he asked it,“ Whence came you?". It answered, Man and Setaram, two of their saints. During

from Maringan."- The Prince" to whom did this cermony, the women were tearing their hair, Goethe, the German poet, observes as follows in a you belong ?" The Parrot—"10 a Portuguese." beating their breasts, and roaring in a most horrible late work, part of which is translated in Baldwin's Lon- Prince" what do you do there?" ! Con Magazine :

Parrot an- manner. The four relations at last let go their hold “The tragedy of Manfred, by Lord Byron, is a most swered." I look after the chickens." The Prince of the old man, who immediately threw himself into singular performance, and one which concerns me nearly. laughed and said, you look after the chickens?" the pit, and not a groan was heard from him. The This wonderful and ingenious poet has taken possession Parrot auswered—" yes, I; and I know well enough by-standers had each a spade in his hand, and im

of my Faust, and hypocondriacally drawn from it the how to do it:" and made the chuck, four or five mediately began to fill up the pit with earth; so tbat 1. most singular nutriment. He has employed the means times, that people use to make to chickens when the old man might be said to be burnt and buried in it which suit his object in his particular manner, so they call them.

alive. Two of his children were present, one seven, that no one thing remains the same, and on this account I cannot sufficiently admire his ability. The recast is and he said in Brazilian. I asked him whether he spectators appeared to be affected. As to the wo

I asked him in what language the parrot spoke, the other eight years old; and they alone of all the so peculiar, that a highly interesting lecture might be given on its resemblance and want of resemblance, to

understood the Brazilian? He said, no; but he men, they returned home with the greatest sang its model, though I cannot deny that the gloomy fervor had taken care to have two interpreters by him, the froid. Such an event being an object of glory to of a rich and endless despair becomes at last wearisome one a Dutchman, that spoke Brazilian, and the the relations, the day on which a wretcbed victim to us However, the displeasure which we feel is always orber a Braziliau ibat spoke Dutch; that he asked to superstition is thus self-devoted, is a day of connected with admiration and esteem.

them separately and privately, and both of them triumph to his whole family." “ The very quintessence of the sentiments and pas- agreed in telling him just the same thing that the sions, which assist in constitututing the most singular parrot said. talent for self-commentary ever known, is contained in I could not but tell this odd story, because it is so

MAD DOGS. this tragedy. The life and poetical character of Lord much out of the way, and from the first hand, and Byron can hardly be fairly estimated. Yet he has often what may pass for a good one. For I dare say this enough avowed the source of his torments ; he has re Prince, at least, believed himself in all be told me, a prescut

and certain Care for the Bite of a mad Dog's

from Dr. Awsiter's Thoughts on Brightelmston. with the insupportable pain with which he is incessantly having ever passed for a very honest and pious man. struggling.

I leave it to naturalists to reason, and otber men Take sea-salt, or common kitchen-salt, dissolve it in * Properly speaking, he is continually pursued by the to believe as they please opoo it; however, it is not fresh, warm, human urine ; load the urine with as much ghosts of two females, who play great parts in the perhaps amiss to relieve or enliven a busy scene salt as it can dissolve; with this liquor cleanse the wound above-named tragedy; the one under the name of sometimes with such digressions, whether to the and limb of whatever saliva may stick to it, fill the Astarte, the other without figure or visibility, merely a purpose or no,"

wound with salt, wet a double rag in the prepared liquor, voice.

This account Mr. Locke has introduced into his and bind it on the part; as it dries, wet it with fresh * The following account is given of the horrible ad- Chapter of ldentity, and by employing it in illus- liquor; in six

hours open and wash the wound with the venture which he had with the former :" • When a young, bold, and highly attractive per

tration of a deep argumentative subject, it is pro-rag, and proceed as before ; in twelve hours the virus of sonage, he gained the favour of a Florentine

lady; the bable he credited the whole himself, or at least the bite will be subdued after this, keep the wound husband discovered this, and murdered his wife ; but though it an event not unworthy of philosophical clean by washing it night and morning with a cloth dipthe murderer was found dead in the street the same night, attention. The account is taken by Mr. Locke ped in the prepared salt liquor, till it is heated ; let the under circumstances which did not admit of attaching froin a work of Sir William Temple, an author of party take as much sea-water, for three mornings sucsuspicion to any one.' great veracity and information.

cessively, as will purge; and after each purging, at bed Lord B. fled from Florence, and seems to drag spec

time, an opiate of mithridate dissolved in penny-royal tres after him ever afterwards

water. The use of the sea-water is to empty the body, ** This strange incident receives a high degree of pro


and the use of the opiate to calm the spirits, which are bability from innumerable allusions in his poems; as

generally much agitated and depressed on these occasions. fe instance, in his application of the story of Pausanius

Let the patient bitten be kept quiet, let him not live low, to himself.

Our readers have frequently heard of the inhuman but moderately indulge bimself in wine. This regimen “What a wounded heart must the poet have, who selects from antiquity such an event, applies it to himself

, superstition which, in India, obliges the female to the wound is large, or when there are more than one, the and loads his tragic resemblance with it!”

sacrifice herself with the dead body of her husband. party may take a draught of sea water daily, for a short - these stories of the noble poet, and observes he never infatuation, in the instance of one member of a upon the malign virus of the wound, before it can make Baldwin's Magazine peremptorily denies the truth of The following narrative discloses another species of time.

