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inhabitants so long was matter of sur- and the apparatus of death next mornprise, as troops might have been pro- ing met the eye in dismal blackness, cured from the Castle in half an hour. and as if raised by enchantment, in But such an occurrence was matter the centre of the principal street. To scarcely “ within the compass of be- prevent all interruption from associates lief," either of the persons charged in guilt, so numerous as it was proved with the police of the city, or of the this association had been, the streets inhabitants.
were lined at one o'clock from the TolThe chief depredators were, how- booth (now removed) to the place of ever, soon after seized ; and, betrayed execution, by strong detachments of by their accomplices, (for there is no the Renfrew and Perthshire Militia ; friendship among the wicked) many the first regiment of Local Militia was others were taken into custody. The stationed in Hunter's Square ; a troop watches, seals, &c., had been deposit- of the 6th Dragoon Guards at the ed on that evening by MʻIntosh, one of Royal Exchange; and a piquet of vothe leaders, in a hole dug in a park lunteers was assembled in the Parliaat the Meadows, and afterwards re- ment Close. Constables and policemen moved by him and Sutherland, ano- were also placed at all the avenues to ther of the party, who fled with the the High Street, to prevent the passage booty to Glasgow. The activity of of horses or carriages. A little before the police and magistrates soon traced two o'clock the magistrates and three the fugitives ; and Sutherland and of the city ministers proceeded from M'Intosh were seized in that city, and the Council Chambers in the Royal the watches traced in their transmis- Exchange to the Tolbooth ; and after sion to other hands. Skelton, one of nearly an hour, spent as usual in dethe gang, was tried before the High votion, the criminals were brought Court of Justiciary on the 21 of forth to receive the sentence of the March, and found guilty, but after- law." wards pardoned ; and Macdonald, The crowd on the street, the broadM'Intosh, and Sutherland, and three est in the city, was at this time imothers who had made their escape, mense. Every window of its high were brought to trial on the 20th of houses was crowded, every place that March, for the murder of Dugald could command a view of the scene Campbell, police watchman, and ten was occupied ; and even the spires of other charges of robbery and assault. the Tron Church and St Giles, where After a long trial, which lasted till accessible, were clothed with spectafour o'clock next morning, the three tors. Except the line protected by the young men were found guilty ; M'- military for the procession, and the Intosh of the murder, (for there was little space round the platform, the evidence of his striking the unfortu- whole street presented a mass of hunate man with a bludgeon on the head man beings, larger than was ever beas he lay on the pavement,) and Su- fore witnessed in Edinburgh. The therland and Macdonald for robbery high constables first appeared, all and assault ;—and all the three were dressed in black, and walking four and sentenced to be executed on the 22d four; then followed the magistrates of April, on a gibbet erected for the in their robes, preceded by their offipurpose, in the centre of the High cers : and the criminals were next seen Street, and opposite to the place where bare-headed, and each accompanied by the watchman was so cruelly mur- a clergyman, walking in solemn and dered.
affecting pace, unconscious of the ten An execution, for a long period of thousand gazers around them, to the time, was a rare occurrence in Edin- place from which they were to return burgh; and the necessity of the ex- no more alive. A large party of extra ample, fortunately for the country, constables to the amount of one hunwas but seldom required. The riots dred and fifty, also dressed in mourn. which led to the condemnation of the ing, closed the procession. three young men were still fresh in The culprits, whose youth excited the memory of the inhabitants, and an much commiseration, 'all of them uncommon interest in their fate was being under twenty, and MʻIntosh excited. The gibbet and drop, with a not much above sixteen years of age, decent attention to public feeling, was mounted the scaffold, attended by the put up, as it generally is, at midnight; clergymen and magistrates ; and a hymn was sung, which, from its stri. effect; and when the clergyman read king application to the circumstances out the hy!nn, and lifted up his hands of the unfortunates, gave additional to begin the concluding prayer, the solemnity to the scene. The services whole multitude took off their hats, of the Scottish Church, though destic and remained uncovered during the tute of all parade and imposing forms, continuance of the worship. At last have often struck me as peculiarly af- the prayer ended; the clergymen fecting from their simplicity; and I and magistrates descended from the know not that I ever felt half so much platform ; and the executioner promoved by “the pealing anthem” of a ceeded to his office. A tear glistencathedral choir, as by the untutored ed in the eye of MʻIntosh as he looked expressions of praise from a multitude up for a moment at the fatal gibbet. of human voices at a tent-preaching in The poor creatures took leave of one anthe country. The deep interest of the other—the drop fell—and a convulsive worshippers on the present occasion, shudder, and articulate sighs from ten and the greatness of the Being ad- thousand bosoms, testified the public dressed, together with praises from feelings at the fate of the victims, and many thousand tongues who joined in the regret that such an example had the service, had altogether a sublime had become necessary in Edinburgh.
