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10.

Of all the heaven-descended virtues, that elevate and ennoble human nature, the highest, the sublimest, and the divinest is charity.

Stephens : The Future of the South.

11. My object at this time is to give encouragement and help

to the “ duffers,” the class of “hopeful duffers.” Brilliant students have every help, but second-class students are sometimes neglected and disheartened. I have great sympathy with the “ duffers,” because I was only a second-rate student myself. The subject of my talk with you is books.

Drummond: A Talk on Books.

12. I built my fortune on the dial of my

watch; seconds became pennies, minutes became dimes, hours became dollars. I gave a money value to every tick and took advantage of everything that economized time. I never procrastinate ; I never wait for other people to get ahead of me. I keep my eyes and ears open for opportunities ; I look well into whatever seems good to me; when my judgment approves I act promptly and with decision. I don't know that there is any particular rule or law of success, but I'm pretty sure that one of the foundation principles is “Don't lose Time.”

Not known.

13.

A street. Enter CINNA the poet.
Cin. I dreamt to-night that I did feast with Cæsar,
And things unluckily charge my fantasy:
I have no will to wander forth of doors,
Yet something leads me forth.

Enter Citizens.
First Cit. What is your name?
Sec. Cit. Whither are you going ?
Third Cit. Where do you dwell ?
Fourth Cit. Are you a married man or a bachelor ?
Sec. Cit. Answer every man directly.
First Cit. Ay, and briefly.
Fourth Cit. Ay, and wisely.
Third Cit. Ay, and truly, you were best.

Cin. What is my name? Whither am I going? Where do I dwell ? Am I a married man or a bachelor ? Then, to answer every man directly and briefly, wisely and truly : wisely I say, I am a bachelor.

Sec. Cit. That's as much as to say, they are fools that marry: you 'll bear me a bang for that, I fear. Proceed; directly.

Cin. Directly, I am going to Cæsar's funeral.
First. Cit. As a friend or an enemy?
Cin. As a friend.
Sec. Cit. That matter is answered directly.
Fourth Cit. For your dwelling, - briefly.
Cin. Briefly, I dwell by the Capitol.
Third Cit. Your name, sir, truly.
Cin. Truly, my name is Cinna.
First Cit. Tear him to pieces; he's a conspirator.
Cin. I am Cinna the poet, I am Cinna the poet.

Fourth Cit. Tear him for his bad verses, tear him for his bad verses.

Cin. I am not Cinna the conspirator.

Sec. Cit. It is no matter, his name 's Cinna; pluck but his name out of his heart, and turn him going.

Third Cit. Tear him, tear him ! Come, brands, ho! firebrands: to Brutus’, to Cassius'; burn all: some to Decius' house, and some to Casca's ; some to Ligarius': away! go!

[Exeunt. Shakespeare: Julius Cæsar, 111, iii.

14.

2. Clauses of complete thought My Lords, I have submitted to you, with the freedom and truth which I think my duty, my sentiments on your present awful situation. I have laid before you the ruin of your power, the disgrace of your reputation, the pollution of your discipline, the contamination of your morals, the complication of calamities, foreign and domestic, that overwhelm your sinking country. Your dearest interests, your own liberties, the Constitution itself, totters to the foundation. All this disgraceful danger, this multitude of misery, is the inonstrous offspring of this unnatural war.

Chatham : Speech on American Affairs.

15.

“ The world,” says Tertullian, “ has more of cultivation every day, and is better furnished than in times of old. All places are opened now; all are familiarly known; all are scenes of business. Smiling farms have obliterated the notorious wilderness ; tillage has tamed the forest land ; flocks have put to flight the beasts of prey. Sandy tracts are sown ; rocks are put into shape; marshes are drained. There are more cities now, than there were cottages at one time. Islands are no longer wild; the crag is no longer frightful; everywhere there is a home, a population, a state, and a livelihood.” Newman: Downfall and Refuge of Ancient Civilization.

16. The works of the great poets have never yet been read

by mankind, for only great poets can read them. Most men have learned to read to serve a paltry convenience, as they have learned to cipher in order to keep accounts and not be cheated in trade but of reading as a noble intellectual exercise they know little or nothing; yet this only is reading, in a high sense, not that which lulls us as a luxury and suffers the noble faculties to sleep the while, but what we have to stand on tiptoe to read and devote our most alert and wakeful hours to.