The ratio of the cure consists in the action of the salt was in Florence in his youth.

family sacrificing himself in order to recover the any progress to infect the circulation. The salt, by beLOCKE'S EXTRAORDINARY PARROT. others from sickness, by appeasing the superior ing dissolved in urine, becomes more active, and is par.

ticularly assimilated to penetrate into any part of the powers by thal species of offering. The letter from body to which it is applied. The success of the applia "I had a mind to kvow, (says Locke in his Essay which we extract is dated Calcutta, 1787. Edit. Kal. cation depends much on the immediate time; the omis.

sion of it for twenty-four hours might render this remedy on the Human Understanding,) from Prince Maus rice's own mouth, the account of a common, but “ I have lately been an eye witness of a most first is local, this application to the part affected imme

precarious, and, perhaps, of no effect. As the poison at much credited stury, that I had heard so often from inelancholy transaction, the sad consequence of the diately destroys all danger. The purging, therefore, many others, of an old parrot be bad in Brazil, ignorance and superstition that reigo io lodostan. with sea-water, the opiate at night, and the regimen preduring

bis government there, that spoke and asked, I saw an aged man throw himself into a pit ten feet scribed, are only cautionary aids, co-operating with the and answered common questions like a reasonable deep, and half full of combustibles, which had been topical application. creature; so that tbose of his train there, generally set on fire. This mau had made himself a voluntary concluded it to be witchery, or possession, and one victim to preserve, as he thought, the lives of his Extraordinary Fish.- A carp, weighing 191bs. was of his chaplains, who lived long afterwards in children, who were at the time attacked by a dao- lately taken out of the fish-pond of John Spearman, of Holland, could never from that time endure a par- gerous and epidemical distemper.

Oxon, Esq. near Shrewsbury. The roe was of such a Tul, but said they all had a devil in them.

“ When this distemper breaks out among the magnitude, that the fish inverted in the water, and it I had heard many particulars of this story, and Hindoos, they believe most religiously that one of swam with its back downward ; its belly appearing above

the surface caused this extraordinary inhabitant to be asserted by people hard to be discredited, which them must die to save the rest. This poor old man

noticed. made me ask prince Maurice what there was of it. was thoroughly persuaded that the lives of his He said, with his usual plaiugess and dryness of children could not be preserved if he did not ofter

An enormously large eel, not of the congor species, talk, there was something true, but a great deal himself up as a sacrifice for them. I used every was taken by some gentlemen a few days ago, in a creek false

, of sbat had been reported.' I desired to know argument with himself, his wife, his brothers, and near the sea, at Fordyke, in Lincolnshire, belonging to of him wbat there was of the first.

his sisters, to convioce him and them of the absur. Mr. Birkits, which measured two yards and one inch in He told me short and coldly, that be had heard of dity of such an opinion, and the guilt of suicide ; length, and weighed thirty-six pounds! such an old parrot, when he came to Brazil; and bui in vain : they were deaf to my reasons; and though be believed nothing of it, and it was a good thinking at last that I intended to prevent by force Anecdote of Muley Ismael.-Muley Ismael compared way off, yet he had so much curiosity as to send for tbis horrible sacrifice, they threw themselves at my his subjects to a bag full of rats. “If you let them it, and that it was a very great and old one ; and feet, and begged, with tears in their eyes, that i rest,” said the warrior, ** they will gnaw a hole in it: when it first came into the room where the Prince would not oppose the resolution of tbe old man ! keep them moving, and no evil will happen." So his was, with a great maoy Dutchmeo about him, it “ The self-devoted victim being seated on the subjects, if kept continually occupied, the government said presently, “What a company of white men are brink of the pit, raised his hands to Heaven, and arise. This sultan was always in the tented field: he here!"

prayed with great fervoor. After he had remained would say, that he should not return to his palace until They asked it what it thought that man was, half an hour in that posture, four of his nearest re. the tents were rotten. He kept his army incessantly oce pointing at the Prince. It answered, “ some Gene. lations helped him on his legs, and walked with him cupied in making plantations of olives, or in building: ral or other.” When they brought it close to him, five times round the pit, all of them calling upon rest and rebellion were with him synonymous terms,


tenderness, gradually brought along by the current the present is only the third number. In this antiof paternal love. Indeed, throughout, his exertions cipation, and to prevent disappointment either to our

friends or ourselves, we have printed an extra quanAs I think I have perceived a disposition, on the part were spiendidly effective, and though the tragedy of some of the Liverpool critics, to undervalue the pro- lieved that it derived its greatest claims to the thunwas generally well supported, it will easily be be

tity of the two first numbers, to meet the after-sale,

as well as for the American market, which we have fessional talents of Mt. Young, and as I am amongst ders of applause with which it was received, to the

been strongly advised to try, with the most confident the number of that gentleman's admirers, I hope you talents of Mr. Young. At the conclusion, the shouts


of ultimate success. They who have is.

complete files of our first and second volume, wbich will do him the justice, and me the favour, to insert of approbation were incessant, so much so, as to in

they do not intend to have bound up for their owo the following extract from a recent Edinburgh journal, duce the Manager to withdraw the tragedy of King use, are informed, that we shall very soon issue a in order to show how the talents of my friend are appre- Lear, intended for representation this evening, and advertisement offering to exchange new for old QUEciated in the northern emporium of science, literature, announce the repetition of Virginius.

bers, or containing the terms upon which we will

become purchasers of sued as we stand in aeed of, and criticism. Yours, &c.

for the completion of our own sets. EXTRAORDINARY SWIMMING.

