After interment, the only surviving son AMERICANA.

of the deceased, self-moved, returned thanks

through Judge Dean, as interpreter, to the No. III.

people for the respect shown to his father SKENANDON, THE ONEIDA CHIEF. on the occasion, and to Mrs. Kirkland and [From an American Paper.]

family for their kind and friendly atten

tions. Died, at his residence near Oveida

Skenandon's person was tall and brawny, Castle, on Monday, the 11th of March, but well made; his countenance was inSkenandon, the celebrated Oneida Chief, telligent, and beamed with all the indigeaged 110 years; well known in the wars

nous dignity of an ludian Chief. ln bis which occurred while we were British

youth he was a brave and intrepid warrior, colonies, and in the contest which issues and in his riper years one of the ablext in our independence, as the undeviating counsellors among the North American friend of the people of the United States. tribes. Tie possessed a strong and vigorHe was very savage, and addicted to drouk

ous mind; and though terrib e as the torenness in his youth,* but by his own reflec nado in war, he was bland and mild as the tions, and the benevolent iustructions of zephyr in peace. With the cunning of the the late Rev. Mr. Kirkland, Missionary to

fox, the bungry perseverance of the wolf, his tribe, he lived a reformed man for and the agility of the mountain cat, he more than sixty years, and died in Chris

watched and repelled Canadian invasions. tian hope.

His vigilance one preserved from masFrom attachment to Mr. Kirkland, he

sacre the iubitants of the jufalt settlehad always expressed a strong desire to be

mirno of German-flais. His infuence buried near his minister and his father, brought his tibe to our assistance in the that he might (to use his own expression) war oi the Revo:ution. L'ow many of the go up with him at the great resurrection.

living anú the dead have been saved from At the approach of death, after listening to

The tonut WK and scalping knife, by his the prayers which were read at bis bed-friendly aici, is not known; but individuals side by his great grand-daughter, he again and villages have expressed gratitude for repeated this request. Accordingly, the his henevolent interpositions; and among family of Mr. Kirkland, having received in the Indian tribes lie was distinguished by formation, by a runner, that Skepaprlow the appel ation of the White Man's Friend. was dead, in compliance with a previous

Although he could speak but little Enpromise, sent assistance to the ludians, that glish, and in bis extreme old age was blind, the corpse might be conveyed to the village yet his company was sought. In conversaof Clinton for burial. Divine service was

tion he was highly decorous, evincing that attended at the meeting house in Clinton, be bad profited by seeing civilized and poon Wednesday, at two o'clock, P. M. An lished society, and by mingling with good address was made to the Indians by the Rev. Dr. Backus, President of Hamilton company in lois better days. College; which was interpreted by Judge

To a friend, who called on him a short Dean, of Westmoreland. Prayer was then

time since, he thus expressed himself by an ofirred, and appropriate psalms suny. At

wterpreter :ter service, the concourse which had assem

I am an aged hemlock-the winds of bled from respect to the deceased Chief,

an hundred wiuters have whistled through from the singularity of the occasion, moved my branches; I am dead at the top. The to the grave in the following order:

generation to which I belonged, have run

away, and left me; why I live, the Great Students of Hamilton College, Good Spirit only knows. Pray to my Corpse,

Jesus, that I may have patience to wait for Indians,

my, appointed time to die." Mrs. Kirkland and family,

Honoured Chief! his prayer was answerJudge Dean, Rev Dr. Norton, ed! he was cheerful and resigned to the Rev. Mr. Ayer,

last. For several years he kept his dress Officers of Hamilton College, for the grave prepared. Ouce, and again, Citizens.

and again, he came to Clinton to die, long

ing that his soul might be with Christ, and * In the year 1755, Skenandon was present at a treaty made in Albany. At night of clothing. His pride revolted at his selfhe was excessively drunk; and in ihe degradation, and he resolved that he would morning found himself in the street, strip- never again deliver himself over to the ped of all his ornaments and every article power of strong water.

