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TO THE INHABITANTS OZ CANADA.

resolution of maintaining it against all invaders., We look forward with pleasure to that day, not Let us give her reason to pride herself in the rela. far remote (we hope) when the inhabitants of Ametionship.

rica sball have one sentiinent, and the full enjoy.

ment of the blessings of a free government.
And thou, great liberty! inspire our souls.
Make our lives happy in thy pure embrace,

Incited by these motives, and encouraged by the
Or our deaths glorious in thy just defence!

advice of many friends of liberty among you, the The following address was published in Canada, on

grand American congress have sent an army into the arrival there of colonel Arnold, with the troops

your province, under the command of general

Schuyler-not to plunder, but to protect you-to under his command.

animate, and bring forth into action those senti. By his excellency George Washington, esq. comments of freedom you have disclosed, and which

mander in chief of the army of the United Colo. the tools of despotism would extinguish through nies of North America.

the whole creation. To co-operate with this

design, and to frustrate those cruel and perfidious Friends and brethren-The unnatural contest be- schemes, which would deluge our frontiers with tween the English Colonies and Great Britain, has the blood of women and children, I bave detached now risen to such a height, that arms alone must colonel Arnold into your country, with a part of decide it. The colonies, confiding in the justice the army under my command. I have enjoined of their cause, and the purity of their intentions, upon him, and I am certain that he will consider have reluctantly appealed to that Being, in whose himself, and act as in the country of his patrons hands are all human events. He bas hitherto smiled and best friends. Necessaries and accommoda. upon their virtuous efforts—the hand of tyranay tions of every kind which you may furnish, he will lias been arrested in its ravuges, and the British thankfully receive, and render the full value. I invite arms, which have shone with so much splendor in you therefore as friends and brethren, to provide every part of the globe, are now tarnished with bim with such supplies as your country affords; disgrace and disappointment. Generals of approv. and I pledge myself not only for your safety and ed experience, who boasted of subduing this great security, but for an ample compensation. Let no continent, find themselves circumscribed within the man desert his habitation-let no one fee as belimits of a single city and its suburbs, suffering all fore an enemy. The cause of America, and of li. the shame and distress of a siege, while the free.berty, is the cause of every virtuous American citi. born sons of America, animated by the genuine prin. zen; whatever may be his religion or bis descent, ciples of liberty and love of their country, with in the United Colonies know no distinction but such creasing union, firmness and discipline, repel every as slavery, corruption, and arbitrary dominion, may attack, and despise every danger.

create. Come then, ye generous citizens, range

yourselves under the standard of general libertyAbove all, we rejoice, that our enemies have been against which all the force and artifice of tyranny deceived with regard to you--they have persuaded will never be able to prevail. themselves, they bave even dared to say, that the

G. WASHINGTON. Canadians were not capable of distinguishing be. tween the blessings of liberty, and the wretched. A letter from general Lee to general Burgoyne, dated ness of slavery; that gratifying the vanity of a cump on Prospect Hill, December 1, 1775. little circle of nobility-would blind the people of “DEAR SIB-YAs I am just informed you are ready Canada. By such artifices they boped to bend you to embark for England, I cannot refrain from once to their views, but they have been deceived; instead more trespassing on your patience. An opportunity of finding in you that poverty of soul and baseness is now presented of immortalizing yourself as the of spirit, they see with a chagrin, equal to our joy, Saviour of your country. The whole British emthat you are enlightened, generous, and virtuous-pire stands tottering on the brink of ruin, and that you will not renounce your own rights, or serve you have it in your power to prevent the fatal as instruments to deprive your fellow-subjects of catastrophe, but it will admit of no delay. For theirs. Come then, my brethren, unite with us in Heaven's sake avail yourself of the precious moan indissoluble union, let us run together to the ment; put an end to the delusio's; exert le voice same goal. We bave taken up arms in defence ot of a brave virtuous citizen, and tell the people at our liberty, our property, our wives, and our childhome that they must immediately rescind all their ren; we are determined to preserve them, or die. impolitic acts; that ibey must overturn wie whole

