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him to recognize her... In consequence, Conjectures respecting Passages and
the Cardinals, crest-fallen at the ill suc- CHARACTErs in Bex Juxsox's ALCHÉ.
cess of their scheme, were obliged to
dress her and her sons in their ordinary

Toine Ediler of the European Magazine.
It happened, that at her second appear. SIR,
ance, which was in wapse habilijnents, the


IT is a remark that spems to have esl'apal Court was ju high gala; Sixtus was caped even the sagacity of the Spécsitting in his chair of state, surrounded TATOR, in his humorous disposition reby the dignitaries of the church, foreign specting signs, that many of the eccenprinces, ambassadors, and Italian nobi- tricities, and mormities, which used to Kity ; yet, as soon as he saw six sister and impend over our heads, arose froin a cir. her three sous enter, he descended from constance cominon in the reigns of Elie his throne, and, embracing them, said, zabeth and James, and which had not “ Welcome, my dear relatives, 1 glory entirely worn o't, even at the beginning si seeing you approach me ju the gerb of the last century; naurely, that when of virtuous poverty, and now perfect- a yo!ing tradesman was about to open a ly recognize my Camills, and am de- shop, be deemed it absolutely liecessary Eghted with her promising offspring to consult the cunning man, with regard You, my dear sister, shall now share to the setting up a lucky or thriving with me in my exaltation ; but, per- sign; this, like jlansel, &c. was among hape, wben you reflect upon the peace the superstitions of petty trafic, and and happiness that resided in the vi- is alludeil to by SUBTLE, in the Alche cinity of Norialio, you will find little Mist, who says to ABEL DRUGGER, in reason to congratulate yourself on your the scene where this absurdity is most change of situation! Thescollicious Car- admirably ridiculed, duals,” he contimed, “who, kad } been Sl) disposed, would not have suffcred me

“ A Townsipan born in Taurus gives the BUIL,

Or the Bun's BEAD. In Aries the Ray. to keep my domestic ailairs secret, hardly mesit my thanks. They prematurely

A poor device." caied you a princess, a dignity which He then goes on to state, to Captain my sense of propriety obliged me to an- Face: mul. I now restore to you that title ; at the same time, I am alınost tempted to

“He shall lave A Ball, that's Abel; endue them with one, that miglit mark

Andliy it standing one whose name is Dee, iny displeasure, that any persons should

In a Ruzgown; there's D, and Rug, that's dare to make a Princess in my family,


Aud right anenst him a dog snarling Er; crcept myself


There's Drugger, deel DRUGGER. That's

And here's now Mystery and Hieroglyphic !"
An infullible REMENY lo scop BLELD-
ING at the lose.

Ip .considering this passage, it has

occurred to me, that this string of aboFrom the Jlcorial Journal. minable and abortire Puns, could not, TIUS reinedy has been universally in eveu in the reign of James, have been scars in the province of Prisin, but was apparently as senseless, were in other Liript a pontonud secret antil N. Tia- places,) if they had not conveyed some ingi, as hecary alimsterdain, made meaning, some local, or temporary alas condition public, which is as fol- lusion, which, although now obliteHous:

rated, was probably felt and enjoyed hy Take ail ounce of succharın saturni, a large majority of the auilience. No. of vitriolum martis lialt an once, rub tbing delights a conjectural critic more them in a glass inortar, then add eight than what the moderus call a puzile. sonces of spirits of wine and mix. Dose Bex, whose sterling scnse and wit for your people from ten to twelve make us blush at “ seeing what we years of age, as inany drops ; under see," was also equally kern and corjucily, touricior liften drops; grown rect. He, we inay well believe, intuitively persons twenty drops, four times cach, caught the manners of the age, aod, in in a spoonful of wine or brandy. Same most instances, faithfully pourtrayed Delicive recommended in hæmorrhages

them. mlads, elerait or inerna..

The fashion of smoking, as it is

lus sign.

