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FOR JANUARY 1807.
MEJOIR OF THE LATE DUKE OF BRUNSWICK.
(WITH A PORTRAIT.] D URING the long course of our la- It is not, as we have at first observed,
bours, it has never happened, that a pleasing circumstance to remember we have been called upon to execute a these things ; becausę, connected with retask more melancholy than this which cent events, they only serve to torture the contemplation of the annexed Por- thc mind, to excite thčtear of sensibility, trait imposes upon us.
and to show us how closely greatness is Almost from infancy, has the fame of allied to atfliction. this hero of the House of Brunswick No marriage could have been celemade a strong iinpression upon our brated under more beizu auspiecs, tliani minds; bis character was among the ear
that to which we have alluded ; no perliest of our school predilections: we sons could have been happier in each have, in idea, followed him since the other; no sovereigns could have been year 1758, through the varions events more beloved by their subjects, than the of the wars in which he has been en- Duke and Duchess of Brunswick; yet, gaged, and, in the former part of this perhaps, few conjugal ties have had a period, have, with an ardour concomi- inore unfortunate dissolution. tant to youth, sympathized in his mis. it is not the purpose of this slight fortunes, and rejoiced in his success. sketch, to revive the feelings of the Happy were we then to observe, yra- public, if they have for a moment subtified are we even now to reflect, that sided, nor to add fresh stiinulations to our attachment to tlie Ilouse of Bruns- the woe of individuals; too keenly do wick, and to its heroic scion, the here- we syunpathize with the one, and too ditary Prince, was not a particular pre- profouudly do we venerate the other : dilection; the whole country expressed we shall, therefore, having intioducci the same sentiment; and wheresoever the portrait of the late DUKE or Bruxna the name of his uncle, Prince Fcrdi- Wick, which will, in its descent to postepánn, was mentioned, that of the young rity, gather respect for superior to any hero was combined, as a sharer in the with which our freble powers could engeneral applause which the brilliant ca- due it, conclude this ineinoir with a few reer of victory that almost constantly brief notices of the eventfal history of attended the inparalleled exertions of its original. the combined arīnies at that period, so It is bere unnecessary to contemplate frequently elicited.
the illustrious and ancient family of We can well remember, when the Brunswick froin its founder Azo, of the peuple crowded to behold the portrait house of Esri, who died in 1053. It may of this young Prince, as it was exbibit be suflicient for our present purpose tu ed in our print' shops ; and still retain siate, thai by the marriage of Hernel. the idea of his person, when he resided sirnated the Lion, with MAUDE, the in Somerset-Horse, a short time before cldest daughier of lienry II. of Enghis marriage with the lovely Princess land, it became not ooly connected with Augusta, who was as much the idol of the SURMAN, but traced the Saxon Móthe country for her beniguity and beau- NARCas in its line. ERNEST, DUKE OP ty, as he was for his courave and libe- BRUNSWICK, who died in 1546, divided rality.
the fa.nily into the two branches of 1 5981
WOLPENBUTTEL and Zell. . Of the for- parts of Germany too much neglected,
the house of Orange, the numerous let these were equally con- partizans of the French, those traitors mirous in itu bereditary Prina', who to the true interests of their country, distinguistotounself as much, and ob- whom, we are sorry to observe, were tained awalso as uriversal at H45 ON- among the higher oriers of the DUTCH, 304Kend Fley, where ihearies were sirunk from ine treasonable task that deriezted, as it cravelr and Mrden, they had with such temerity undertaken,
are their títoris were crowned with and ihe cause of real librij, of honour, victory.
and of virtue, triumphed. In 1760, he acquireri immortal glory, In the year 1792, we are to behold bu a retreat to which he was inpelled the Duke again in the field, commander by the sidoar of his troops, hu, ad- of that army, which was designed to yancing with too much celerity, were counteract the infuriate operations of a discoiceried by the French ; in this di- nation bent upon Treason and Munlera!na, he evincent that coolacss of intrepidity which would have done honour to In the plan of this excursion into the oldest general: he retired lighting, France, there was a combination of and was wounded. Scarcely had he re- the best principles that can animate corered, before in the battle of Klos- the human system ; it was at once geterkamp, he was again wounded. nerous, noble, liberal, and humane; it
in 1161, he was a stiarer in the victo- was intended to save a ferocious and Tips obtaincre over the treaca, at Wil- wretched people, from all those crimes, IWCUSTY and WAPBURG; and aiso from all those frantic ebullitions, which at tre butile of JOHANNISBERG, where the insidious arts of interested and am. the enemy is said to have had the advan- bitious demagogues, were then in the
In his coulentior, he received a very act of exciting, and from all those third and dangerous wound, in the lower horrors, which their own sanguinary pari of his scenarn.