Thoreau: Walden (Essay on Reading).

17. A mighty duty, sir, and a mighty inspiration impels every

one of us to-night to lose in patriotic consecration whatever estranges, whatever divides. We, sir, are Americans — and we fight for human liberty! The uplifting force of the American idea is under every throne on earth. To redeem the earth from kingcraft and oppression - this is our mission! And we shall not fail. God has sown in our soil the seed of his millennial harvest, and he will not lay the sickle to the ripening crop until his full and perfect day has come.

Grady: The New South.

18.

And now, Mr. President, instead of speaking of the possibility or utility of secession, instead of dwelling in those caverns of darkness, instead of groping with those ideas 80 full of all that is horrid and horrible, let us come out into the light of day; let us enjoy the fresh air of Liberty and Union; let us cherish those hopes which belong to us; let us devote ourselves to those great objects that are fit for our consideration and our action; let us raise our conceptions to the magnitude and the importance of the duties that devolve upon us; let our comprehension be as broad as the country for which we act, our aspirations as high as its certain destiny ; let us not be pigmies in a case that calls for men. Never did there devolve on any generation of men higher trusts than now devolve upon us, for the preservation of this Constitution and the harmony and peace of all who are destined to live under it. Let us make our generation one of the strongest and brightest links in that golden chain which is destined, I fondly believe, to grapple the people of all the States to this Constitution for ages to come.

Daniel Webster: The Constitution and the Union.

19.

Go where he will, the wise man is at home,
His hearth the Earth, — his hall the azure dome;
Where his clear spirit leads him, there's his road,
By God's own light illumined and foreshowed.

Emerson: Woodnotes.

3. Dependent and incomplete clauses 20. Since his majesty went into the field, I have seen her rise

from her bed, throw her night-gown upon her, unlock her closet, take forth paper, fold it, write upon’t, read it, afterwards seal it, and again return to bed ; yet all this while in a most fast sleep.

Shakespeare: Macbeth, v, i.

21. The hackneyed example of moral deliberation is the case

of an habitual drunkard under temptation. He has made a resolve to reform, but he is now solicited again by the bottle. His moral triumph or failure literally consists in his finding the right name for the case. If he says that it is a case of not wasting liquor already poured out, or a case of not being churlish and unsociable when in the midst of friends, or a case of learning something at last about a brand of whiskey which he never met before, or a case of celebrating a public holiday, or a case of stimulating himself to a more energetic resolve in favor of abstinence than he has ever yet made, then he is lost. His choice of the wrong name seals his doom. But if, in spite of all the plausible good names with which his thirsty fancy so copiously furnishes him, he unwaveringly clings to the truer bad name, and apperceives the case as that of " being a drunkard, being a drunkard, being a drunkard,” his feet are planted on the road to salvation. He saves himself by thinking rightly.

William James : Talks to Teachers."

22.

His style of speech and manner of delivery were severely simple. What Lowell called “the grand simplicities of the Bible,” with which he was so familiar, were reflected in his discourse. With no attempt at ornament or rhetoric, without parade or pretence, he spoke straight to the point. If any came expecting the turgid eloquence or the ribaldry of the frontier, they must have been startled at the earnest and sincere purity of his utterances. It was marvellous to see how this untutored man, by mere self-discipline and the chastening of his own spirit, had outgrown all meretricious arts and found his way to the grandeur and strength of absolute simplicity. Joseph H. Choate : Lincoln as a Lawyer and Orator.

23. Our usual diet on the plantation was corn bread and pork,

but on Sunday morning my mother was permitted to bring down a little molasses from the “big house” for the three children, and when it was received how I did wish that every day was Sunday! I would get my tin plate and hold it up for the sweet morsel, but I would always shut my eyes

while the molasses was being poured into the plate, with the hope that when I opened them I would be surprised to see how auch I had got. When I opened my eyes I would tip the plate in one direction and another, so as to make the mo

1 Copyright, 1900, by Henry Holt and Company. Used with the kind per mission of the publishers.

* Used with the kind permission of the author.

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