54

frantic system, or that tbey are undone. You the natural tenderness of a mother, and acts the ask me, in your letter, if it is independence at part of a cruel step.dame, it must naturally be which the Americans aim? I answer, no! the idea expecied that their affections cease; the ministry never entered a single American's head until a leave them no alternative, aut servire, aut alienari most intolerable oppression forced it upon them. jubent; it is in human nature, it is a moral obliga. All they required was to remain masters of their lion to adopt the latter; but the fatal separation own property, and be governed by the same equita. has not yet taken place, and yoursell, your single ble laws which they had enjoyed from the first self, my friend, may perhaps prevent it. Upon formation of the colonies. The ties of connection, some persons, I am afraid, you can make no imwhich bound them to their parent country, were pression; for to repeat a backneyed quotation, so dear to them, that he who would bave ventured

"They are in blood to have touched them, would have been considered "Step'd in so far, that should they wade in more, as the most impious of mortals; but these sacred "To return would be as tedious as go o'er." ties, the same men who have violated or bafiled. But if you will at once break off all connections the most precious laws and righits of the people at with these men, if you will wave all consideration Lome, dissipated or refused to account for their but the salvation of your country, Great Britain treasures, tarnished the glory, and annihilated the

may stand as much indebted to general Burgoyne importance of the nations; these sacred ties, I

as Rome was to ber Camillus. Do not I entres: say, so dear to every American, are now rending you, my dear sir, think this the mad shapsody of asunder.

an enthusiast, nor the cant of a factious designing

man, for in these colors, I am told, I am frequently "You ask, whether it is the weight of taxes of wbich they complain? I answer no; it is the prin.

printed. I swear by all that is sacred, as I hope

for comfort and honor in this world, and to avoid ciple they combat, and they would be guilty in the eyes of God and man, of the present vorla misery in the next, that I most earnestly and

devoutiy love my native country; that I wish the and all posterity, did they not reject it; for if it were admitted, they would have nothing tha: they her and her children, which has raised the wide

same happy relation to subsist for ages, betwist could call their own. They would be in a worse arch of her empire to so siupendous and enviable condition than the wretched slaves in the West

an height: but at the same time I avow, that if the India Islands, whose little peculium has ever been

parliament and people should be depraved enough esteemed inviolate. But wherefore should I dwell on this, is not the case of Ireland the same with

to support any longer some persons in their scheme,

my zeal and reverence for the rights of humanity their's? They are subordinate to the British em.

are so much greater than my fondness for any pire, they are subordinate to the parliament of Great Britain; but they tax themselves. Why, as had 1 any influence in the councils of America, !

particular spot, even the place of my nativity, that the case is similar, do not you begin with them? would advise not to hesitate a single instant, but But you know, Mr. Burgoyne, the m---ry dare

decisively to cut the Gordian knot now besmeared not attempt it. There is one part of

with civil blood. which, I confess, I do not understand. If I recol. lect right, tor I unfortunately have not the letter "This I know is strong, emphatic language, and by me, you say, that if the privilege of taxing might pass with men, who are strangers to the themselves is what the Americans claim, the con- Alame which the love of liberty is capable of lighttest is at an end; you surely cannot allude to the ing up in the human breast, for a proof of my propositions of N-. It is impossible that you insanity; but you, sir, you, unless I have mistaken should not think with me, and all mankind, that you from the beginning, will conceive that a maa these propositions are no more or less than adding in his sober senses, may possess such feelings. I. to a most abominable oppression, a more abomina- my sober senses, therefore, permit me once more, ble insult. But to recur to the question of Ame- most earnestly to entreat and conjure you to exsrt ricans aiming at independence? Do any instruc- your whole force, energy, and talents, to stop tions of any one of the provinces to their repre. Certain persons in this, their headlong career. If seniatives, or delegates furnish the least ground you labor in vain (as I must repeat I think will be for the suspicion? On the contrary, do they not the case) address yourself to the people at large; all breathe the strongest attachment and filial piety by adopting this method, I am so sanguine as to for their parent country? But if she discard alllassure myself of your success; and your publis

