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Considering it as a matter which, on every ae count, demanded the most immediate investi gation, your Majesty had thought fit to commit into our hands the duty of ascertaining, in the first instance, what degree of credit was due to the informations, and thereby enabling youn Majesty to decide what further conduct to adopt concerning them. On this review therefore of the matters thus alleged, and of the course' hitherto pursued upon them, we deemed it proper, in the first place, to examine those persons in whose declarations the occasion for this In quiry had originated. Because if they, on be.
examined upon oath, had retracted or va ried their assertions, all necessity for further investigation might possibly have been precluded. We accordingly first examined on oath the principal informants, Sir John Douglas, and Charlotte his wife; who both positively swore, the former to his having observed the fact of the pregnancy of Her Royal Highness, and the latter to all the important particulars contained in her former declaration, and above referred to. Their examinations are annexed to this Report, and are circumstantial and positive.
The most material of those allegations, into the truth of which we had been directed to inquire, be
thus far supported by the oath of the parties from whom they had proceeded, we then felt it our duty to follow up the Inquiry by the examination of such other persons as we judged best able to afford us information, as to the facts in question.--We thought it beyond all doubt that, in this course of inquiry, many particulars must be learnt which would be necessarily conclusive on the truth or falsehood of these de clarations. So many persons must have been witnesses to the appearances of an actually existing pregnancy; so many circumstances must have been attendant upon a real delivery; and difficulties so numerous and insurmountable. must have been involved in any attempt to a count for the infant in question, as the child of another woman, if it had been in fact the child of the Princess; that we entertained a full and confident expectation of arriving at complete proof, either in the affirmative or negative, on this part of the subject.This expectation was not disappointed. We are happy to declare to your Majesty our perfect conviction that there is no foundation whatever for believing that the child now with the Princess is the child of Her Royal Highness, or that she was delivered of any child in the year 1802; nor has any thing appeared to us which would warrant the belier that she was pregnant in that year, or at any other period within the compass of our inquiries.
THE REPORT OF THE FOUR LORDS.
May it please your Majesty,-Your Majesty having been graciously pleased, by an instrument under your Majesty's Royal, Sign Manual, a copy of which is annexed to this Report, to "authorize, empower, and direct us to inquire into the truth of certain written declarations, touching the conduct of Her Royal Highness "the Princess of Wales, an abstract of which "had been laid before your Majesty, and to ex"amine upon oath such persons as we should seeing "fit, touching and concerning the same, and to "6 report to Your Majesty the result of such exa"minations," We have, in dutiful obedience to Your Majesty's commands, proceeded to examine the several witnesses, the copies of whose depositions we have hereunto annexed; and, in further execution of the said commands we now most respectfully submit to Your Majesty the report of these examinations as it has appeared to us: But we beg leave at the same time humbly to refer Your Majesty, for more complete information, to the examinations themselves, in order to correct any error of judgment, into which we may have unintentionally fallen, with respecting to any part of this business. On a reference to the above-mentioned declarations, as the necessary foundation of all our proceedings, we found that they consisted in certain statements, which had been laid before His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, respecting the conduct of Her Royal Highness the Princess. That these statements, not only imputed to Her Royal Highness great impropriety and indecency of behaviour, but expressly asserted, partly on the ground of certain alleged declarations from the Princess's own mouth, and partly on the personal observation of the informants, the following most important facts; viz. That Her Royal Highness had been pregnant in the year 1802, in quence of an illicit intercourse, and that she had in the same year been secretly delivered of a male child, which child had ever since that period been brought up by Her Royal Highness, in her own house, and under her immediate inspection. These allegations thus made, had, as we found, been followed by declarations from other persons, who had not indeed spoken to the important facts of the pregnancy or delivery of Her Royal Highness, but had related other particulars, in themselves extremely suspicious, and still more so when connected with the assertions already mentioned. In the painful situation, in which His Royal Highness was placed, by these communications, we learnt that His Royal Highness had adopted the only course which could, in our judgment, with propriety be followed. When informations such as these, had been thus confidently alleged, and particularly detailed, and had been in some degree supported by collateral evidence, applying to other points of the same nature (though going to a far less extent,) one line only could be pursued.Every sentiment of duty to your Majesty, and of concern for the public welfare, required that these particulars should not be withheld from your Majesty, to whom more par-lowing. Neither should we be more warranted ticularly belonged the cognizance of a matter of in expressing any doubt respecting the alleged State, so nearly touching the honour of your pregnancy of the Princess, as stated in the origi Majesty's Royal Family, and, by possibility, nal declarations a fact so fully contradicted, affecting the Succession of your Majesty's crown. and by so many witnesses, to whom, if true, it Your Majesty had been pleased, on your must, in various ways have been known, that we part, to view the subject in the same light. cannot think it entitled to the smallest credit.
