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have a hard in these affairs, and dare not join to Mr. H. then took his leave, and the comin't. fight agains! birn; neither do any thing to encourage tee for this county unanimously resolved, that the olhers. Second reason is, I am now going in my tea should be kept in store, until the above state fifty-sixth year, and am very fat and not fit for ac. of the case was communicated to the committee tion. Third reason is, I have a giddiness in my of inspection for the city of Philadelphia, and that bead, that is so bad on me at times, that I have said committee be requested to enquire in:o the dropt in the road as though I was shot with a bullet. matter, and detect the remainder of the said chest The fourth reason, why, about two years ago I had of tea, if unduly imported; and if otherwise, that the flux for seven months very bad, and now, to this by a speedy answer they will enable the commit. day, when I overheat myself, I catch cold, and it tee to return an innocent man's property. returns upon me again, and will many times lay me Signed by order of the committee. up for seven or eight days together; so I think that these reasons with the first and principal one, would
TORIES IN SUSSEX. be enough for any reasonable men, which I take you all io be, to have me excused. But if you are To Dr. James Tilton. not satisfied with these reasons, I am ready and
Sir-This informs you, that an indictment was willing to come on the least notice, only please to found by the grand jury of Sussex county, against let me know by a line or two, and I will wait on you a number of zealous friends to their country, for, as any time whenever you will please to call on me at is said, insulting a certain J. C. The particulars any other time-- I should have come to day, only I
are as follows: J. C. some time in the month of was engaged another way before I heard of the ad. September, came to Lewis, and in an open, profane vertisement, for I never saw it.
manner, cursed the honorable continental congress, This from your frierid and well wisher to you all, and all those that would not curse it; calling upon and all your honest undertakings; and may the the supreme Being in a most solemn manner to do Gol of peace instruct you all and give you grace, the congress, and all that would not d-d it; that is the sincere prayer of me.
Z. G. d-d set would ruin the country. For which ex.
pressions and such like, it was thought proper he Dover, Junuary 26th, 1775. should be had up before the committee of inspec. Gentlemen- At a meeting of the committee of tion, as guilty of treason against the liberties of inspection for Kent county, on Delaware, (on 26th America, and also the congress; for the congress inst.) information was given, by a member of the acting suitable to the power delegated, that body committee, of two barrels of lea, containing 22616. ought to be esteemed as king, and therefore whatwhich be had discovered on board J. Il's. sloop, at a ever is said against that body should be deemed landing place in said county; that he had been treason. C. being had up before the committee, obliged to put the tea into his own store, to secure and the facts before mentioned sufficiently proved, it from the populace, as there was great reason to one of the audience said "it sounded like a death believe it had been unduly imported, since the 1st warrant.” C. in an insulting, swearing-way, said, of December last, in a brig late from Jamaica, be. "put it in execution.” However, upon mature conlonging to J. H. who is now in this county, and sideration of the committee, some of which was confesses himself to be the owner of the tea. no better than C a sort of recantation was drawn
up and signed by C. but by no means satisfactory to Mr. H. being called upon by the committee, ac the people. Upon which, some concluded we should knowledged the tea to be his property, and said it proceed in the new mode of making converts, by was a part of a large chest be bad bought of Duf- bestowing upon C. a coat of tar and feathers; but field and Hepburn, wt. 3. 0. 23, Tare 70ib. of which after some hesitation, and much persuasion, were he produced a bill dated January 11th, 1775. He prevented from using any violent reasures, unless declared he believed the tea to be duly imported, beating the drum a few rods, and two boys throw; and had taken the above parcel which the coming an egg a piece unknown to the men—wbicb, as mittee had taken into custody, out of the chest, soon as they were observed, was immediately and packed it in barrels, for no other reason than stopped. No threa:ening or abusive language was because it was more conveniently hoisted in and made use of to intimidate or affright him. This is out of the vessel; but gave no reason for the immo.! as near the state of the inalter as I can recollecta derate quantity, though very unfit for the place this they have made a riot of, and J. M. esquire, as where he alleged it was to be sold,
king's attorney, has acted in this matter.
