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dear county; the other is, the fair oocasion tha', ny understanding. “It is an absurdity; for nothit gives me to bear a free and public testimony ing has two beginnings.' 'I am sure,' said he, I against one part of our glorious constitution: 1am a minister of Christ, and I am ready to debate style it glorious, although I humbly conceive it that matter with your lordship, if you please: I has several great blemishes, on account whereof cannot begin again to be a minister.” it will, until corrected, be liable, in my poor opi.
Besides, this term of executing the duties of nion, to very weightý exception; but still it reibe place is against common right, and as I may mains glorious on account of the great quantity say, the natural franchise of every member of the of excellent matter contained in it. That part of commonwealth who has not by some crime or the cons:itution this event enables me not im- delictum forfeited his natural rights and franchises. pertinently to except to, is the condition or term it, moreover, reduces the ninth article of the which the constitution holds every one to, who declaration of rights to a mere futility, and, in bas the bonor to be elected a member of the ge- such a connection, it would be for the reputation neral court of Massacliusetts, before he may (as of the declaration of rights if that same ninth is expressed in the constitution) proceed to execute article was wholly expunged. More than that, the duties of his place.
the said condition is plainly repugnant to the first Be the person ever so immaculate and exem. great article of the said declaration: and I am plary a Christian; although he has, in the proper ready to debate that matter with any Doctor who place, that is, in the Christian church, made a
assisted in framing the constitution, either in conmost solemn, explicit, and public profession of vention or without doors. The said declaration the Christian faith; though he has an hundred of faith to be subscribed, which constitutes the times, and continues perhaps every month in the said impolitic and unrighteous condition, will, i year, by participating in the church of the body believe, ever sound in every good ear almost as and blood of Christ, practically recognized and uncouthly as the Sessions Justices' famous charge affirmed the sincerity of that profession; yet, by to the standing grand jury. Let us hear them the costitution, he is held, before he may be ad-successively: mitted to execute the duties of his office, to make "I do declare, that I believe the Christian reand subscribe a profession of the Christian faith, ligion, and have a firm persuasion of its truth; and or declaration that he is a Christian. Did our fa. that I am seized and possessed in my own right of ther confessors imagine, that a man who had not the property required by the constitution," &c. so much fear of God in his heart as to restrain him from acting dishonestly and knavishly in the
“Gentlemen of the grand jury: You are required trust of a senator or representative, would hesitate by your oath to see to it, that the several towns in a moment to subscribe that declaration? Cui bono, the county be provided, according to law, with then, is the declaration? This extraordinary, not
Pounds and School-masters, to say absurd, condition, brings fresh to mind a
Whipping posts and ministers," passage in the life of the pious, learned, and
Each containing an odd jumble of sacred and prudent Mr. John Howe, one of the strongest profane; but, to me, the charge jingles best. By pillars of the dissenting interest in the reign of be constitution of the commonwealth of MassaCharles the 2d and James the 2d. The history is chusetts, I am, may it please your honors, one of as follows:
its senators; and I am strongly disposed, accord“That Mr. Howe, waiting upon a certain bishop, ing to my poor abilities, to execute the duties of bis lordship presently fell to expostulating with my office; but, by the unconscionable, not to say
dishonorable terms, established by the same con. bim about his non-conformity. Mr. Howe told him he could not have time, without greatly form these duties. I have been a professed Chris.
stitution, I am barred from endeavoring to per. trespassing on his patience, to go tbrough the objections he had to make to the terms of con.
tian nearly forty years, and, although I have been formity. The bishop pressed him to name any
guilty of many things unworthy of that character, one that he reckoned to be of weight. He there.
whereof I am ashamed, yet I am not conscious that upon instanced the point of re-ordination. Why with the truth of that profession.
I have been guilty of any thing wholly inconsistent pray sir,' said the bishop, 'what hurt is there in being twice ordained? Uurt, my lord,' says Mr. The laws under the first charter required of Howe to hims; the thought is shocking-it hurts 'the subjects of that staie, in order to their enjoy. ,
ing some rrivilegs, that they should be trem-
16 ch'isetts-Bay, that a subject, in order to his en. Montgomery
14 joying or exercising any franchise or office, should Sturdy.Beggar
10 make profession of the Christian religion before
14 temporal court.
Hero May it please your honors: We have all heard
14 of a lieut. governor of the Massachusetts-Bay, and Swift
14 some of us have known bim very well, who contend. Blood-Hound
10 ed long and earnestly that he had a right to a seat Fox
14 in council with a voice.