-The identity of the child, now with the Princess, its parentage, the place and the date of its birth, the time and the circumstances of its being first taken under Her Royal Highness's protection, are all established by such a concurrence both of positive and circumstantial evidence, as can, in our judgment, leave no question on this part of the subject. That child was, beyond all doubt, born in the Brownlow-street Hospital, on the 11th day of July, 1802, of the body of Sophia Austin, and was first brought to the Princess's house in the month of November fol
The testimonies on these two points are contained in the annexed deposions and letters. We have not partially abstracted them in this Report, lest, by any unintentional omission, we might weaken their effect; but we humbly offer to your Majesty this our clear and unanimous Judgment upon them, formed on full deliberation, and pronounced without hesitation on the result of the whole Inquiry.We do not however feel ourselves at liberty, much as we should wish it, to close our report here. Besides the allegations of the pregnancy and delivery of the Princess those declarations, on the whole of which your Majesty has been pleased to command us to inquire and report, contain, as we have already Temarked, other particulars respecting the conduct of Her Royal Highness, such as must, espea cially considering her exalted rank and station, necessarily give occasion to very unfavourable interpretations.From the various depositions and proofs annexed to this Report, particularly from the examinations of Robert Bidgood, William Cole, Frances Lloyd, and Mrs. Lisle, your Majesty will perceive that several strong circumstances of this description have been positively sworn to by witnesses, who cannot, in our judg. ment, be suspected of any unfavourable bias, and whose veracity, in this respect, we have seen no ground to question.On the precise bearing and effect of the facts thus appearing, it is not for us to decide; these we submit to your Ma. jesty's wisdom: but we conceive it to be our duty to report on this part of the Inquiry as distinctly as on the former facts: that, as on the one hand, the facts of pregnancy and delivery are to our minds satisfactorily disproved, so on the other hand we think that the circumstances to which we now refer, particularly those stated to have passed between Her Royal Highness and Captain Manby, must be credited until they shall receive some decisive contradiction; and, if true, are justly entitled to the most serious consideration.We cannot close this Report, without humbly assuring your Majesty, that it was, on every account, our anxious wish to bave executed this delicate trust with as little publicity as the nature of the case would possibly allow; and we entreat your Majesty's permission to express our full persuasion, that if this wish has been disappointed, the failure is not imput-guessed several things, and at last I said, I could able to any thing unnecessarily said or done by not guess any thing more. She then said she was us. All which is most humbly submitted to pregnant, and that the child had come to life. I your Majesty. don't know whether she said on that day or a few (Signed) ERSKINE, GRENVILLE, days before, that she was at breakfast at Lady SPENCER, ELLENBOROUGH. Willoughby's, that the milk flowed up to her breast and came through her gown; that she July 14th, 1806.—A true Copy, J. Becket. threw a napkin over herself, and went with Lady Willoughby into her room, and adjusted herself to prevent its being observed. She never told me who was the father of the child. She said she hoped it would be a boy. She said, that if (No. 1.) Copy of His Majesty's Commission. it was discovered, she would give the Prince of GEORGE R. Whereas our right trusty and Wales the credit of being the father, for she had well-beloved Councillor, Thomas Lord Erskine, slept two nights at Carlton-hous within the year. our Chancellor, has this day laid before us an I said that I should go abroad to my mother. Abstract of certain written declarations touching The Princess said she should manage it very the conduct of her Royal Highness the Princess well, and if things came to the worst, she would of Wales, we do hereby authorize, empower, give the Prince the credit of it. While I was at and direct the said Thomas Lord Erskine, our Montague-house, in Marcu, I was with child, and Chancellor, our right trusty and well-beloved one day I said I was very sick, and the Princess Cousin and Councillor George John Earl Spen- desired Mrs. Sander to get me a saline draught. cer, one of our Principal Secretaries of State, She then said that she was very sick herself, and our right trusty and well-beloved Councillor W. that she would take a saline dratt too. I observ Windham, Lord Grenville, First Commissioner ofed, that she could not want one, and I looked at our Treasury, and our right trusty and well-be-her. The Princess said, yes, I do. What do