Schlenkert's Rudolph of Habsburg. Ir it be allowable to judge of the con- the adoption of all or any of these dition as well as of the character of a Teutonic-shall we say varieties or nation from its literature, we may mongrels?-wethink that some knowboldly decide, that the Germans pos- ledge of them may prove useful, as a sess, amongst other things, a wonder- contribution to the natural history ful superabundance of leisure. Their of either literature or the human authors appear to take up their pens mind, and are accordingly about to without feeling the slightest impa- give an account of one of them. We tience to get to the end of their tasks, must, however, in the first place, enor anticipating any possibility of such treat the English reader not to throw a sensation arising in the breasts of down our paper in alarm at the repretheir readers. The consequence of this sentation now following of its subject, unbounded confidence in the public but to trust to our experience of his patience and perseverance is, that in habitual hurry, for giving our lengthy their works of imagination, they de- original, with all practicable brevity: velope the concatenation of events, The particular non-descript which the state of the hearts and minds(with we desire to introduce to his acquaintevery the smallest variation) of their ance, is a sort of Play in four volumes, personages, imparting even their most named in its own native land “ A hisabstract opinions, the fluctuations of torical-romantic Picture !” It is in those opinions, and the discussions that fact a dramatic life of its hero, whom may give rise to such fluctuations, it commonly selects from amongst the with a minuteness of detail somewhat most distinguished characters of Gerstartling to writers accustomed to ca- man history. As a specimen of these, ter for the amusement of this busy “ Historisch- Romantische Gemählde," country.
we have taken the “ Rudolph OF To the same cause which has given HABSBURG," of Frederic Christian to this whole genus of composition Schlenkert, the author of some other such a character of circumstantiality, works of a similar kind, who, in his may probably be attributed the exist- performance, professes to present tous, ence of certain species in the order, in a picturesque manner, a full, true, which, though frequent in Germany, and particular life of the first Emperor are, we believe, unknown in all other of the reigning family of Austria. parts of Europe. Now, although we This Biography, in scenes, is diviby no means propose to recommend ded into four parts, the first, painting Rudolph's youth, -the second, his Certainly by mere accident, my hoearly manhood, as reigning Count of noured lady. Habsburg, and Landgrave of Alsace; Empress. The fire upon your cheeks the third and fourth, his conduct as disproves your words. You know the Emperor. Each part forms a volume, stately comrades. and is divided into three periods, com- Lady Anna. By my innocence, I do prising some more, some fewer years not. Their wearing my colour has of the hero's life. To each period is surely been the sport of chance. attached a separate Dramatis Persone. The Empress continues to teaze The whole is in prose, except the de- Anna, and Anna to defend herself, dication ; that is written in blank more at length than we are inclined verse, and is addressed to the manes to give their conversation. The Emof the Emperor Leopold the II. peror and his courtiers discuss the
The first period of the first part, is merits, and probable names and sucintroduced by a preliminary narrative cess of the two champions. Meanaccount of the troubles that disturbed while the jousting proceeds, and the the last Hohenstauffen Emperor Fre- two unknown knights overthrow all deric the Second, during his latter their opponents. When most of the years, of his son Henry's rebellion, others have fallen, the Falcon Knight, which recalled him from his wars with after various courtesies, unhorses Mano the refractory Lombards,—of the re- fred, and the Lion Knight, (we do bel's subjugation and condemnation, not well comprehend how,) in run-of the negociations for Frederic's ning a tilt, lifts Burkhard, Anna's third marriage,—and finally, of the brother, out of his saddle, and replaces conclusion of his nuptials with the him in it. This leads to compliments. English Princess Isabella, in the 1235, Burkhard solicits admittance into the upon which occasion he knighted 36 brotherhood ; the Lion Knight exnoble youths, amongst whom the most claims rapturously,“ Brother in arms, distinguished were his own natural and This unfinished sentence son Manfred, afterwards King of Sicily, gives rise to more imperial jests against and Rudolph of Habsburg.
