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Fedge of the properties of the different Who e'er offends, at some unlucky time gales (but particularly that of oxygen) Siides into verse and hitches in a rhyme ;

Sacred to ridicule his whole life long, he camot comprehend the existence of a

And the sad burden of fome merry long. fact admitted by all enlightened philofo

So fang the English poet, with a phers of the present day, viz. that fub- ftrength Inu Ipirit, a familiar ease, a Kances, fuch as the oxides of mercury, grace, a beautiful abruptness, scarcely, if zinc, &c. do contain oxygenous matter in folution, and that by a chemical pro- imitation.

at all, inierior to the glorious object of his cess which takes place in the stomach, The drift of the passage will appear, I and which is admirably calculated to think, fufficiently obvious, and we fall excite our admiration and answer our

hardly mistake the poet's meaning, if, adesigns, do readily impart this vivifying dopting the definition of the word in quesprinciple to stimulate the vital organs, it tion precisely as given by Dr. Johnson is not for me to spend that time in an

and Mr. WAKEFIELD himself *, we con{wering such fuperficial queries, which ceive the cause to be put here for the require only a Night knowledge of phi. folophical chemistry to solve, and which Effect, by a common figure of rhetoric,

viz.“HITCHEs'in a rhyme,” for “STUMmight be more usefully employed in the exercise of my professional duties.

Bles in a rhyme," &c. This or fome

I recommend to his attention the following had his mind, froin his touching next on

thing like it, the poet must certainly have celebrated Italian proverb, “ A causa the RIDICULE CONSEQUENT to such a persa parole assai.” Ely Place, Holborn, Your much obliged, sentiments freely, the “ SACRED TO RI

SITUATION ;-or rather, to express my January 12,1799.

DICULE his whole life long," &c. may


considered as a further and even complete Ta the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. elucidation of this construction of the SIR,

passage. I Observe in your very valuable Magazine I am greatly mistaken if one of our most

for Noveinber last, a doubt expressed elegant and graceful writers, whose fupewith respect to the propriety of the word rior taste and judgment no person will call « hitch,

as we find it in the following in question, is not exactly of the fame line, in all the editions of Pope hitherta opinion as myself, with respect to the fiprinted :

gurative fenfe and acceptation in which * Siides into verfe and bitches in a rhyme"*-- the word is here used. According to Mr. with an einendation fi:ggeiled of the word MELMcth,fthere is not only a pertinency,

edge," as a properer term than-hitch;” but even a peculiar apiness, a curious fefo that the line to be correctly written, licity in the phrase ;--obviously, I should thould run thus :

think, understanding the word " hitch" **Slides into verse, and edges into rhyme," &c. in the extensive sense above mentioned. With all due deference however to the

I have no particular fault to find with learned emendator, whose accuracy and acumen in researches of this nature are vided the line were to run « edges in a

"edge,” as substituted for shitch," provery generally and gratefully acknow

rhymne," and not « edges into rhyme," ledged and admired, and whole produc

&c.; unless that in poetry, the change of tions in facred and profane critici in have only a sylimble or tavo fometimes produces a rendered a lasting service to the cause of

very unploajant jenjation on the ear, and piety and general literature, I cannot help, cffeets the barmony of the numbers! Of in this particular instance, calling, in this, however, poets themselves are probaquestion the justness of this or indeed of bly the beit judges -- This fame unpleaany other verbal alteration as necessary to fant sensation is not a little increased, by be adopted in the verse alluded to.

the word “ into" occurring twice in the I thall briefly explain the reasons why same line, according to Mr. WAKEFIELD's I think myself warranted to retain the correction-and which may be juftly reading as it now ftands. To form a pro

*“ To HITCH,” To catch, to move by jerks. per and determinate judgment on the lub

Johnson, jest, the passage, I prerume, fhould be Hitch is used in the northern counties, for taken in connexion with the scope and getting into a place fideways, with difficulty and

contrivance.-In many parts of England, it is « Peace is my dear delight, not Fleury's more

customary to say, that “one substance bitches But touch me--and no minister fo fore on another," meaning, that it catches on be

edges, or protuberances, of another.

Mr. *Pope's Imitacions of Horace, bojks is, fat, i. WAKEFIELD. ver. 77.

+ See the Letters of Sir Thomas Fitzosborne.



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799.] On the word Hitch.-Geographica. Hints.

