commerce, this change is of the last which they could hardly have done beimportance; and it is pleasing to re- fore, they will be ready to respect a flect, that, while our merchants are government formed of themselves ; consulting their own interests, and ad- and, instead of despising and hating vancing the prosperity of their coun- their rulers, and seeking to counteract try, they are, at the same time, by their measures, will join heartily in stimulating at once and gratisying the supporting them when right, or in exwants of a great people, adding incal- erting a salutary influence over them culably to the amount of human hap- when wrong. At all events, even now, piness. By thus creating higher tastes, all parties would unite upon the least and new wants, they produce fresh show of an attack ; and so the result motives to exertion, and give more ani- will prove, should any thing so wild mating hopes to whole nations, which, and unjust be attempted."* without such powerful and immediate This general view is extremely excitements, might, for aught we know, cheering; but following the author's have long remained in their ancient example, we shall not dilate so much state of listlessness and ignorance on historical events, as notice what is Every man in the country, rich or most striking in the native manners, poor, not only practically feels the especially as they were acted upon by truth of this, but knows distinctly the extraordinary occurrences of late whence the advantage is derived; and years, when our naval force in that it is idle, therefore, to suppose that quarter had indeed a very difficult blessings which come home so directly ganje to play,—so difficult, that we to all men's feelings, and which so are surprised by Captain Hall's have manifestly influence their fortunes and ing found opportunity for what he has happiness, can be easily taken from accomplished in this Journal. them.

The first volume details his arrival “There are, no doubt, many defects in the Conway frigate at Valparaiso ; in the administration of affairs in Chi- various excursions in Chili, particularli, occasional bad faith, and occasionally to Santiago; an account of the revooppression, and sometiines very incon- lution, of San Martin, of O'Higgins, venient disturbances, and partial polic and of Lord Cochrane's exploits; of litical changes; but these are of no the expedition against Peru; of his own moment in so vast a question. The affairs at Callao and Lima ; of the barrier which has so long dammed up south coast of Chili; of the Arancanithe tide of human rights, and free ac ans and the pirate chief Benavides; tion, has been at length removed, and and a multitude of other things both of the stream is assuredly not to be stop- temporary and permanent

interest. ped by any thing from without; and But our extracts (and various they will what is internal, that might produce

* The following passage may form a cumischief, is rapidly improving as men rious note to this, and show what odd cir. advance in intelligence, and acquire a cumstances have already grown out of the deeper interest in good order. An in. Revolution : vasion, indeed, might cause much mise

" At Huacho, we found the governor at py and disorder, and tend for a time, to dinner with two or three friends. He was

of the aboriginal race of the country, spoke keep back the moral and political im- a little Spanish, and was probably a dis. provement of the country; but the re creet and clever fellow, otherwise he would action would be inevitable, and, ere

not have been left in a command by San

Martin. The dinner was placed on a long long, the outraged country would spring table in the middle of a shop, and the forwards to life and liberty, with ten- whole party forked their meat out of the fold vigour.

dish. It was interesting, on looking round “ By means of foreign intercourse, political changes. A roll of English broad

the shop, to observe the effect of the recent and by the experience and knowledge cloth was resting on a French wine case, of themselves, acquired by acting, for marked Medoc ; on the table stood a bottle the first time, as freemen, they will of champagne; the kvives and forks were come to know their own strength ; by divided the

apartment was made of a piece

marked “ Sheffield," and the screen which learning also to respect themselves, of Glasgow printed cotton."

be) must speak for us. The customs without any apparent cause, the whole are excellently illustrated by the fol- party jumped up, cast away their mulowing miscellaneous selections: sic and work, and flew in the most

