laid the French thip was the more tiinely, as the Fouaboard on the larboard quarter, droyant and they luon loft fight of and the Pegafé was compelled to each other in the hard gale which surrender. Nothing could afford ensued. a more striking instance of the The chace, along with the hard decided superiority of seamanihip weather, had so greatly scattered and discipline on the one side, the British squadron, that the and of the great effects which they Admiral was obliged to bring 10, are capable of producing, than and continue in that position for hę circumstances of this aäion. forty-eight hours, in order to colThe carnage in the Pegasé was left the ships. In the mean time, beyond any thing that could have the pursuers were neither Pack been supposed in to mort an actiun. por unsuccessful in their chace; Above fourscore men were killed, about a dozen ships of the convoy, and a great number wounded. with leveral hundred troops on The damage to the Mip was pro- board, being brought safe to Engportioned to the destruction of the land. The weather becoming men. Hull, mafts, and yards, more favourable on the morning of were all materially injured. On the day after the separation of the the other fide, the dairage to the Foudrovant, Capt. Maitland, of Foudroyant was very tuilling; the Queen, had already taken out not a ma was killed; Capt. Jar- about 300 of the prisoners, and vis himself, and a few seamen sent an officer with a party of men only, were wounded; his wound to reinforce those which Captain was flight, and none of the others Jarvis had put on board the Pemortal. It seemed peculiar, that galé, when a large man of war ! the Protecteur and Pegafé, the appeared in light, which the guard of the present convoy, were French officers allured him to be witnesses to the loss of the former, their late confort, the Protecteur, under the fame destination, when of 74 guns. taken by Admiral Kempenfeldt. Captain Maitland ordered the
The weather was so boisterous, Pegale, and a cutter he happened and the sea fo extremely rough, to have in company, to make the that it was with the utmost diffi best of their way to the first conculty, and attended with the loss venient port in England, and, of iwo buats, that Captain Jarvis incuinbered as he was with pri
soners, immediately pursued the The accounts which were rem enemy. After a chace of fourteen ceived abouc this time of Sir hours, he came up in the night George Rodney's decisive victory with the French ihip, and atter in the West Indies, of Sir Eyre pouring in his broadlide, and re- Coote's successes in the East, and ceiving hers, was much surprised of the taking of Nega patam and to find that fue itruck her colours. Trincomale, served, along with But, iosted of the Protecteur, the confidence founded on the the prize (much to the disap- new adminitration, greatly to pointment of the cap:ain and raise the spirits and hope of the his lip's company) proved to be nation; which in deed had fuftithe Actionaire, arined, as we have cient Occasion for despondency, observed, on fute, but commanded under a series of such unfortunate by an officer of rank and repli- events as are hitherto unequalled tation, and having 250 seamen in our history. and 550 foldiers on board; of Enviro ed as we were by pow. which number nine were killed, erful cnemies, both on the north and twenty-five wounded, by the and the south side of ibe Channel, fiogle broadtide she received. This it was impoffible, with so interior thip was in all respects, both as an a force at once to guard against acquifition and a lofs to the ene. their designs, and to provide at my, a very valuable prize, having the faine time for the effectual a great quantity of naval and ord- preservation, in all its parts, of riance fores on board, belides, our commerce. Upon the return wine, rum, provisions, and seve- of Admiral Barrington's fqua. ral cheits of money. Capt. Mait. dson, Admiral Kempenfeldt failed land now had his hands luficiently with eight or nine thips of the full; for besides the management line, to supply their a of two great thips, with the crew place in the bay; and Day 34.
May 3d. only of one, he was involved in intelligence being received that the care of no less than 1100 pri- the Dutch were preparing with foners. The accidental coming their whole force to come out of up of the Latona frigate, served, the, Texel, with a view, in the in a considerable degree, to lessen first instance, of convoying their tais embarrassment.
great outward - bound Acers of The continuance of bad wea. merchanımen out of danger, and ther obliged Admiral Barrington then of proceeding theinfelves tu to finish this short but very luc- fulfil the scheme of joining our cessful cruize, hy returning to fouthern combined enemies, Lord England towards The close of the Howe was obliged, in a week month. Neither the Queen ship after Kempenfelde's departure, to of war nor the prizes bad joined proceed with a quadron of about the squadron before their return. a dozen ships of the line, from It was much to the satisfaction of Portsmouth to the coaits of Hol. the public that the order of the land, in the hope of intercepting, Bath was immediately after .cou- or at least of confining the enemy, ferred on the gallant Sir John and of effectually frustrating any Jarvis.
designs he might have formed
upon our North Sea and Baltic masters of the sea, from the mouth trade.
of the Straits to Ufant, were able The Dutch fleet had already to dispatch their great outwardfailed; but the intelligence of bound convoys, and to receive Lord Howe's movement obliged their homeward, with the utmost them to return hasily to the Texel. facility and safety; while we were After cruizing near a month upon under no small apprehenfion for the Dutch coasts, the squadron the fafety of a rich and great congrowing very fickly, being parti voy from Jamaica, which was on cularly affected by an epiden.ic its way home, under the care of disorder, which the extraordinary Admiral Sir Peter Parker, with bad weather of that summer had only three ships of the line for its rendered generally prevalent, both protection. Lord Howe failed by sea and land, and finding that from Portsmouth early in July, the Dutch fhewed no manner of accompanied by the Admirals disposition to venture out of the Barrington, Sir J. L. Ross, and Texel, Lord Howe returned to Kempenfeldt ; but these distinPortsmouth, where being joined guished commanders had only 22 by the thips from the Bay, under thips of the line to support their Admiral Kempenfeldt, every dif- designs and adventure, while the patch was used in preparing the coinbined fleets were cruizing fleet to oppose the designs of the about the chops of the Channel combined enemy; who were soon with more than double their expected to appear at the mouth force. of the Channel.
Lord Howe kept to the westM. de Guichen had been for ward of the enemy, in order to some time at Cadiz, from whence protect and receive the Jamaica he and Don Cordova, with about fleet; and it required all the dex25 French and Spanish fhips of terity and professional skill which the line, failed in the beginning eminently diftinguished that noof June, and in their progress to bleman, and the commanders act. the northward, while they ex- ing along with him, to secure this pected to be joined by the squa- object, and at the fame time to drons from Brest and other ports, avoid being forced into an enthey fell in with our outward- gagement, where the vast fupebound Newfoundland and Quebec riority of force against him, could fleets, which were under the con- not but produce some degree of voy of Admiral Campbell, who, its proper effect. Sir Pcter Parker in a 50 gun fhip, accompanied by arrived safe with his convoy by fome frigates, was going to his the end of July; the combined command at the former of thele enemy derived as little advantage ftations, for the protection of the from this as they had from their fishery. About 18 of the convoy, pieceding adventures upon the laden chietly, if not entirely, Channel ; and the Dutch fleet still with provisions, were taken ; the continued unable to join them. firips of war, with the remainder, · The return of the fleet to Portshad the good fortune to escape. mouth was marked by a calamity The enemy being now entire of the most grievous kind, and