The story of LUCINDA, from the Columbiad," sball VIRGINIUS.

be inserted in an early number of the Kaleidoscope,

TO THE EDITOR. On Saturday evening, a tragedly was produced, for

If our compositors can decypher the transcriber' the first time here, called Virginius, or the Libera- SIR,_In consequence of a hint in the second number hand-writing, which, in some parts, bears no small

resemblance to the Egyptian bierogliphic character. fion of Rome. This play was originally produced of the Kaleidoscope, I send you the following statement

JOHN SIMPSON. at Glasgow, the residence of the author, a Mr. She. of facts.-Yours, &c.

The narrative of N. P. appeared some months since in ridan Kuowles, where it was attended with complete

About the year 1770, Henry Casson, (father of the

the newspapers, when we declined its insertion, be. success, but little profit ; since then, however, it has late John Casson, of this town) after being wrecked on

cause the circumstances were too horrible and increbeeu transplanted to Covent-garden, and we are Rock Donda, swam, together with Robert Moon, to the

dible. No good can arise from such disgusting and

improbable details. happy to understand that a more genial soil has island of Neves. Two others at the same time set off yielded to the author, not only laurels, but more to swim to Mountserat, but were never more heard of. Tue TRIP 10 BIRKENHEAD shall be perused preti. substantial benefit.

In the year 1786 or 7, the late Captain Wilson (who.

ously to our next. Whether suitable or not to the The tragedy was produced bere for the purpose was unfortunately lost near Lytham, in August last) plan of our work, it arrived too late for a place this of Mr. YOUNG appearing for the first time in the going to the West Indies in the sloop Reynolds, Capt. week. character

of Virginias. Our limits will not permit Bradley, they lost a spar overboard, and the Captain, us to enter into a detail of the plot: The circum- willing to save it, ordered the boat out, when Wilson BOMBASTES FURIOSO!-The FRIEND, from whose

MS. we bave transcribed the whole of this favourite stance of Virginius sacrificing, with his own hand, swam in the Bay of Biscay for four hours, till the sloop piece, is of opinion, that it has never previously ap. his only daughter Virginia, in order that she way could make a tack far enough to windward to bear down peared in any English journal or separate work, aluot be a victim to the rapacious lust of the Decem- upon them; while picking up Wilson, they lost sight

thougb he believes there has been an Irish edition of

it. vir Appius Claudius, is known to every schoolboy. of the other man, who perished.

We have consulted several other gentlemen The story opens at the point of time when Appius In the year 1796, during the government of Victor likely to know something on the subject, who are all has been re-elected to office, and closes with his Hughes, in Guadaloupe, the island of Martinique was of the same opinion as to its never baving before apo destruction by the grasp of Virginius. infested with small privateers, when the merchants and peared entire in any English work. It arises from a

reliance on these concurrent opinions, rather than : The merits of Virginius consist in the plot, which underwriters fitted out a vessel for a guarda costa, and is simple in the extreme; the incidents, however, teered their services in her, amongst whom were William

our own knowledge, that we have stated this pre. several seamen belonging to the merchant ships volun.

sumed face in the few lines with which we have prepossessing the most intimate connexion and depen- Mathews, and Daniel Lawson ; being on a cruise to

faced the work in our first column. We have beard, deuce on each other, and every event contributing windward of the island about 9 or 10 miles, sudden as Indeed, that a considerable part of Bombastes did something to the progress of the fable, and the a flash of lightning, the vessel split and left every one appear, some years ago, in Mr. Billinge's Monday's working out of the catastrophe. In short, it pos. to shift for themselves; after collecting a few oars, &c. paper; and, whether this report be true or not, we seoses more dramatic merits than any tragedly we and lashing them together, to try to save two or three of erust we shall stand acquitted of any intention to

mislead our readers, by stating our own belief, and bave seen performed for several years, without con- their comrades, these two swam to the island, and were

that of our correspondent, that the whole of the test taining much, if any, poetic power. The genius of the only two who were saved.

has never until now issued from the English press. the author consists in telling the story under a dramatic form, and in reaching the hearts of the audi

To Correspondents.