“ As soon as the dispatches were frantic style out of the house, screamsent off, I paid a visit to a Chilian fa- ing aloud, Misericordia! misericordia ! mily of my acquaintance, and imniedi- beating their breasts at the same time, ately on my entering the drawing- and looking terrified beyond descriproom, the lady of the house, and one tion. I was astonished at all this, but of her daughters, each presented me followed the company into the street, with a rose, apologizing, at the same calling out Misericordia as loud as any time, for having omitted to do so be- of them. It was a bright moonlight fore. This custom of presenting stran. evening, and the street, from end to gers with a flower prevails in all Span- end, was filled with people; some onish countries, and is one of an exten- ly half dressed, having just leaped from sive class of minute attentions, which their beds-children, snatched from the Spaniards and their attendants un- their sleep, were crying in all direcderstand better than any other nation. tions-many carried lights in their The favour itself is nothing; indeed, it hands---in short, such a scene of wild seems essential to the civility that it confusion and alarm was never seen, should be a mere trifle ; the merit lies and all apparently occasioned by a in the unaffected and simple expression spontaneous movement, without any of good will and kindness which, visible motive. After standing in the while it really obliges, is of a nature to street for about a minute, the whole impose no obligation.

crowd turned round again and ran into - The Chilians are fond of making their houses, so that, in the course of a pic-nic parties, to dine in the country, few seconds, the hubbub was stilled, at any spot which may suit them dur- and not a mortal was to be seen. I ing an excursion, and to-day I happen- now begged to know the cause of this ed to fall in with some friends bent on amazing commotion, having a vague such an expedition, all crowded into a idea of its forming some part of a relicareta or covered wagon, on its way to gious ceremony, when, to my surprise, the hills: as they wanted one more ca- I learned that it had been produced by vallero, I was well pleased to be per- an earthquake, so severe, that the peomitted to join them. We reached the ple had been afraid of the houses tumdestined spot in safety, though suffi- bling about their ears, and had run into ciently jolted, and well nigh deafened the open street to avoid the danger; by the creaking sound of the wbeels, for my part, I was totally unconscious which, like those in Spain, are kept of any motion, nor did I hear the purposely without grease, in order, it sound, which they described as unusuis said, by this clumsy device, to pre- ally loud. On mentioning this fact afvent smuggling --since no cart or wagon

terwards in company, I was assured, can pass within half a league of a cus- that for a considerable period after the tom-house officer without calling his at- arrival of foreigners, they are in like tention to the spot. . .

manner insensible to shocks, which a "I went in the evening to visit a fa- native can at once distinguish. It may mily in Almendral, or great suburb of be mentioned also, as an unusual eiValparaiso. The ladies were ranged, fect of experience, that the sensation of as usual, along the wall, in a compact alarm, caused by feeling an earthline, with their shawls drawn over the quake, goes on augmenting instead of head and across the chin, so as nearly diminishing, and that one who at first to conceal the face. One young lady ridicules the terrors of the inhabitants, played the harp, another the guitar, comes eventually to be even while some occasionally joined with frightened than they are. their shrill voices in singing the patri 6 The theatre (at Lima,) which was otic songs of the day. Others were opened during the festivities upon the chatting, or working, and the evening accession of the new Viceroy, was of passing away pleasantly enough, when, rather a singular form, being a long



oval, the stage occupying the greater taste. A feeling of delicacy prevented part of one side, by which means the our asking questions, although our cufront boxes were brought close to the riosity was raised to the highest pitch, actors. The audience in the pit was by observing the gentleman touch pothcomposed exclusively of men, and that ing else, but literally go without his dinin the galleries of women, a fashion It was Friday, and it was in borrowed, I believe, from Madrid, the Lent, which might have accounted for intermediate space being divided into his horror at meat; but it was fish several rows of private boxes. Be- which had shocked him; besides, we tween the acts, the Viceroy retires to saw the rest of the company eating the back seat of his box, which being without scruple, which puzzled us extaken as a signal that he may be con- ceedingly, and the more so, as the selfsidered as absent, every man in the pit denying individual was a very sensible draws forth his steel and fint, lights man, and showed no other symptoms his segar, and puffs away furiously, in of eccentricity. We at last discovered order to make the most of his time, that he had, for some reason or other, for when the curtain rises, and the come under a religious engagement not Viceroy again comes forward, there to eat both fish and flesh, though the can no longer be any smoking, con- South Americans are peripited to do so, sistently with Spanish etiquette. The by an express bull in their favour, and sparkling of so many flipts at once, it so happened, that he had set his fanwhich makes the pit look as if a thou- cy this day most particularly on a sand fire-flies had been let loose, and meat dish close to him, never dreamthe cloud of smoke rising immediately ing of what had been put into the soup; afterwards and filling the house, are fish once tasted, however, his feast was little circumstances which strike the at an end, and he kept his vow in a eye of a stranger as being more decide manner worthy of an anchorite." ly characteristic than incidents really Another instance of this kind occurimportant. I may add, that the gen- red at a Ball: tlemen in the boxes also smoke on “I was surprised (says Capt. H.,) these occasions; and I once fairly de- and somewhat disappointed, to see a tected a lady taking a sly whiff® behind young lady, one of the gayest and best her fan. The Viceroy's presence or dancers in Chili, place herself at the absence, however, produces no change instrument. The gentlemen loudly in the gallery aloft, where the goddess- appealed against this proceeding; but es keep up an unceasing fire during the she maintained her place resolutely, whole evening.