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nee's was, among the gallants of the and animal, and who somnctimes perhaps uimes, decmed an accomplishment. The threw an oblogny upon the canine chashops of Tobacconists conse- racter, be pretending to appear as, or to quently a kind of Smoking Academies, have a spirit at cominand, in the shape of where the dashing youthsqualijiedthem- a dog, is uncertaja; but we certainly know selves, in order til at they night appear that these geniuses, in conjunction with with credit at the ordinaries * ; there- Lask! * performed inany tricks that fore I have no doubt but that ABEL would not have disgraced the lirin of DROGOER was the personal represen- SUBILE, Doll, and FACE. tative of, at that tiine, a well known

I am, Sir, tobacconist living at the sign of the

Yours, Bell, and that the interior of lois shop, Westminster, 5th Jan. 1807. X, Y. his utensils, his Smelt like conserve of Robe ori rench biezas; D'es

, respecting his queries in the -“Lillv-pots, that, open'd,

112, Holborn Hill, Jan. 2, 1807.

to acquaint His Maple Block, liis Silver Tongs, Winchester pipes and fire of' Juniper; European Magazine for December, p. formed a correct picture of still life.


That Frederick, Count Palatine, marHaving done with the shop, 1 return

ried Elizabeth, sister of Charles I, and to the sign of the bell ;

by her had issue, Frederick IIcnry, * And by it standing one whose name is Dee drowned in 1629, in the fifteenth year In a Rug gotin.

of his age, Charles, Charles Louis, The ahsurdity of placing one of the eldest surviving son, Rupert, Maurice, nime of Dre upon a sign, except the known, could not have escaped the ob- doubt but Ms. Elmes will make use of figure was labeled, or the portrait quently nephews and niece to Charles I.

Respecting Sir Christopher Wren, na servation of Ben. In the first instance

those valuable scraps froin the Euroit struck me; but upon consideratiou

pean Magazine, improperly denominatii secins to have a meaning, such as I

ed Drossiana, He will find that there should suppose to be congenial to the is a collection of several volumes of ideis of the poet, and its ridicule to be the original drawings of that great pointed at the famous Dr. Dee. whor Architect, in All Souls College, Oxford.

i is probable Jonson contemplaied; And he is informed, that in a sale of as the prototype of sulle, and who, it drawings, &c. (Dr. H. thinks,) belongappears froin his portrait

, wore the ing to Charles Rogers, Esq. which were dress that he has described t: whether sold by auction, by Mr. Philips, of Golhe ineant by the “

dog starling Fr,” den square, in 1799 or 1800, there were to allude to his coadjutor Kelly, who several pen-and-ink outlines of the prinwas, it is most likely, the CAPTAIN cipal Churchres in Londen, by Sir ChrisFace of the Alchemist, and of whom it was actually believed, that he had topher. Dr. Ward, in his * Lives of the

Greshamn Professors," is very extenthe Protean power of transforming sive on the article WREN. l'imself into a variety of shapes, human

In addition to the account of Mr. * Camden, in his annals of Elizabeth, says, Cooke, Dr. H. begs to subjoin an anecti'at, to the best of his knowledge, the first dote bighly creditable to the philanTobacco seen in England was brougit from thropy of Mr. Cooke, which has come Virginia (hy Sir Walier Ralcigli, 1583); and

to his knowledge.--About four years be observes, that in a few years afterwards, since, Mr. Cooke emploged a person Tobacco Tucerns, (or sinoking houses,) were' in a street near Covent Garden, as his as comtuon in London as Beer houses, or

hair-dresser, on account of bis family. Wine taveros. ** Corton Cart. Antiq. xiv. 1. In this

: he had neglected attendance, at which

It happened that for several nornings wilich is fuis pedigree 1, the learned sage calls

1 jumself Johannes Dee, Philosophus, and makes himself Cousin to the Queen ; at the pottuin is a sınall whóle length drawing of family, used, it is said, to personate an Angel.