SWIMMING. We have inserted Mr. SIMPSOx's letter ence by the simplicity of his appeals, and therefore

verbatim, as we received it; but must observe that depending upon human sympathy; never attempt.

much of what he has stated, appears to rest upon ing to dazzle the imagination by the splendour of NEW SERIES OF THE KaleidOSCOPE:-We thank hearsay; and that the writer has omitted to state the his imagery, or to overwhelm the soul by.any extra

our friends and nunierous correspondents, for the distances from place to place. . bursts of pathos or imagination. He is invariably

satisfaction they have expressed in the change we alive to the situation of his personages, but never

have made in the form of our work, and for the G. N. will himself think that the interest of his commu

interest so generally expressed in its behalf. We nication has gone by. Owing to the intervention of the attempts to aggravate their real distress in the minds

beg to urge to all those who feel similarly interested

Sunday (a day upon which it is not our custom t3 of the audience by the eloquence of his poetry, but in the successful establishment of the Kaleidoscope,

require our printers to work) no letter has much frequently diminishes the natural effect by commu- that they have it in their power to do much towards chance of appearing in the first publication, unless nicating the most obvious sentiments and topics in the accomplishmen: of that end, by simply recom- it reach us by Friday at furthest, unless it be very

short. language, not only the most familiar, but very fre

mending it to their friends; and we choose this par. quearly tainted with vulgarity.

ticular time to intrude the suggestion, because we Does J. P. alias A CONSTANT PURCHASER, really The Virginius of Mr. Young was in every scene are now commencing the new series, which may be

wish us to say what we think of his poetical effusions? perfection. In the first act we find him at home

considered as an entirely new work. We bave rea. the bappy doating father, enjoying contentment and

son to believe, judging from former experience, that J. H. must know that the plan of our work wouid not

the early numbers of this new series, like those of admit of any allusion to the subject recommended; if repose in the society of his only daugbter; and if the old, will become scarce, or entirely exhausted, it were otherwise, our own taste would incline us to any thing could exceed the nervous and energetic at no very distant period of time; although we have avoid any subject unfitted for perusal in the most manner in which he concluded the third act, when done all in our power to prevent a recurrence of the select and scrupulous female society. he departs to the rescue of his child, it is the man- inconvenience we have experienced for the want of ner in which he appeared before the Decemvir. We particular numbers of the first and second volumes CAPTAIN PARSONS' JOURNAL.-The continuance of do not reinember any scene, of late years, where a

of the old series of the Kaleidoscope. If any of our this officer's narrative is postponed to our next. more powerful effect has been produced. The pa

readers fancy they discover any thing of affectation The lines of JUVENIS which were mislaid, shall be thos with which he delivered

or puffing on this occasion, we beg to assure them

attended to. that nothing is more remote from our intention. * I never saw you look so like your mother

The simple fact is, that we reserve a certain number The favour of a SUBSCRIBER shall also be attended to. In all your life,”

of each publication as a speculation, independent of when the story of the birth of Virginia is questioned, the expected present sale. This precaution has alelicited tears of heartfelt compassion. In the speech ways been taken with our former numbers, with a

Printed, published, and sold commencing view of enabling us at the expiration of our volumes,

BY EGERTON SMITH AND CO. and the completion of the index, to bring into the “ Let the Forum wait for us," market a stock of complete bound volumes, to meet

Liverpool Mercury Office. and concluding,

that AFTER•SALE, by which the Kaleidoscope is per- Sold also by John Bywater and Co. Pool-lane ; Messrs. " I shall be mute my eloquence is here

haps more distinguished than the generality of ephe- Evans, Chegwin and Hall, Castle-street ; Mr. Thos. Her tears, her youth, her innocence, her beauty," &c.

meral publications. Our motive, in so strongly urg- Smith, Paradise-street i Mr. Warbrick, Public Mr. Young united a dignity that seemed to swell

ing this point, is to induce those who' may be wa- Library, Lime-street; Mr. G. P. Day, Newsman,

vering, and who may ultimately become purchasers Dale-street; and Mr. John Smith, St. James's-road, from the inmost recesses of his soul with a soothing of the work, to commence with the volume, of which for ready money only.

[blocks in formation]

Scientific Notices.

must surely, therefore, be of the first importance to respired, in a diluted state, the ill effects which

health, that the Auid of which we hourly inhale at they produce, though slower in their operation, are INTERESTING FACTS CONCERNING

least three bogsheads, should not be contaminated equally certain. They to a certain extent pollute RESPIRATION, by the suspension of noxious effluvia.

the fountain of life, and ultimately break down The purity of the atmosphere may be impaired the vigour of the most robust frame; imparing the

either by the operation of what some would denomi- action of the digestive organs, engendering the [ORIGINAL)

nate natural causes; or by the influence of circum- whole train of nervous disorders, and rendering the

stances résulting from our social condition. Its body more susceptible of disease. Anatomists have, not unaptly, compared the lungs chemical constitution is changed by respiration ; The lungs and the skin may equally become the to a sponge, contaiging like it a great number of the vital principle is destroyed, and its place supplied means of introducing poisonous or infectious matter small cavities, and being also capable of condiderable by a bigbly poisonous gas.