declaring she would not dance a single « We sat down to dinner, a very step. I saw there was some mystery merry party, the master of the house in this, and took an opportunity of insisting upon my taking the head of begging to know what could have inthe table; a custom, he said, that duced a person, of so much good sense could by no means be dispensed with. and cheerfulness, and so fond of dancThe first dish which was placed on ing, to make so very preposterous a rethe table was bread soup, exceedingly solution. She laughed on hearing the good, and cooked either with fish or subject treated with such earnestness, meat, a distinction so immaterial, we and confessed that nothing was farther thought, that our surprise was consi- from her own wishes than her present derable when we observed a gentleman forbearance, but that she was bound of the party start up, and, with a look by a promise not to dance for a whole as if he had swallowed poison, ex- year. I begged an explanation of this claim, O Lord, there is fish in the singular engagement, when she told soup !' and while we were wondering me, that, during the recent confineat this exclamation, our friend ran off ment of her sister, our host’s wife, at a to the kitchen to interrogate the cook. moment when her life was despaired He returned with a most woe-begone of, her mother had made a vow, that, look, and finished his plate of soup as if she recovered, not one of the unmarif it had been the last he was ever to ried girls should dance for twelve

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months. Her younger sister, how- ed in any thing tending to make the
ever, was dancing; and I found she past times look ridiculous.
had inanaged to evade the obligation “ It seems that a certain Viceroy,
by an ingenious piece of casuistry, ar sonie years ago, had become deeply
guing that, as the promise had been enamoured of a celebrated actress,
made in town, it could never be in- named La Pericholé, and as vice-mon-'
tended to apply to the country. The archs, like real monarchs, seldom sigh
good-natured mother, who probably in vain, La Serona Pericholé soon be.
repented of her absurd vow, allowed came mistress of the palace, where, be-
that a good case of conscience had sides spending large sums of the public
been made out ; and the pretty Rosalita money, she succeeded in making her
danced away with a spirit which was vice-regal admirer even more contemp-
taken up by the whole room,and a more tible than he had been before. Every
animaled ball was never seen. request she chose to make was imme.

" A gentleman had thought fit to diately granted to her, except in one
commence instructing his daughter in trifling case; and she, therefore, of
French, -a

,-a circumstance which the course, resolutely set her heart upon girl, unconscious of any crime, men- attaining this object. Her whim was tioned in the course of her confession not of any great consequence, it might to the priest, who expressed the great- be thought, since it was inerely to be est horror at what he heard, denounced allowed, for once, to drive in a carthe vengeance of Heaven upon her and riage of her own through the streets of her father, refused to give her absolu- Lima. Now this, which to us seems tion, and sent the poor creature home the simplest thing in nature, is looked in

agony of fear. The father soon upon in quite a different light in the discovered the cause, and after some capital of Peru, for although any one correspondence with the confessor, might ride about as long as he pleased went to the head of the government, in a gig, or a calesh, or in a balancin, who sent for the priest, questioned him no one ever presumed of entering a on the subject

, and charged him with coach but a grandee of the highest having directly interfered with the let- class. The Viceroy tried every arguter and spirit of the constitution, which ment to free La Pericholé's head of gave encouragement to every species this most unreasonable fancy, but all of learning. The priest affected to in vain ; and at length he was obliged carry matters with a high band, and to set public opinion at defiance, and, even ventured to censure the director at the risk of a rebellion, to order a for meddling with things beyond his coach to be made for the lady, whose authority. This was soon settled : a folly was destined to render them both council was immediately called, and ridiculous. How to traverse the streets the next day it was knowo throughout without being mobbed, was now the the city that the priest had been seen grand difficulty, for the Viceroy was crossing the frontiers, escorted by a pretty sure that he should never behold military guard.

