obtaining subscriptions to crect a monu

SOUTK CAROLISA. ment to the memory of the illustrious By a census recently taken, there are; Washington.

.. in the city of Charleston, of resident inha. At a meeting of the cultivators of the bitants, 11,229 whites, 1,200 free people of Lawler wheat, at New Baltimore, on the colour, 11,515 slaves : total, 22,944. The 27th of May, it was resolved, that in con• exports from Charleston, from the 1st Ocsequence of the exemption of the Lawler tober, 1816, to 1st April, 1817, were wheat from the ravages of the Hessian 44,030 bales Upland Cotton ; 8,028 Sea Fly, well attested for many years, a com- Island, do.; 30,701 tierces Rice; 542 hhds. mittee be appointed to prepare such a state. Tobacco. Much of the produce of ment of facts on the subject, together with South Carolina is thrown into the Sa. such certificates of particular experi- vannah market, by means of the navigaments, as may be worthy of notice, and tion of Savannah river. This circumstance calculated to furnish important informa- will account for the difference of the quan. tion to the public.

tity of cotton exported from Savannah and The wheat crops are like to be abund. this place. ant in Virginia. In the western parts of On the 17th May a large ball of fire, or the state, the Fly has not appeared, and meteor, was seen in the upper part of St. even where it has, the plentiful rains re- John's, Berkley, about fifty or sixty miles cently have revived the drooping grain. from town. Soon after its first appearance,

The population of Richmond, by a late it was heard to explode, with a noise, at computation, is 14,338. Increase since 1810 first, like the discharge of a heavy piece of from 4 to 5000.

ordnance; and afterwards emitting a sound Richmond Inspection, for six months, similar to a volley of musketry. The ex. ending April 30th, 102,924 barrels, super- plosion was heard at a distance of 25 fine flour; 340 half do. do; 12,035 bbls. miles, and 80, and 100, and even at Abbefine do; 1796 do. X middlings; 213 do. ville, which is 200 miles distant. do ; 245 do. s. stuff; 255 do. condemned. On the 17th inst. within 17 miles of total 17,809.

Camden, there was a violent storm of thunMarried.] At Norfok, Butler Maury, der, lightning, rain, and hail; some of the Esq. to miss Frances Sawyer. Mr. Arthur bail as large as pigeon's eggs. The shower Tavlor to miss Ann Saunders. Doctr. covered an extent of ten miles in circum. John C. Webb to miss Eliza Bressie. At fcrence. Alexandria, nr. George Carson, mer. to

GEORGIA. miss Eliza Knox. At Manchester, mr.

r. The Mayor of Savannah bas issued a David Sargent, of Marlboro, N. H. to mrs.

• Proclamation, directing that all vessels Drusilla Lerowe, of Boston.

coming from Havannah or the islands of Died. 7 In Virginia, mr. Reuben Vaug- Barbadoes and St. Thomas, be brought to, han, aged 85. Mrs. Siddons, aged 70. at Fort Jackson, there to be examined by She was so affected with her son's carry: the Health Officer. This measure is adopt. ing to market a favourite calf she had ed in consequence of the unusual sickness raised, that as soon as the calf was out of prevailing in those places. sight she hung herself..

The lands on the Alabama are in a NORTH CAROLINA.

flourishing state; and since the settlement In North Carolina, not the cut-worm, nor of the disputed claims, promise a rapid the fiy,but the heavy rains, have done much increase of population and wealth. The damage to the crops. The May wheat bas importation to Mobile, coastwise, during been very much injured. Such of it as was the last year, principally from Boston, ripe, has been rotted on the stalk. Great New York, and New Orleans, is estimated quantities of corn that had just begun to at a million of dollars. grow, have been completely washed out of According to the Census just taken, the the ground, and the low lands where it population of Milledgeville exceeds 1700, was planted, inundated. If this food lias being an increase of about a third since extended all over the state, a hard winter 1810. The mortality during the last year is anticipated.

was but twenty-four ; making the proporMarried. 9 At Wilmington, Hon. Wil.