Now, if such offenders as C. are permitted to intestine ene ning ig foreign fues? B'it by what la bring us under the cognizance of the civil luw,- of the land can we do it?-by none and therefore ive all the friends to liberty here in Sussex, may as well appeal to the law of nature. By this law the re. give up as contend any longer; for, we are too weak presentatives of a people in committee, piiblis'ı an to oppose ministerial tools.
enemy anil make him infamous forever; and by this This from your's, to serve,
law, the people at farge tar and feather torjes and SAMUEL M'MASTERS.
The sole object of natural law is jus ice; Lewes, November 14th, 1775.
and agreeable to it, in V. C''C139, the only ques.
tion should be, bas his punishment been mors than Dr. Tilion's reply.
adequate to his crimes? If he has discovere lhin. Sir-Your's of the 14ih inst. came safe to hand. self unfriendly to his country, and especially to I am not a little surprised at the contents of it. "America, his light escape could be owing to not have heard a great deal of Sussex toryismı, but ima. ing but great prrziality or uncompon humanity in gined, if you had really such among you, they would his countrymen. And as to those men, who would have acted more ingeniously than by playing of now take advantage of the civil law, against those the civil law, as an engine against the sons of liber. who were the instrumen's of justice on C. in behalt ty. The recent success of Mr. H. I should have of their country, I take it for granted they have a. thought, would have targ'at them better. Your plentiful stock of ignorance or an uncommon share grand jury must certainly have been infatuated of boldness and wickedness; and I will venture with very undue prejudices, or they never could to add, that were they in any part of the United lave countenanced such an indictment as you men. Colonies, besides Sussex, they would in the one tion.
cuse meet with proper instruction, and in the other
suitable correction. I wish I was able to give you such advice as would be profitable to your deluded countrymen; Letter from Dr. T. 10 J. W. on the same subject. but when I consider that I am writing to a man
Dover, 261h November, 1775. younger than myself, and who has perhaps as little
Dear brother-It is not common for me to trou. influence in Sussex as I have in Kent, I conceive 1 ble you with political letters. Mrs. M. however, cannot testify my esteem, for a lover of liberty, beto informs me of a late transaction, in Lewes, in which ter, than by communicating my sentiments, on our I think you so nearly interested, that I am conpresent troubles, in as slıort and plain a manner as strained to communicate a few thoughts of mine on I can.
the subject; not from a vain pride of differing in I lay it down as a maxim, that the claim of Eng opinion with my elder brother, but from a sincere land on America "to tas her in all cases whatsoe. wish that you may improve any hints of mine that ver,” is affrontive to common sense, no: to be tole are right, to your own advantage and the public rated, but spurned at by freemen, and to be resist- good. I ain told you sat with a number of others ed to the last extremity whenever attempled to be an 2 alvised among the rest, that sone young men put in execution. It is found equally true, by our should be indicted for mobbing J. C. a noteiene. experience, that the civil or municipal laws of the my to his country; that you being the first who provinces, are not sufficient to defend us against left the room, was as good as moirhed yourself, by the unjust and cruel means used to bring us under the inhabitants of Lewes, who resen:ed such treatunjust and arbitrary taxation. What resource then ment from their magistrates. This being a true bad America left her? Wiy-she appealed to the state of the case, I ain obliged to think you have law of nature, which baving a like respect to all, if been guilty of an error. I know you wish wel! founded only in justice and truth. 'In doing this, to your country, but men of the best designs may however, the Anericans have not violated the con
sometimes be wrong in the means of accomplis!.. stitution of England (as their enemies bave s 16. vg them. You cannot be ignorant that the law of gested,) for that being founded in liberiy cannot the land is insuficient to protect us against the be repugnant to the eternal and immutable laws of viulence of Great Britain, and that therefore Ametruth and justice. By the law of nature chen, and rica has long since rec'irred to the law of nature, the constitution of Engiand, we are perfectly righ: by virtue of wsich she hath strengthened her bands in defending our rights and liberties. The lax of - As we have no law of the land by which we can nature is above all others, and constanily govern punish tories and trai: »rs, the natural law of ne. in the last exigency of affairs. In our present cessity takes place.- Valui al law has justior alone struggle is it not equally necessary to guard against)for its object, and in Vir. C's case, the sole ques.
