(426 this they cannot show ; for, that they | England; of all those, who for so many have stipulated to keep constantly on foot years, have been the advocates of the war a well-disciplined regular army of a cer- in Sicily?--As to the conduct of the tain strength, and that they have not done Sicilian Court, our dearly beloved Antithis; that their army is not well-disci- republican friends, I shall leave that to be plined, clothed, or paid; " that their con described by their associates; I shall * duct to their troops has been shameful and leave that to the Antijacobins, and shall

oppressive, as both officers and soldiers be more apt to give them credit in this s have no scruple in openly asserting; that case than in almost any other ; but, I es we have, by this court of Sicily, always must say, that it is somewhat surprising, *s been deceived by false musters; that, that souls, so formed by nature for har" this being the case, we are no longer monious intercourse, should have per« bound by the treaty, and that the least mitted any thing to produce hostility be« thing we can do is to withdraw our Subsidy, tween them; and, in spite of present ap“ and leave them to maintain their own pearances, I am inclined to think, that “ army in the best way they can out of they will make all up again; that they “ their own resources. He then pro: will shake hands and be friends again, ceeds to say, that this would be a better and hang together as to all practical purthing for us than even the punclual fulfil- poses, just as the opposing parties of a cerment of the present treaty; for, that we tain assembly do, though they hate one should, with the subsidy money, be able another like poison. I think they will to raise a better army than that of Sicily" rally” round the good old cause, and is, and that the court of Sicily would, in bury their hatred to one another in their this case, “ forfeit all claim to our NA- greater hatred of Jacobins, or reformers. TIONAL GENEROSITY.” Anticipat- -But, all this while, the people of Enging, that this step on our part might in- land, their blood and their taxes, seem to duce the court of Sicily to make peace with pass for nothing. We are told of the ge· Napoleon, he says, that this would be nerosity of defending the court of Naples; the most fortunate thing in the world for we are told of these fine acts of generous, for that “ we shall have a much better sity on the parts of our government; but, « chance of success in Sicily in fighting there to hear these writers, one would imagine, “ as the enemies, than in fighting as the that they gave the money out of their own " allies, of the Sicilian government.” He pockets. The fact is, however, that the peosays, that the French cannot come ple of England pay, in subsidy, to the to their aid without our permission ; that Court of Sicily, 400,0001. a year, and have the Sicilian army would be easily beaten done this for several years last past. Four by us; that WE MIGHT ARM. THE hundred thousand pounds a year, while PEOPLE OF SICILY IN OUR FAVOUR. there are twelve hundred thousand paupers Therefore, he says, hostilities on the part in England and Wales; while the taxes of the court of Sicily are by no means to are so heavy as to be paid with the greatbe dreaded ; but that, on the contrary, est difficulty; and while it is notorious “ they would give us a RIGHT once more that this subsidy causes an issue of bank “ to TAKE POSSESSION OF SICILY notes that adds very greatly to the depreci“ FOR OURSELVES, which would be ation of the paper money.-- This is a matter « attended with the most BENEFICIAL that never seems to enter into the heads “ EFFECTS TO OUR POWER AND of any of those who inveigh against the “ PROSPERITY; and, that we ought conduct of the Court of Sicily. These “ not to have the SMALLEST SCRUPLE writers make no scruple to assert that that “in adopting this VIGOROUS measure, court are our enemies ; but, such is their “ if the court of Palermo, by their MIS. contempt of the people of England, that “ CONDUCT, give us JUST REASON they do not seem to think it at all neces“ for so doing;" and the “ misconduct,” sary to say a word in the way of excuse which would give us this “just reason,

,” for those, who give nearly half a million he explains to mean, a refusal of " our a year of our money to our enemies; and “ MODERATE and REASONABLE re- that, too, if what these writers now say be “ quest, that We should COMMAND true, long after it was well known that they. " an army that we ourselves PAY.”

were our enemies. But, the fact is, that Reader, is it necessary to say any more this set of politicians, the whole set of of this, than just to observe, that this is them, despise the people of England more the language of all the hireling prints in than they do any other of God's creatures.

