among all neutral nations: that the to represent to their members, who French were reduced so low as to serve for this city in parliament fue for a peace, which we, from (by way of instruction, their sense humanity, were willing to grant; on the present critical conjuncture. though their haughtiness was too Also another motion, that the thanks great, and our successes too many of the court be given to the right for any, terms to be agreed on. hon. Mr. Pitt, for the many and Remembering this, the city cannot important services rendered to his but lament that you have quitted king and country; and, a third, the helm. But if knaves have taught that the committee, in their thanks fools to call your resignation (when to Mr. Pitt, do lament his resignayou can no longer procure the same tion, &c. These motions were asuccess, being prevented from pur- greed to unanimously, except the suing the same measures) a deser- laft

, which, upon a division, passed Lion of the public, and to look upon in the affirmative; nine aldermen you, for accepting a reward, which and one hundred commoners, to can scarce bear that name, in the two aldermen and thirteen comlight of a pensioner; the city of moners. London hope they shall not be ranked by you among the one or the The representation of the lord mayor, other. They are truly sensible, that, aldermen, and commons of the city of though you cease to guide the helm, London, in common council alemyou have not deserted the vessel; bled, to Sir Robert Ladbroke, and that, pensioner as you are, Knt. Sir Richard Glynn, Knt, and your inclinations to promote the Bart. William Beckford, Ejq; public good, is still only to be e and the Hon. Thomas Harley, Ejq; qualled by your ability : that you this city's representatives in parsincerely wish success to the new liament. pilot, and will be ready, not only to warn him and the crew, of rocks ITTE, the lord mayor, aldermen,

W and quicksands, but to assist in and commons of the city of bringing the ship through the storm London in common council asseminto a safe harbour.

bled, think it at this time our duty, These, Sir, I am persuaded, are as it is our natural and undoubted the real sentiments of the city of right, to lay before you, this city's London ; I am sure you believe them representatives in the great council to be such of,

of the nation, soon to be assembled

in parliament, what we desire and Dear Sir, Your's, &c. expect from you, in discharge of the

great trust and confidence we and The above letters are most cer. our fellow servants have reposed in tainly genuine and original.


That you entertain just sentiments

of the importance of the conquests At a court of common council, made this war by the British arms, held the twenty-second of O&ober, at the expence of so much blood and a motion was made for that court treasure; and that you will, to the


ritmost of your power and abilities, court of common council, October 22, oppose all attempts for giving up 1761. such places as may tend to Jeffen our present security, or by restoring " Resolved, that the thanks of the naval power of France, render this court be given to the right hon. us subject to fresh hoftilities from William Pitt, for the many great that natural enemy; particularly and eminent services rendered this that the fole and exclusive right of nation, during the time he so ably our acquisitions, in North America filled the high and important office and the fisheries, be preserved to of one of his majesty's principal fe

cretaries of state, and to perpetuate As the present happy extinction their grateful senfe of his merits, of parties, the harmony and unani- who by the vigour of his mind, had mity of all his majesty's subjects, not only roured the ancient spirit of their zeal and affection to their na- this nation, from the pufillanimous tive king, and the great increase of state, to which it had been reduced ; commerce, are must convincing but, by his integrity and steadiness proofs to us of this nation's ability uniting us at home, had carried its Nill to carry on, and vigorously pro- reputation in arms and commerce to fecute the present just and necessary a height unknown before, by our war; it is our delire that you con trade accompanying our conquests cur in giving his majesty such sup- in every part of the globe. plies, as thall enable him to pursue Therefore the city of London, all those measures, which may pro ever stedfast in their loyalty to their mote the true interest of his king- king, and attentive to the honour doms, and place him above the and prosperity of their country, canmenace of any power that may not but lament the national loss of pretend to give laws, or preferibe fo abie, fo faithful a minifter, at this himits, to the policy and interefts of critical conjuncture.” this nation : but as it is apparent, that our enemies flatter themselves At a court of common council with the hopes of exhausting our held the 29th October, the town. strength, by the immense expence clerk reported his having waited on in which we are at present engaged, the right hon. William Pitt, with we therefore require you in the their resolutions of thanks ; further prosecution of this war, to which he had been pleased to return support such measures as may frus- the following answer : trate those expectations, yet to act with the utmoit vigour in the re

• Mr. Pitt requests of Sir James duction of their remaining colonies, Hodges, that he will be so good so as to obtain a safe and honour to represent him, in the most re

spectful manner, to the lord may

or, aldermen, and common counThe thanks were as follows: • cil assembled, and express his high

• sense of the signal honour they Copy of the thanks to the right to have been pleased to confer on nourable William Pitt, from the him, by their condescending and


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able peace.