his body in the narrow house, near his be This Society was proposed in a meeting loved Christian teacher.

of Friends for the purpose, April 15, 1663. While the ambitious but vulgar great, it was constituted the first day of Septemlook principally to sculptured mouumeuts, and to mches m the temples of earthly ber, in the same year; and was töcorporaird fame, Shenandon, in the spirit of the only by the Legislature, Feb. 20, 1867. real nobility, stood with his loins girded, purpose was, charitable distribution of waiting the coming of bis Lord.

books and tracts. The first subscription His Lord has come: and the day ap- amounted to 1165 dollars. proaches when the green hillock that covers his dust, will be more respected than the

Distributions of books took place in pyramids, the mausolea, and the pantheons 1804, 1806, 1809, and 1813. The follow. of the proud and imperious. His simple ing notice may afford a hint to the beue. • turf and stone' will be viewed with affec- volent of our own country. tion and veneration, when their taudry ornaments of human apotheosis shall awaken Every buudle of books, sent to a Parish only pity and disgust.

in each of the foregoing generai disting* Indulge, my native land, indulge the tear,

tions, contained a circular leitis, tap 3.2That steals impassion'd o'er a nation's doom; tory of the nature and object of tue cuclety, • To me each twig from Adam's stuck is dear, accompanied with the following . And sorrows fall upon an Indian's tomb.'

REQUEST. Clinton, March 14, 1816.

The Gentleman, to whom these Treatises MASSACHUSETTS SOCIETY

are directed, is respectfully requested, in

behalf of the Massachusetts Society for FOR PROMOTING

poomuling Christian blow.erige, aici of CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

its pious deuefactors, to give ilem free and We had occasion, lately, to introduce the speedy urculation in his Parish, by wale censures of an American on some of the ing them from family to family, or irom

individual to judividual, as to him may ap. imperfections of Britain in respect to ec pear most experient and useful; biot conclesiastical affairs. We are far from pa- timing the benefit of them however lo pertiently enduring those, or other improprie sous of his pritsar religious persuasion, ties of a like nature; but, as we then ob but exiending it accordog to bis discretion

to persons of every denouation, who may served, the charge should not have come wish it; and to recommend their being from an Americau. No considerate mine read ou ail suitable occasions. He is also will affirm that any establishment, iustituted, esired to provide for their preservation

"ud continued urculation, by requesting or conducted, by mortals, is faultless;

that they may be used with care, aud renow, reverse the medal, and see to what turned to hmi with the period, for which disadvantages the contrary, an absolute he may have loaned them. non-establishment, is exposed. Where the Till the year 1814, the Society confined whole is left to the people, and the nation, itself to its first object, the distribution of as such, does nothing, what follows ? Let books; but iu that year it was determined America speak for itself, on this matter. 10 seud agents into the provinces for the

The provinces known by the name of purposes of additional justruction : the Massachusetts were among the first

following particulars have been communi

peopled, in America, and they had to boast cated by those agents or missionaries :

RHODE ISLAND. of some of the most eminest and pious characters. They had these advantages ;

The inhabitants of Rhode Island, who

profess to believe Christianity, are divided what is their present state?

into Baptists, Quakers, Episcopalians, MeThe following particulars are extracted houisis, Congregationalis s, Christyans or from “ An account of the MASSACHUSETTS mitbites. The Baptists, the most nume

rous denomination, are subdivided into SOCIETY PROMOTING CHRISTIAN

alvinistic, Aimali, Separate, and SeKNOWLEDGE ; printed by order of the Soventh Day Bapuisis. ciety for the use of its Members. Andover,

lu one town there was no minister, 1815.

except a negro, who could not read


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word, when he began to preach ; and often Journal. “ Visited four families; found boasted, “ I did not know B from a bull's they had been often disgusted with an infoot;" proving by this to the satisfaction of discreet exhibition of the doctrine of premany, bis call from Heaven; and nothing destination; that God had made some for could undeceive them, but the vileness of salvation, and some for damnation, as the his conduct.

