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(p) Damascus; Heb. i. e. Drinking Blood; because there Cain slew his Brother ; or the Habitation of Sem, because he dwelt thereabout ; as also Adam and Eve, when they were expelled Paradise, as it is reported: Or from Eliezer of Damascus, Abraham's chief Servant, Gen. 15. 2. whom others take to be the Founder of it. The Metropolis of all Syria, 160 Miles from jerusalem to the North, very beautiful, pleasant, fertile, and well water'd by seven Rivulets. It is the oldest City upon Earth, built soon after the Flood, and was in the early Days of Abraham ; but now it is sorely decay’d, and call'd Damas by the Turks, by a Contraction of the old Name.
(4) Abbana or Abana ; Heb. i. e. Stony ; because it runs down Mount Libanus amongmany Rocks and Stones, is very rapid, broad, and turbid. The chief River that runs by the West and South Sides of Damascus and thro' it, into a great Lake hard by. The Fish in it are unwholesome. It is mention'd, 2 Kings 5. 12. and is the Orontes in Latin, now Orenz, from the Name
of him who built the first Bridge
After these there appear'd a Crew, who under re: nowned Names of old, such as Osiris, (u) Isis, (x) and ORus, (y) and their Train; with monstrous Shapes and Sorceries, abus’d the fanatick Egypt IANs and their Priests, inducing them to seek their Godswandering in Disguise in the Forms of Brutes, rather than human; nor did the Children of Isr AEL escape the Infection, when the Gold, that they had borrow'd of the Egyptians, was made into the Likeness of a Calf in OREB ; and JERobo AM, that Rebel King, doubled that Sin in
(u) Osiris. X. An Egyptian Word, i. e. A great Eye; because of his vast Wisdom and i.o. A King and Philoopher of Egypt, about A. M. 25oo, who first taught the Egyptians Husbandry, Tillage, &c. for which they built him a Temple at Memphis, and worshipp'd him under the Form of an Ox. Some think this was Mizraim their Father and Founder. He is the same as Bacchus among the Greeks and Roman; ; and Adam, wrapt up in a Fable.
(x). Isis. XI. Egypt, from the Heb. i. e. The Woman. The Wife of Osiris, and Queen of # which were both deify’d
ter Death. They consecrated Cows, and the Females of all Cattle to her. She was the same as Ceres and Cybele, viz. the Earth or, Nature itself, aud was worshipp'd every where; because they thought she had invented the Use of Corn, Wine, &c. Some think they were the Sun and the Moon. She was full of Dugs, to signify the Benefits that Men do receive from the happy Influence of the Moon.
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