6. Robbers hear a noise like that of a king and army when Christ approached, and fly away.

Ch. XIII. 7. A girl cured of a leprosy by water which had washed

Christ's body. Ch. XVII. 8. Another cured of a leprosy by the same water. Ch. XVIII. 9. A man made able to know his wife, who was bewitched

and could not. Ch. XIX. 10. A young man by witchcraft turned into a mule; Christ

is put upon the mule's back, and he becomes a man again.

Ch. XX, XXI. 11. An idolatrous city turned into heaps of sand at Christ's

approach. Ch. XXIII. 12. Christ makes a well to wash his clothes in a fycamore

tree; and from Christ's fweat proceeds a balsam. Ch.

XXIV. 13. The water that washed Christ's body cures a sick boy.

Ch. XXVII. 14. Another boy cured of the same distemper by the same wa

ter. Ch. XXVIII. 15. A third miracle (viz. a fick boy cured) performed by

Christ's swaddling-clothes. (See Num. 3. and 5). The same boy unhurt in a hot oven and the bottom of a well.

Ch. XXIX. 16. Bartholomew cured by lying in Christ's bed. Ch. XXX. 17. A third miracle (viz. a woman's leprosy cured) performed

by the water that washed Christ's body. Ch. XXXI. See

Num. 13, 140

18. A fourth miracle (viz. a girl cured of a leprosy) by the

water which washed Christ's body. Ch. XXXII. See

Num. 13, 14, 17, above in this catalogue. 19. A fourth miracle performed by Christ's swaddling

clothes, viz. fire and hot coals shot out of the swaddlingclothes, and drove out the Devil in the shape of a dragon. Ch. XXXIII, XXXIV. See No. 3, 5, and 15, in this

catalogue. 20. Judas, who betrayed Christ when a boy, possessed by a Devil, strives to bite Christ, and hurt his right side, and


R 4

made Chrift ery, upon which the Devil went out in the

likeness of a mad dog. Ch. XXXV. 21. Christ at play with the boys, makes the figures of animals

out of clay, at length gives them life, &c. Ch. XXXVI.

See the other Gospel, Ch. II. 22. Christ at play with the boys, goes into a dyer's shop,

puts all the pieces of cloth into one furnace, and brings them out of various colours. Ch. XXXVII. See the

other Gospel, Ch. VII. 23. Christ works with Joseph at his carpenter's trade ; makes

his work to be of just dimensions by speaking. Ch. XXXVIII. Makes a king's throne, which Jofeph had made too short, long enough, by his pulling at one end and

Joseph at the other. Ch. XXXIX. 24. Christ angry with some boys for running from him at

play, turns them into kids three years old, who were in a furnace ; afterwards changes them into boys again. Ch.

XL. 25. Christ is made king, and crowned by the boys. Ch.

XLI. 26. Christ leaves his play, to make a serpent, which had ftung

a boy, fuck the poison out again. Ch. XLII. 27. Christ at play with the boys on the top of a house, one of

them fell down and died; Christ brings him to life. Ch.

XLIV. 28. Christ fent out by his mother to fetch water, breaks the

pot and loses the water, but gathers and brings it in his

mantle. Ch. XLV. 29. Christ and other boys at play on the Sabbath-day, makes

little fish-pools by the river fide; adorns the sides of them with sparrows formed out of clay; turns thefe into living birds ; is reproved by a Jew for violating the Sabbath, and

ftrikes him dead. Ch. XLVI. 30. Christ kills a boy who ran against him in the street, Ch.

XLVII. See the other Gospel, Ch. IV. 31. Christ learns his A, B, C ; his master threatens to whip

him; he tells him strange things. Ch. XLVIII. See the other Gospel, Ch. VI.

32. Christ

32. Christ is sent to another master ; his master lifting up his

hand to whip him, his hand withers, and he dies. His father and mother resolve to keep him at home. Ch. XLIX.

These are some of the idle and incredible stories or fables of the preceding Gospels; silly enough, without any farther proof, to evidence the books to be written either by men destitute of honesty or sense, or both; and consequently not to be the work of St. Thomas, or any one of the Apostles, but spurious and Apocryphal by Prop. IX. ARG. IV. The Gospels of our Saviour's Infancy are Apocry

phal, because there are many things which are false and

contrary to certainly known truth. I have in a preceding argument (viz. Arg. II.) endeavoured to shew the whole contexture and design of these books to be false, because our Saviour wrought no miracles in his infancy: what I purpose here is to shew-some particular instances of falsehood in them; and though indeed the books contain nothing else, except a few things out of our Gospels, yet it will not be improper to single out a few instances of such as are most apparent and notorious.