into the constitution. The venom of a poisonous anicompression and expansion. The air cells of the The emanations from the surface of our bodies, mal, the mäller of small-pox, and many other conta. langs open into the windpipe, by which they com-contribute, io a still greater degree, to vitiate the gions, produce their influence through the medium of municate with the external atmosphere: the whole atmosphere, and to render it less fit for the healthful the skin. Iofectious diseases are communicated by the internal structure of the lungs is liued by a transpa- support of life. Many of the orgáns which compose reception of air in our luoga impregnated with con. rent membrane, estimated by Haller at only the our wonderfully complicated frame are engaged in tagious matter. The influence of the constapt resthousandth part of an inch in thickness, but whose discharging the constituent parts of our bodien, piration of ait in any degree impure, is 'fully surface, from ito various convolutiuns, measures 13 which by the exercise of the various animal func- evinced in the pallid countenances and languid square feet, which is equal to the external surface tions are become usėless, and, if retained, would be frames of those who live in confined and ill-venti: of the body. On this extensive aod thin membrane come noxious. Physiologists have instituted a va.lated places; and the health of all classes of society innumerable branches of reias and arteries are dis- riety of experiments to ascerlaiu the amount of the suffers precisely in proportion to the susceptibility tributed, some of them finer thao bairs; and through exhalations from the surface of the body. Sanctorius) of their constitutions, and according to the greater or these vessels all the blood in the system is succes- an eminent Italian physician, from a series of expe- less impurities of ile air which they habitually respire. sively propelled, by an extremely curious and beau- riments performed daring a period of thirty years, Of the offensive nature of animal effavja, ibe tifal mechanism, which will be described in some estimates it as greater than the aggregate of all our benses of every one who enters a crowded assembly, future article,

Other discharges. From bis calculations it would must itnmediately convince hisi. Wheti; tberefore, The capacity of the longe varies considerably in appear, that if we take of liquid abd solid food eight wè tefeci on the state of the air which we hrenthe different individuals.* On a general average, they pouods is the twenty-four houts, that'five pounds in churches, theatres, schools, and all crowdest, asmay be said to contain about 280 cubic inches, or are djecharged by perspiration alone, within that semblies; and wben we cousider the amount of the nearly five quarts of air. By each inspiration about period: and of this, the greater part is, what has exhalations emitted by each iudividual, and the very forty cubic inebes of air are received into the lungs, been denominated, insensible perspiration, from its offensive nature of those emitted by many ; and and at each expiration the same quantity is dis not being cognizable to the sedses. We inay esti- when on the other hand, we take into consideration charged. If, therefore, we calculate that twenty máte the discharge fron the surface of the body by the importance of air to Rfe, and the great quantity respirations take place in a minute, and forty cubic sensible and insensible perspiration, as from half au of this Auid which we daily respire, we must be incles to be the amount of each inspiration, it fol. ounce to four ounces per hour.

naturally led to the adoption of such measures as lows that in one minute we inhale 800 cubic incbes; The exhalations from the lungs and the skin would secure in our private dwellings, as well as in in an hour the quantity of air inspired will be 48,000 aré, to a certain extent, offensive even in the our public buildings, a full and unintermitting supcubic inches; and in the twenty-four hours, it will most healthy individuals; but when proceeding ply of fresh atmospheric air. amoaut to 1,152,000 cubic inches. This quantity from those labouring under disease, they are in It is curious to observe the influence of babit, in of air would almost fill 78 wine hogsheads, and a state very little removed from putrefaction. reconciling us to many practices which would otherwould weigh nearly 53 lbs. From this admirable Animal miasmata, like all other poisons, becote wise be considered in the highest degree offensive. provision of nature, by which the blood is made to more active in proportion to the quantity which we Thus, while, with a fastidious delicacy, we aroid pass in review, as it were, of this immense quantity imbibe. When, therefore, the air is staguant, and drinking from a củp which has been already pressof air, and over so extensive a surface, it seems ob- when many individuals contribute their respective ed to the lips of our friends : we feel no hesitation tious, that these two fluids are destined to exert supplies of efluvia to vitiate it, the atmosphere neces. in receiving into our lungs an atmosphere contamisome very important influence on each other; and sarily becomes satured with the poison; and when nated by the breath and exhalations of every proit has been proved, hy a very decisive experiment of inhaled, ci wys it in a more virulent and concen- miscuous assembly. Dr. Priestly's, that the extremely thin membrane, trated state to the extensive and delicate surface of

# An instrument, called the Pulmometer, has been which is alone interpored, does not prevent the ex. the lungs.

invented, which enables us to measure the capacity of etcise of the chemical affivity which prevails between The collection of animal effuvia in confined the lungs, and which may communicate information to the air which is received in the lungs, and the blood places, is the source of the generation and diffusion the physician, of some importance, in diseases of this which is incessantly circulating through them. It of febrile infection : but when the miasmata are organ:


The Gleaner.

formed the basis of all her recommendations to the She argues, in one of her letters, that she is entitled allied monarchs in 1814.

to attention as a teacher of divinity, inasmuch as

Madame Krudener, we learn, was born at Riga," I have been accustomed for years to see men of all I am but a gatherer and disposer of other men's about the year 1766. Her father was Baron Vic- classes discovering to me the deepest folds of their stilff."