· favourable resolution of the 22d necessarily kindling a new war in

of O&tober; an honour which he Europe. But, it is with concern, I • receives with true reverence and acquaint you, that, since your te

gratitude, not without confusion cess, I have found myself indispen

at his own small deservings, while fably obliged to declare war against • he views with exultation the Spain. The causes are set forth in • universal public spirit dispersed my public declaration on this oc

through an united people; and casion; and therefore I shall not de• the matchless intrepidity of the 'tain you with the repetition of them. • British failors and soldiers, con- My own conduct, since my acces• ducted by officers, juftly famed fion to the throne, as well as that of • thro' all the quarters of the world: the late king, my royal, grand

to this concurrence of national father, towards Spain, has been so virtue, graciously protected by the full of good-will and friendship;

throne, all the national prosperi- fo averse to the laying hold of le• ties (under the favour of heaven) veral just grounds of complaint, • have been owing; and it will which might have been alledged;

ever be remembered to the glory and so attentive to the advantages • of the city of London, that thro' of the Catholic king, and his fa• the whole course of this arduous mily; that it was matter of the

war, the great seat of commerce greatest surprize to me, to find, that has generously set the illustrious engagements had, in this conjunc

example of iteady zeal for the ture, been entered into between that • dignity of the crown, and of un crown, and France; and a treaty • fhaken firmness and magnani. made to unite all the branches of • mity.

the house of Bourbon, in the most

ambitious, and dangerous designs Mr. Pitt received more addresses against the commerce, and indepenon this occasion from Dublin, York, dency of the rest of Europe ; and Bath, and other places.

particularly of my kingdoms.
Whatever colours



deavoured to be put upon these inThe king's most gracious Speech to both jurious proceedings of the court of

houses of parliament, on the 19th of Madrid, I have nothing to reproach January, 1762, on occasion of his myself with : and, though I have majesty having declared war a- left nothing untried, that could have gainst Spain.

prevented this rupture, I have

thought it necessary to prepare a. My lords and gentlemen,

gainst every event.

I therefore re

ly on the divine blessing on the jufHAVE so often assured you of tice of my cause; the zealous, and

my sincere disposition to put an powerful assistance of my faithful end to the calamities of war, and to subjects; and the concurrence of restore the public tranquillity, on my allies, who must find themselves 1olid and lasting foundations, that involved in the pernicious, and exno impartial person, either at home tensive, projects of my enemies. or abroad, can suspect me of un I leave thele considerations with



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you, full of the justest confidence, prosecution of this necessary war, that the honour of my crown, and are very agreeable to me, and canthe interests of my kingdoms, are not fail of producing the most falusafe in your hands.

tary effects.

Both houses having waited on the To the house of commons. king, with addresses in answer to this fpeech, his majesty was pleased

Gentlemen, to return the following most gra “ I return you my hearty thanks cious answers.

for this seasonable and affectionate

address : the assurances contained in To the house of lords. it, give me the highest satisfaction,

and your firmness and resolution to My lords,

support me will, I trust, enable me “ I return you my hearty thanks to defeat the ambitious designs of for this address. The affectionate our enemies, and most effectually assurances you give me of your sup- contribute to that salutary end port and assistance in the vigorous which defire.”

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HER É is nothing that man is they were resolved that no others

found to take more pleasure in should do it for them; and thereihan variety ; and of all the va

fore made a most cruel war on all rieties be is capable of contemplating, those of any other nation, who atthose observable in his own species, tempted to settle in any of the Anespecially the noblèft pårt of it, the tilles or Carribee Illands. foul or mind, are the most entertain- French however were at last lucky ing, as they certainly are the most in- enough to acquire some footing in teresting. It was for this reason we

the island of St. Christopher's; but resolved to begin that part of this by the time they began to subside work, (calculated equally for amuse- into a tegular form of government, ment and infruction) which is not the Spaniards found means to difmerely historical, with the most frik- lodge them. Upon this the wretching characters we could procuré, noted fugitives, considering at how only of individuals; but of nations and great a distance they were from other considerable bodies of men. their mother country, and how near

to the island of Hispaniola or St. DoIn pursuance of this plan we gave in mingo, the northern parts of which

our last volume the charačer of à were then uninhabited, and full of famous nation improved, if we may swine and black cattle, they immeJay so, by one, filed a Philofopher, diately resolved to take poffeffion of into brutes. In the present, we that country, in conjunction with feJhall lay before our readers as á veral other adventurers of their own suitable companion to it, that of a and the English nation; especially considerable number of men trans- as the Dutch, who now began to formed by necesity into down- appear in these feas, promised to right savages. We mean the Buc- fupply them plentifully with all caneers of America; in that their kinds of necessaries they might prooriginal situation from whence they cure, in exchange for the hides and derived their name. Some amuse- tallow by hunting. ment, and even utility, must, we These new settlers obtained thë presume, accrue from a comparison name of Buccaneers from their cufof such surprising effects of art and tom of buccanning their beef and nature,

pork in order to keep it for sale, or for their

own consumption, HE Spaniards had not been the method of which will be preWeft-Indies and the continent of foon grevs tired of this new way America, when other nations, espe- of life, and took to planting, cially the English and French, be- while many more chose to turn gan to follow them there. But thơ pirates, trusting to find, among the Spaniards were unable to people those who remained on shore, å fuch extensive countries themselves, quick fale for all the plunder they Vow. IV.




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