your letter

character will be as illustrious as your personal (ad Almighty God, that I will neither directly or qualities are amiable to all who intimately know indirectly convey any intelligence, nor give any you. By your means, the colonists will long con- advice to the aforesaid enemies described; and tinue the farmers, planters, and shipwrights of that I pledge myself, if I should by any accident Great Britain; but if the present course is persisted get knowledge of such treasons, to inform immein, an eternal divorce must inevitably take place. diately the committee of safety: and as it is justly As to the idea of subduing them into servitude, allowed that when the rights and sacred liberiies and indemnifying yourselves for the expense, you of a nation or community are invaded, neutrility must be convinced, before this, of its absurdity. is not less base and criminal than open and avowed

hostility: I do further swear and pledge myself, "I should not, perhaps, be extravagant, if I as I hope for eternal salvation, that I will when. advanced that all the ships of the world would be ever called upon by the voice of the continental too few to transport force sufficient to conquer congress, or by that of the legislature of this par. three millions of people unanimously determined ticular colony under their authority to take arms to sacrifice every thing to liberty; but if it were and subject myself to military discipline in defence possible, the victory would be not less ruinous of the common rights and liberties of America. So than the defeat. You would only destroy your own help me God." strength. . No revenue can possibly be extracted out of this country. The army of placement might

MEMENTO TO THE AMERICANS. be encreased, but her circuitous commerce, found

From the Pennsylvania Journal-March, 1776. ed on perfect freedom, which alone can furnish “Reniember the stamp act, by which immense riches to the metropolis, would fall to the ground. sums were to be yearly extorted from you. But the dignity, of Great Britain it seems is at

Remember the declaratory act, by which a pow. stake. Would you, sir, if in the heat of passion er was assumed of binding you, in all cases whatso. you had struck a simple drummer of your regi. ever, without your consent. ment, and afterwards discovered it unjustly, think

Remember the broken promise of the ministry, it any forfeiture of your dignity to acknowledge never again to attempt a tax on America. the wrong? No (I am well acquainted with your

Remember the duty act. disposition) you would ask his pardon, at the head Remember the massacre at Boston, by British

soldiers. of your regiraent.

Remember the ruin of that once flourishing city "I shall now conclude (if you will excuse the by their means. pedantry) with a sentence of Latin: Justum est

Remember the massacre at Lexington. bellum, quibus necessarium; et pia arma quibus nulla

Remember the burning of Charlestown. nisi in armis, relinquiter spes." I most sincerely

Remember general Gage's infamous breach of wish you a quick and prosperous voyage; and that faith with the people of Boston. your happiness and glory may be equal to the idea

Remember the cannonading, bombarding, and I have of your merits, as with the greatest burning of Falmouth. truth and affection, your's

Remember the shrieks and cries of the women C. LEE."

and children. The following is onid to be a copy of the oath eracted

Remember the cannonading of stonington and

Bristol. by general Lee of the people of Rhode Island, on his arrival there-Dec. 1775.

Remember the burning of Jamestown, Rhode

Island. "I-here, in the presence of Almighty God, as I

Remember the frequent insults of Newport. hope for ease, honor, and comfort in this world,

Remember the broken charters. and happiness in the world to come, most earnestly,

Remember the cannonade of Hampton. devoutly and religiously swear that I will neither

Remember the act for screening and encourage directly or indirectly assist the wicked instruments

ing your murderers. of ministerial tyranny and villainy, commonly called

Remember the cannonade of New York. the king's troops and navy, by furnishing them with

Remember the altering your established jury provisions and refreshments of any kind, unless

laws. authorised by the continental congress or legisla. Remember the hiring foreign troops against you. ture at present established in this particular colony of Rhode Island: I do also swear by the Fremendougl 'In lord Hillsborough's circular letter.

am,

Remember the rejecting of lord Chatham's, Mr. FROM TAB PENNSYLVANIA JOURNAL. Hartley's and Mr. Burk’s pluns of conciliation. Enclosed I send you the speech of an honest, sensible,

Remember the treatment of Franklin and Tem. and spirited farmer of this county, addressed is an ple.

assembly of his neighbours, on his engaging in the Remember the rejecting of all your numerous continental service, bumble petitions.

