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be used to prevent the operation of local prejudices and party interests. It is to be recollected that both Commissioners aud visiters, in case of their decisions being inconsistent with justice, are liable to be convicted of improper conduct, by the act giving to the aggrieved person a power of appea!.
With respect to the right of removal being in the hands of the visiters, we think, upon the whole, that this is calculated to have a salutary effect as an in terrorem preventive of abuses; and it is not likely that the censors in question would very readily take upon themselves the heavy responsibility of ordering the liberation of any individual, unless the proofs of sanity were 'of too marked a character to admit of indecision or doubt.
That clause in the Act, which requires the visiters of asylums to direct that one or more accessible pumps 'be placed in certain parts of the premises, we think liable to all the objections which the Author brings against it. We think too, that his charge of injustice is valid against that clause of the bill relating to payments of licenses for a part of the year however small. But our limits prevent us from pursuing the subject further, and we shall now bring the discussion to a close, by again stating, in a very few words, our general sentiments respecting the
treatment of insanity, and on what has been already, and ought further to be done, towards meliorating the condition of the unhappy subjects of mental derangement.
It will have been gathered from what has been advanced in the course of these pages, that our dependence on medicine, merely, is exceedingly small. There is a want of tangible decision, if we may so express it, in the pathology of lunacy; and its treatment must, by consequence, be, at present at least, in a great measure empirical. If any medicinal agents deserve to be preferred to others in affections of the mind, they are, perhaps, purgatives, regularly and perseveringly administered, and the warm-bath. Our few short extracts afford sufficient evidence of what is to be done by air, exercise, cleanliness, classification of patients, duly regulated bodily and mental occupation, and lastly, assiduous endeavours on the part of the superintendents to excite new trains of thought, and new habits and associations. It will have been remarked, that in those establishments in which the above advantages were insared to the sufferers by the skill and humanity of the keepers, good was in the same proportion invariably effected.
In regard to legislative enactment, we really think that Mr. Rose's bill, a little modified, might effect all that is desirable to be done. There is, however, in our judgement, a Voz, V. N. S.
loud call for County Establishments. These ought pot to be optional, but compulsory, and each county should bear its own expenditure. The erections ought not to be suffered, until a plan of the building, its situation, and dimensions, shall have been presented to, and approved of, by the commissioners of lunatic asylums. These buildings, when erected and occupied, should be subjected to precisely the same regulations and restrictions as the private asylums; and it would of course be desirable to avoid every expense that is not necessary to the comfort and well-being of the inmates of the respective houses, We may in conclusion express our belief, that a certain degree of reform must be the consequence of the investigation that has been excited, and of the regulations that are proposed; and although experience teaches us in cases of this kind not to expect perfection, yet we feel convinced that much and lasting good will be conferred upon the community, by the recent labours of the House of Commons to improve the condition of Madhouses in England.
ERRATA IN THE LAST NUMBER.
Page 164, line 10 from bottom, for sublimity, read subtlety.
167, line 20, for literally, read liberally.
We are obliged by want of room, to defer several articles of Literary
Information, and other matter.
Art. XI. SELECT LITERARY INFORMATION.
* Gentlemen and Publishers who have works in the press, will oblige the Conductors of the Eclectic REVIEW, by sending Information (post paid) of the subject, extent, and probable price of such works ; which they may depend upon being communicated to the Public, if consistent with its plan.
In the press, An Essay on the Being of God, and his attributes of Infinite Power, Wisdom, and Goodness; stating and refuting the objections to his Wisdom and Goodness, from Reason and Revelation, and drawing the most useful practical inference from the whole subject : to which Burnett's First Prize of £1200 was adjudged, August 4th, 1815, to which is prefixed a Biographical Sketch of Mr. Burnett's Life: by W. L. Brown, D.D. Principal of Marischal College, Aberdeen.
The Travels of Col. Keating in Europe and Africa, are nearly ready for publication.
The translation of Mad. de Genlis new historical Novel, entitled Jane of France, will appear in a few days.
Also the Journal of a ten years Residence at Tripoli, in Africa, from the original correspondence in the possession of the family of the late Richard Tully, Esq. the British Consul, in a quarto volume.
The Poems of Milton, Thomson, Young, and a few other leading Authors, will shortly be published, with new embellishments from the designs of Mr. Westall.
The Rev. Dr. Mc Leod, of New York, is about to publish in one volume 8vo. a work entitled, The Life aud Power of Godliness, described in a Series of Discourses on the nature, progress, evidences and perfection of true religion in man. It is proposed that an impression of the work be printed at the same time in Paisley, cotemporaneously with the American edition.