10 I imagine I can maintain a better argument than Lion
12 he did, that I have a right to a seat in the senate Speedwell
14 of Massachusetts without a voices but, at present,
206 I shall not attempt to take it.
SCHOONERS. I am, may it please your honors, with the greatest
Schooners Naines. Guns. respect to the senate, your most obedient humble servant,
8 October 28, 1780.
6 Pine Apple
6 NAVAL POWER OF SALEN.
6 The following list of PRIVATEERS, fitted out and
chiefly owned in Salem and Beverly, from March Panther 1, to Nov. 1, 1781, was found among the papers
8 choors of the late Mr. James Jeffry, whose accuracy was
50 well known to those by whom he is remembered.
SLOOPS At that period, privateering was the principal
Sloopa' Nimes. Gune. business of the town Salem Gazette. Fish.Hawk
No. of Weight No. of
26 476 645 110 Brigs
16 206870 130 Schooners
50 235 100 Sloops
70 130 Shallops, men only
120 120 95 Total
52 746 1940 95 100
WEIGHT OF GREAT CHARACTERS. 100
AUGUST 19, 1783 75
Weighed at the scales at West Point. 100 General Washington,
209 lba. 110 General Lincoln,
224 110 General Knox,
280 95 General Huntington,
132 75 General Greaton,
166 110 Colonel Swifi,
219 120 Colonel Michael Jackson,
252 120 Colonel Henry Jackson,
238 .95 Lieutenant Colonel Huntington,
232 85 Lieutenant Colonal Cobb,
186 70 Lieutenant Colonel Humphreys,
The above memorandum was found in the pocket. book of a deceased officer of the Massachusetts
Anecdote.-General Marion was a native of South effect, and then wheeling his borse, and bidding Carolina, and the immediate theatre of his exploits them good morning, departed. The dragoons, 1s. was a large section of maritime district of that tonished at what they had witnessed, and scarcely state. The peculiar hardihood of his constitution, believing their foe to be mortal, gave up the chase. and his being adapted to a warm climate, and a low marshy country, qualified him to endure hard
In congress, March 16, 1776. ships and submit to exposure, which, in that sickly "The congress, considering the warlike prepara. region, few other men would have been competent tions of the British ministry to subvert our into sustain. With the small force he was enabled valuable rights and privileges, and to reduce us, to embody, he was continually annoying the ene- by fire and sword, by the savages of the wilderness my, cautious never to risk an engagement, till he and our own domestics, to the most abject and could make victory certain. General Marion's ignominious bondage; desirous, at the same time, person was uncommonly light, and he rode, when to have people of all ranks and degrees duly im. in service, one of the fleetest and most powerful pressed with a solcmn sense of God's superintendo chargers the South could produce:-when in fair ing Providence, and of their duty devoutly to rely pursuit nothing could escape, and when retreat. in all their lawful enterprizes on his aid and direcing nothing could overtake him. Being once tion, do earnestly recommend that Friday, the 17th Nearly surrounded by a party of British dragoons, day of May next, be observed by the said colonies he was compelled, for safety, to pass into a corn. as a day of humiliation, fasting and prayer; that we field, by leaping the fence this field, marked with may with united hearts, confess and bewail our considerable descent of surface, had been in part manifold sins and transgressions, and by a sincere 2 marsh: Marion entered it at the upper side, the repentance and amendment of life, appease bis dragoons in chace, leaped the fence also, and righteous displeasure, and, through the merits and were but a short distance behind him. So com. mediation of Jesus Christ, obtain his pardon and pletely was he now in their power, that bis only forgiveness, bumably imploring his assistance to mode of escape was to pass over the fence at the frustrate the cruel purposes of our unnatural enelower side. To drain the field of its superfluous mies; and by inclining their hearts to justice and water, a trench had been cut around this part of benevolence, prevent the further effusion of kindred the field, four feet wide, and of the same depth;
blood. Bui, if continuing deaf to the voice of rea. of the mud and clay removed in cutting it, a bank son and humanity, and inflexibly bent on desolation had been formed on its inner side, and on the top and war, they constrain us to repel their hostile of this was erected the fence, elevation amount.
invasions by open resistance, that it may please ing to nearly eight feet perpendicular height-a the Lord of Høsts, the God of armies, to animate ditch four feet in width running parallel with it our officers and soldiers with invincible fortitude, on the outer side, a foot or more intervening, be to guard and protect them in the day of battle, tween the fence and ditch.