tion ought to be, has be received more than he de q nittee of inspection for this county, your letter served? I am sure you will say he deserved ten vherein you confess yourself to be the author of times as much. Why then would you take advan. the Kentish le ter (co ninunly so called) published tage of the civil law in his behalf? If you shoul! 3No. of Humpbreys' Ledger. answer in the language of the most unfriendly !0 this country, "least the civil authority should be
The committee took the same into consideration, brought into contempt," a moment's reflection will en 1 have unanimously resolved that it is unsatis. shew you the absurdity of such reasoning. CanFactory, and you are requested to attend the comthe dignity of civil authority be supported by act nittee at their next meeting on Tuesday the 9th ing in concert with villians? and would you wish inst. at French Battell's, in Dover, and render such to be accounted the avenger of justice? But I need satisfaction to the committee, as will enable them not enlarge, as no instance can be adduced where to clear the good people of this county from the as. the Americans have purished an innocent person nertions of that letter, and justify them in the eyes for crimes like C's --- Mr. H's fate will serve to shew of the public. you the sens : of the Philadelphians, respecting your Signed by order of the committee, conduct. His crime nothing more than an ex To R. H. ertion of civil power in opposition to the rights of nature. He was car el.-I don't mention this to To the committee of inspection for Kent county, on Dereproach you with folly, but as a basis to that ad.
laware. vice I wish you to take, viz: that you may use your
GENTLEMBI.— With sorrow and contrition for utmost influence if possible, to quash the i.dic. my weakness and folly, I confess myself the author ments. I am persuaded the reputation of your of the letter, from which an extract was published coun y and your swn personal safety, are concerned in the 3d No. of Humphreys' Ledger, said to be in the event of this patter. For tho' Sussex should from Kent county, on Delaware; but at the same approve or submit to such conduct, I am confident time to declare it was published without my conevery other part of the United Colonies will con- sent, and not without some alterations. demn and despise it. For my own part, I bave beard many bad reports of Sussex, but I assure therein contained, were founded on the grossest
I am now convinced that the political sentiments you this fills me with more displeasure than
error; more especially that malignant insinuation, public transaction of your county, I have ever at that “if the king's standard were now erected, nine tended to.
out of ten would repair to it,” could not bare
been suggested, but from the deepest infatuation. I acknowledge to have wrote a piece, and did True indeed it is, the people of this county have not sign it, since said to be an extract of a letter ever shewn a zealous attachment to his majesty's from Kent county, on Delaware, published in Hum person and government, and whenever be raised his phreys' Ledger, No. 3. It was not dated from any
standard in a just cause, were ready to flock to it:
but let the severe account I now render to an in. place, and is some altered from the original. 1 folded it up and directed the same to J. F. and jured people, witness to the world, that none are Sons. I had no intention to have it published;
more ready to oppose tyranny or to be first in the and further, I let them know the author thought
cause of liberty, than the inhabitants of Kent coun. best it should not be published; nor did I think they would.--I am sincerely sorry I ever wrote it, Conscious that I can render no satisfaction ade. as also for its being published, and hope I shall be quate to the injury I have done my country, I can excused for this, my first breach in this way, and only beg the forgiveness of my countrymen, upon I intend it shall be the last.
R. H. those principles of humanity, which may induce To the committee of correspondence
them to consider the frailty of human nature and for Kent county, on Delaware,
I do profess and promise, that I will never again May 20, 1775.
oppose those laudable measures, necessarily adopt.
ed by my countrymen, for tbe preservation of Ame. Sır.—The president of the committee of corres. -ican freedom: but will co-operate with them to the pondence, by and with the advice of such other of utmost of my abilities, in their virtuous struggle the members of that committee as he was able to isr liberty (so far as is consistent with my relicollect and consult, this day laid before the com-/gious principles.)