MY FRIENDS AND COUNTRIMET-I have observer Remember the contempt with which they spoke that some of you are a litile surprised that I, with of you in both houses.

so many inducements as I have to remain at home, Remember the cowardly endeavor to prevent should have resolved to quit my family, and my foreign ' nations supplying you with arms and farm for the fatigues and dangers of war. I mean ammunition, when they themselves knew they you should be perfectly satisfied as to my motives. intended coming to cut your throats.

I ara an American: and am determined to be free. Remember their hiring savages to murder your I was born free: and have never forfeited my birtb

right; nor will I ever, like the infatuated son of farmers with their families.

Isaac, sell it for a mess of pottage. I will part Remember the bribing negro slaves to assassinate

with my life sooner than my liberty; for I perfer their masters.

an honorable death to the miserable and despicable Remember the burning of Norfolk.*

existence of a slave. Remember their obliging you to pay treble du. ties, when you came to trade with the countries The who would rob me of my property, you belped them to conquer.f

because be thinks he has use for it, and is able to Remember their depriving you of all sbare in take it from me, would as soon, for the same rea. the fisheries, you equally with them spent your son, rob me of my life, if it stood in his way; but it blood and treasure to acquire.

is God Almighty who gave me my life, and my proRemember their old restrictions on your woollen perty, 28 a necessary means among others of premanufactories, your hat-making, your iron and steel serving and enjoying it; and it is he only that hath forges and furnaces

an absolute and unlimited right and power to take Remember their arbitrary admiralty courts.

either or both away. Being the Creator, the Sup. Remember the inhuman treatment of the brave porter, the perfect ruler and judge of all the earth, colonel Allen, and the irons he was sent into Eng

he only can do no wrong: should therefore any land.

creature whatsoever, or number of them, dsre to Remember the long, habitual, base venality of usurp this sole prerogative of Heaven over me, I

could neither answer it to my Maker, nor my British parliaments.

conscience, nor my honor, if I did not resist, though Remember the corrupt, putrified state of that

it were to the last drop of my blood. It is in the nation, and the virtuous, sound, healthy state of

free enjoyment of those blessings, uncontrouled by your own young constitution.

ang buman powers, (except so far as the voice of Remember the tyranny of Mezentius, who bound the society in general, of which we are members, living men, face to face, with dead ones, and the may have resigned a part for the preservation of effect of it.

the whole), that that civil liberty substantially Remember the obstinacy and unforgiving spirit consisteth. Let no one therefore wonder if, of all of the evident in the treatment of his own earthly benefits my Creator bath bestowed on me, b.

I do most esteem my liberty. Anarchy, indeed, I Remember that an bonorable death is preferable deprecate, but tyranny infinitely more. The res. to an ignominious life; and never forget what you

son is obvious; the former, like a common surfeit, owe to yourselves, your families, and your posterity. occasioned by an irregular and intemperate indulg

ence of the bodily appetites, if but a little helped *This and all the beforementioned, were open, by simple medicine, will almost always, as I may defenceless towns, which, by the laws of war, should say, cure itself: whereas the latter, like a devour. always be spared.

ing cancer, the longer it is let alone, without the Act of parliament, 14 George IN. laying a duty application of violent caustics, the faster and deeper of three.pence per gallon on all spirits imported into Canada from Britain; and nine.pence, if from it will root itself into the frame, until it gnaws out any of the North American colonies.

the very life of the body. Government is neither *The corruption of the one poisoned the other. Iof these: it is an ordinance of Heaven to restrain