An account of the the fair Pericholé again if she went whole transaction, with the correspon- alone; to go in the same carriage, dence between the parent and the con- however, was too scandalous an abofessor, were also published officially in mination to be thought of,-besides, it the Gazette, and full authority given, was not what the lady wanted, who in future, to every person to teach any who must needs go in her own carbranch of knowledge not inconsistent riage. In the end, it was arranged that with morals and religion.

the Viceroy should lead in his coach of ". The Host is usually carried in pro- state, and that La Pericholé should cession on foot; but a carriage has follow, while the usual train of carbeen appropriated to this duty in Li- riages brought up the rear, with the ma, in consequence of a curious cir- body-guard surrounding all. It is even cumstance, the details of which were said the Viceroy had a window cut in related to me by a person who delight- the back part of his carriage, for the

31 ATHENEUM VOL. I. 2d series.

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express purpose of keeping an eye on in the passages, and often actually enter his lady ; be that as it may, it so hap- the ball-room. They are called Tapapened that the mob were amused wiih das, from their faces being covered, the ridiculous nature of the procession, and their object is, to observe the proand followed with huzzas the delighted ceedings of their vaconscious friends, Pericholé, while she crossed and re- whom ihey torment by malicious speechcrossed the city. On returning to- es, whenever they are within hearing. wards the palace, she drew up before At the palace, on Sunday evening, the the cathedral, and stepping out, de. Tapadas were somewhat less froward clared that her ambition once satisfied, than usual; but at the Cabildo, or mashe had no farther occasion for the gistrates' ball, given previously, the coach, and would, therefore, in grati- lower part of the room was filled with tude to Heaven, devote it to the service them, and they kept up a constant fire of the church, and desired that hence- of jests at the gentlemen near the botforward it might always carry the tom of the dance." Host wbenever the Sacrament of ex With this cento of amusing traits we treme unction was to be administered. must close our introduction of these

“ A strange custom prevails every highly-pleasing volumes; but they afwhere in this country at balls, public ford us too many temptations to be disas well as private. Ladies of ail ranks, posed of in one paper, and we promise who happen not to be invited, come in to return to them, with a firm hope disguise, and stand at the windows or that it will gratify the public.


Bring flowers, young flowers, for the festal board,
To wreathe the cup ere the wine is pourd:
Bring flowers ! they are springing in wood and vale,
Their breath floats out on the southern gale,
And the touch of the sunbeam hath waked the rose,
To deck the hall where the bright wine flows.
Bring flowers to strew in the Conqueror's path
He hath shaken thrones with his stormy wrath !
He comes with the spoils of nations back,
The vines lie crush'd in his chariot's track,
The turf looks red where he won the day-
Bring flowers to die in the Conqueror's way!
Bring flow'rs to the Captive's lonely cell,
They have tales of the joyous woods to tell;
of the free blue streams, and the glowing sky,
And the bright world shut from his languid eye;
They will bear him a thought of the sunny hours,
And a dream of his youth, Bring him flowers, wild flowers.
Bring flowers, fresh flowers, for the Bride to wear!
They were born to blush in her shining hair,
She is leaving the home of her childish mirth,
She hath bid farewell to her father's hearth,
Her place is now by another's side-
Bring flowers for the locks of the fair young Bride!
Bring flowers, pale flowers, o'er the bier to shed,
A crown for the brow of the early Dead !
For this through its leaves hath the white-rose burst,
For this in the woods was the violet burst.
Though they smile in vain for what once was ours,
They are Love's last gift-bring ye flowers! pale Rowers !
Bring flow'rs to the shrine where we kneel in prayer,
They are Nature's offering, their place is there!
They speak of hope to the fainting heart,
With a voice of promise they come and part,
They sleep in dust through the wintry hours,
They break forth in glory-Bring flowers, bright flowers !

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