RECANTATION OF AX ARTICLE PUBLISHED.
Resolved unanimously, that the cornmittee do, guard for one night, and nego day, hy advice of a think the above recantation fully satisfactory, number of gentlemen in whom we could confide,
THO'S. NIXON, Jr. Clerk. they were set at liberty, on their giving bond with May 9th, 1775.
security that they would submit their conduct to
a strict enquiry before your honorable house, and SATISFACTION TEXDERED,
nor presume to sit op do any one act as members, GENTLEMEN.- Whatever the public opinion may until honorably acquitted of all charges and every be of what I have heretofore said respecting the
degree of suspicion, by you. In all this we appre. contest between Great Britain and the colonies, I
hend, we have acted consistent with the first prin. do solemnly assure you that I have never had any ciples of nature and humanity. And as we datter thing is view but a reconciliati»n between them, ourselves with your approbation, we hope and exupon the full establishment of all the constitution.
pect that a scrutiny will be made into the conduct al rights and privile; es of America. Which rights for these suspicious persons, and that in wisdom and privileges I am determined to defend with my
you will judge of them, and relieve your petition. life and property against all iavasjons whatsoever.
ers and the public in general of their apprehenThis you will pleas". to make known to my brethren
sions concerning them. in this county
I am, gentlemen, with great respect, your hum. We cannot omit the present opportunity, with ble servant,
R. S. humility and confidence, to make known to your To the committee of observatiin
honors many grievances of our own and neighborfor Kent county, on Delaware.
ing county, by which the cause of virtue and liber.
ty has, and will greatly suffer--and may be ruined; Arrest of a member of the legisluture. unless by the intreaties of your petitioners anel [The following petition sufficiently expiains the other good men, we can prevail on your honors to circumstances of the case.)
look :Jiligently and carefully into the ways and The petition and remonstrance of the light infantry conduct of a number of designing and interested
company of Dover, to the honorable house of re men, who, like the parliament of Great Britainl, presentatives, for the gover ment of the coun. under the pretext of law, rule or order, most as. ties of New Castle, Kent, and Sussex, on Dela. siduously oppose and hinder, to the utmost of their ware, now sitting at New Castle, humbly sleweth: power, the strenuous endeavors of the good and
That T. R. of Sussex county, esq. having for a virtuous in all their public measures, on behalf of long time past been of ill fame, and published by our threatened liberty. When under covert of au. diverse committees in several newspapers as an thority or the specious garb of moderation, the enemy to his country, and the said T. R. presum. first laws of nature and justice are violated, if we ing to pass through our county, and at a critical do but murmur we are reprobated as violent incen. conjuncture to sit in your honorable house, as one diaries, and loaded with opprobrious epithets. By of our representatives, we thought ourselves boiind the dint of influence, a number of persons, the most in duty, as we regarded the honor of your honora. notoriously opposed to the cause of liberty, and ble house, and the true inierest and safety of the who have made public concessions for the most public, to take said T. R. into custody until your daring offences, are made officers in our milii, bonorable house could take order in the matter. and thus have influence among the people. But Whereupon an attempt being made to arrest Mr this reproach is not the most intolerable to comR. col. M. of Sussex county also, drew his sword, plain of. Men of the most dangerous characters and tho' he was made well acquainted with the have crept into our very councils; and, if it were reasons and principles upon which it was thought possible, would contaminate the very source and necessary to arrest Mr. R. he swore he would de fountain of all our bopes and expectations. fend him at the risk of his life. Upon this, he was immediately disarmed, and his violent conduct, to.
We pray your honors, that, after diligent enquiry gether with the well known connexion between and being well satisfied of the truth of these our the two men, inducing the company to consider allegations, you will take the ineuns of our redress Mr. M. as in the same predicament with Mr. R. into your serious consideration, and that you will they after mature deliberation, resolved to give give that aid to public virtue and liberiy which them both a like treatment, by keeping them in your known wisdom and patriotism will naturally safe custody until your advice and pleasure should suggest. be known. They were accordingly detained under And your petitioners as in duty bound skall pray.