6 sence.


Upon reading the above passages, | September : “We think, though, as we in which the oppression of the Sicilian troops “ have before stated, our means of judging is spoken of, one cannot scarcely forbear are very scanty, that it would not be an laughing outright. We are not told indeed “ impoliiic scheme to land the King and in what manner they are oppressed; we are Queen of the two Sicilies on the contie not told precisely what sort of punishment " nental part of their Majesties' dominions, is inflicted upon them; whether any of “ in order that they, and particularly the them have pins thrusted up under their “ latter of them, might head the partizans nails when suspected of shamming illness. “ which they possess there, and rescue NaIt would have been worth while, I think,“ ples from the grasp of Murut. A Regency just to give us a specimen or two of their “could govern the island in their ab. treatment; but this, I suppose, was avoided

-When the queen of Sicily from pure “ delicacy;" from a kind wish reads this, as I dare say she will, I wonder to spare our tender feelings. Thank you, whether she will look back to 1799, when gentle souls; but, another time, do not she and Lady Hamilton and her husband suffer your tenderness to get the better of and Lord Nelson were at Naples and in the truth. Let us have the picture full before Bay! I wonder whether she will recollect us, tell us plainly what it is that they do ELEONORA FONSECA !-In justifito the Sicilian soldiers. - The idea of cation of this measure,wbich is nothing short arming the Sicilian people against their go- of a sentence of death against the king and Wernment is not less amusing, especially queenof Naples, the same print,of the 30th of when we recollect that one of the princi- September, offers the following arguments: pal grounds of the Anti-jacobin war, was, • Thus much is very clear, tbat if one party that the French Convention invited any • is for the French, the other must be against people who were oppressed to rise against them; and the inference is no less obtheir government.

These are precious vious, that as we were called to Sicily to avowals, and really one would almost think protect that island from the French, we must that the object was to show to the whole unite with that party which is most likely world, that the French Convention was “to be sincere in acting with us for the right in all they did as to foreign govern

“ attainment of so desirable an object. ments. But, of all the notions incul. Our view is the independence of Sicily, .cated in these writings, the most amusing “ and has only relation to the external certainly is that of compelling the govern “politics of the country. With the interment to give up its army into our hands, “nal ones, we have neither the right nor to put all the forts and military posts into

o the wish to interfere; except they, our possession, and to make us masters of a “ themselves, are perversely thrown across part, at least, of the revenue; and all this “our path, and then they must be cleared out for what? Why, for the purpose of pre- of the way. If the Court and people figlit serving the INDEPENDENCE of the with each other, so let them; it is not country! Oh, impudence unparalleled ! " our concern, provided we have placed in And yet these same men affect to laugh at " our hands the means of securing our own the idea of Denmark and Prussia and sufity, and repelling the common enemy. Saxony being independent; and they scru- " But if either Court or people shink of ple not to abuse Napoleon, to call him up. calling in the French to aid their party start Despot and remorseless Tyrant, be- “ politics, the faction that does that immecause he is supposed to dictate to these "diately becomes French to us, and must be states a system of commercial laws, a fact o rooted out, not for our advantage merely, of which there is lilile doubt, but of which “but for the preservation of the island. We they have no proof. They call him trca- “ seek to impose no new King on it, as Buccherous because he has entered Spain with nuparle does : we seek to levy no tyrannian army and is endeavouring to subdue it; “cal conscription: we are only struggling and, in almost the same breath, they openly “ to let it have the power, SO DEAR TO recommend the seizure of Sicily by our “ HUMANITY, of directing its own affairs, army, who, be it observed, entered Sicily “ and acting as an independent State. This as allies, and have remained there under power we must assist it in retaining as the sanctiou of a treaty. One of our venal long as it can; and, at all events, we prints (the most venal of all), the Times, “ must take care, that if it is relinquished, recommends the sending of the king and it may not be put into the hands of our queen of Sicily to Naples. These are the o enconies." -So dear to humanity! Oh, words, used by that print on the 28th of detestable hypocrite! And you want, do