I think I first became acquainted with the Princess of Wales in 1801. Sir John Douglas had house at Blackheath. One day, in November 1801, the snow was lying on the ground. The Princess and a Lady, who, I believe, was Miss Heyman, came on foot, and walked several times before the door. Lady Stewart was with me, and said, she thought that the Princess wanted something, and that I ought to go to her. I went to her. She said, she did not want any thing, but she would walk in; that I had a very pretty little girl. She came in and staid some time. About a fortnight after Sir J. D. and I received an invitation to go to Montague house; after that I was very frequently at Montaguehouse, and dined there. The Princess dined frequently with us. About May or June, 1802, the Princess first talked to me about her own conduct. Sir S. Smith, who had been Sir John's friend for more than twenty years, came to Eng. land about November, 1801, and came to live in our house. I understood the Princess knew Sir Sydney Smith before she was Princess of Wales. The Princess saw Sir S. Smith as frequently as ourselves. We were usually kept at Montaguehouse later than the rest of the party, often till three or four o'clock in the morning. I never observed any impropriety of conduct between Sir S. Smith and the Princess. I made the Princess a visit at Montague-house in March, 1802, for about a fortnight. She desired me to come there, because Miss Garth was ill. In May or June following, the Princess came to my house alone: she said she came to tell me something that had happened to her, and desired me to guess. I
loved Councillor Edward Lord Ellenborough,
DEPOSITIONS ACCOMPANYING the Report.
(No. 2.)-Copy of the Deposition of Charlotte Lady Douglas.
you look at me for with your wicked eyes? you walking before her door. She was dressed so as are always finding me out. Mrs. Sander looked to conceal her pregnancy. She had a long very much distressed; she gave us a saline cloak, and a very great muff. She had just re draught each. This was the first time I had any turned from Greenwich Church. She looked suspicion of her being with child. The Princess very ill, and I thought must be very near her never said who was the father. When she first time.About a week or nine or ten days after told me she was with child, I rather suspected this, I received a note from the Princess, to desire that Sir S. Smith was the father, but only because that I would not come to Montague House, for the Princess was very partial to him. I never they were apprehensive that the children she knew he was with her alone. We had constant in- bad taken had had the measles in their clothes, tercourse with the Princess from the time when I and that she was afraid my child might take it. was at Montague-house till the end of October. When the Princess came to see me during my After she had first communicated to me that lying-in, she told me that, when she should be she was with child, she frequently spoke upon brought to bed, she wished I would not come lo the subject. She was bled twice during the her for some time, for she might be confustime. She recommended me to be bled too, and ed in seeing me. About the end of Decem said, it would make you have a better time. ber I went to Gloucestershire, and stayed there Mr. Edmeades bled her; she said, one of the days about a month. When I returned, which was in that Mr. Edmeades bled her, that she had a vio- January, I went to Montague House, and was lent heat in her blood, and that Mr. Edmeades let in. The Princess was packing up something should bleed her. I told the Princess that I was in a black box. Upon the sofa a child was lying, very anxious how she would manage to be covered over with a piece of red cloth. The brought to bed, without its being known: that Princess got up, and took me by the hand. She I hoped she had a safe person.-She said, yes then led me to the sofa, and said, there is the she should have a person from abroad; that she child, I had him only two days after I saw you. had a great horror of having any man about her The words were, either I had him, or I was upon such an occasion-she said, I am confident brought to bed: the words were such as clearly in my own plans, and I wish you would not speak imported that it was her own child. She said to me on that subject again. She said, I shall she got very well through it; she shewed me a tell every thing to Sander. I think this was on mark on the child's hand, it is a pink mark. the day on which she told me of what had hap The Princess said, she has a mark like your pened at Lady Willoughby's.