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WE HAVE ALSO A MORE SURE WORD OF
IN this Sermon, I Mall describe Four things. 1. The land
of Canaan where the Jews will return, with an account of its present situation.... 2. Jerusalem and its present situ. ation.... 3. The state of the Jews since they were overcome by the Romans to this day..... The manner of their return to their land.
A s the land of Canaan is to be the place where the Lord Jesus is to reign before his ancients, gloriously, for a thousand years after the return of the. Jews, I think it proper to give my readers a thort ac. . count of it, collected from the best authorities.
This land is called the land of Canaan, because it was first settled by Canaan the fon of Ham, the son of Noah. It is now a Turkish province in Asia. It lies between the Mediteranean sea, and the mountains of Arabia ; and extends from Egypt, to Phænetia. It is bounded to the east, by the mountains of Arabia ; to the fouth,by the wild. erness of Paran, Idumæ, and Egypt; the west, by the Mediterancan, called in Hebrew, the great fea ; to the north, by the mountains of Libanus.
It is in a central part of the world, and is about 200 miles long, and about 8o broad; it is supposed there are about 16,000 square miles in it.
About 70 years after the birth of Christ, this land was taken from the Jews by the Romans; Jerusalem was laid even with the ground, and more than one million of
the Jews were destroyed, besides great multitudes being carried into captivity, or dispersed all over the world. In 614, Jerusalem was taken by the Persians, and in 636, the Saracens, or Arabians, took it.
In 1099, it was taken from them by people pretending to be Christians, under GODFREY ; who held it till the year 1187, when they were conquered by Saladan. In 1217, the Turks drove out the Saracens, and they retain' the land to this day. .
There is a standing tradition among the Turks that they and their government are to be overcome by the French, or those nations who are called Christians. Without any doubt this will take place, which will make way for the return of the Jews.
At the present day, the land of Canaan, under the Turkith government, is inhabited by lazy Turks, plund. ering Arabs, and a wretched race, called Chriftians, Though once it is said to have contained 8,000,000 of inhabitants, yet there are supposed to be not more than 400,000 inhabitants. Though this land is now but thinly inhabited, and is an inconsiderable province of the Turkish empire ; yet the time will come, “ when the Jews shall return to this land of springs and brooks, of hills, plains, and luxuriant vales; where this active peo.. ple shall once more inhabit the enchanting spot, where the Prince of Peace accomplished the work of Redemption, when a just and energetic government, and the mild fpirit of Christianity shall be restored, probably more: than 8 millions of souls will again enjoy this happy clime, rebuild her cities, and palaces, throng her temples, and fwell her songs of praise.”
2, I add a short description of JERUSALEM, and its present situation.
This was once the capital of Melchizedek's kingdom, called Salem in the book of Genesis. It was taken from the Jebusites by David, and called his city. Hazael, king of Syria, cook it once. Nebuchadnezzer once took it and carried away the inhabitants into Babylon. Ticus the son of Vespasian at last took it & totaley def. troyed it, so that it has never been restored to its former
: - grandeur. Adrian undertook to rebuild it afterwards,
but failed in the undertaking. The Empress Helena, the mother of Constantine, visited it afterwards, and found it in a moft forlorn situation ; intending to rebuilt it, she erected a temple over the place where Christ was burried, called the temple of the fepulchre, which is now standing, and kept in good repair. The Emperor Ju. lian undertook to rebuild Jerusalem, but did not ; for Christ had said that this city should be trodden down of the Gentiles, and so it remains to this day.
The present situation of Jerusalem is this, it is possessed by the Turks, who call it, CUDSEMBARIC, and COUDSHERIFF ; and is reduced to a poor thinly inhabited town, about three miles in circumference, situated on a rocky mountain, surrounded on all sides, except the north, with steep afcents and deep vallies; and these a. gain surrounded with other hills, at some distance from them.
The temple built by Helena, which has been built more than twelve hundred years, is kept in good repair to this day. The walls of it are stone, and the roof ced. ar, the east end encloses mount Calvary, and the west the fepulchre where Christ was buried. On mount Moriah in Jerusalem, is a building called Solomon's temple, but when, or by whom built, is uncertain.