dispositions have brought upon ihcm. The temination of the war, in which
It is 100 much the cusion of the he had inade so distinguished a ti- world, to judge of and appreciate cirgire, showed the hereditary Prince in a cuinslances by their success. Had this !!ew characier. He returned to BRUNS- expedition terminated in the manner W3, 214, with talents fully aileguate which the exalted philanthropy of its to thclask assisted his?ather in the ad- plan most assuredily merilcil
, it would ministrațion of the aftairs of his duke- have been recorded as the greatest ron. On january 16, 1754, he married erent that ever adorned the page of antie PRINCESS I UGOSTA, ihe eklest sister cient or modern bistory: thai it did not, ofourni) ved overcian; a union which, is ai this moment to be lamerted by lves has been observed, seemed to promise ROPE in general, and by this country the greatest happiness. Finally ani- in particular. able and moniticent, the hereditary
Here let is draw the curtain before Pince oithe!'rincess of Brimswickpro- the disasters that preceded the dissolutected ren of letters, encouraged the son of this amiabland excellent Prince ; arts, and promoted t'ie manufactures of the reinembrance of them is too recent, prir coming. Literary characters, that to need any stimulation from us; the hal, before this period, been in many public griet' for bis loss, for the distress
of his family, too acute, and the public and political, as at once evinced his for. indignation ioo universal against tue ty- titude and his wisdom. When he had rant, that endcavoureil to carry revenc systematized all inatters respecting the beyond the grave, and, with more than holi apostolic sea, he began to turn bis garage barlarity, would not, even on the attention toward his own family. petition of his faithful subjects, who rc- llis parents, who had been of low convered his memory, sutier his venerable dition, sere dead; but he had a sister, remains to rest with his ancestors to nameü Camilla, living, who had three want any addition. Indeed, we could sons. These seemed to be excellent sus $errechy iind words to express our sensa- jecis to context into a princess, and a tous upon this occasion, fvere it crea most hopeful brood of young princes, nossible that our freble powers could thai mare spread his royal descendauts ndit to the acneral abhorrence which orer the Pomu, perhaps the turopean Thistoialaban ionment of very principle
territories. Or this the Cardinals were and particie vi harnity has excited. a vare; and as, however greatness may
Troin the union of the Duke and D'1- have been acıquired, it is always sure to chess of Brunswick, have arisin several tiod tatterers, some of those sought out children, viz. George Charles Augustus, Cumili, Win, it has been said, thea iu the late hereditary Princa, boru Febru- habited a romantic cottage, in a small ary 9, 1766; he was married October 21, and beautiful village, called " ? 'he Grot1790, to the Princess Louisa Frederica, toes,” in the marqilisate of incona; they daughter of the Prince of Orange, born immediately dressed her, and her sons October 28, 1776 ; by whom he haz left in the stile, and turnished them with the a son, born October, 1804. Princess appendage of royally, and, highly pleasCaroline Elizabeth, burn May 17,1768 ;
ed with wint they had done, as they married April 8, 1795, to his Royal were sure it would procure them the faHighness George Prince of Wales. Prince vour of the Pope, were on the point of George fiilliam Christian, born June 27, conducting their protegées to Rome, 1779; and Princess Augusta, born :u- when a messenger from his Holiness a:gust 18, 1770.
M. riveil, commanding, that Camilla and
her ofspring should appear before hima
in their ordinary apparel. ANECDOTE of Pope Sixtus V. and the
The Cardinals, their conductors, judoPRINCESS CAMILLA.
ing that this was an affectation of hum
lity in :ixtuis, which he would be pleased WE E have, in this age, froin a most to see dispersed with, proceeded with ibe
Princess and her sons, who were loth to of things, scell, by the varied rotations relinquish their newly-acquired finery, lo of the wheel of fortune, some of the high- kome. est characters degraded, and some of the When they arrived at the laticar, the lowest elevated. We have seen many of Pope, woo from the windows bebeld the metaphorical extravagancies exhi- then, was astonished at their train, and bited in a coarse but moral print, enti- stillinore, when the Princ svainilla and tled, “ The World turned upside down.” her three sons were announced to him. We have, indeed, seen and bcard of more He, however, in a moment recollected instances of mutability in these respecis, himself, and said, that he had heard of than we have any pleasure in speculat- many princesses, but that the name of ing or descanting ipon; we therefore (umilla was not in his list of royal perwish to turn our retrospectire attention sonages. to the contemplation of a character, to One of the Cardina's, thinking that which we have formerly alluder, and the memory of the good father wis which involves the consideration of a more treacherons that it really was, caman, who soared to the acme of crelesi- gerly said, “ Surciy your lioliness must astical and princely elevation, upea the recollect your sister !" wings of a great deal of merit, and a “ I do," replied sixtus, “ recollect little hypocris.
that I had a sister, but she was a kushere Sixtisthe tilth, when he bad mounted woman : tlwrefore, the PRINCESS CAto the highest pinnacle of the Romista MILLA cannot be that person." church, by feigning himself scarcely able It was to no parpos to endeavour to to drug bis limbs up the si-ps of St. parsnack the pure vi her identity ; ha L'ETER's, in a short space of time, madlo piensisied, that mmtil he -:1:(ainilla ir such judicious regulations, boti spiritual per proper did it was impossible fco