tioghoff, a man of family, wealth, and taste. Her hearts.” Again,
brother, the present baron, has distinguished him- " It was necessary that a woman should appear,
self by his enterprising spirit as a traveller, and has who had been educated, and who had dwelt, in the

drawn up interesting narratives of his journeys in abodes of vanity and luxury, yet who could say to HISTORY OF MADAME KRUDENER. the East. When she was about nine years old, her the poor that she felt happier to serve theor, seated

father took her to Paris, where his house became on a wooden bench, thao to partake of the common (From the 7th Number of the London Magazine.) and scholars of the time. Buffon, Marmontel, ned, and who, humbled by her transgressions, might

one of the most favourite rendezvous of the wits enjoyments of wealth: a woman, too, who bad sio

d'Alembert, frequented the baron's evening parties, take her stand patiently, and courageously, and per. With all the varieties of faith and practice which and the little Juliana was in high favour with these severingly, at the foot of the cross, like Mary Mag. daily experience offers to our observation, we cer celebrated persons, for she was already distinguished delene, who could despise nobody, and who might tainly should not have ventured to express any asto- by an extraordinary degree of sagacious quickness, sympathise with sinners like herself, who had been nishment if Madame Krudener bad merely made a

mingled with ber constitutional vivacity and sensi deceived, and who had fallen before the vanities of the crowd of cominon converts to her system of religibility:

world, and the temptations of the flesh. A woman ous mysticism; for her manners, as appears from

" A lovely shape, tender expression of features, a was wanted who had been taught the deepest mysher history, are fascinating, her talents consider. cheerful yet thinking mind, an understanding formed teries by love alone; a courageous woman, who, able, and her doctrines of a prepossessing cast. by manifold kuowledge, a proficiency in the accom- having been possessed of almost every thing desira Her language carries with it evidence of good complishments of her sex and station, made her, in her, ble on earth, might be able to tell, even to Kings, pany and extensive information ; her birth

is respect.

in her fourteenth year, a fascinating creature: the that “all is vanity," and to hurl from their thrones able, and the pleasures and gaieties of French so. charm of her manner was the greater because her the false gods of the vain and pompous saloons." ciety before the revolution, with which she was inti heart was conversant ouly with pure sensations. At Paris, to which capital Madame Krudener soul mate, have left tints of vivacity in her disposition, Her eye was a mirror, in which her soul might be went, it was still worse than at Riga. “Connections that enliven the sombre hue of her devotional decla- seen; and its serenity produced a frankness of tem- formed rapidly, were, in succession, as rapidly dis. rations. In all these respects she has the advantage per which gave to her carriage a beautiful appear. solved.” She was drive from her father's hoine by of Joanna Southcote, our late English prophetess, who ance of ease. She approached every one with confi- secret uneasiness, and a desire to bush or drowo was fat, vulgar, and illiterate; and therefore not nearly she knew nothing of evil. It was about this time reminding her of her happy, because iunocent

, dence and pleasure: she suspected no one, because that voice of conscience wbich was perpetually so well calculated to make converts. Krudener's power of producing an impression on

that the Baron Krudener solicited ber hand, which youthful life. An increasing inward perturbation, the hearts of people by her person and manners, soon after she bestowed."

however, still accompanied lier, and she was plunged seems to have been, of itself, sufficient to create an

The Baron, soon after his marriage, went as am- in a thousand new perplexities by her misconduct. enthusiastic feeling in her favour, independently bassador from his government (Russia) to Venice, We are only told concisely by her biograpber, that altogether of her tenets. Og ber arrival in the taking his wife with him. Her feelings on touching she suffered many misfortones al Paris," which at Canton of Solothurn, the editor of the “Swiss the land where classic fame, and the romantic spirit length occasioned ber return to Germany; and, in Guide," thus broke forth at the top of his voice : of the middle ages, unite the interest proper to each the year 1798, she lived at Leipsic with a Freach. “ Madame Krudener now forms our reiguing and the triumphs of art, are forcibly expressed in After this, she went, for a short time, to Russia;

with the suggestions excited by the throne of religion man who had followed her from his own country. constellation, and she eclipses all the fixed stars and her Novel called “Valerie," which she wrote at and in 1801 returned aguin to Paris. planets of our terrestrial world. Her appearance Paris in 1802, with a view to effect, by its means, amongst us is delightful, if it were only for afford

Here she now seems to have lived in a very gay ing to us, in the midst of our narrow and constrain complete change of morals iu the French fashionable and splendid style. This was the era of her connec.

world." ed existence, a specimen, an image, for once, of

tion with Gatat, the singer, already alluded to, and noble, elegant, and liberal life. She is followed like Of this Novel we are sorry to he obliged to state, of the composition of her favourite novel, Valerie. St. John in the Desert: but it is no wonder that she that, when it was composed, Madame Krudener had The quickness and ardour of her emotions remain. is so, for she feeds, at once, the minds, hearts, and but too much reason to say with Falstaff, “Nów ed, but novelty was exhausted, and hope could prostomachs of all who come."

am I, if a man should speak truly, little better than mise nothing more in life worth living for! This is A lady, thus richly accomplished, and liberally

one of the wicked.” Ai Paris, at this time, observes the state of mind in which men and women are her biographer,

tempted to exclaim, "all is vanity," and to turo conducting herself, was not, as the editor says, likely to preach to thin congregations, or to deaf ears ; ceived the first-rate scholars and poets at her house, ligion or philosophy. “She frequented the most splendid circles, re- suddenly, for refuge from themselves, either to re

