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moneri voce voluisti: Moyfis are they, concerning which libri quinque, &c. Cætera you desired to be informed, autem quæ vel fub nomine viz. The five books of Moses, Matthæi sive Jacobi Minoris, &c. But as for those which vel sub nomine Petri & Joan- go under the name of Matnis, quæ a quodam Leucio thew, or James the Less, or scripta sunt, &c. non solum under the name of Peter and repudianda, verum noveris efle John, which were wrote by damnanda.
one Leucius, know, that they are not only to be rejected,
but condemned. Whether these words will prove that Leucius was the author of these books under the name of James, or whether they only affert those ascribed to Peter and John to have been written by Leucius, is not very easy to determine. The former appeared most probable to Dr. Milla, and perhaps not without reason, if we consider, that this Leucius was the author of a great many forgeries under the Apostle's name, as will appear fully hereafter under the letter L. Although therefore there is nothing more particular known concerning these books, yet from what is faid, it is plain, they were fpurious, and consequently Apocryphal by Prop. IV, V, and VI. It may perhaps be objected, that Leucius cannot be supposed to be the author of these books, and consequently that Epiphanius and Pope Innocent do not mean the same, because the former says, they were forged by the Ebionites, but it does not appear that Leucius was one of this fort. To which I shall think it enough to answer, that Leucius seems to have formed his books with design to be received by all sorts of hereticks, and, therefore, mixed the peculiar principles of each moft celebrated party together in them; whence, as the incomparable and most excellent writer among the antients, I mean Photius, the Patriarch of Conftantinople, observes, his forgeries are full of foolish and filly contradictions, and he may be justly esteemed as the source or author of every heresyb.
* Prolegom. in N. Teft. §. 336.
• Témes de xai uwpías corañs, xei tñs Tapos tautiv páxns rj évare
TIÁCewsléons aigloows anyno xai un tépow. Cod. cxiv.
Numb. XXVI. The ACTS of JOHN the APOSTLE.
n F these spurious Acts there is frequent mention in the
old Chriftian writers, who lived within the limits of my time; but inasmuch as they appear evidently to have been the forgery of Leucius, I shall refer the consideration of them to their proper place under the name Leucius in the letter L.
Numb. XXVII. Other BOOKS under the Name of
JOHN. THESE appearing to have been composed by the same
1 person with the former, shall be considered in the same place. Numb. XXVIII. The GOSPEL of JUDAS
THIS Apocryphal book is mentioned by Irenæus and
1 Epiphanius, as peculiar to one of the most monstrous and inconsistent sects, who ever took upon them the Christian name. The account given by Irenæus is as follows a. Alii autem rurfus Cain a fu- But there are other hereticks, periore principalitate dicunt; who say, Cain (was deliver& Efau & Core & Sodomitas, edb) by a Heavenly Power, & omnes tales cognatos fuos and who acknowledge Esau, confitentur, & propter hoc a Corah, and the Sodomites as Factore impugnatos neminem their pattern (or kindred), ex eis male acceptos: Sophia who though they were fought enim illud, quod proprium ex · against by the Creator, yet ea erat, abripiebat ex eis ad received no damage thereby : femetipfam. Et hæc Judam for Wisdom took from them proditorem diligenter cogno- whatever belonged to it. visse dicunt, & folum præ cæ. These things, they say, Judas, teris cognofcentem veritatem who betrayed Christ, careful
perfecisse proditionis myfteri. ly obtained the knowledge of; um; per quem & terrena & and as he was the only one of cælestia omnia diffoluta din the Apostles who knew the cunt, & confictionem afferunt truth, he accomplished the hujusmodi, Judæ Evangelium mystery of betraying Christ. illud vocantes.
By him (viz. Judas) they say, all things in heaven and earth were dissolved; and agreeable to these sentiments they próduce a certain forgery, which they call the Gospel of Judas.
Epiphanius discoursing of these same hereticks relates a much the same thing as Irenæus, and in the same mystical unintelligible language; of which he in like manner says, they affirmed Judas to have had a perfect knowledge; adding,
Kai tétov gäe Jéasoin sive That they will have him to be Guyyavñ fxurūv, xai év yuw- their relation, and esteem him GEWS ÚTEP Gorñ Tòr autòn x«- to have obtained extraordiταριθμώσιν, ώσε και συνταγ-.
nary knowledge, inasmuch as
they produce a certain book μάτιόν τι φέρειν εξ ονόματος
under his name, which they autě, o Evayyéacov tổ ’Iédo call the Gospel of Yudas; bexaããooo xai zará Tiva Gugo fides, they have forged many gede peata WGAÚTWS análovo other such writings, &c. Tas, &c.
Mr. Toland has not failed to adorn his catalogue of Books, which he would persuade us are as valuable as any now received, with the title of this Gospel 5 : he has introduced it thus: That none of the Apostles might be thought unable to write a Gospel, we find one alledged by the Caianites, a feet of the Gnofticks, under the name of Judas Iscariot. Artfully said indeed! A set of impious, beastly, prophane wretches, abandoned to all the excesses of vice and immorality, forged a piece under the name of Judas; and this is to be ranked in the same class
with those which contain the sublime doctrines and holy precepts of Christianity! But let us a little see what sort of perfons these Caianites were: They called the Creator of all things
Hystera, and wrote several books against him ; they affirmed, no man could be saved, who did not make trial of all sorts of vice; accordingly they reckoned it virtue to commit the most notorious immoralities and crimes; and feigning to themselves a great number of Angels, they attributed to each a particular fin, which when they were about to commit, they invoked that Angel's reo gard and patronage: they applauded the action of Judas in betraying Christ a, &c. Such were their ridiculous sentiments; from whence it is easy to form a notion of their Gospel, and to see reason to reject it. See Prop. IV, V, VI, and especial ly VIII. and IX.
a He who has a mind, may read this, and more of the same ridicu.
lous kind, in the places of Irenæus and Epiphanius laft cited.
CH A P. CH A P. XXI.
The Aets of the Apostles under the Names of Leucius, Lentitius,
Leontius, and Leuthon, proved to be one and the fame Book, because these were all the same Person's Name corruptly write, ten. They contained the Acts of John, Andrew, Thomas, Peter, Paul, James, and others. Their Spuriousness proved. Leucius their Author lived in the fourth Century. His Principles and Tenets. A Remark on Dr. Mill's Greek Teftament. Leucius and Leonides the same Name. Leonides proved to be a corrupt Writing instead of Leucius. Nexocharis or Xenocharis proved to be a corrupt Way of writing Charinus, the Surname of Leucius. Numb, XXIX. The ACTS of the APOSTLES by
LEUTHON. Numb. XXXIII. The BOOKS of LENTITIUS. T ACH of these differing titles being to be found in the
u antient writings, I thought it most agreeable to my design to produce them distinctly, though they are unquestionably only mistaken writings of the same person's name, viz. Leucius. I shall, according to my method, first produce the places, and then form the best judgment of them which I can. The first is that ofy
I. St. Austin, who gives the following account of the Aets under the Apostles' names written by Leucius, received by the Manichees a.
. Lib. de Fid, cont. Manich, c. 38.