and to crown the continental arms by sea and land,
with victory and success: Earnestly beseeching The dragoons, acquainted with the nature and him to bless our civil rulers, and the representa. extent of this obstacle, and considering it im- tives of the people in their several assemblies and possible for their enery to pass it, pushed towards conventions; to preserve and strengthen their him with loud shouts of exultation and insult, and union; to inspire them with an ardeni disinterested summoning him to surrender or perish by the love of their country; to give wisdom and stability sword; ' regardless of their rudeness and empty to their councils; and direct them to the most clamour, and inflexibly determined not to become efficacious measures for establishing the rights of their prisoner, Marion spurred his horse to the America on the most honorable and permanent charge, the noble animal, as if conscious that his basis; ilsat he would be graciously pleased to bless master's life was in danger, and that on his exer. all the people in these colonies with health and tions depended his safety, approached the barrier plenty: and grant that a spirit of incorruptible in his finest style, and with a bound that was patriotism, and of pure undefiled religion, may almost supernatural, cleared the fence and ditch universally prevail: and this continent be speedily completely, and recovered himself without loss restored to the blessings of peace and liberty, and of time on the opposite side-Marion instantly enabled to transmit them inviolate to the latest wheeled about and saw his pursuers unable to pass posterity. And it is recommended to Christians the ditch, discharged bis pistol at them without lof all denominations, to assemble for public wor.
ship, and abstain from servile labor on the said | The next exploit, which took place on the same day. By order of the congress.
day, was the plunder of lord Selkirk's house, in Joux Hancoce, president.” St. Mary's Isle, near the town of Kirkcudbright.
The particulars of this event, and of the action GENEROSITY OF PAUL JONES. which succeeded, as well as the motives upon FROM A BRITISU MAGAZINE.
which Jones acted, are well given in the following
letter, which he addressed to lady Selkirk, and This distinguis' ed person was the son of a small
which has not before been printed:farmer a few miles from Dumfries, and impelled
“Ranger, BREST, 8th May, 1778. by that love of enterprize which is so frequently
“Madam-It cannot be too much lamented, that, to be met with among the peasantry of Scotland, he seems to bave eagerly embarked in tbe cause
in the profession of arms, the officer of finer feeling,
and of real sensibility, should be under the necesof the colonies against the mother country. Whe. ther he was actuated, in any degree, by a sense of sity of winking at any action of persons under his the inje:stice of Britain towards America at the command which his beart cannot approve; but the outset of his career, or merely availing himself of
reflection is doubly severe, when he finds himself
obliged, in appearance, to countenance such action the opportunities in which revolutionary warfare so
by authority: greatly abounds, to rise from his original obscurity, it is now, perhaps, impossible to determine, and “This hard case was mine, when, on the 23d of unnecessary to enquire. But it will be seen, from April last, I landed on St. Mary's Isle. Knowing the letters we are going to lay before our readers, lord Selkirk's interest with his king, I wished to that, in the progress of bis adventurous life, he make him the happy instrument of alleviating the well knew how to employ the language of men horrors of hopeless captivity, when the brave are inspired with the love of liberty, and that he was overpowered and made prisoners of war. It was honored by some of its warmest friends in both perhaps fortunate for you, madam, that he was hemispheres.
from home, for it was my intention to have taken
him on board the Ranger, and to have detained There are probably few instances, especially him, until, through his means, a general and fair among adventurers who have risen from the conde eschange of prisoners, as well in Europe as in Ame. tion in which Paul Jones was originally placed-ofrica, had been effected. more enlarged views—more generous feelingsand a more disinterested conduct, than the follow. “Wben I was informed by some men whom I ing letters exhibit, combined as these are with senti- met at landing, that his lordship was absent, i ments of relentless hostility towards the claims of walked back to my boat, determined to leave the bis native country.
island. By the way, however, some officers who
were with me, could not forbear expressing their In the progress of the revolutionary war, Paul discontent, observing, that in America no delicacy Jones obtained the command of a squadron, with was shown by the English, who took away all which, in 1778, he undertook to annoy the cousls sorts of moveable property, setting fire not only of Great Britain. On the 2d of December, 1777, to towns, and to the houses of the rich without he arrived at Nantez, and in January he repaired distinction, but not even sparing the wretched to Paris, with the view of making arrangements hamlets and milcb-cows of the poor and helpless, with the American ministers and the French go at the approach of an inclement winter. That vernment. In February be conveyed some Ameri. party had been with me as volunteers the same can vessels to the Bay of Quiberon, and, on his mornixg at Whitehaven; some complaisance, there. return to Brest, communicated bis plan to admiral fore, was their due. I bad but a moment to think D'Aruillers, wbo afforded him every means of for. how I might gratify them, and, at the same time, warding it. He accordingly left Brest, and sailed do your ladyship the least injury. I cbarged the through the Bristol channel without giving any iwo officers to permit none of the seamen to enter alarm. Early in the morning of the 23d of April, the house, or to hurt any thing about it; 10 treat be made an attack on the harbor of Whiteliaven, you, madam, with the utmost respect; to accept in which there were about three hundred sail. He of the plate which was offered; and to come away succeeded in setting fire to several vessels, but was without making a searcti, or demanding any thing not able to effect any thing decisive before day else. I am induced to believe that I was punctually light, when he was obliged to retire.