Jerusalem is now under the government of a Sangiac. The Jews, and those who are called Christians, are in a wretched situation, being kept poor by the tyranny of the Turkish government.
There are seven remarkable things, to be seen in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem. : 1. The Pool of Bethesda, 120 paces long, 40 broad, and 8 deep. 2. The tomb of the Virgin Mary, 47 steps below the surface of the earth. 3. The tomb of Jehofaphat. 4. Absalom's pillar, supposed to be the one he erected. 5. The tomb of Zechariah the son of Brachiah. 6. The royal sepulchres, where the kings were for. merly buried. 7. The Potter's field, which was bought with the thirty pieces of silver; it is called, Campo, Sandto, the holy field.
According to the latest accounts, Jerusalem contains about 12,000 people. The citizens are Taylors, Cooks, Smiths, and Shoe-makers, a poor, wicked race, the skum of different nations, principally Arabs.
How different is the situation of this city from its ancient grandeur ! Once the city of the great king ; now the feat of wickedness ; but ere long this city will appear as much greater than it was formerly, as he who is to reign over the house of Jacob, is greater than Solo mon in all his glory in Jerusalem.
3. The Jews, and their present situation.
The name Jew, is taken from the word Judah, and is a name given to the descendants of Abraham, through Isaac : fometimes it means only two tribes,and fometimes it means the twelve tribes. Judah and Ifrael means the two nations, or those who belonged to the two kingdoms.
Since Jerusalem was taken by Titus, the Jews have been scattered into all parts of the world. In many countries, and at different times, they have been treated with great cruelty, though since the revival of learning and the increase of mildness in the world, they have been treated with more humanity than they were formerly, It is said that once iu Eugland, a lew was at the disposal of the chief where he lived. In the year 1348, an epia demic disemper raged in a great part of Europe ; it was füid that the Jews had poisoned the springs and wells, which was the cause of it; the consequence of this report was, that a million and half of this miserable nation was put to death.
In the year 1492, half a million of them were driven out of Spain, and an 150,000 from Portugal. At the present day a more generous system is taking place.
Some years ago, France allowed them the right of citi. zens. They have for several years been tolerated in England, Holland, and Prussia,&c. In France of late, their priv. ileges are enlarged, by the Emperor Bonaparte, and in 'the year 1806, (last year) they met as a Congress, or Sanhedrim,in Paris. This it is said, was the first meeting of the kind they have had since Titus carried them away
from Jerusalem.--Notwithstanding all they have met wich, they still retain the idea of returning to the land of Canaan, according to what their prophets have told them, and their situation is such, being rich to a proverb, and having their riches in money and movables, that it will not be difficult for them to return when the day arrives for them to fly upon the shoulders of the Philiftines to the promised land ; which leads me to the fourth: particular.
4. The manner in which they will return to that land and city Jerusalem.
The chief thing which now hinders the return of the Jews, is the power of the Turks, who now possess their land. Their government extends over a great part of the world. In Europe, they possess Romania, Bulgaria, Servia, Wallachia, Modavia, Bessarabia, Greece, Macedonia, Albania, Theffaly, Levadia, Marea, and the Archipelago Iland. In Asia they possess Georgia, Tincomania, Dearbek, Anatolia, or Asia Minor, Syria, and the land of Canaan, called, Paceltine. In Africa, they possess Egypt and some districts of Barbary. This power must and will be weakened before the Jews return, for ihey have ever been great enemies to that nation.
From what I can gather from the Scriptures, the Turks will be so weakened by wars, that in a treaty with some nation, this will be one article, that they shall give up the land of Canaan to the Jews, and quietly leave the country, and withdraw all their enemies. The prophets mention that the Turks shall not be slain, but go forth from the land and be removed far away from them. This is mentioned in Isaiah xlix. 17, « Thy Destroyers and they that made thee waste, shall go forth of thee."
This verse shews that by fome means or other the Turks will voluntarily leave the land to them, and remove at fuch a distance that the Jews will nut fear them.
It appears to me from the present situation of things among the Turks, and Jews, that the nation of France. and some leader will lead the Jews into the promised land. It is possible that Bonaparte may be the man. He has been engaged in a war against the Turks in Egypt, he has