25 objecteż to, (if I may venture to dissent

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. in opinion from to great an authority) SIR, as not being in the manner of Pope. T seems to be your chief concern to împort of « edges Inro rhyme;" it ap- haps, therefore, you will do me the tapears, however, to differ conliderably from vour to insert a bint:

One great dejic that light and sportive idea which a doratum with young Itudents of hiftory is, STUMBLE and a fall, especially in the the means of cadily and immediately conrhyming part of a poet's bulinels, (after necting the geography of the ancient and ILIDING into it with all the ealy freedom modern world. This might be effected and fancy of one who mistakes the illu- by maps printed with ink of different Lons of vanity for the inspiration of the colour.' On common charts we see the muse), expresses with such peculiar and boundaries of distinct countries shaded eminent propriety: this whimsical and with various colours; and nothing fure ludicrous idea, which constitutes, it ther would be necessary to avoid the conthould leem, the principal beauty of the tution ariling from the interfection ot inverse, and in which the essence and point- dependent and unconnected lines of dea adness of its humour consists, is, by the marcation. The names of the principal fubftitution of the two words above men- towns might be distinguished in like tioned, completely fet alide and done manier. Such maps would not require away.

a very expensive execution, as they would Many words which have become obso- be mere links to connect superior atlasses Lete in some parts of the country, are re- of both kinds: they would be fingularly tained in others. This I conceive to be useful in elementary and school-compilamore particularly the case with respect to tions.-Mem. Ought not our gazetteers the word “hitch," I scarcely remem- for general ute to include the ancient names ber to have met with it any where, in of places? common use, at any subsequent period of Aito a query submitted to your legal my life; but think I recollect perfe&tly correspondents, but interesting to all powell, even now, its being familiarly used litical philolophers : Do the annuls of at a school, (in Kingswood Forest, about our criminal juris rudence contain any inthree miles froin the city of Bristol) where 'jlance of a conviction and EXECUTION I resided many years ago. The inhabi- for MURDER by DUEL, where the party tants of that district, as a late writer has behaved according to the generally rein the Monthly Magazine obferves, ceived maxims of wonour ?" should no

speak a language that is peculiar to instance occur, now itriking a proof will. themselves, and perfectly unintelligible to it be of the inefficacy of law oppoted to a ftranger."

manners!!! Yours, &c. Should any of your intelligent cor- December 1798.

H.C.R. respondents, who may have considered this very curious paffage more attentively than I have, be dissatisfied with the above To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. mentioned explanation of it, it is to be hoped they will communicate, through furtflannel of your uteful Magazine, any I Dalil Tu notre

boutine from the impara information

tiality you have discovered, you will perfect knowledge of a word, which, ac- be ready to contribute towards the excording to liis own confeffion, exerciled posing of importure and the defence of an the penetration even of Dr. Johnson-Or injured budy of men, by interting the of any of your nunerous provincial readers tollowing: can suggelt any novel or various

There is a man, who styles himself the

acceptation of which the word “ hitch" is Rev. DAVID Rivers, who has published fusceptible, their communications will no a pamphlet full of the grosseft abule of the doubt be entitled to respectful notice, as proteltant diffenters. The piece is tuo they may terve to throw fome additional contemptible in itself to deserve notice : light on the subject.

But it has been raited into fome degree

of importance by the account given of it Arthur Kershaw, in some party-publications. Be 10 good Hoxton, January 15.

as to inform your numerous readers, that

this Rev. DAVID Rivers is not, and MONTHLY MAG. No. XLI.

never was acknowledged by the body of




Haidering it as a maxim, that falling of gjetur philofophical readers to the Sub

ministers, or by any regular diffenting If, in the experiments of M. GULIELminister, having never been educated or MINE, the falling budies were found ordained to the miniltry among them. He eight lines and a half to the east of the had, indeed, assumed the office of a plumb-line, I should suppose either that preacher, as any other man might do, the point at which their descent com, but he met with no encouragement, and 'menced did not accurately coincide with therefore has taken the method of abusing the upper end of the plumb-line, or that difsenters (not an uncommon one), to re- the plumb-line ittelf was not perpendicommend himself to their avowed enemies. cular; or, lastly, that some iecondary I am, Sir, your's, &c.

cause must have intervened to give the A PROTESTANT. DISSENTER. line of their descent a diverging from the

plumb-line. In the latter care, it will To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

be worth inquiring, what that secondary

cause is? It falling bodies do not deSIR,

scribe perpendicular lines, how can it be I

BEG leave to offer the following demonitrated that plumb-lives will stand

question to your literary correspon- perpendicular ? dents as a subject for their discussion- How does the fact of bodies falling to

Whether the usual mode in writing of the cast of the plumb-bine, if admitted, prefixing a capital initial letter to iube prove the inotion of the earth ? as LAItantive nouns

should be generally LANDE asserts. If they had fallen to the adopted ?

wejt, the inference would be more naE. M. tural; but even in that case, it would

demand a very critical investigation, bea To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, fore it could be confiftently denominated

a proof.
AVING been in

Having stated the case with its diffi.

culties, me to the bodies take a direction perpendicular to the horizon, I was considerably surprised candour, and readiness to oblige, to ex

ject; and in the confidence of their science, on observing the result of tome experi: pect that satisfactory information which ments by M. GULIELMINE, as stated by will highly gratify, 'Sir, your occasional LALANDE, in the History of Afronomy correspondent, and humble servant, for 1797, and conimunieated in

Bath, Dec. 12, 1798.