-Sander was little girl. I saw the child afterwards, frequently very good woman, and might be trusted, and with the Princess quite till Christmas, 1803, that she must be with her at the labour; that when I left Blackheath. I saw the mark upon she would send Miss Gonch to Brunswick, and the child's hand, and I am sure it was the same Miss Milfield was too young to be trusted, and child, I never saw any other child there. The must be sent out of the way. I was brought to Princess Charlotte used to see the child and bed on the 23d July, 1802. The Princess in-play with him. The child used to call the Prinsisted on being present. I determined that she cess of Wales "Mamma." I saw the child lookshould not, but I meant to avoid it without ing at the window of the Princess's house about offending her. On the day on which I was a month ago, before the Princess went into Debrought to bed, she came to my house and in- vonshire, and I am sure that it was the same sisted on coming in. Dr. Mackie, who attended child. Not long after I had first seen the child, me, locked the door, and said she should not the Princess said, that she had the child at first come in, but there was another door on the oppo- to sleep with her for a few nights; but it made site side of the room, which was not locked, her nervous, and now they had got a regular and she came in at that door, and was present nurse for her. She said, We gave it a little during the time of the labour, and took the milk at first, but it was too much for me, and child as soon as it was born, and said she was now we breed it by hand, and it does very well. very glad she had seen the whole of it. The I can swear positively that the child I saw at the Princess's pregnancy appeared to me to be very window is the same child as the Princess told me visible. She wore a cushion behind, and made she had two days after she parted with me. Miss Saunder make one for me. During my The child was called William. I never heard ying-in the Princess came one day with Mrs. that it had any other name. When the child Fitzgerald. She sent Mrs. F. away, and took a was in long clothes, we breakfasted one day chair, and sat by my bedside. She said, you with the Princess, and she said to Sir John will hear of my taking children in baskets, but Douglas, This is the Deptford boy. Independ you won't take any notice of it. I shall have ently of the Princess's confessions to me, I can them brought by a poor woman in a basket. I swear that she was pregnant in 1802. In Octo si all do it as a cover to have my own brought to ber, 1804, when we returned from Devonshire me in that way; or, that is the way in which II left my card at Montague House, and on th must have my own brought when I have it. 4th of October I received a letter from Mr Very soon after this two children, who were Vernon, desiring me not to come any more te vins, were brought by a poor woman in a Montague House. I had never, at this tim basket. The Princess took them, and had them mentioned the Princess's being with child, or b carried up into her room, and the Princess ing delivered of a child, to any person, not eve washed them herself. The Princess told me to Sir John Douglas. After receiving Mr this herself. The father, a few days afterwards, Vernon's letter, I wrote to the Princess on th e me and insisted on having the children, and subject. The letter was sent back unopene they were given to him.-The Princess after- I then wrote to Mrs. Fitzgerald, saying, that wards said to me, "You see I took the child-thought myself extremely ill-used. In two ren, and it answered very well."-The father had got them back, and she could not blame him. That she should take other children, and Jave quite a nursery. I saw the Princess on a Sunday, either the 30th or 31st October, 1802,
three days after this, I received an anonyme letter which I produce, and have marked with t letter A,* and signed with my name, both on a
No copy of this letter has been sent to Royal Highness the Princess of Wales.
letter and the envelope. The Princess of Wales has told me, that she gota bed-fellow whenever " she could, that nothing was more wholesome: she said, that nothing was more convenient than her room; it stands at the head of the stair-child. case which leads into the Park, and I have bolts in the inside, and have a bed-fellow whenever I like. I wonder you can be satisfied only with Sir John. She said this more than once. She has told me that Sir Sydney Smith had lain with her. That she believed all men liked a bed-fellow, but Sir Sydney better than any body else; that the Prince was the most complaisant man in the world; that she did what she liked, went where she liked, and had what bed-fellow she liked, and the Prince paid for all. CHARLOTTE DOUGLAS. June 1, 1806. Sworn before us, June 1st, 1806, at Lord Grenville's, Downing-street, Westminster.
