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this is the one John faw coming down from heaven. It is now above, but it will after the new earth is created, come down from heaven to the earth.
5. This fame new Jerusalem is called by Paul, a build.. ing of God, Eternal in the heavens. 2 Cor. v. I, “ For we know, that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.” This appears to be the fame as the heavenly Jerusalem, and holy city.
6. This new Jerufalem is called a kingdom prepared from the foundation of the world, the same as the city prepared. Matth. xxv. 34, 6 Come ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.” In Rev. the holy city is said to be the residence of the saints, here they are invited to a kingdom. In other places mention is made of a city PREPARED. Christ says, I go to prepare a place for you, in his Father's house ; here it is said the kingdom is PREPARED for them, which must mean the same thing, or else there are contradictions in the scriptures.
7. This new Jerusalem is in three places called ParADISE. Luke xxiii. 43, “ And Jesus said unto him, verily I say unto thee, to day shalt thou be with me in Paradise.” What is here called Paradise, is in the verfe be. fore called Christ's kingdom. The thief said to Christ on the cross, 6 Lord remember me when thou comeft into thy kingdom.” That PARADISE means the new Je. rufalem, is plain from Rev. ii. 7, “ To him that over. cometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the PARADISE of God.” We are told by Christ, that the tree of life is in the midst of the PARADISE of God. In Rev. xxii. 2, we are told that the tree of life was in the midst of the street of the holy city, the new Jerusalem, which plainly proves that the new Jeru. falem, and PARADISE mean one thing. This is where Paul was caught up, and heard unspeakable words.
I think that whoever compares these places together, will find that all these different expressions in different parts of the scriptures refer to one thing; the New JERUBALEM, which will be seen in the new earth, an eternal excellency, the joy of the whole earth.
All these places of fcripture mean something; and the nations of the earth in general have an idea of a place of bliss hereafter, as well as of happiness in a future state. It is evident that all the nations of the earth have bor. towed their notions of a PARADISE, or heaven to come from the one described in the scriptures of truth. Where. ever there is counterfeit, it is a sign of true coin ; when a false Paradise is described, there must be a true one. Had there been no truth, a lye could not have been told. Alye is a certain sign of truth. From all I can learn from the scriptures, this is the sum;
1. What is called the new Jerusalem-the holy citythe heavenly Jerufalem,-the city of the living God the Paradise of God, &c. is now created, and prepared from :he foundation of the world, and has now the glory of God in it. It is now the city which hath foundations, whose builder and Maker is God. This appears plain to me from the scriptures that have been mentioned in this discourse."
2. It is plain that Jesus Christ, the angels and all the translated saints, and those who rose from the dead at Christ's resurrection, are now in this city called Paradise. Christ said to the thief, “ This day shalt thou be with me in Paradise.” It has been proved to be the new Jerusalem. This is where Paul was carried at a certain time. When Christ comes to reign on the earth, all the saints who are now with him in the new Jerusalem he will bring with him. This is what Moses and Elias now enjoy. This is the holiest of all where Christ has now entered ; of which the holy place in the old tabernacle and temple were patterns. This is mentioned in Heb. viii. 1, 2, “ Now of the things which we have spoken, this is the sum ; we have such an high Priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the majesty in the heavens, a minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tab, ernacle, which the Lord pi:ched and not man." The old tabernacle, Mofes pitched, but the tabernacle where Chriit is gone; the Lord pitched. This means the new
Jerusalem; because wlien John saw the new Jerusalem come down from heaven, the cry was "Behold the tab. ernacle of God is with men, and he shall dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be
with them, and be their God.”. :: 3. This New Jerusalem, called the tabernacle of God,
is to come down from heaven after the earth is new. It is plain that this city will be moved, by the name given it ; the tabernacle, which means a moveable building
That this city which is now built will come down from heaven, to the new earth all prepared to dwell in, is as certain as it is that a bride is adorned for her husband, and no other. Rev. iii. 12, “ Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out; and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is New Jerusalem, which cometh down from heaven from my God.”
In this verse Jesus mentions the new Jerusalem as the i city of his God, and says it cometh down from heaven from his God. When we read that an angel came down from heaven), we suppose it was true. When we read that Christ shall come down from heaven, it means that he will stand at the latter day on the earth. When we i are told the new Jerusalem cometh down from heaven, we have the fame reason to believe it will ere long come down, as we have to believe Christ will come down from heaven hereafter. Christ spake of its coming down from heaven ; but John had a vision of it descending to the new earth. Rev. xxi. 2, 10, “ And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband."
What can be more evident than this, that t?is city will descend from heaven to earth where men will enjoy God in the city ? This is further explained in verse 10, “ And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God." Three times this city is mentioned as coming down from heav. en " which cometh down out of heaven from my God." Chap.
ii. 12, “ Coming down from God out of heaven." Chap. xxi. 2, “ The boly Jerusalem, defcending out of heaven from God, ver. 10.
If these things do not convince men that this city, this paradise of God will come down from heaven, then I must conclude that they do not receive the testimony God has given of what Christ says are the true sayings of God. The Lord Jesus kriew that many would think these things concerning the city to be similitudes, or things different from what is said of them; and that we might believe that what is faid of the new Jerusalem means.as it says; he has in the last of this book mentioned several important things ; which appear to me duty to mention before I proceed to describe the city.
Rev. xxii. 6, 7, “ And he said unto me, these sayings are faithful and true, and the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel to thew unto his servants the things that must shortly be done. Behold I come quickly ; blessed is he that keepeth the sayings of the prophecy of this book.” These two ver fes follow the description of the holy city; and it is declared that what is said of the city, is faithful and true, and that an angel was sent by the Lord God to shew his servants those things which must be shortly done. After this it is said, verse 16, " I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify these things in the churches." By this we are taught that it is meant, that the churches, as well as the servants of God should know these to be true, and no parable. • To conclude the whole of what Chrilt has faid concerning the new Jerusalem, he has warned every man not to add or diminish from what he has said of the holy city, apd those who shall dwell there. Verses 18, 19, “ For I teftin unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, if any man fhall add unto those things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book; and if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things that are written in this book. He'
which teftifieth these things faith, surely I come quickly, Amen. Even so come Lord Jesus.”
These things concerning the city are here considered a prophecy of things to come, and the person who shall dareto make the prophecy anything belides what it is said to be ; is threatened with a loss of that glory which all who believe shall at last enjoy. · According to this declaration we are safe in believing that what is called a city in these chapters means juit such an one as is here described.
I shall now proceed to the description of the new Jeru. falem, as it is laid down in the two last chapters of Rev. elation. In the description of this city, there are several particulars mentioned in these two chapters : 11. The new Jerusalem-Holy city-and Tabernacle of God.
The word Jerusalem signifies the vision or poffeffion of peace, or, they shall see peace.” It is made of two words, JERU, they shall fee, and saLEM, which means peace. This city which is to come down from heaven is the new Jerusalem, in distinction from the Jerusalem at this time, or in the thousand years of Christ's reign upon earth. It will be new and suitable for the new heaven and earth, and for these new creatures who shall dwell there forever. It is called the holy city, because every part of it will be holy, and all who shall dwell there will be holy, and all their employment will be of the same na. ture of the city. No unholy person will ever have ad. mittance there :
“ Those holy gates forever bar,
It is called the Tabernacle of God, because of its being moved from heaven to earth, and because God will dwell there, with his people forever.
2. The extent of the city is mentioned ; ver. 16, “ And he city lieth four square, and the length is as large as