Cross Roads, March 3il, 1776 county, could not avoid taking notice of them. Af. GENTLEMEN.-We, the members of assembly for ter a mature hearing and judgment of bis conduct, Kent county, taking into consideration the con. the committee published him in the newspapers, as finement of Messrs. R. and M now in your cus. an enemy to his country. It was upon this ground, to ly, take the liber y to inform you that the con the light infantry company of Dover seized upon tinuing these supposed offenders any longer under R. on his way to take his seat in the house a restraint of their liberty, may give interruption of representatives, at New Castle; and demanded to the business of leg slation in this government of the legislature, that he should not be permitted which may be injuri'us, especially ai this time; we o sit as a representative of the people, while coare therefore of pinion that you should release vered with charges of so malignant a dye. Instead then from their imprisonment, and permit them tof regarding the iniquities of this culprit, Diony. pursue their journey to New Castle, upon their sins talked in a high strain of the breach of privi. giving bond wiib security to submit the enquiry lege of the house. An orler issued, summoning the into their respective offences to the house of assem infantry to attend the house, which they instantly bly, and abide by, and perform whatsoever shall be obeyed. Mention was even made of imprisoning enjoined then by the house.
them for so daring an offence. But the spirit of We are, gentlemen, &c.
New Castle county did not at that time, favor this CESAR RODNEY
measure. It was suggested, they must find means WILLS KILLEN
of confining a regiment or more of their militia, or JOHN HASLETT
they would not detain the infantry long. For THOMAS RODNEY
many days after the examination of the witnesses, VINCENT LOCKERMAN which went chiefly to an enquiry into the offence To the gentlemen of the light infuntry company. of the infantry, there was no open discission as
usual in the house. At the ringing of the bell, e [The result of this business is thus detailed in a minority of patriotic members met regularly: but p. mphlet published in 1738. entitled "the bingra. Dionysius, in secret cabal, threatened some mem. phical history of Drovisits, tyrant of Delaware, by bers, and allured others with promises, until he TIMOLEON."]
brought his measures to bear. Finally it was reo. “But to explain the attachment and connection solved, that R. and his associate (who had also of Dionysius with R and the other representatives been arrested for standing in his defence) should from Sussex, it will be necessary to give some ac. take their seats; and the light infantry were discount of this coun‘y, and their election at Lewes. missed.” in October, 1775. This R. was a man of property, and had been a leader in the proprietary faction
PROCLAMATION. fur some years. Perfectly unprincipled, and sub. By John Burgoyne, esq. lieutenant general of his servient to direction, he of course at this tine, be majesty's armies in America, colonel of the came a leader in opposition to independence. With
quieen's regiment of light dragoons, governor of all the industry of interested tools, he, and his as
Fort William in North Britain, one of the represociates of the same connection, prejudiced a ma.
sentatives of the commons of Great Britain, and jority of the people of S 188«x against independence.
commanding an army and feet employed on an Upon this principle it was, that R. and others of
expedition from Canada, &c. &c. the same political creed, were elected representa The forces entrusted to my command, are detives of the people.
signed to act in concert, and upon a common prin.
ciple, with the numerous armies and fleets which The whigs bore all this willi a degree of patience
already display in every quarter of America, the peculiar to Delaware. R. rendered fearless by his success, and the forbearance of the whigs, proceed. power, the justice, and, when properly sought, the ed boldly in his villanies. By every means in his mercy of the king. power, he seduced the people to break through The cause in which the British arms is thus exthe non-importation agreement. In particular, he erted, applies to the most affecting interests of purchased a large quantity of tea, and dealt it out the human beart; and the military servants of the to all whom he could persuade to use it. Having crown, at first called forth for the sole purpose of by this time a degree of contempt for all opposi restoring the rights of the constitution, now con. tion, there was so little reserve in these transac.bine with love of their country, and duty to their tions, that the committee of observation of the sovereign, the other extensive incitements, which