Madame Krudener chose the but that a female should, on the strength of some and followed all the fashions and Amusements of the former, and became the philanthropical prophetess. eloquently expressed dreams of a religious cast, (in world.” The singer, Garat, a wild

and thoughtless Her henevolence was her own: fanaticism vas, provolving pretensions to inspired prophecy, yet never

bably, only the result of unfortunate circumstances. inconsistent with the utmost purity of sentiment,) young man, is said to bave been her favourite. arrest the attention of monarchs in the hour of

We wish the youth of Madame Krudener had It was during this period that she was taken novictory, and sway their councils afterwards, is surely bheuld have liked her to have met Lord Byron at Madame de Chezy," I found the woman, whom

I had been placed more towards the present time; we tice of by the Queen of Prussia. “In 1812," says a remarkable fact; happening, as it did, in the year Venice: to have encountered him at the amiable in 1802 left at Paris, engaged in intrigues and ani1814 of the Christian era. The truth, however, we believe to be, that the successes of the allied arms, Countess Bensone's, a lady at whose palace is held mated by literary ambition-at Carlsrbue, clad in a in that year had rendered several of the crowned the most agreeable and respectable conversazione of plain black great coat, her hair cut close to her heads of Europe tétes eraltées, in the proper accep that city. La Comtesse would have delighted to head, surrounded wherever she went by the poor, and tation of the French phrase. They were in a trium- have brought together, under her elegant and hos. filled with an earnest, though then atill moderate phal fever, a delirium of joy, and human nature in pitable roof, two such remarkable persons as the Poet zeal for the word of God." its happiness, as well as in its wisery, is prone to and the Mystic, and to have watched the influence At Carlsrhue, Madame Krudener became acconnect itself immediately with heaven.

on ench other of such bighly gifted and very sensi- quainted with Mr. Jung.Stilliog; and from his conIt was at this critical moment that Madame tive minds. Madame Krudener arrived at Venice versation imbibed his notions regarding the milleKrudener is understood to have made a decided im- with her husband, but she left it alone. “She dia nium, and some other occult matters, on which his pression on the hearts of the monarchs; and more not,” says her biographer, “ und in ber alliance that ideas were peculiar. particularly on that of Alexander, by the fervour satisfaction which her ardent mind expected and

In the autumn of the famous year 1814, she again and apparent inspiration of her devotional appeals: demanded; so that her domestic concerus became went to Paris. Here she had formerly been an obappeals which she adapted, with great ability, to the embroiled, and a separation from her husband at ject of fashionable notoriety for her literary parties, circumstances in which were placed, at the moment, length took place.”

and the gaiety and splendour of her receptions : those whom she was most anxious to gain. The at- In 1791, Madame Krudener returned from Italy, now she became equally so for ber prayer meetings. tention paid to this lady's benevolent and religious a separated wife, to the house of her parents in The newspapers stated, that she inhabited a large exhortations, some have traced to an interest of Riga, and with them she lived for some time. All house, where she received her disciples; thai, another nature, which she had excited in the bosom who knew her at this period, agree in declaring, that through four or five empty rooms, which were pot of one prince, at least, at an earlier period, when the fascination of her persou and manners war ir- even lit up at night, the way led to the sanctuary in the cathusiasm and natural tenderness of her dispo- resistible! but, alas, we learn from her biographer, which the new priestess lay extended on a sofa ; a sition manifested themselves, with not less ardour, that now " her lively disposition, susceptible heart, few rush bottomed chairs for the visitors forming in a more common direction. Be that as it may, no and exposed state, operated upon by the seducing the only furniture besides. But such was the inone doubts that “peace and good-will to man” | charms of fashionable life, drew her into errors.” | Auence she had now acquired, that the allied So. How long

vereigos, or, at least, one of them, and he not the INTERESTING ACCOUNT OF THE much admired as a very ingenious edifice, least distinguished of their number, became a lis.

EDYSTONE LIGHTHOUSE. and Winstanley certainly deserved the cre. teuer to her exhortations and announcements. “It is confidently affirmed," observes her biographer,

dit of being the first projector of a very " that the foundation of that celebrated Alliance, which, ander the deuomination of holy, has, and is (From Gilpin's Western Part of England, p. 220.) difficult work. He had fixed it to the rock still to bave, a most important operation on the des.

by twelve massy bars of iron, which were tinies of Europe; and which few or gone, except Among the curiosities of this coast, the let down deep into the body of the stone. those with whom it originated, can pretend to comprehend, was at this time laid at ber prayer-mert- Edystone light-house is not one of the least. It was generally indeed thought well foundings."