* Laski, a young Polander of a noble him in a Fur Gown

Doll Copipon, the Queen of Fairies, was et

first performed by a youth. British Juscum.

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Description of IT'est Gate, Southampton. Mr. Cooke expressed his displeas:re, anthentic accounts of the present town, till informed that the man was in con

which was first rendered inost inforfinement for debt. llis resentiment was tunately remarkable by the piratical instantly disarmed; he went to the hair. invasions of the Danes ; and then disdresser's house just as the officers were played in a more pleasing point of removing the bed, in consequence of an view, by its adjacent beach becoming execution. This scene of accumulated the scene of a lesson of practical moralia suffering in a family, was too much for ty, in which CANUTE reproved his CourMr. Cooke's sensibility; he sat down tiers for that kind of fiattery, which, in silence, and after the biy tear, had even in those rude ages, seems to have, dropped upon bis manly check, he re- like the shadow,followed, and accommodeemed the goods, and sent the officers dated itself to the substance of greataway. The main intention of his visit ness; what cffect the sensible and ele. was, however, not accomplished; bie gant adınonition of the monarch had inquired out the man's place of confine- upon thein, or, when it became tradiment, visited him in the Fleet Pri- tion upon their descendants, it is not sob, and gave security to the creditors, here necessary to inquire. to the amount of 501. Cheered with In 1938 we find that Southampton the benevolence he had accoinplished, was again the scene of, we had almost be drank freely that afternoon, and said, as it hardly could be termed regu. 28 publickly hissed, by those who wcre lar warfare, piratical depredatinz, beiyuorant of the cause, on the stage. ing plundered and burned by the

The debtor, restored to his family, French, who, bowever, in consequence still wanted, though he did not ask of the warmth of their reception, bad assistance; Mr. Cooke generously ad- no great reason to rejoice in their vanced 25). more; and "as generously temerity, added, that he would be repaid in hair- Froin the beach at Southampton, thie dressing. We are sorry to add, that gallant army embarked which gained his benevolence was found to be be- immortal glory in the field of Ay 11 stowed on a worthless object, who un

court. The second scene of Henry V',
gratefully fled from his creditors, and art 2, although the poci, like a skiltui
from Mr. Cooke, who had so kindly historical painter, has thrown perhaps
succoured him. When Mr. Cookë 100 deep a shade upon some characters,
lacard of this ingratitude, it produced to let the lig? light fall upon his bero,
a state of mind which procured ano-

is one of those elusions of Shakspeare,
tl.cr publick hissing. But surely, bad that have made an impression on the
the publick been acquainted with the human miru which nothing can eradi-
causes, applause must have superseded cate.
every other consideration.

The West-Gate of Southampton, to

which it is now time to direct the atFRONTISPIECE.

tention of the seader, is, as will be ob

served in the View, prominently marked

with the architectural truits of the age
VE frontispiece which we have cho- in which it was crected; it is a low

sen for this, the fifty-first rolume of plain pointed vauit, very strongly, and
the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE, exhibits a
view of the West-Gate, SOUTHAMP: being in its thickness at least two grooves,

consequently carefully defended, there TON ; a town, that has, from the earliest for portcullises, and six square apertures periods of history, been rendered in- for discharging arrows, pouring hot wateresting by its situation, which ap- ter, and other annoyances, on assailants, pears to have attracted the attention of The tower over this gate is modernized, the Romans; a people, and indeed, per- but does not seem to have, at any haps, the only people, that ever had the time, exhibited a very beautiful apidca of combining graphic taste with military tactics; and who, at about two the Water-gate to the West-gate, is a

pearance. The length of the wall from miles from the site of the present town, bout three hundred and eighty yards. on the Itchin, formed their Clausentum, now calied Bittern, of which the vesti- caution with which its Gate was de

The west-quay is small; but, by the ges of ancient walls that are still to be fended, has evidently been considered seen, and the number of Roman coins that have been found, are unquestion

as of great consequence in former ages. ab!ć proofs.