Hon wit tion of annual deaths to the whole number lis Alston, of Halifax, to miss Saralı M.

of inhabitants one in seventy! In Russia, Potts, of Smithville.

· which is the healthiest part of Europe, Died 1 At Wilmington, Doctor James tical writers, that one sixtieth of the inha.

it is estimated, by the best informed statisLaroque, aged 73.

þifants die yearly in Norway 1 to 48-in

Great Britaip 1 in 35-in France 1 in 30. During the six months next preceding
The deaths in large towns bear a still April last, 1700 bales of cotton were ship.
greater proportion to the population, being ped at Mobile, and about the same quanti.
in New York and Philadelphia 1 in 40 or ty remained to be shipped. The trade of
45, in St. Petersburg 1 in 28, in Paris 1 in the present year is expected to be more
23, and in London, 1 in 21! It thus ap. than double that of the past. The trade
pears, that most erroneous opinions have of Madison county will be to Mobile. The
bitherto prevailed, particularly at a dis. navigation to this place has been explored,
tance, respecting the salubrity of Mil. and the merchants of Madison county cal-
ledgeville. It is worthy of remark, that, culated their loss at 50,000 dolls. the last
of the deaths last year, not a single adult year, by not shipping to Mobile the goods
fell a victim to the Billious Fever, that purchased at New-York.
dreadful scourge of warm climates.

Military preparations are making in
Georgia, for the purpose of quelling the

Gov. M‘Minn, of this state, Gen. Jackson, Florida Indians.

and Gen. Meriwether, of Georgia, bave been The exports from Savannah, from the appoin

the appointed commissioners to negotiate with 1st of October 1816, to the 1st of April

the Cherokees, an exchange of lands on

1 White River for all the territory claimed by 1817, were 54,452 bales Upland Cotton ;

that tribe in Georgia and Tennessee. 15,436 do. Sea Island ; 11,715 tierces Rice; 1,586 hhds. Tobacco.

KENTUCKY. George M. Bibbe, Esq. of Georgia, has 'The steam-boat, wbich arrived at Natches been appointed governor of the new Terri. on the 10th of March, from Shippingport in. tory of Alabama.

this state, passed, in its course down the Ohio' The Secretary of the Treasury of the and Mississippi, upwards of 500 boats, barges, United States has communicated to the &c. It must be a profitable trace to NewGovernor of this state an account of a spe. U

Orleans, that can employ so much tonpage. cies of grass, called Lupenella, some seeds

Loammi Baldwin, esq. of Massachusetts, of which he has received from our Consul

has been surveying the ground round the

Falls of the Ohio, on the Kentucky side of at Leghorn. It is represented as the

the river, for the purpose of ascertaining the finest grass cultivated in Italy, and is par.

practicability and expense of a canal in that ticularly calculated for land that has been

has been place. He has reported at much length, and impoverished by crops. Three years cul. gives his opinion ihat a canal for keel-boat tivation of this grass is said to enrich the navigation, which is, he thinks, most expepoorest land to such a degree, as to pro- dient, can be constructed for $240,000. duce two abundant successive crops. It

OHIO. affords excellent food for cattle, and is much preferred by them to hay. It is cut

State of Ohio vs. Isaac Evans. Indictment with a sickle to avoid shaking off the blos

for passing an unauthorized bank note, on

ose the Owl Creek bank of Mount Vernon. Desoms.

cision that the note was not money, and Married. 7 At Waynesborough, John the defendant discharged. Whitehead, Esq. to miss Abby L. Sturges On the 25th of April last, the Chief Judge of Fairfield, Conn.

of the Supreme Court of the State of Obio, Died. 7 At Savannah, Capt. John Smith, was fined one dollar and fifty cents, for not of Hampton, Vir. John Morse, merchant, attending a militia muster, as a private senaged 28.

tinel, in strict conformity to the laws of the

State of Ohio.
The suits recently instituted in the Uni.