primary cause of their creation, making his Another preacher, on a public occasion, own glory a secondary motive.” One of after a very short, confused prayer, paused those Missionaries made the following obsome minutes, and said, " I have promised servations to a young girl. “ You commit God, that I would preach to night; but, sin sixty times a minute :-every breath, if he will permit the devil to plague me so, you draw; and you are rushing down to I won't preach. You must carry on the hell." — To an elderly married woman, meeting, brethren, as you please." Pray- while spinning, “ You sin against God ing once, he said, if God did not deliver every thread, you spin. Where is your him from the buffetings of Satan, he would husband ?" Answer; he is hoeing in the never preach again. He appointed a field. “Then he is sinning against God meeting for the next night, with this pro- too.”—To a young married woman he said, viso, if the devil did not prevent him, he when sitting down to eat; “ do you love would preach.

God with all your heart?" Answer. I do The character of Baptist preachers in not suppose I do. “Then how dare yoo general, as stated in the journals, is, that eat a mouthful? You are eating damnathey are enthusiastic Socinians, profoundly tion to your soul.” The woman left the ignorant, and very noisy ;-that the object table, and took such a disgust at congregain their sermons is, “ to rouse the imagina- tional ministers, that, to her dying day, tion and heat the passions, without com she would never converse with one.' municating any light to the understanding, When a woman, whose mind was tender or conviction to the conscience." With on the subject of religion, was urged to this view, “ they use the most dolorous eat, a Mr. D-, who has been preachtones, and thundering vociferations, in ing in this region, said, “it is not worth which they pour forth a stream of uncon while for her to eat, for probably she will nected, vehement nonsense.;' “ All the be in hell before morning." preaching and exhortation, I have heard," Ignorance, enthusiasm, dogmas, and says one Missionary, “ has been calculated practices, such, as have been stated, defy to excite laughter or tears."

all comment. Their genuine offspring The grand, if not the only qualification, among the lower classes of society are ernecessary to a preacher, is generally thought rors of every name, bigotry, fanaticism, to be a supernatural, apostolic, special call; hatred of the truth, and a train of low and almost any person, who fancies he has vices; and among the higher ranks, consuch a call, is admitted to preach. Thus tempt of the clergy, disgust at the name of are people imposed on by their preachers, religion, sheer infidelity, and downright “ who pretend, not only that they have atheism. Of the numerous instances of this apostolic call, but that they receive these lamentable effects, noticed by our their commission and their message by Missionaries, a few only can be given. immediate inspiration, and that their ser One of the vilest in the region complained mons are given directly from above."-All, of a Missionary, “ that he did not preach that in general seems necessary to consti- enough hell and damnation to his poor tute a Christian, is, to shed a few tears, wicked soul.” Another, who wished to exhort in meeting, and be baptized by be thought more knowing, asserted" that immersion.-In order to baptism however we are not free agents in choosing to be it is required by one sect, that the candi- religious, and that the Grace of God must date, in the relation of his experience, be shed abroad in our hearts, without our state explicitly, that at such a time God doing any thing about the externals of forgave his sins;—that he believes in the religion." By many the grace of God is seventh day sabbath; -and that he wants abused to licentiousness.

Many," says to join that particular church.- Within the Missionary, “I find, are afraid of mofive weeks about sixty persons were plung- rality, Jest they should trust to it for salvaed in one town. In another, many were baption. If they commit wickedness, they tised in a short space, and some within think they are more open to conviction." three days, from their first serious impres. Many, if not most of the people, adopt the sions. Baptists however, it is remarked, sentiment, that they can do nothing, but generally have much discipline to perform, evil, internally and exterpally. and many to excommunicate, soon after • From a review of the preceding joura revival of religion.