you, to assume the command of the Sici- | provinces under the command of our own lian army and to appropriate the revenues of officers? Does the reader suppose, that the country, in order to enable Sicily to a seizure of Sicily, and, of course, direct ils own affairs! You would not do as virtual dethronement of the king, would Buonaparte does, eh? No, you would send tend to diminish the apprehensions of the king and queen of Sicily to Naples those Spaniards? Say, that we stop there to be torn in atoms, while he gives short of this, and content ourselves with the Bourbons of Spain a princely establish- the moderate and reasonable" demands, meat in France. You would set up no new suggested by Captain Pasley and approyking, not you indeed: you would only just ed of by the venal English prints; nametake the country for yourself. Your object ly, with a surrender of the Sicilian army is to secure the independence of Sicily, and and a part of the revenues into our hands; to secure that object you' only want to say, that we content ourselves with these have the army, the forts and the revenue « moderate and reasonableterms, is it in your hands, and to “ root out” all those likely, that the confidence of the Spaniwho would oppose this " moderate” wish. ards will thereby be completely restored ? You say, that those who wish to call in the -Well; but shall we be able to keep French become French to you; but you will Sicily, to " preserve its independence ;" shall not give the world proof, or something like we, even if we seize the island, be able proof of such a wish ? " If the Court think to accomplish this amiable and disinter- . “of calling in the French;" but, how are ested purpose for any length of time? you to know their thoughıs; and, was there shall we be able to beat the Sicilian army ever before heard of such intolerable and arm the peasantry against the govern. tyraony as that of proceeding to punish ment and, at the same time, defend the people for presumed thoughts? This charge island against the French; shall we be of wishing in favour of the French is a able thus to “ preserve the independence" sweeping one. There is no case that it of Sicily without an army of fifiy or surty will not suit; no object that it will not thousand men and an annual expenditure reach. We here see nothing but bypothe- of ten millions in Bank Notes? Do these sis; nothing but suspicion thrown out: if projectors think of these things ? No, they one party are for the French; if either think of nothing but what they suppose court or people think of calling in the will be pleasing to those whose very, French. So that, whether it be the pre-wishes they vie with each other in antisumed wish of the one or the other, we are cipating- Upon this subject the Mornthereon to found a right of "rooling that ing Chronicle, which is supposed to speak party out.” This, if it produce no effect the sentiments of the OUTS, holds a upon the people of England, will not fail surange language. It is always blaming to produce effect in other parts of the the ministers for want of VIGOUR in world. -Before I dismiss this subject, I their transactions with Sicily. cannot refrain from saying a few words word about justice or consistency; not a upon the proposition that these writers word in favour of the people of Sicily; but make of seizing upon the island of Sicily, hints at the misconduct of the Court tofor our own use. -The rabble of politi- wards us, and a call for vigorous measures. cians, whether in high or low life, are al. The venal prints, fighting under the flag ways eager for new acquisitions of terri- of Captain Pasley, have acted a more cantory, very seldom reflecting whether they did part; they have told us what they are likely to produce good or evil, and mean by vigorous measures. They would they are sure to have on their side all that demand the Sicilian army

of the numerous tribe, who are continuaily gap- revenues to be given up to us, and, if this ing for the taxes, and to give them a chance " moderate and reasonable" demand was of getting at which every new acquisition refused, they would “root outthe retusof territory is admirably calculated.- ing party, and, if the Court were that But, if this seizing proposition were to be party, they would toss them down upon adopted, what effect does the reader the strand of the Bay of Naples, where imagine it would have upon the minds of they would have as good a chance as if the Spaniards, some of whom have already tossed into a tyger's den amongst a dam been charged with the crime of having ap- and her young ones. This, at any rate, prehensions upon the score of our sending is frank: it is speaking out: we know reinforcements to Cadiz, aod of our having what the parties mean ; whereas the a design to place their troops and their Morning Chronicle keeps dinuing in our