Anna, and more blushes upon her The drama itself opens with a tour- part, whilst the Emperor bestows the nament, held in honour of the Impe- highest praises upon the unknown rial wedding. The Emperor and Em- knights. During this conversation, press, with the elderly, ecclesiastical, Ulrick of Regensberg presents himand female portion of their court, self to encounter the Lion Knight, occupy an elevated station ; the judges and is thrown to the ground, when he of the tournament, and the younger attacks him sword in hand. The knights are in the lists. Amongst these judges prevent the Lion Knight from last appear Manfred, Burkhard of alighting to accept the challenge, by Hohenberg, and Ulrick of Regens- declaring it to be contrary to the laws berg, a relation of the Abbot of St of the tournament. They then proGallen, and hereditary chamberlain to nounce that the tournament itself is the Abbey. Two stately knights with closed, and that the highest prize must closed viscis, resembling each other in be divided between the Lion and Faltheir armour, and in the green colour con Knights. These adventurers reof their scarfs, and distinguished only fuse a division, asserting that a still by their different crests, –a Lion and higher prize, which only one can posa Falcon, ride into the lists. The Em- sess, depends upon the impending deperor observes, “ A pair of gallant ad- cision. They then encounter each venturers."
other ; the Falcon Knight loses his Empress. Brothers probably. They stirrups; his antagonist remains unare exactly alike in colour and are moved, and at the same instant emInour.
braces him warmly, exclaiming, “ BroCount Albert of Habsburg, Rudolph's ther, it is mine, it is mine! You are father. Perhaps only brothers in arms, vanquished ! Yours be the first prize dread lady.
of the tournament, mine the inestiEmpress (to Lady Anna of Hohen- mable prize, the privilege of entering herg.) If my eyes deceive me not, fair the lists of love." damsel, both wear your favourite co- Falcon Knight. Leave me, thou lour.
mighty one! I cannot stand against Lady Anna (blushing very deeply.) thee!
Lion Knight, (releasing him from his Rudolph. We will pass over a scene embrace, and offering his hand.) We in which the Empress seems to wish remain friends.
she could exchange Frederic for RuFalcon Knight, (giving his hand doph, and then seeks to console herwarmly.) Friends, and brothers in self by playing upon the youthful hearms unto death !
ro and Anna, and set before our readThe successful Knights are now ers the manner in which Hieronymus summoned to receive their prizes from performs his engagement. the fair hands of the Empress Isabel- We find the Emperor and the Astrola. He of the Lion takes ofi' his hel- loger tête-a-tête in the private chamber met, and Anna, with a rapid glance of the former. The latter, after much and burning blush, recognizes Ru- obscure discourse, in which every andolph of Habsburg. The young Ema swer seems wrung from him, gives the press appears to be deeply impressed imperial querist, in the name of the by his beauty, and requires all the stars, a lofty panegyric and favourable time afforded her, by the father's de- prognostication touching Isabella, prolight, and the Emperor's eulogies, to nounces Prince Henry to be fallen for recover herself. She then, in rather ever, and prophesies every virtue and long and solemn orations, distributes all success and happiness to Prince the prizes; the first to Rudolph, the Conrad, Frederic's second son, now second to the Falcon Knight, who intended for his heir, as also to his ilproves to be Meinhard, Count of the legitimate offspring. The Emperor, Tyrol, and the third to Burkhard of highly pleased with these communiHohenberg: The Emperor expresses cations, inquires respecting the forhis admiration of her eloquence, and tunes of the three heroes of the late leads her off to the banquet, giving tournament. Hieronymus, whilst turndirections that the three Hopes, mean- ing over his papers, privately expresses ing the three wearers of green, shall his satisfaction at being saved the be placed together.
trouble o? leading to the subject. He We have given this first scene as then speaks very favourably of the much at length as we could venture three en masse, proceeds to the sepato do without fearing to tire our read- rate character of each, and when he ers, both as we think it in some degree comes to Rudolph, hastily collects his interesting as a German representation papers, with the exclamation, “ Noof a tournament, and as it affords a thing of him!” fair specimen of the general manner of Emperor. Why not, good Master? the work. We will now endeavour to Hieronymus. He surpasses them all. get forward rather faster, confining our No mortal master of astrology can folextracts to such parts as appear to ex- low his eagle flight. hibit the peculiar characteristics of the Emperor, (earnestly.) What mean author. · After a couple of scenes be- you? tween the old Counts of Habsburg and Hieronymus. Nothing, my most Hohenberg, and between their sons, dread Lord and Emperor. My mouth respecting the loves and future mar- grows dumb, my eyes dark, all my riage of Rudolph and Anna, we come senses fail me, when the terribly splento the vanquished and angry Ulrick did vision of this one man forces itself of Regensberg and his uncle the Ab- upon my imagination. bot, who with some trouble persuades Emperor, (with bitterness.) That I his nephew not to attack Rudolph have observed both yesterday and toopenly, but to trust the care of re- day. Master Hieronymus is all respect venging his defeat to him. Ulrick at and humility, when he addresses this last agrees, and leaves the Abbot to wonderful man. arrange the business with the Court Hieronymus. I act not thus from Astrologer Hieronymus. These two myself; the master must bow his neck worthy persons take some pains, ap- even lower than ordinary men under parently not very successfully, to de- the yoke of necessity. ceive each other. In the end, the Astro- Emperor. Must he? That is in loger pockets a purse offered him in truth incomprehensible! pure charity by the Abbot, and pro- Hieronymus. Try yourself. See if mises to give the Emperor fair warn- the Emperor can contend against Neing of the dangers which threaten his cessity. The Emperor will ful. family from the future prosperity of Emperor. Then even the Emperor it.