About three leagues beyond Plymouth-ed; and the architect himself was so conAt this time she put forth one of the most singular of her productions, a description of the reli: sound, in a line nearly between Start-point vinced of its stability, that he would often gious festival, celebrated in the plains of Chalons and the Lizard, lie a number of low rocks, say, that he wished for nothing more than by the Russian troops, with their Emperor at their exceedingly dangerous at all times, but to be shut up in it during a violent storm. head. (“Le Camp de Vertus, a Paris, chez le Normaat.")

especially when the tides are high, which He at length had his wish; for he happened Wheo Madame Krudener arrived, in the autumn render them invisible. On these rocks it to be in it, at the time of that' memorable of 1815, at Basil, she soon collected a crowd of people about ber; and her discourses were now fun of had long been thought necessary to place storm on the 26th of November 1703. As all the raptures of prophecy and poesy. The gene some monitory signal. But the difficulty the violence, however, of the tempest came ral spirit of ber system seems to be the regimes of constructing a light-house was great. on, the terrified architect began to doubt the condition of the lower orders, and removing all One of the rocks indeed, which compose the firmness of his work: it trembled in the

estiges of oppression and selfishness from amongst this reef is considerably larger than the blast, and shook in every joint. the bigher.

In vain he The following account of Madame Krudener': rest ; yet its dimensions are still narrow: made what signals of distress he could inproceedings at Basil, is given by her biographer, and it is often covered with water, and fre-vent, to bring a boat from the shore. The will we think, be read with interest :

“The women, always fuad of allegory, and prone quently, even in the calmest weather, sur- terrors of the storm were such, that the to puwerful emotions, always preferring the impulses rounded by a swelling sea, which makes it boldest vessel durst not face it. of the heart to the cold investigations of reason difficult to land upon it; and much more so he continued in this melancholy distress is doctrines. Wives and maidens, stimulated by her to carry on any work of time and labour. unknown; but in the morning no appeareloquence, were seen selling all they had, and giv: The uncommon tumult of the sea in this ance of the light-house was left. It and all ing onto the poor.' Their jewels, their household furniture, their dress, all went to coustitute a fund place is occasioned by a peculiarity in the its contents, during that terrible night, were for the needy."

rocks. As they all slope and point to the swept into the sea. This catastrophe furIt is not very surprising that Swiss fathers and busbands were not in a gund buinour with these cow-north-east, they spread their inclined sides, nished Mr. Gay with the following simile in versions of ibeir wives and daughters. ,

of course, to the swelling tides and storms his Trivia, which was written a few years She now became an object of suspicion and dislike to the authorities of the various Cantons, and of the Atlantic. And as they continue in after the event : vaschased from place to place in a way, the descrip- this shelving direction many fathoms below So when fam'd Edystone's far-shooting ray, tion of which excites our feelings pretty strongly on the surface of the sea, they occasion that

That led the Sailor through the stormy way, ber side.

Was from its rocky roots by billows torn, During the scarcity of the year 1816, she expend- violent working of the water, which the

And the high turret in the whirlwind borne, ed large soms in supplyiug the poor with fuod, and

seamen call a ground swell. So that after Fleets bulged their sides against the craggy land, great numbers of these Aocked around her in the village of Grenzacher Horn, at a short distance from a storm, when the surface of the sea around And pitchy ruins blacken'd all the strand. Basil. But the magistrates of this place will con: is perfectly smooth, the swells and agitation A light-house was again constructed on of Janoary, 1817, the village was surrounded by the about these rocks are dangerous. From this rock before the conclusion of Queen armed police, and Madame Krudener's hearers and these continual eddies the Edystone derives Anne's reign. It was undertaken by one peosioners were all taken into custody. Madame Krajener now set out avowedly on the its name.

Rudyard, who built it also of wood, but pilgrimage which was to include all Germany and The first light-house of any consequence, having seen his predecessor's errors, avoided the neighbouring nations; and to the poor of all erected on this rock, was undertaken by a them. He followed Winstanley's idea in countries she particularly addresse gave the name of the missioo" to the few friends person of the name of Winstanley, in the the mode of fixing his structure to the These were now Empeytag, Kelluer, and Professur reign of King William. Mr. Winstanley rock; but he chose a plain circular form, Lachenal from Basil. An " Appeal to the Poor," does not appear to have been a man of so- without any gallery, or useless projecting was published by this body:-they were desired in lidity and judgment sufficient to erect an parts for the storm to fasten on. To give and to expect his interposition in their behalf in the edifice of this kind. He had never been stability also to his work, he judiciously incontries where they were unjustly treated. This noted for any capital work; but much cele- troduced, as ballast at the bottom, 270 tons awful visitations. Slie particularly alludes to those brated for a variety of trifling and ridiculous of stone. In short, every precaution was places where the poor are not allowed to marry un contrivances. If you set your foot on a taken to secure it against the fury of the less they have a certain sum of money ;-here she certain board in one of his rooms, a ghost two elements of wind and water, which had says, the laws of man are opposed to those of God.

Madame Kradener continued to travel from towu would start up; or if you sat down in an destroyed the last. But it fell by a third. to town, but no where was she allowed by the elbow-chair, its arms would clasp around Late one night, in the year 1755, it was alert to warn her off their premises the moment of you. His light-house, which was built of observed from the shore to be on fire. Its her arrival. These measures ouly tended to increase wood, partook of his whimsical genius. It upper works having been constructed of was delivered over by the Saxon police to the Prus was finished with galleries, and other orna- light timber, probably could not bear the sian, and conducted by the latter, with her friends, ments, which encumbered it, without being heat. It happened fortunately that Admiral to Konigsberg, since which time nothing has been beard of this remarkable woman.

of any use. It was, however, on the whole, West rode with a fleet at that time in the


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