Not a

and part

ears nothing but a sort of mysterious call, seems never to have occurred to any of these for vigour. This is, however, the ge- complainants of a want of vigour, that it neral tone of the OUTS, who, upon all oc- was possible, that some of the salien go. casions, find fault of the ministers for their vernments might have been too rigurous want of rigour ; which, being fairly inter- before they were' attacked by the French; preted, means, that they would, if they that, when the French came, they found were in place, do the same acts that the their vigour all exhausted. It seems never ministers do, but that they would do them to have occurred to them, that there were in a more vigorous manner. We never hear any means, other than those of force and them complain of the injustice of any of the purishment, by which the fallen governacts of their rivais; never of any waste of ments might have convinced their subjects the public money; nrver of any encroach of the utility of resisting the French armeni on the liberties of the people. All mies. No such thought seenis ever to that they complain of is, a wunt of vigour. have occurred to them. They can see Let ihm look at the acts of our govern- clearly enough all the tyranny of Buoment for ibe last twenty years; let them naparte's system. They can rail against look into the Statute Book for that period, bim in a most manly sırain. The Couand they will, I thinks, see no marks of a rier of the 3rd instant, in speaking of his want of vijour. We have heard much present tour through his maritime domitalk about a vigour beyond the luw; but, nions and of his rigorous measures as lo really, those laws are of themselves suffi- commerce, says : “ There is one consocientiy rigorous.- -To hear these eternal" lation arising out of this increase of se. complaints of a want of vigour, who would " verity, that as it punishes his oun subnot suppose, that our government had, for jecis most, it renders him more and more a long while, neglected the use of its" odious, and may accelerate his downfall. powers, and had been so very lenient and “Intoxicated by power, he appears alindulgent as to have suffered the people ways to forget that tyranny has its limits ; to run riot with ease, riches, and licenti. " that there is a period beyond which the ousness! Ah! these complaints of a want oppressor ca mot oppress, and the oppressed of vigour in their rivals ought to make us vill not endure. He flatters himself per. cautious how we give any encouragement haps that his authority is now perfectto the OUTS.---This charge of a want “ ly consolidated, and his despotism seof vigour has been set up against all the

Just so do ALL TYRANTS; old governments that have fallen before Caligula never thought himself so safe the republicans of France. “ Louis XVI." and firm as on the very day he was dis" was a werk-minded man'; he was toe le-“ patched.” --Very good; but let the " nient; he yielded too much to his peo- observations be general.

Let them apply And the same charge has gone to all tyrants in every part of the world, round. All ihe fallen kinys " wanted and of every sort, whether open and bold “ rigour,” according to the Anti-jacobin in their tyranny; or whether their tynotions. They were pretty vigorous, how ranny be marked by the basest hypocrisy ever, you will find, if you examine the and by all the malice of cowardice; let not acts of their days of power. There was these just observations remain unapplied no want of vigour in France, while the to the shamming, cheating, smiling, cute lettres de cachet and the Bustile were in throat-tyranny, which merits as great, and vogue. The kings of Prussia were very a much greater, degree of hatred, than a vigorous nien; and so were and are the tyranny without disguise, for the latter Czars of Muscovy. Even the Stadtholder is, in reality, much less cruel than the gave unquestionable proofs of vigour when former.--To return, for a moment, to he called in the Prussian army, com- the subject of Sicily, I beg the reader not manded by the Duke of Brunswick, to to believe, that I feel any partiality for put down the Dutch Patriots. And, the king or queen of that country; I beg though last not least, our august allies, the him to believe, that I am, at best, indifferCourt of Sicily, were not wanting in vi- ent as to what our government may do regour when they were upon the continent. specting them. My concern is for the In short, they have all been quite vigorous people of Sicily and the people of Eng. enough, except as against the French armies, land, the latter of whom have long been in which case they have, indeed, shown a paying enormous sums of money for the lamentable deficiency in this seemingly purpose of maintaining over the former prime quality of regular government.- It ihat very government which we are, by