nal,” says he, “ the following remarks 02


turally flow,' We find in the centre of lights that in the counties of RockingHAM and and civilization* a multitude of precious “TRAFFORD, containing (exclusively of souls perishing for lack of kuowledge." Portsmouth and Ereter) seventy six towns,

- We cannot expect even civilization to and according to the census in 1810, exist, where the scriptures are not known; | 89,047, inbabitants, are forty-five towns, or are despised by word, or trampled on

which, with their inhabitants, 40,286 souls, in practice by those who do know them. are destitute of the stated means of Grace. Never has the necessity of a learned evau Of these forty five towns some have been gelical ministry appeared more urgent, destitute 10, some 20, some 30, some 40 than when passiug through a country, des- years, and in some the gospel ministry has titute of such a blessing. Who can expect never been statedly enjoyed. Ove lament. religion, or even morality to be practised, able consequence is, that in some towns a when some Christians in profession, and i Christian church has not yet been formed; may say, some teachers of religion, live and in some, where churches exist, the dissipated lives?"_" When professors neg- Lord's supper has not for ten, twenty, or lect family prayer and instruction, and re-thirty, years been administered. duce the Sabbath to a level with the other Most of these churches are also much redays of the week; when teachers of reli- duced in number ; one from sixty-two gion never pray, except on the Lord's day, members to two females; several to but and spend but half that day in public one male member, and in one town, conworship; the tone of morals must be low, taining one thousand and sixty three souls, piety must be nearly banished.”

the visible church of Christ, after a stated

ministry of twenty-eight years, has been It must not, however, be concluded, that

many years totally extinct

The unhappithese people were incapable of better ness however of these barren places does things, provided they were properly in- not consist merely, nor principally, in structed; or of attending to better instruc-of grace; nor in the reduced state of the

their privation of the public, stated means tion, provided it were offered them. The churches. Had these destitute people been same writer, after repeated visits, closes his left to the sole guidance of the Bible, and

to the influence of instructions and habits, fourth journal with these remarks:

in early life imbibed from ministers and pa. The urbanity of old and young has as rents; their situation had been eligible, tonishingly increased within two years; 1 compared with what it now is. But sithe morals of the people are greatly re-tuated, as most of these people are, they formed; the piely of many appears more have not only to overcome the avarice and hearty, rational, and scriptural; preju- apathy of worldly men; but to encounter dices against congregationalists are the errors of enthusiasts and sectaries of pidly subsiding; and there is an increasing various name; by whom they are counsense of the value of early instructing chil-teracted, out-voted, and discouraged. Hence dren in science, morals, and religion. the condition of the few friends of order

“ In the higher orders of society there and religion in each town, if not desperate, is an evident increase of good breeding, is truly deplorable. In the advance of and a sense of the value, attached to the life, having themselves seen better daye, steady habits of their sister States." and earnestly wishing their children may

In one town, in particular, East Green-| be taught the right way of the Lord, they wich, the Missionary writes, Feb. 25, 1815.

are subjected to the distressing apprehen

sion, that their descendants will be no “ A mortal sickness, prevailing here, has other, than unbaptised infidels. doubtless opened the ears of many to in “ The freewill Baptists are most numestruction; they are more attentive hearers; rous here, and their doctrines the most poand resolutions of amendment are many." pular. This order is wretchedly ignorant

in divine things; the word of God is New HAMPSHIRE.

slighted and contemned even by their “Without descending to particulars, teachers, and the Sabbath profaned. They (some of which are detailed in the Sche follow visions, dreums, and revelations dule annexed) it may be stated generally, given (as they say) immediately from Hea

ven, which they know to be true.".. Many By this expression is doubtless intend pretend that God converses with them fa. ed New England, or rather the middle re miliarly, and tells them, what to do; and gion between Massachusetts Proper and a woe is pronounced against them, if they Connecticut, the most enlightened part by disobey his voice. If a person preaches far of the United States.