INDIANA. ted States' District Court, by the heirs of,

of There is now residing in the county of Livingston and Fulton, against certain in

Wayne, in this state, a girl 17 years of age, dividuals, for violating the patentee's ex.

that weighs 335 pounds. clusive privilege of navigating the river

The Governor of this state has recognised

the bank of Vincennes as the state bank. Mississippi by steam, was dismissed by the Hon. D. A. Hall, judge of said Court,

MISSOURI TERRITORY. on the ground that said Court had not Not far from the bank of Quicaurrie river, competent jurisdiction.

150 or 160 miles from its confluence with . MISSISSIPPI.

the Missouri, a large number of bones bave

been found, which are supposed to have be. The trade of Mobile is rapidly increas. longed to the Mammoth. The shoulder-blade ing. The importations of last year, chief- is said to be four feet long and three broad. ly coast-wise from Boston, New York, and Died.] At Belle Fontaine, capt. Edmand New Orleans, are estimated at $1,000,000. Shipp, of the rise regiment..




MATECHISM of Political Economy, or Fa- condition of his own country. Indeed, the very

U miliar Conversations on the manner in extraordinary circumstances in which Great Briwhich Wealth is produced, distributed, and tain has been placed, have called forth a multiconsumed in Society, by JEAN BAPTISTE SAY, tude of pens intent upon their melioration, and Professor of Political Economy, in the ATHE: given rise to an infinitude of political speculations NEE Royal,' of Paris, &c. &c. Translated

ated embodying important facts, but all too closely

connected with the occasion of their origin, not from the French, by John Richter. Phila

to lose much of their merit when detached from delphia. M. Carey and Son. New York,

ork, it. Ganibl's able work on political economy, has Kirk and Mercein. 8vo. pp. 183.

done much towards fixing the standard princiThis is a very sensible and useful work, -as far not shrink from the labour of investigation : it

ples of this science, and will interest all who do as it goes. It is, however, merely elementary, has, moreover, lessened that labour. We have and does not even touch upon many important; subjects, much less does it descend to minute ieci, entitled · Conversations on Political Eco

very lately seen a popular treatise on thiş subparticulars on any point. The author, frequent

ut nomy,' in form of familiar dialogues, the circulaly, refers in support of his positions to a more tion of which, as it must disseminate correct noextensive and elaborate work, which he has here- tier

- tions, and will tend to excite a wholesome spirit tofore published, under the title • T'raite d'Eco

- of inquiry, we would gladly aid. This Catenomie Publique,' and which from this specimen chism is, perhaps, the most convenient compend of his opinions and reasonings, we should be hap. for those who love to arrive directly at conclupy to see. We are glad, in the mean time, to sions. M. Say appears to have written for no meet with a brief and perspicuous treatise, in

"one meridian, nor any single exigency. There is which topics, in regard to which the people, at no narrowness in his calculations. His premilarge, have so great an interest in being well in

; ses are broad and his inferences general. He formed, are brought under their notice, and

shows no squeamishness in approaching any disadapted to their comprehension. Many userul

ud cussion ; and is evidently exempt from the domiwaflections will pass through every man's mind

nion of prejadice. who peruses this book, and it is, perhaps, one of the best recommendations that it has, or that any We cannot refrain from remarking, however.. work can possess, that it will set the reader to on the incongruity of the style of publication, with thinking. There are a multitude of useful truths the principle of the work. within every one's reach, that are never con verted to his use, merely because he does not A Portraiture of Domestic Slavery in the turn his attention towards them. An author United States, with Reflections on the Pracwho will put us upon a right track, and give us ticability of restoring the Moral Rights of the an incentive to pursue the research to which he Slave, without impairing the Legal Privilehas invited us, often does us a greater benefit, ges of the Possessor: and a Project of a Coby these means, than he possibly could by gra. lonial Asylum, for Free Persons of Colour: tuitously imparting to us the results of his own in

w including Memoirs of Facts on the interior labours Habits of ratiocination are more valuable than any axiom, or collection of aphorisms,

traffic in Slaves, and on Kidnapping. By in the same proportion that the soil is more valua- ve