$ ple.”

our venal writers, now told is an intolero, considerable force raised against her in able tyranny, and which these writers South America. What, then, can she be openly purpose to “root out."--What expected to do in her present state ? The we shall next hear of from Sicily no man war of Napoleon in the Peninsula will, can guess. It is quite impossible to con- then, in all probability, give freedom to jecture how the ibing may go on; but of South America; and we see, that it has this we may be well assured, that, in the already drawn from the rulers of Spain end, the cause of freedom will be benefited (his rivals) an abolition of the odious even by the intrigues and cabals in the feudal tyrannies, and a declaration that Island of Sicily.

Spain is not the patrimony of any family,

Whatever, therefore, may have been bis SPAIN AND

HER COLONIES! But, intentions, which, indeed, appear to have here, reader, is a scene opening upon us! | been merely those of a conqueror, the A declaration of independence on the shores war which he bas waged and is waging of the gulph of Mexico! And, at almost the in Spain may be safely said to have prosame moment, the Cortes of Spain declar- duced great good to mankind. Our reing, that Spain is not the patrimony of sistance of him (without entering into our

any fumily!" The work of revolution motives) has also been of use in the same has but just made a serious beginning. The way. Between us we have given the Anti-jacobins may sharpen up their pens South Americans time and opportunity anew; for they will have a sufficiency of to break their bonds; and, let us hope employment. But, I imagine, they will for a similar result in Old Spain ;'a not again be able to persuade the people hope which must, I think, be uppermost of England out of voluntary loans and in the heart of every man who is not the contributions in order to preserve to them. enemy of his species. I am aware, howselves " the blessed comforts of religion, ever, how the souls of the Anti-jacobins and to keep" the gloomy despair of atheismsuffer under the apprehension of seeing out of their families. No, no: this will Spain and South America exhibit examnot do again. If it were to succeed, it ples of freedom. I think I see them now wouid be quite useless; for, with all the scowling over the “ Rights Of Man," power we possess, we should not be able to promulgated froin the borders of the prevent revolutions in a world that is re- Mexican Gulph. In vain do they look solved upon revolution. I have not round them for the means of forming anoroom here to enter into any particular ob- ther crusade against republicans and leservations upon the great public acts vellers. The heroes of Pilnitz are above-mentioned; but, I cannot help re- where now to be found. All the Antimarking, that the moment we hear, that a jacobins can do is to sit and curse the voice part of the Spanish Colonies have de- of freedom that is, in every direction, clared themselves independent and have forcing its way through the shattered and promulgated the principles of freedom, at shaking fabric of tyrannical power, and that very moment we hear of Commis- calling upon the slave to throw off his sioners appointed by our government to chains, whether fastened on him by mediate between them and Old Spain! rude force, or, by slow and unseen deWe must have, as the old saying is, “ grees, drawn round him by the hands of " finger in the pye.”. Why could we not hypocrisy and fraud. have let these people alone? What need had we to proffer our mediation ? And, Col. M.MAHON.- A gentleman, upon what can that mediation mean, unless it | whose word I can rely, requests me to be to bring the Colonists back to their former state, in correction of an error in my last, stale? Vain pursuit! Never will they that Col. M.Mahon “ has been out of the again acknowledge subjection to Spain; “ army for the last sixteen years; that, as to and if the rulers of Spain (be they who “his services, he shared fully with the other they may) are wise, ihey will at once “ British Officers, as a Subaltern in the 44th acquiesce in the separation; and cultivate Regiment throughout the seven year's an intercourse with the new state, or campaign in America, at the head of states, as fast as freedom shall spread it- “ which fell General Agniew and Major self over those fair but long-degraded re- Hope, and afterwards as a Captain under gions. Spain, supposing her to be undi- “ the command of Lord Moira; and that vided at home and without an enemy in “ his conduct was universally such as beEurope, has not the power to subdue any came an officer and a gentleman.".




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