From the ninth century, we possess * Probably the tune of the Saxonis.

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tions, (which have, in some sort, more COLLECTED AND RECOLLECTED,

reference to the past than regard to

the future,) it is necessary to extend BY JOSEPH MOSER, ESQ.

thein still further, while we state, ihat NO. LIII.

the difficulties of which we have complained respecting the former, would, it should sem, in a considerable de. gree, be obviated in this latter part

of the work by the happy discovery WITH NOTES, &c.

of the art of printing, which has multiChapler XVII!.

plied resources, and rendered the act of

arrangement more troublesome than I", in the two preceding parts

of this those of research and collection. desultory sketch of civic history, This, however true as a jeneral proour progress has been comparatively position, is subject to cons.derable li. slow, canlour must suppose it to have initation, and liable to much obscrvabeen retarded by the frequent impedi- tion. monts that have intercepteil our course, The art of printing, as practised in the obstarles that we have had to con- the fifteenth century, rather multiplied tend with, and the diificulties attendant copies than originals. The first paesSES upon accurate research : this combina. were cither aloost entirely employed lion would have been s'fficient to have in translations from the classics, or repressed the energy of curiosity, and engaged in fixing the more volatile to have counteracted the efforts of in- effusions of romance and poetry, pardustry, bad we not found a patriotic sa- ticularly those of Italy, or in impressing ti-faction in recording by what stops thousands of reams of popular icle's our metropolitan city gradually ad- into tie service of their country, or vanced to the exalted eminence which groaning under those solid and ponit now occapies in !le commercial and derous tomes of ecclesiastical dullness political scale of the universe.

which were emphatically termed laThe palhs of bistory, how often so bours : grueral history was, therefore, ever they may have been troddeu, are but little regarded; local history still not always rendered synooth in propor- less; and doinestic not at all. tion to the numbers that have passed Lilough, as his been seen in the over them.

preceding pages, the anuals and history In contemplating the events of for- of their country were the favourite mer periods, men very frequentky dis- speculations of the l'nylish writers from cover new inutives operating to pro- the timeoť venerable Bede; aud though, duce consequences beretviore the sport for many centuries antecedent to ihe of coajecture; they very frequently be fourteenth, the talents of men of the hold events in new points of view; they greatest genins were, when relieved from derive new ideas from contemplation the intricacies of controversy, scarcely and comparison, which lead to new engaged upon any other subjects; yet conclusivis.

it does not appear that inany of their This has been the case with respect Forks, notwithstanding they were, perto this work in its progressi e course. haj's, pretty catensively disseminated I pon thr.firin bass of facts, though in inanuscript, tvere published through vicwing them in lights diferent from the medius of the press, mutil a period our precursors or cofeinporaries, we considerably si.begiient to the reformahave buil our supersiruit.re, which, tion. Consonant with our designation, we In consequence of the confusion crerather ineaa to ullir as a collection ated at that time buy the conjunction of nints, sotices, and obser ations, than of avarice and ignorance, innumerable a regular historically connected sys- piles of scriptural treasure, autis; ties, terit.

mantiscripts, aiul libraries of monastic To such an undertaking priber our literature, that might have diffused talents nor our time aro iqual. Noss, if light over transactions calculat. d to they were, cover up rondeuse our sub. have furnished us with meinoin, chajici into the space to which se are atractirs, and advies, genealogies, titics, present limited

and au introite variety of other vaHaving made these gencral observa- luable memorials and materiais, now

с Europ. Mag. l'ol. LI. Jan. 1807.

consigned to irremediable obscurity, or the defence of the kingdom and the sunk into total obliviou, were destroy- maintenance of the poor *. ed, dispersed, or lost.