? Jesse Torrey, jun. Physician, Author of a Séble than the crop it has vielded, or the loom, ries of Essays on Morals and the Diffusion of than the web it has wrought. The one is a ca- Knowledge. Philadelphia. For the Author. pacity or power that may be made serviceable New-York. KIRK & MERCEIN. 8vo. pp. 94. in various ways, and on any emergency,--the The subjects to which the Author cf this pubother is a product that has already received its lication is endeavouring, we hope with success, limitation, both as to its mode and measure of ap- to call public attention, is of immense importance plicability. It is very possible that Mr. Say's to our country, Slavery, with retributive justice, assertions are not all of them entitled to be re- has become a curse to those who have inflicted it. ceived as dogmas ;-certain we are, that all of In the southern section of the Union, slaves com. Them will not be so admitted. They are recom- pose nearly the whole agricultural population, Inended, however, by a boldness that does credit the class that constitutes the bone and muscle of to the author's sincerity, at the same time that it every community,--the class too, whose increase encourages us to a like independent exercise of is most rapid. It requires but little reflection to our understandings.

comprehend the nature of the impending danThe writings of Adam Smith are too abstruse ger, though it surpasses the powers of ordinary to be easily comprehended by the unphilosophic prescience to define its extent, and bafiles the mind,--besides, subsequent experience has elu- skill of political

skill of political wisdom to devise a remedy. Dr. cidated much that was problematical or intricate Torrey is sensible of the impracticability of inin his day. Mr. Malthus has, more recently, ducing the free blacks to emigrate, and the impowritten some ingenious, though rather theoretical licy of emancipating those in bondage on any essays, on national industry and population, but other condition. He proposes measures for the his views seem to have been in a degree, restrain- melioration of their present situation, and for their æd by considerations bearing upon tire pecultar gradual eufargementi He very justly, łoweven

protests against the admission of freed-men to the of the Swedenborgians, that we consider them privileges of citizens, and against every measure rather a subject of philosophical speculation thaix that tends to incorporate them into the mass of of religious controversy. In this light we must the people. We pretend not to have formed any confess, that the pamphlet before us, as far as one definitive opinion on a subject beset with so many of the uninitiated can understand it, has its difficulties as the one under consideration. We merit. It suggests some very fanciful and pleasare glad that it has excited discussion. The pre- ing analogies between the spiritual and material sent work is calculated to do good. It is written worlds, which amuse, at least, if they do not inwith the warmth of a patriot and a philanthropist, struct. Baron Swedenborg was a man of leayn-though with more ardour of feeling than choice ing, equally conversant with nature and with of language. It is not confined merely to spe- books,- to such qualifications it needs but to add culating upon evils that exist in apprehension, a moderate degree of imagination to enable any -it unmasks atrocities daily practised upon man to form an ingenious theory that shall be the unoffending race whom rapine has dragged susceptible of many specious supports, without to our shores enough, not only “to harrow up calling in the aid of inspiration. If then it be, as the soul" of humanity, but to make " the very we believe it is, a rule no less to be observed in stones cry out.” Whatever differences may exist philosophy than in poetry, on any other point, we trust there can be but one Nec Deus intersit, nisi dignus vindice nodus sentiment in regard to protecting those whom we Inciderit: have brought into subjection to our laws. We the oradantiale

ve the credentials of the Baron's mission must be earnestly recommend this work to general peru

severely scrutinized, and his authority admitted sal. Though we do not believe that oppression

only on extrinsic evidence. For proofs of this is the prominent feature in the character of the bi

kind we shall look in vain in this publication, slave-holders of the United States, it ought not to

nor do we, indeed, know where they are to be rest in their discretion to avenge offences against

es against sought. This little Essay is well written, but conthermselves, with a severity which justice does

tains more enthusiasm than argument, more of not exercise in punishing any crime committed

good feeling than of sound logic.

the 5 against society. "Nor ought it to be left in

It is, in fact,

a distinctive feature of the professors of this repower of an individual, in defiance of every prin- lic

**ligion, not less honourable than peculiar, that the ciple of right, and every dictate of nature, to se

most ardent attachment to their own sect enkiniver a tie sacred in the eye of religion, by whatever

dles no rancour against others, and that the most formality contracted.