must submit-Yet, tell me something The second period begins with a long of this Rudolph-You have read of historical letailof Frederic the Second's him in the book of Fate?
political views, and particularly of his Hieronymus. Little, and much- differences with the Pope and the But it is not for your ear, dreal Lord. Lombards, which we mention only to Emperor. But I will, I must know introcluce the remark that “Rudolph
OF HABSBURG’ is interspersed with Hieronymus. You could not endure narrative in a manner unusual in these it!
GEMAHLDE,' and which would have Emperor. I not endure it! Who prevented our selecting it as a sample dares speak so false a word ?
of them, had we not thought a hero Hieronymus. The master, to whom who has of late years been so agreealone it is given to read the book of ably introduced to the British Public Fate.
by Coxe's History of THE HOUSE OP Emperor. Honour to the Master, Austria, likely to be considered a but obedience to the Emperor ! more interesting personage than Fre
Hieronymus. Honour to whom ho- deric with the Bitten Cheek, or any nour, obedience to whom obedience is other old German, whose very name is due.
unknown out of his own country. Emperor. That I now require from The dramatic portion of the second you. Speak, I command you! How period opens in the Palace of the Porun the words of the book of Fate con- destà of Milan, Pietro Tiepolo, and is cerning Rudolph of Habsburg ? formidably long; but tedious as it is,
Hieronymus. You constrain me to we fear we must extract a considerable speak-Be it so! (Seizes a sheet of pa- part of this scene, both because it per, and speaks as if inspired.) Thus places Rudolph in a striking point of run the words of the book of Fate, view, and because we should feel that touching Rudolph of Habsburg-Ter- we had not given our readers a just ribly roars the Lion of Habsburg, and idea of the nature of the original, if we shakes his mane! Germany's castles spared them all its tediousness. Betotter! Terribly roars thé Lion of sides, we suspect that much of the inHabsburg, and shakes his mane! The terest we confess to have found in it, rock-fortress of Hohenstauffen totters! is to be ascribed to the sort of reality Terribly roars the Lion of Habsburg which, like Richardson's Novels, it and shakes his mane! The rock-fort- derives even from its wearisome proress of Hohenstauffen falls in hideous lixity. We are introduced into an asruin to the earth! The Lion of Habs- sembly of noble Lombards, engaged burg is crowned! (He wipes the sweat in discussing their condition with redrops from his brow.)
gard to the Emperor. Some laugh at The consequence of this fearful va- all apprehension of further danger ticination is, that the Emperor, after from him, whom they consider as inconsulting with the Abbot, resolves to extricably involved in German affairs. send Rudolph and his brothers in The Podestà endeavours to dispel this arms, with a few hundred men, to absolute security, and informs the combat the dissatisfied Lombards, company of the precautions he has trusting that he must fall in the un- taken against an invasion ; every pass equal conflict. Rudolph, in spite of he has caused to be occupied and formany hints from Manfred, accepts the tified, so as, in case of the worst, to command. In a parting scene with render a surprise impossible. The Anna, a mutual declaration of love other party are ridiculing such supertakes place, and he receives from her fluous prudence, when a page announa green scarf, which he swears shall ces Count Milo of Verona. The Pofloat upon his banner's point in the destà starts, orders him to be admitted, hour of danger, whilst his battle cry bids his friends prepare for bad news, shall be Anna ! The first period closes since the appearance at Milan of the with the departure of Rudolph and his man appointed to defend the Tyroles, small band, accompanied by Manfred, frontier must be ominous, and receives who disobeys his father's repeated or the Count upon his entrance with the ders to desist from his purpose, in the words, “Count Milo of Verona is welhope that by sharing, he may diminish come, but not his news--that is most his friend's danger.