had a key to it, and have got into the blue room without any of the servants perceiving him. I which could lead me to suppose that she was with never observed any appearance of the Princess I first observed Captain Manby come to Montague House either the end of 1803, or be ginning of 1804. I was waiting one day in the anti-room, Captain Manby had his hat in his hand, and appeared to be going away; he was a long time with the Princess, and as I stood on the steps, waiting, I looked into the room in which they were, and in the reflection of the lookingglass, I saw them salute each other, I mean, that they kissed each other's lips. Captain Manby then went away. I then observed the Princess have her handkerchief in her hand, and wipe her eyes as if she was crying, and went into the drawing-room. The Princess went to Southend in May, 1804, I went with her: we were there, I believe, about six weeks before the Africaine came in. Sicard was very often watching with a glass to see when the ship would arrive. One day he said he saw the Africaine, and soon after the Captain put off in a boat from the ship. Sicard went down the shrubbery to meet him. (No. 3.) The Deposition of Sir J. Douglas, Knt. When the Captain came on shore, Sicard conI had a house at Blackheath, in 1801. Sir ducted him to the Princess's house, and he dined Sydney used to come to my house. I had a bed there with the Princess and her Ladies. After for him. The Princess of Wales formed an ac- this he came very frequently to see the Princess. quaintance with Lady Douglas, and came fre- The Princess had two houses on the Cliff, Nos. 8 quently to our house. I thought she came more and 9. She afterwards took the drawing-room for Sir Sydney Smith than for us. After she had of No. 7, which communicated by the balcony been some time acquainted with us, she appear with No. 8, the three houses being adjoining. ed to me to be with child. One day she leaned on The Princess used to dine in No. 8, and after the sofa, and put her hand upon her stomach, and dinner to remove with the company into No. 7, said,-Sir John, I shall never be Queen of Eng- and I have several times seen the Princess, after land. I said, Not if you don't deserve it. She having gone into No. 7 with Captain Manby and seemed angry at first. In 1804, on the 27th of the rest of the company, retire alone with CapOctober, I received two letters by the two-tain Manby from No. 7, through No. 8, into No. penny post, one addressed to me, which I now 9, which was the house in which the Princess produce, and have marked with the letter (B, slept; I suspected that Captain Manby slept freboth on the envelope and the enclosure, and the quently in the house. It was a subject of conver other letter addressed to Lady Douglas, and sation in the house. Hints were given by the which I now produce, and have marked with the servants, and I believe that others suspected it letter (C,) both on the envelope and enclosure. as well as myself.The Princess took a child, (Signed) JOHN DOUGLAS. which I understood was brought into the house June 1. by Stikeman. I waited only one week in three, Sworn before ns, at Lord Grenville's and I was not there at the time the child was house, in Downing-street, Westbrought, but I saw it there early in 1803. The minster, June 1, 1806. child who is now with the Princess is the same as I saw there early in 1803; it has a mark on its left hand. Austin is the name of the man who was said to be the father. Austin's wife is, I believe, still alive. She has had another child,and has brought it sometimes to Montague House. It is very like the child who lives with the Princess. Gosden was employed as a nurse to the child, Mrs. and she used to bring the child to the Princess as soon as the Princess awoke, and the child used to stay with Her Royal Highness the whole morning. The Princess appeared to be extremely fond of the child, and still appears so. (Signed) R. BIDGOOD. Sworn at Lord Grenville's house, in Downing-street, the 6th day of June, 1806.
(Signed) ERSKINE, GRENVILLE, SPENCER, ELLENBOROUGH. A true Copy, J. Becket.
(Signed) ERSKINE, GRENVILLE, SPENCER, ELLENBOROUGH No copy of these letters has been sent to Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales.