fervid zeal of proselytism is combined with pera E.

fect philanthropy. Melincourt, a Novel, by the Author of "Headlong Hall." Philadelphia, Moses Tuo Memoirs of Sir Joshua Reynolds, lafe MAS. New-York, KIRK & MERCEIN, 2 vols. President of the Royal Academy ; com femo. pp. 484.

prising Original Anecdotes of many distint This book has the worst of all faults, in a work guished persons, his cotemporaries, and a designed for amusement- that of being extremely brief Analysis of his Discourses. To which tedious. The Author has attempted to intro- are added, Varieties on Art. By JAMES duce various political, philosophical, and (if we NORTHCOTE, Esq..R. A. Philadelphia. Remay 80 speak) sentimental opinions, in the form pripted, by M. Carey & Son. New-York: of a story; and in so doing he has produced a Kirk & MERCEIN. 8vo. pp. 496. jumble, from which the reader can extract no This is a valuable as well as a very entertaininterest, and very little information. On this last ;,

ing production, and is calculated to afford much point we would speak with some diffidence, for

gratification, not only to the artist and connoisthe work has an air of mystery, and may contain stores of recondite knowledge, which our vision, to all who have been accustomed to take an in

seur, but to the lover of literary anecdote, and bedimmed by its powerful soporific influence, had 1 Bot the keenness to detect. The writer certainly Johnson. Goldsmith and Garrick, the early

a terest in the memoirs of such men as Burke and appears to be a man of some knowledge and ta- frien

a la friends and intimate associates of the subject of lent, but he has learned nothing of the art of writh

the present volume. Mr. Northcote, who is ting in a popular manner. His perpetual stateli- hir

Stater himself an eminent painter, became a pupil of Sir . ness perpetually tires, and his manner of tritling, Lachna in the voar i 21 a

ng, Joshua in the year 1771, and resided in his house (which he frequently attempts,) reminds us of the for five

the for five years; by which means he bad very famode in which Goldsmith said Doctor Johnson

vourable opportunities of becoming well acquaintwould write fables, --- His little fishes talk like

ed with the character and opinions of his distinwhales."

guished friend, who, as Mr. Burke observes,

4 was on very many accounts, one of the most Religion and Philosophy United, or an at. memorable men of his time.” Sir Joshua Reytempt to show that Philosophical Principles nolds, it is well known, maintained a familiar inform the foundation of the New Jerusalem

tercourse with the most eminent men of his day Ghurch, as developed to the world in the

for genius and learning, and the situation of Mr. mission of the Honourable Emanuel Sweden- collect a number of anecdotes of these distin

Northcote, as above rentioned, enabled him to borg. Boston, published for the subscribers. guished characters, which are not to be found in New-York. Riley & Adams. 8vo. pp. 55. any other writer.

There is sounething so extravagant in the tegrets The celebrated Discoarses on Painting, delivere

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ed by Sir Joshua Reynolds, as President of the Chemist, Lecturer on Practical Chemistry, Royal Academy of Arts, have particularly Mineralogy, &c. &c. &c. Philadelphia, pubengaged the attention of Mr. Northcote in the lished by M. CAREY & Son. New-York.. present work, and he has taken occasion to ex. KIRK & MERCEIN. 12mo. pp. 204. bibita brief analysis and summary of the ingeni; This book is a useful vade mecum for the che. ous principles, enlightened views, and critical

"mical student. The experiments appear to be instructions with which these Discourses so pre

e carefully made, and the results accurately stated. eminently abound.