according to the word of God; they say,



he preaches the scripture very well, but, or twenty families of the regular order. they can read that at home; and are not Middleton and New Durham, if possible, satisfied, unless a minister preach some are in a more deplorable state.". thing, that is not in the Bible, viz. some “ There are about thirty ordained and thing. he has immediately received from licensed preachers in this vicinity, and Heaven. Those, who are impious enough about sixty, who preach and exhort in to say God has commanded them to preach their public assemblies. Among the whole so and so, however coutradictory to one not one has much more than a common another, are heard with attention, as mes school education, many with difficulty sengers from Heaven. What among them, read a pslam or hymn, and some cannot fills me with the greatest horror, is the fa- read, so as to convey the sense. Most of miliar and profane manner, they speak of, the Calvinistic Baptist preachers are of and to, God. In their prayers they address good moral character, but some are not. the Saviour with this title, « brother Jesus;' | All the others are Antinomian, and shape and many other expressions they use, cal. their course accordingly. No violation of culated to bring religion iuto contempt."

the divine or of human laws occasions any • Some of their exhorters observed that, breach of charity or fellowship among when any thing was strongly impressed them.” on their minds, though forbidden in the

They believe a person may be regeneBible, they chose to follow their inward rated, more times than once; and that it light, against the light of Seripture.'-A is common for men to be perfect in this mall, who at times was a teacher among life. Que of their distinguished leaders, them, spoke much of the success of a Mr. in conversation with a Missionary, deClarke, as a preacher, who, he said, was clared that he himself was as perfect, as unable to read the scriptures."

Jesus Christ. They believe that learning You ask, “how many denominations in is unnecessary, as a qualification for the cach town? --In every towu may be found ministry. The more there are speaking Congregationalists, Calvinistic Baptists, at once, and the louder they scream, the Methodists, Universalists. Freewillers, and greater, in their opinion, is the power of Christyans. At Meredith Bridge about the Spirit. The word of God is despised, one third are Congregationalists, four or

when it opposes revelations, communicated five Calvinistic Baptists, and six or seven to them.-The Christyans in many respects Freewillers, two or three inclining to Uni- harmonize with the Freewillers; but are versalism; the rest have their religion yet distinguished in the following particulars. to choose, who will be likely to fall in with Their professors belong to no church, are any man of popular talents

. The Second subject to uo discipline, and believe it of division in Meredith_is principally Freewillers. The Third Division is made up supper. They deny the foreknowledge of

do consequence to partake of the Lord's of Calvinistic Baptists and Congregational- God in all instances, and that he is acists, most however of the first. Centre quainted with many things, now taking Harbor is abont equally divided into Me-place. They hold that the wicked are to thodists and Congregationalists, with a be burnt up, and cease to exist after the few Freewillers. Tuftonborough has about judgment of the great day." thirty five families of Congregationalists, the rest Freewillers and Christyuns. Wolf

It cannot be wondered at, that the people borough is divided in much the same man

so taught, or rather untaught, should be Alton is wholly carried away by chargeable with “ lying, drunkenness, unFreewillers and Christyans, except fifteen cleanness, sabbath breaking, fraud, and

theft.” The methodists are better in some We are sorry to say that the same in respects; for when they can no longer cautious and irreverent manner of expres- hide the wickedness of their adherents, sion has its counterpart in London : a mi-they shut them out of their societies. They nister in the act of praying, has been heard have their rival preachers also, in some to say, “ Brother Jesus! if you don't do so places: who anathematize each other. and so, I shall make my complaint, and Thus the kingdom was divided against tell your Father of you! It is no excuse to itself; and the people knew not, which to say this must be the language of an igno- discredit; as they believed both to be sent rant Fanatic: granted ;-but why does the them from Heaven, with the counsels of respectable denomination which knows the Most High."- In conversation with thiswe suppress its appellation-keep this W she asked him, whether he such a man in its connection, and continue enjoyed as much of religion, as he wished? to compliment him with the title of the To which he replied, o yes, and a great Roterend Mr.

deal more ;-that he had been 80 over


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