There is likewise about to be published at Paisley, in a small 12mo. volume, a' work by the same author, entitled The Ecclesiastical Cateohism ; being a Series of Questions, relative to the Christian Church, stated and answered with Scripture Proofs; to which are appended Notes explanatory of the points in controversy with the Episcopalians and Independents,
The Rev. Mr. Cox, of Hackney, has been engaged for some time on an abridgement of the late Mr. Robinson's Scripture Characters, in one voluine 12mo. for the use of young people and of schools, which is nearly ready.
A new edition, with considerable ad, ditions, is in a state of forwardness, of The Principlos of Fluxions ; by the Rev. W. Dealtry, B.D. F.R.S. and late Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
Mr. A. Piequot, author of the An. cient and Modern Geography, will shortly publish, in a small duodecimo volume, for the use of Schools, A New and Easy Introduction to French Grammar; designed as a First Step to that useful language.
In the press, and in a few days will be published, in octavo, price 2s. 6d
a Poem, by Mrs. Henry Rolls, Authoress of Sacred Sketches, &c.
lo a few days will appear, a new edition of Diatessaron ; or, the History of our Lord Jesus Christ, compiled from the four Gospels, according to the au. thorised English version; with brief notes, practical and explanatory: ta which are prefixed, a Map of the Holy Land, and an Introduction. By the Rev, T. Thirlwall, M. A. In one rolume, duodecimo, for the use of Schools.
Mr. T. Williams is preparing for the press, An Essay on Religious Liberty, in which will be considered, The Pria mitive Terms of Communion, the right of Private Judgement, the nature of Christ's Kingdom, and the horrid effects of intolerance.
In the press, to be speedily published, The City of the Plague. a dramatic Poem. By John Wilson, Author of the Isle of Palms, &c.
Mr. Horace Twiss will soon publish, a Compendium of the Law of Parish Appeals, condensed into one volume, as a manual for the quarter sessions,
W. T. Brande, esq. has nearly ready ready, in a duodecimo volume, an to appear, a Descriptive Catalogue of Elementary Introduction to the Knowthe British Specimens deposited in the ledge of Mineralogy and of Minerals. Geological Collection of the Royal In- A History of the Kingdom of Hanover, stitution.
and of the Family of Brunswick, in a Results of Experience in the Art of quarto volume, with engravings, is Tuition, forming tbe basis of the sys- nearly ready to appear. tem adopted by W. Johnstone, A.M. at Mr. W. Salisbury has in the press, the classical schools Blackheath Hill, Hints addressed to the Proprietors of is preparing for the press.
Orchards, and Growers of Fruit in geMr, R. Hills has in the press, Sketches neral, illustrative of the injuries trees in Flanders and Holland, comprising a are subject to in the present mode of Tour through the Low Countries, im- culture. mediately subsequent to the battle of Mr. Robert Buchanan, of Glasgow, Waterloo, illustrated by thirty-six will soon publish a work on the history plates.
and construction of Steam Boats, illusMr. William Phillips has nearly trated by numerous engravings.
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BIOGRAPHY Remains of William Reed, late of Thornbury; including Rambles in Ireland, with other Compositions in Prose, his Correspondence, and Poetical Productions. To which is prefixed, a Me. moir of bis Life; by the Rev. John Evans, Author of the Ponderer. 8vo. 10s. 6d.
Supplement to the Memoirs of Sir Joshua Reynolds.
By J. Northcote, Esq. R.A. 4to. 158.
CLASSICAL LITERATURL. Euripidis Alcestis. Ad fidem manuscriptorum ac veterum editionum emendavit, et annotatioves instruxit 1. H. Monk, A.M. Coll. S.S. Trin. Socius, &c. Accedit Georgii Buchanani Versio Metrica, 8vo. 6s. 6d.
EDUCATION. D. Junii Juvenalis Satire Expurgata, &c. With English Notes, for the use of Schools. By the Rev. William Wilson, A.M. Fellow of Queen's College, Cambridge, &c. 5s.
FINE ARTS. An Etching by Bromley from a whole length Portrait of H. G. the Duke of Wellington, painted by Sir Thomas Lawrence for the Prince Regent,
Taylor's Egypt, illustrated by a Series of Plates, from Denon's drawings, royal folio, Parts 3 and 4. 58. each,
MISCELLANEOUS The Danger of Premature Interment, proved from many remarkable Instances of People who have recovered after being laid out for dead, and of others entombed alive, for want being properly examined prior to Interment. Also a Description of the Manner the Ancient Egyptians and other Nations, preserved and venerated their Dead; and a curious Account of their Sepulchral. ever-burning Lamps and Mausoleums. The pernicious Effects of burying in the Body of Churches, and confined Church-yards, pointed out, whereby many valuable Lives have been lost to the Public and their Friends. By Joseph Taylor, 12mo. 4s. 6. bds.
An Account of the First Edinburgh
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