A Catalogue of Falsehoods in the Gospels of Christ's

Infancy. "THI

THE Virgin is related to have brought forth our Sa

viour in a cave before she came to Bethlehem, being not able to hold out thither. Ch. II. and III. But this is contrary to known fact, it being prophesied by Micah, (Ch. v. 2.) asserted by Matthew, (Ch. ii. 1, &c.) and Luke, (Ch. ii. 4, 6, &c.) that our Saviour was born in Bethlehem. The same falsehood I have above observed in the Protevangelion of James, where see more of this matter, Ch. XV. of this volume. 2. Zoradascht, or Zoroaster, is said (Ch. VII.) to have pre

dicted the wise men's coming from the East to Jerusalem to worship Chrift; but I suppose, no one can have faith enough


[ocr errors]

to believe this, who confiders, that Zoroafter was no more, at best, than a magician, and lived about two thousand years before this time, and, as Suidas says , five hundred years before the Trojan war. Besides, the plain reason why Zoroafter is here introduced prophesying of the magicians, feems plainly to have been this, that he was reckoned to

have been the first author or inventor of magick 3. The reason assigned (Ch. XII.) of Joseph leaving Egypt,

is his fear of the Egyptians; but the true reason was, because the ends of his going thither were answered, viz. Herod was dead, and he was told by an angel, that he might now

venture safely to his own country, Matt. ii. 19, &c. 4. The Virgin is said (Ch. XIV.) to have wrought a miracle,

and cured a demoniack, which it does not appear she had

[ocr errors]


power to do.

5. Ch. XXXIX. we read, that the King of Jerusalem fent for

Foseph to make his throne for him (though by the way it is Itrange he should, when we read in the very words before, Ch. XXXVIII. that Joseph was but a very indifferent carpenter), but it is certain there was at that time no king in Jerusalem. For if we fuppose our Saviour then to be ten years of age, (which is but reasonable, seeing we find him in his eighth year Ch. XXXVI.) and take in the two years which Jofeph spent in making the throne, this will fall out three after the banishment of Archelaus, who was the last king of the Jews ; for Archelaus reigned only nine years, and began his reign the same year, or the next year after Christ was born, viz. upon the death of Herod the

Great, which is evident from Josephus d. 6. It is false in these Gospels, that they make Jesus Christ to

At that time our best Chrono. logers place him. Helvicus, A. M. 2060. Isaacson, A. M. 1810. Mr. Tallents, 1900.

o Ad voc. Zagoespais
c Vid. Plin. Hist. Nat. I. 30.

here, that there was no king in Je-
rufalem at this time, and refers for
proof to John xix. 15. where the
Jews at our Saviour's trial tay, they
had no King but Cafar. But every
one must tee this is no proof that
they had no king three and twenty
years before, viz. in our Saviour's

C. 1.

Antiq. Tud. I. 17. a c. 8. ad finem libri. Mr. Fabritius remarks

have been revengeful, and a murderer, even upon sight provocations, or indeed none at all. Such as that Ch. XXIX. when he killed the few who reproved him for breaking the fabbath; that Ch. XXX. when he killed a boy who in haste happened to run against him in the street, which is in the other Gospel also, Ch. III. That also Ch. XLIX. where he killed his master for going about to strike him, because he would not say his lesson.

These are things so notoriously false, because contrary to the design, (1.) Of our Saviour's miracles, which were all for the benefit of mankind; (2.) Of his doctrine, which was against revenge, and to promote charity and love; and so contrary (3.) To his prudence, who by such methods would have rendered himself incapable of either conversing or preaching; especially those doctrines of self-denial, suffering and forgiving injuries, which he so much did. Now from all this it must manifestly appear, that the Gospels of our Saviour's Infancy are spurious and Apocryphal, viz. because they contain so many things contrary to certainly known truth, by Prop. VIII.


The Gospels of Christ's Infancy proved Apocryphal, because they

contain Things later than the Time in which they pretend to be written; such as the prodigious Respect to the Virgin Mary, which was not in the Church till the Fourth or Fifth Century; and the preserving of Reliques, unknown to the Primitive Christians. The Original of Reliques.. A Die gression concerning Reliques. Dr. Mill's and Mr. La Crofe's Opinion about the Original of these Gospels : A Conjecture of

their true Original. Arg. V. THE Gospels of our Saviour's Infancy are spu


rious and Apocryphal, because they contain several things which happened long after that time in which they pretend there to be written, by Prop. X.


« 前へ次へ »