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the usurpations of wicked men, to secure us the industriously, and obstinately bent on our destrucenjoyments of our natural rights, and to promote tion? in short, we have no alternative left us, but the highest political interests and happiness of to fight or die; if there be any medium, it is slavery; society. The claims therefore of the British par- and ever cursed be the man who will submit to it! liament of a power to bind us in all cases whatso I will not. But who would ever have imagined, ever; to give away our property, in what measure that a people who, a few years ago, assisted their and for what purposes they please, and to dispose brethren of Great Britain, with their blood and of our lives as they think proper, when we have treasure, to humble the power of Prance and Spain, no voice in the legislation nor constitutional power and who, from their first existence as a people, allowed us to check their most violent proceed. bave, by their trade and industry, been enriching ings, are not of the nature of government, but in and exalting them above all the nations of the the true and strict sense of the word tyranny. world; who, I say, would have imagined that this of the tendency and operation of this diabolical be now reduced to so dreadful an alternative; yet,

very people should, by these their very brethren, system, our country hath already had too deep and

hear, O Heavens, and give ear, O Earth, and bear affecting experience not to be sensible of them; and witness, this is the return we have received for all it requires not the spirit of supernatural prophecy our love, loyalty, industry, treasure and blood! to foretel tbe end of them, should they not be seasonably controled; controled, did I say? blest

Had we begun this quarrel, had we demanded be the spirit of American liberty, wisdom and some new privileges, unknown to the constitution, valor! they have been controled; but, my friends,

or some commercial licences, incompatible with it is evident we can never have safety, liberty, and the general interest of the empire, had we presun. peace, until, by an unremitting and vigorous ap

ed to legislate for Great Britain, or plotted with plication of the axe, now laid to the root of the the Bourbon family, to reinstate the execrable race

of the Stuarts, and fed to arms unprovoked to tree, we have totally overturned, in these colonies, the power that would demolish us. Not to speak

accomplish these designs, there would then be of the unwearied art and assiduity of the

some plausible apology for the severest hostile

treatment we have received. But what have we these twelve

done? when alarmed, ere we had yet rested from years past, to fasten on us the shackles of slavery,

the toils of the last war, by new unconstitutional let me only remind you of the base and cruel mea.

deinands of revenue, we asserted our rights and sures to subjugate us, since we have been obliged to take up arms in our defence: what stone have petitioned for justice. Was this a crime? as un.

constitutioual statutes of different forms were rethey left unturned? what device to ruin us, though Dever so mean, barbarous and bloody, such as no

peatedly enacted, we repeated our petitions for heart, but that of a devil and a tyrant, can refrain

redress; was this a crime? we suffered ourselves shuddering at, bave they not pursued? bave not

to be insulted by the introduction of an armed

force to dragoon us into obedience; we suffered several of the powers of Europe been meanly

them to take possession of our towns and fortifica. courted and bribed not to supply us with means

tions, still waiting with decent and anxious ex. of resistance? hath not the most barbarous nation

pectation from the wonted justice, bumanity, and in it been applied to, to assist them with at least

generosity of Britons: was this a crime? disposed 20,000 savages to complete their intended massacre? bave they not attempted to spirit up the Indian

to try every pacific measure which might probably

procure our relief, we agreed to withhold our comSevages to ravage our frontiers, and murder, after their inhuman manner, our defenceless wives and

merce from them, in hopes that, feeling the effects

of their injustiee, they might see how ruinous their children? have not our negro slaves been enticed

proceedings were to their own interests, ar:d return to rebel against their masters, and arms put into

in time to wisdom and peace: was this a crime? nor their hands to murder them? have not the king of

did we once lift the sword even in our delence, England's own slaves, the Hanoverians, been em. until provoked to it by a wanlon commencement ployed? and were not the poor Canadians made of hostili ies on their part: wbat then have we done slaves, that tbey might be made fit instruments, to merit such cruel proceedings! my friends, I am with other slaves and savages, to make slaves and more wretched beings than savages of us?

firmly persuaded, that no truth will appear in future

history, with more glaring evidence, than ibat ibe Now, what kind of reconciliation can be reasona. whole mass of guilt contracted by this unnatural bly expected with a so basely, so cruelly, so war lieth at the door of

; and so thal,

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