Accompanying these Memoirs are several Essays or pieces of the Biographer himself, in which Poems, by Hannah Moore. From the Lonhe has undertaken " to give opinions in respect don edition. Boston. Wells & Lilly, to the Arts, under a variety of views.” In one New-York. Kirk & MERCEIN. of them, under the veil of a Dream, he presents This is a collection of minor Poems, by Miss to the imagination a splendid portraiture of the Hannah Moore, which make a pretty sort of most celebrated painters of Italy; and through readinr enonoh.

ugh reading enough, though they betray not a single the allegory of the “ Slighted Beauty," another scintillation of genius. Miss M. is a useful and piece of considerable length, he gives a represen- not

n- not unpleasing writer on most subjects, but

pleggino writer tation of the Fine Arts, as they were gradually in- she enjoys only a modicum of the inspiration of troduced into England in the various attitudes, the muses. As a poet, she has about as much costumes, and fashions of the different schools of fancy as Dr. Johnson, without his energy of dicpainting on the continent.

The style of these Memoirs is, we think, high Most, if not all these pieces, have been some ly creditable to Mr. Northcote--chaste, neat, time in print. We are obliged, however, to the and unostentatious; and the reader will be publishers, for noting that they are reprinted from pleased to find the Biographer taking no pains to the London edition. It should always be disthrust himself forward in order to display his own tinctly stated, whether a literary production be powers as a critic or philosopher; whilst, at the indigenous or exotic. Miss Moore is, indeed, too same time, the remarks he occasionally intro- well known to the reading world, to make it par. duces are always sensible and pertinent. We ticularly necessary to guard against any mistake bave no hesitation in saying that this volume will as to her identity, but we daily see publications be a highly acceptable present to the public, and issuing from our presses, from the pens of foreign will be regarded as a very interesting supplement authors of no very great distinction, eve

of authors of no very great distinction, every parto Hawkins and Boswell, independently of its ticular of intelligence in regard to whom, we merit as a body of valuable information and criti- are obliged to glean from extraneous sources, cal instruction relative to the noble art of paint- which are difficult of access exactly in proporing.

tion to the necessity of inquiry. We cannot too A.

strongly inculcate it upon Booksellers, to use the The Life of Andrew Jackson, Major Ge. means in their power to discriminate between neral in the service of the United States : com. our own and foreign literature, and to afford duta prising a history of the war in the soutli, to assist the bibliographer of after times. from the commencement of the Creek cam

E. paign, to the termination of hostilities before Arator ; being a Series of Agricultural EsNew-Orleans. Commenced by John Reid, says. By Col. Jobn Taylor, of Caroline Brevet Major, United States' Army. Com: County, Virginia. Baltimore, John M. CARpleted by John Henry Eaton. Published for Ter. New-York. A. T. GOODRICH & Co. the benefit of the children of John Reid. 12mo. pp. 220. Philadelphia, M. CAREY & Son. New-York, KIRK & MERCEIN. Svo. pp. 423.

The author of these essays is more accustomGenerally we dislike contemporaneous biogra

ed to thinking than writing, though not very fa

; miliar with the logical process of either. His phy, because it is generally little else than a kind

id notions, as far as we can extricate them from the of covert panegyric. This book, however, forms intricacies of his style. are indicative of a natuan exception, and indeed corresponds to the lat.

tral fund of good sense and habits of attentive obter part of its title more than to the former, being

being servation. He is correct, at bottom, in the posiless a biography than a history. It is a full and. tion which h

and tion which he frequently and strenuously urges, explicit parrative of facts arranged with chrono. that premiums for the encouragement of manulogical accuracy, and set forth in a respectable fact

le factures are, in other words, premiums for the style. It makes no bigh pretensions, while, ne discouragement of agriculture. It is inconsist. vertheless, it bears every mark of fidelity. It

ent with sound policy, ever to divert industry, by also throws much light upon the nature of militia

la artificial means, from its natural channels. If it operations, and though there be no set eulogium were allowable to hold out adscititious induceupon the illustrious subject of the memoir, yet ments to any particular species of labour, they the facts recorded will stand a noble and impe- should unquestionably be used to promote the culrishable monument of his military talents and de- tivation of soil. The great cause of the general voted patriotism.

pressure at this moment is a deficit of agricultuA Practical Essay on Chemical Re-Agents ral products, occasioned partly by the untowardor Tests. Illustrated by a series of experi: ness of the seasons in the two years last past, but 'ments. By Frederick Accum, Operative principally by the rushing from their spheres'

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