T.P. number, (page 328), in which it is asserted, that bodies tell eight lines and a half to the east of the plumb-line, from a height To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, of 247 feet. The name of LALANDE almost induces

SIR, me to suspect that I am miltaken; yet YOU

COU were certainly perfectly right is the diffidence excited by his extended and inserting, in your Magazine, Mr. justly acquired celebrity, will not justify Horsey's letter, refpcting the diffolution the renunciation of a principle to im of the Northampton academy. The manportant, without the superior authority ner in which public trults are discharged, of conviction.

is undoubtedly a proper subject of public Falling bodies are generally understood investigation. But though Mr. Horsey to be acted upon, and to have their mo- may have fufficiently vindicated his own tion determined by, gravity only. This conduct, the whole business relative to the force acting upon bodies, impels them to dissolution of the Northampton academy, wards the center of gravity; and, if no

and Mr. Coward's trust, seems not yet to other cause be combined with it, will have been fatisfactorily explained. Andetermine them towards that point by the orher business, in which the Dilsenters are shortest way; that is, on right lines. · A concerned, and which requires fome public right line from the circumference to the investigation, is the distribution of the rea center must be perpendicular to the hori- gium donum. It is a singular and curious zon, unless it be demonitrated that gra- circumstance, that the person who is the vity and the earth have different centers, principal, if not the sole dift:ibutor of the and hence it seems pretty clearly deduci- regium donum, though a diflenting minister, ble that bodies, in their descent to the and minister of a congregation in London, th, move in perpendicular lines, is not now a manber of the general body


1799.) Charity for Soup.--Antiquity of Hats.

27 of diffenting ministers of London and manufacturing quarter of the metropolts, Westminster, and would not be suffered and during the last winter contributed to be present at any of their meetings. very largely to the daily support of numeThe business of the regium donum certainly rous families of the industrious and indie requires some public explanation ; and no gent. It was considered as a fair calcua men are more interested in this than the lation, that during the delivery of the perfons who have been employed in the soup, which did not commence till the distribution, if they have discharged the 16th of January, and terminated the 28th trust with integrity and honour.

of March, the society at an expence of I am, Sir,

4241. 55. 6d. provided more than 200,000 Your humble servant, meals of a palatable and wholesome food A PROTESTANT DISSENTER. for the poor. The foup is not delivered.

gratis, which would be liable to much To the Editor of the Month!y "Magazine. abuse, and be inconsistent with the prin. SIR,

ciples on which the society is formed, in estimating the importance of any it cost the fociety less than two-pence per plan for the relief of the poor, its influ- quart, it will be easily conceived that it ence on their feelings and character deserve

was much better than those who were fupat least as much confideration as the im- plied with it could have prepared for mediate relief afforded them; for if the themselves for three-pence. mode in which charity is alministered

The constant fuperintendance of some tends to create a mean and servile difpe- of the subscribers, during the making and sition in the objects of it, the evil done ferving, ensures the good qualities of the may frequently be of much greater mag- materials, and prevents all abuses ; and nitude than the benefits arising froin a pal. if among any of the poor prejudices have liation of the distresses of poverty, be heretofore existed against this kind of food, cause the latter are generally temporary, experience in the present instance has comand sometimes work their own cure bý pletely removed them, so that in addition rousing the fufferer to greater exertion, to the immediate benefit derived, it may whereas the disposition just mentioned is be the means of introducing this excellent permanent in its effects, and the source of and economical method of cooking more half the villanies that disgrace society. gunerally into their families. The hopes This is a point which ought to be ma- which were at first formed of the success turely considered in forming the arrange of the society, were realized during the ments of every plan intended for the relief last season beyond expectation, which of the indigent. “ There is a spirit of enabled it to recommence the delivery of independence to be found in the walks of the foup on the 4th inltant, with much humble life, which would rather submit better accommodations, and a fair prorto great difficulties than rely too much on pect of being a perinàneut institution. the bounty of others. This is a dispo- Deč. 1ğth, 1798.