The commerce of London, which bad It is, therefore, impossible, in a pur

been in a progressive state of improve

ment from the time of the Norinan suit of this nature, to derive that assist- Conquest, seems now to have arrived at ance which might, in many instances, a very considerable height+, particularly be wished from written documents : and as the subjects of local investigation have, many of them, been totally annihi- * The idea of this petition is extremely lated, we are precluded froin a contem- curious, because it seems, in 1410, to hint at plation of even their vestiges. Yet al- a mode of relief for the poor that was not though this generally applies to the great regularly adopted until the 434 of Elizabeth. change of property which took place at

It is well known, that annexed to all the the period alluded to, still, with respect alnis-houses. In the Almonry, Westminster,

larzer monastic establishments there were to the city of London, something may be gathered from those records which re

Soole vestiges of those were to be seen within

these titty years. But beside these, the main, and those writings which survived abbey of St. Peter, like all others, had also the monastic dissolution; though we must an extended system of general reliet. Could observe, that such was the party spirit the commons, at so early a period, have had during the contention of the two Houses an idea of annihilating this system, and estabof York and Lancaster, (a spirit which ishing the parochial? It is almost impossible, also burned in the bosoin of Henry the

if we consider the power of the court of Wilth, and was not quite extinguished in Rome, to believe that, comprehensive as the that of Henry the Villth,) that, with

mind of Wicliffe was, and determined as was respert to the detail of public events and

lus temper, he could have entertained so bold the delineation of public characters, they

an idea: yet he certainly did not mean to must be examined with great aitention,

waste his declamations uport the idle air; he

and his adherents had proclaimed all the and received with great caution. grievances which were the substance of the The beginning of the fifteenth century Citizens, and he had the good fortune to find

petition alluded 10 ; he had addressed the was marked by the tragical death, or that he did not speak to the deaf. The civil mu er, of Richard the Ild, at Pomfret

wars, it is probable, suspended the operation Castle, and the usurpation of Henry the of his doctrmes; but they were acted upon IVth; an event which laid the foundation in the subsequent age to their full extent. of those wars to which we have alluded. † The opinion.ut Manuel Paleologus, the At the same period the Lollards, who had Emperor of Constantinople, or of his attendbeen considerably encouraged, and in- ants, respecting the state of Europe, at least deed openly protected, by John of Gaunt,

as it appeared to the Greeks, is interesting : Duke of Lancaster, and King of Castile,

--" The natives of Germany excel in the were proceeded against with a rigour mechanic arts, and they boast of the inventhat consigned more than one victim to

tion of gunpowder and cannon. Above two the stake.

hundred free cities are governed by their

own laws. - France contains many flourishing That Wicliffe bad a number of adhe- cities; of which the royal residence, Paris, is rents in the city of Loudon cannot, from

pre-eminent in wealth and luxury-ollanders a view of the transactions of the times, frequented by merchants of our own sea (the

is an opulent province, the ports of which are he doubted. The general theine of his Mellerranean) and the ocean. - Britain (or discourses, and of those of the preachers rather England) is full of towns and villages. with whom he was connected, was the It has no vines, and but little fruit; but it dissolute lives, the enormous revenues, abounds in corn, honey, and wool, from which and the pride of the Clergy. These, to the natires muke great quantities of cloth. the inhabitants of the metropolis, who London, the capital, may be preterred to had too frequently ocular deinonstration every city of the west for population, opu. of the truth of part of his and their asser

lence, and luxury. It is scated on the river tions, and, in their purses, an acute

Thames, which, by the advantage of its tide, feeling of the remainder, were popular daily receives and dispatches vessels to vasubjects: we therefore find that they

rious countries." (Laon Chalcocondyles, l. 11.) took the lead in a petition which stated

Ibis Emperor, it will be recollecied, lived

at a period when the commerce of the eastern not only the extent of clerical revenues,

empire had fled, before the swords of the but how immense sums were collected Turks, to Venice, where, for a time, it flouand dissipated, that might be applied in risbied; but it ultimately settled lu the west,

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