(No. 4.) The Deposition of Robert Bidgood. I have lived with the Prince twenty-three years next September, I went to the Princess in March 1798, and have lived with Her Royal Highness ever sinc About the year 1802, early in that year, I first observed Sir Sydney Smith come to Montague House; he used to stay very late at night; I have seen him early in the morning there about ten or eleven o'clock. He was at Sir Jolm Douglas's; and was in the habit, as well as Sir John and Lady Douglas, of dining, or having luncheon, or supping there almost every day. I saw Sir Sydney Smith one day, in 180%, in the blue room, about eleven o'clock in the morning, which is full two hours before we ever expected to see company. I asked the servants why they did not let me know that he was there. The footman informed me that they had let no person in. There was a private door to the Park, by which he might have come in if he
(No. 5.)-The Deposition of William Cole. I have lived with the Princess of Wales ever since her marriage. Sir Sydney Smith first visited at Montague House about 1802. I have ob served the Princess too familiar with Sir Sydney Smith, One day, I think about February in that
year, the Princess ordered some sandwiches; I
the mother brought the child back again. Whe ther it was a week, ten days, or a fortnight, I cannot say, but it might be about that time. The second time the mother brought the child, she brought it into my room; I asked her, how a mother could part with her child? I am not sure which time I asked this.-The mother cried, and said she could not afford to keep it. The child was said to be about four months old when it was brought. I did not particularly observe it myself. (Signed) FRANCES LLOYD.
I was at Ramsgate with the Princess in 1803, One morning, when we were in the house at East Cliff, somebody, I do not recollect who, knocked at my door, and desired me to get up, to prepare breakfast for the Princess; this was about six o'clock; I was asleep. During the whole time I was in the Princess's service I had never been called up before, to make breakfast for the Princess. I slept in the housekeeper's room, on the ground-floor; I opened the shutters of the windows for light. I knew at that time that Captain Manby's ship was in the Downs. When I opened the shutters, I saw the Princess walking down the garden with a gentleman; she was walking down the gravel walk towards the sea. No orders had been given me over night to prepare breakfast early, The Gentleman the Princess was walking with, was a tall man, I was surprised to see the Princess walking with a Gentleman at that time in the morning; I am sure it was the Princess. While we were at Blackheath, a woman at Charlton, of the name of Townly, told me that she had some linen to wash from the Princess's house; that the linen was marked with the appearance of a miscarriage, or a delivery. The woman has since left Charlton, but she has friends there, I think it must have been before the child was brought to the Princess, that the woman told us this. I know all the women in the Princess's house. I don't think that any of them were in a state of preg nancy, and if any had, I think I must have known it.-I never told Cole, that Mary Wilson, when she supposed the Princess to be in the LiIbrary, had gone into the Princess's bed-room, and had found a man there at breakfast with the Princess; or that there was a great to do about it; and that Mary Wilson was sworn to secrecy, and threatened to be turned away if she divulged what she had s'en.
(No. 6.) The Deposition of Frances Lloyd. I have lived twelve years with the Princess of Wales next October. I am in the coffee-room ; my situation in the coffee-room does not give me opportunities of seeing the Princess. I do not see her sometimes for months. Mr. Milles attended me for a cold. He asked me if the Prince came to Blackheath backwards and forwards, or something to that effect, for the Princess was with child, or looked as if she was with child. This must have been three or four years ago. It may have been five years ago. I think it must have been some time before the child was brought to the Princess. I remember the child being brought, it was brought into my room. I had orders sent to me to give the mother arrow-root, with directions how to make it, to wean the child, and I gave it to the mother, and she took the child away; afterwards
(Signed) FRANCES LLOYD. Sworn at Lord Grenville's House in Downing-street, the 7th day of June, 1806, before us, (Signed) ERSKINE, GRENVILLE, SPENCER, ELLENBOROUGH
(No. 7.)-The Deposition of Mary Ann Wilson. I I believe it will be ten years next quarter that I have lived with the Princess of Wales as housemaid. I wait on the Ladies who attend the Princess. I remember when the child, who is now with the Princess, was brought there. Before it came I heard say that it was to come. The mother brought the child. It appeared to be about four months old when it was brought. I remember twins being brought to the Princess before this child was brought. I never noticed the Princess's shape to be different in that year from what it was before. I never had a thought that the Princess was with child. I have heard it reported. It is a good while ago. I never myself suspected her being with child. I think