Jobeyed, since I am informed that the plate which
they broug!t away is far short of the quantity "As the feelings of your gentle bosom cannot, in which is expressed in the inventory which ac. that respect, but be congenial with mine, let me companied it. I have gratified my men, and when entreat you, madam, to use your soft persuasive the plate is sold I shall become the purchaser, arts with your husband, to endeavor to stop this and will gratify my own feelings, by restoring it cruel and destructive war, in whic'i Britain Bever to you by such conveyance as you shall please to can succeed. Heaven can never countenance the direct.
barbarous and unmanly practices of the Britons in
America, which savages would blush at, and which, “Had the earl been on board the following even if not discontinued, will soon be retaliated in Bri. ing, he would have seen the awful pomp and dread.tain by a justly enraged people. Should you fail ful carnage of a sea engagement; both affording in this, (for I am persuaded you will attempt itample subject for the pencil, as well as melancholy and who can resist the power of such an advocate?) reflection for the contemplative mind. Humanity your endeavors to effect a general exchange of starts back' at such scenes of horror, and cannot
prisoners will be an act of humanity, which will but execrate the vile promoters of this detested afford you golden feelings on a death bed. War:
"I hope this cruel contest will soon be closed: For they, 'twas they, unsheathed the ruthless blade, And Heaven shall ask the havock it has made.
but should it continue, I wage no war with tie
fair! I acknowledge their power, and bend before "The British ship of war Drake, mounting twenty it with profound submission! Let not, therefore, guns, with more than her full complement of offi. tbe amiable countess of Selkirk regard me as an cers and men, besides a number of volunteers, enemy; I am ambitious of bier estee:n and friendcame out from Carrick fergus, in order to attack ship, and would do any thing consistent with my and take the continental ship of war Ranger, of duty to merit it. eighteen guns, and short of her complement of officers and men; the ships met, and the advantage
"The honor of a line from your hand, in answer was disputed with great fortitude on each side for to this, will lay me under a very singular obligation; an hour and five minutes, when the gallant com
and if I can render you any acceptable service, in mander of the Drake fell, and victory declared in France or elsewhere, I hope you see into my cha. favor of the Ranger. His ariable lieutenant lay racter so far as 10 command me without the least mortally wounded, besides near forty of the in. grain of service. I wish to know, exactly, the beferior officers and crew killed and wounded. A
haviour of my people, as I am determined to pue melancholy demonstration of the uncertainty of
nish them if they bave exceeded their liberty. human prospects. I buried them in a spacious I have the honor to be, with much esteem and grave, with the honors due to the memory of the witb profound respect, madam, your most obedient brave.
and most humble servant,
PAUL JONES. “Though I have drawn my sword in the pre. "To the Right Hon. the countess of sent generous struggle for the rights of man, yet SELKIEK, St. Mary's Isle, Scotland.” I am in arms, merely, as an American, nor am I in pursuit of riches. My fortune is liberal enough,
PENNSYLVANIA. having no wife nor family, and having lived long
The following spirited address of the deputies of enough to know that ricbes cannot ensure happi.
Pennsylvania, met in provincial conference at Phiness. I profess myself a citizen of the world, totally
ladelphia, on the 24th of June, 1776--should unfettered by the little mean dis:inctions of climate
have followed their "declaration" inserted in or of country, which diminish the benevolence of
page 252. It was unanimously adopted the day
after that declaration was agreed upon. the heart, and set bounds to philanthropy. Before this war began, I had, at an early time of life, Address to the people of Pennsylvania. withdrawn from the sea service, in favor of 'calm “The only design of our ineeting together was, contemplation and poetic ease.' I have sacrificed, 10 put an end to our own power, in the province, by not only my favorite scheme of life, but the softer fixing upon a plan for calling a convention, to foriz affections of the heart, and my prospects of domestic a government under the authority of the people. But bappiness, and I am ready to sacrifice my life also, the sudden and unespected separation of the last with cheerfulness, if that forfeiture would restore ussembly has compelled us to undertake the exepeace and good will amongst mankind.
Icution of a resolve of congress, for calling forth