J. J. G. fition which it is the duty of every well regulated community to cherish and culti- To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. vate ; fince (referring to moral confidera- SIR, tions only) there is not a more powerful HOUGH I cannot answer very fastimulus to the exertion of honeft industry," tisfactorily the enquiry of your cornor any better preservative from that de- respondent MUNNOO, respecting the oriIponding ftate of mind, which aggravates gin of hat-making, I will venture to rethe unavoidable ills of poverty, by indo- commend to his consideration, the former dence.”

part of the article Hat in the English These observations are taken front the Encyclopædia, where the practice of wearaddress of a fociety for supplying the poor ing hats is stated to have commenced in with meat-roup during the winter season; the western parts of Europe, about the an institution founded on such judicious year 1400 ; and where it is observed on principles, and the utility of which foon the authority of F. Daniel, “ that when became so apparent, that two other fo- Charles II. made his public entry into cieties of the same kind were afterwards Rouen, in 1449, he had on a bat lined formed, and it is much to be wished the with red velvet, and surmounted with a example was more generally followed in plume or tuft of feathers.” Suppofing our large manufacturing country towns. hats to have been, allowing only for their The fociety is eftablished in the principal variations in Thape, what they are now,


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I conceive their manufacture must have added by some other heavy burden. The depended almost wholly on manual inge- observations on the Tax on Income, nuity, and not on the application of any page 407, contain so much good sense particular machine,

and solid argument, that they appear To his enquiry after a suitable addition highly deserving an attentive considera to his “ kitchen library," I fatter myself tion. I can recommend a work of some impor- I I may trouble you shortly with some

I mean, Sir, " The Cheap Repo- notice of what Mr. Piti lately dropt, that fitory,” in 3 vols, published by Mr. Ri- loans only ferve to raise the interest of moVINGTON, which of itself, with a Bible ney, and to depreciate the funds, tending and Prayer-book, would form a library to Thew that those consequences follow. in miniature, capable of effecting every from borrowing at a nominally low intereligious and moral purpose.

rest, and giving in return a large capital. I am, Sir,

Y. Z.
Your's, &c.
W. H.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine P. S. I am a lineal defcendant on the fe. male fide of the PRESIDENT BRADSHAW,


EADING Societies are of such and have taken some pains to procure materials for a genuine account of that repudiated

fignal utility in promoting the ge: character; but as his descendants have found neral spread of ļiterature and useful knowit neceffary to shrink, as much as posible, ledge, that every rational attempt to infrom obfervation, as every trace of him is troduce them into places where they are effaced from the public records of the couniry, not yet known, to improve their rules, or. I find it too difficult a task, not to solicit, to correct the abuses to which from varithrough the medium of your valuable mis- ouş causes they are liable, deserves atten. cellany, fuch hints on the subject as your tion and encouragement. Several valuaçorrespondents may be enabled to communi- ble essays for this purpose have appeared éate.

already in your truly liberal miscellany i

but as the subject is highly important, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. and by no means exhausted,--and as yours SIR,

is now the only periodical work wherein Sa proper supplement to the state- every topic interesting to the public, can ber, page 429, you will possibly oblige me you will readily consent to allot a few with admitting the following, being a pages for the reception of such further remost remarkable epoch in the funding an- inarks upon it as your correspondents may

haye to communicate.--In your last num: Millions Millions ber, p. 332, a lively, sensible writer has Stock before the war 2261 Int. and Ann. 9 with great justice and truthi asserted, that Added fince

ditto these valuable institutions have been

universally set on foot by the friends of 451

liberal discussion, who have ever showed Bank Stock, II

themselves fuperior to the narrowness of *Value of the different annuities,

party, and readily voted for books on 23

both fides of every queftion." But now Total 486' millions already

(he complains) “ they are artfully gotten funded.

into other hands, and perverted to the It may deserve the attention of your This indeed is an evil of great magnitude i

support of a particular set of opinions.'? readers, that as the ratio on income is esti- almost general; and loudly calls for et mated to produce only ten millions; recourse must be had to loans or fome other

fectual redress, There are but few read, device, for the rest of the lupplies wanted ing focieties in the kingdom which canin the year, which, by the past expendi- and bigotry, equal at least to those which

not produce instances of sacerdotal craft ture may be calculated at 15 to 20 millions more. It must diminin the cheer. Indagator has related. Now this is the fulness with which the public may be did that the clergy as a body, usually take

more alarming, as it is well known posed to bear a tax of a tenth on income, their cue from the will or caprice of the that fo large a deficiency must be super- higher powers, and almost consider them:

* Erratum, page 429, read long annuitics, felves bound in conscience to act as their average 6s. 68. inttead of 61. 6s.

gools or co-operators. If then we find



nals :

225 ditto


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